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2011, Vol.23, No.

  • 1.

    The Cyclical Structure of "Life and Death" in "Snowstorm-Plot" Reflected in "Snowstorm" of M.A. Bulgakov

    Kang Su Kyung | 2011, 23() | pp.7~32 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, we tried to introduce a little-known work of M.A. Bulgakov "Snowstorm" and provide some various clues for reading this short story. This study is focused on "snowstorm-plot", grasping the structure and the theme of the present work. To this end, in the Chapter II we tired to seek for the meanings of Bulgakov's "snowstorm" based on intertextuality shown from the works by those writers such as Pushkin, Gogol and Tolstoy. In this short story "snowstorm" is presented not only as a natural phenomenon but as a "participant" which provides young doctor-narrator with short time break and let him go to a dying bride, and at last place him on the crossroads of life and death. Indeed "snowstorm" plays a role of the framed structure of Bulgakov's text. In the Chapter III we observed the creative expression of Bulgakov's work which is comprised of overlappings with dream and reality. In other words, in the short story "Snowstorm" the outside and the inside story of frame are described as a dream of the one same night. We can guess that the Shermetievo story is a kind of dream of young doctor who fell asleep in Tuesday night, asking himself "how many patients will come tomorrow?". By the way the Shermetievo story unfolds as an incident which is happened on Wednesday. In this way in Bulgakov's "Snowstorm" it is hard to draw clear lines of demarcation between dream and reality. Therefore existential themes like these "Life and Death", "Professional calling and personal conscience", "The great nature and the week human being" are resonated with original structure "Dream in Dream".
  • 2.

    A Study of Temporality of a Critical Discourse on the Modern in the Late Japanese Colonial Period

    Ko, Bong-Jun | 2011, 23() | pp.33~55 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In the late Japanese colonial period, from the Sino-Japanese War until the Pacific War, critical discourses on the modern were prevalent in Japan and the Joseon. Despite the absence of a consensus about the specific definition of the modern, most thinkers agreed that the modern was something to be overcome. While some regarded naturalism and capitalism of the West as the essence of the modern, some others named scientism and humanism as the nature of the western modernity. Additionally, some criticized the temporal concept of historicism and brought new meanings of 'tradition' into relief, and some others advocated overcoming 'the West inherent in us'. This study is to consider the temporality of the theory of overcoming the modern focusing on the following three notions-world history, tradition, and emergency-, and examines the antinomy of them. The first notion to consider is ‘world history’. The theorists of overcoming the modern, including the Kyoto school, discarded the progressive ideology that had led the Western modern history, and instead introduced ‘world history’ as a new notion. Although this resulted from the imperialistic embracement of the theories of Ranke, a major positivist historian from Germany, it contained antinomy of remaining in ‘history’ which was the modern temporal view. The second notion is ‘tradition’. While the critical mind of ‘world history’ brought ‘time of world’ into question in the context of temporal realization, the notion of ‘tradition’ was to understand ‘time of history’ itself as the modern and overcome it. The critical mind of the notion involves the attempts to criticize regarding history as a ‘progressive’ process and to discover tradition as ‘the present past’ or ‘the eternal present’. However, it also contained antinomy; the ‘tradition’ here was a notion that was created in the modern times, not passed down from ancient times. The third notion to consider is ‘emergency’, which was a method to define the present time as a transition period toward a new era, relating to states of war. However, the theorists of overcoming the modern did not regard ‘emergency’ as a particular time that strayed from normal states, instead they thought is as ‘a regularized exceptional state’, namely ‘a state in which exceptions have become regulations’. However, the notion also contained antinomy since the word ‘emergency’ connotes abnormality.
  • 3.

    Limite of Integration and Discrimination of Paraguayan Inmigrants in Argentina

    구경모 | 2011, 23() | pp.57~79 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This article has analyzed the limite of integration and discrimination of Paraguayan inmigrants in Argentina. The most numerous collectivity is the Paraguayan inmigrants, with about 325,046 members that reside mainly in the Gran Buenos Aires in 2001. Paraguayan inmigrantes and their families usually undergo abuses by security forces and the over exploitation and the illegal work to a large extent work informally and for low wages. They also point out numerous problems of discrimination with respect to access to the services of public of health, education and housing. For the reason, Argentine government has established the program of Patria Grande in April 17, 2006. This program is that issue a permanent residence and DNI for Latin American immigrants from bordering countries. But the Argentine government does not maintain the program Patria Grande. Paraguayan inmigrants are still situated in the increase of the ilegal work and social insecurity.
  • 4.

    The Task of World Literature and the Problem of Universality

    Sangjin Park | 2011, 23() | pp.81~100 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The term of world literature is now becoming an issue and lens through which we need to rethink the value of literature on a more universal dimension so as to imagine newly the location of the local or regional literature that has been alienated from the field of world literature. This kind of recognition leads us to consider the term world literature in relation to globalization and universality and to locate it on a problematical territory rather than to understand it in the traditional and Western way. Therefore the concept of world literature is now given to us as a task to resolve from our particular, or more precisely, peripheral context. The peripheral context could best operate as a possibility of reforming the West-centered order of world literature particularly in the way in which world literature obtains a more universal value. When we discuss world literature we need to consider the way of practice to re-highlight the possibility of periphery and pre-modernity without neglecting the 'light' of modernity and center. In this respect, the discourse of 'East Asia' may be useful for a transnational approach to world literature which focuses on the criticism of all kinds of centrism by foregrounding the concepts of othering and de-homogenization. For this I emphasize the attitude and methodology of 'post' which includes the power of othering and de-homogenization. The 'posty' theories such as post-colonialism, post-structuralism, post-nationalism and post-humanism allow us to indicate properly and acutely our aim by means of freer play of thought and at the same time more just definition and practice of our thought; that is, only by embracing both indication and play can we maintain the universal value of world literature. Here we can say that the global and local enterprise of ethics is the fundamental basis of world literature.
  • 5.

    A study on the socio-cultural images of the cuban female reflected in the film Retrato de Teresa

    Chongwook Park | 2011, 23() | pp.101~126 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The principal purpose of this study is to analyse and critique how precisely the representation of women in the film Retrato de Teresa reconstructs the socio-cultural image of the female in the late seventies of Cuban society. The film of Pastor Vega is obviously an outstanding challenge on the new subject of 'women's liberation' against machismo in the context of the Cuban society. Teresa, the female character, as a socio-cultural image of the Cuban society don't focuses on the declarative and iconic images of the women's role as a revolutionary heroin that had appeared frequently in the films of the sixties, but she struggles for getting more realistic and pragmatic values such as women's emancipation to take rights in daily life. Therefore, the declaration of the emancipation of Teresa against machismo of her husband Ramón has the special and symbolic meanings of social role and function of the film in the process of Cuban cultural revolution. The film concentrates on inducing the audience to make new perspectives such as women and gender issues in the daily experience of Cuban society where the machista ideologies and practices characteristic of a patriarchal society. Conclusively the female image of this film does not represent a national heroin, but reflects the women's desire, hope, and dreams in the society. Teresa makes the audience think of representations of the true meanings of the revolution in daily life, the machista ideologies in the patriarchal society, and the women's role and fuction in the Cuban society.
  • 6.

    A Study on M. Bulgakov's Metadrama

    Seungmoo Paik | 2011, 23() | pp.127~165 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper focuses on the specificities and semantic meaning of Mikhail Bulgakov's metadrama White Guard and The Flight. The standard conception of metadrama is to purposefully break the dramatic illusion and make bare a playwright's self-consciousness of the theatrical art itself. With the use of the metadrama Bulgakov expressed the essentials of ugly reality, which he couldn't accept as a valuable truth. In this respect, Bulgakov's metadrama becomes at once a window, from which he views the external world in the theatrical vision, and a mirror, in which his political and existential stance as a playwright is reflected. In White Guard Bulgakov described the already theatricalized reality through several instances of 'play-within-play'. In The Flight , composed of eight pieces of dream, a life turned out to be a less solid and less firm reality than dream. Continuously demolishing the cognitive wall between reality and illusion, Bulgakov leads spectators to have a reflective view on the reality. Allowing more powerful demonstrativeness for a play-within-play than for a play-within-play, Bulgakov elevates a metadramatic technique to the level of thematic structure.
  • 7.

    From anti-catholicism to cultural and sexual reflexion in Spain in the movie <La mala Educación> by Pedro Amodóvar

    송선기 | 2011, 23() | pp.167~189 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In modern Spanish culture, there is not other cineaste who has explored the controversial topic of sexuality deeper and more reiterative ways than Pedro Almodóvar. In our opinion, 『La Mala Educación』fundamentally, is a metaphoric work about the corruption of the Catholicism during Francisco Franco regime in Spain. This movie is a brilliant and solid critic to the abuses suffered by a child in a religious school during the Franco regime. This movie is about the forbidden desire in Catholicism and the tragic end of a priest. Father Manolo sexually abused one of his students at the school; as a result, this student loses his sexual identity and ends up ruining his own life due to using drugs. Eventually he is revenged by his younger brother. On this movie, 『La Mala Educación』, Pedro Almodóvar portrays a sentiment of anticlericalism and blasphemy against God and Jesus Christ through a story which contains homosexual scenes and direct quotations of biblical cites, such as the expulsion of the merchants and sellers out of the temple in Jerusalem in the Mathew gospel to insinuate Jesus´lack of charity and love to others. We conclude that Almodovar´s description of the fallout of this priest, caused by his forbidden desire, is not only beyond anti-Catholicism but it can also be seen as an actual reflection of the cultural and sexual change in the European and, in particular, Spanish society.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Storytelling of ‘Amore Pacific’ Brand Site - Through Applying ‘Minimum Narrative’ Theory and Script Theory

    Soong Buem Ahn | 2011, 23() | pp.191~214 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Today the company’s brand sites are in tendency locating as a handy method to administrate company vision, value and image. So this study tried to examine the aspects of storytelling around Amore Pacific’s brand site. To secure the discussion’s centrality and concreteness, two issues are considered to be aimed in methodology. First, the menus of relevant site were examined to see if they are securing minimal narrative. This was an attempt to discuss the minimum narrativity that target text is supposed to possess, to objectify little more the term ‘storytelling.’ After considering the menus of relevant site through narratological ideas of Gerald Prince, the menus that satisfy the level of minimum narrative were hardly seen. Even 'OUR STORY', showing the intention of unraveling the vision and values within the company brand by stories, is not seemed to be reaching universal, objective storytelling. Second, pragmatic, reception theory were applied as another standard to judge storytelling possibilities of Amore Pacific’s brand site. Roger C. Schank’s script theory, being considered in the field of cognitive linguistics and cognitive psychology, became a handy tool for examining the interactions and its meaning between brand sites and its visitors. As a result, the relevant site could be seen as attempting storytelling following time sequence, through narrator kindly explaining ‘visual image-event.’ And it was conjecturable that, because of such function of narrator, visitors finishes storytelling in a personal shape by operating internal story based script. This study examined the level and methods of storytelling limited in online environment called as company brand site. But more studies are needed to be in progress, such as about the ways for company websites or brand sites to have an effective, continuous influence on potential consumers, narrator set-up ways suitable for character of subordinate menus, organizations of minimum narrative and so on.
  • 9.

    The Study of Yingchuangyicao - Focus on the Writer and Printed book

    Yoo Hee June | Min, Kwan Dong | 2011, 23() | pp.215~242 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Yingchuang yicao(《萤窗異草》) is a collection of short stories in Classical Chinese, whose style was much affected by Liaozhai zhiyi(《聊齋志異》). It consists of 3 chapters, 12 juan ,and 138 stories. This work was written by a scholar with the pen name of Hao gezi(浩歌子) in the reign period of Qianlong in the Qing dynasty, and has drawn relatively little attention among the scholars thus far; it was not until 1980’s that scholars figured out that the author Hao gezi was Yin Qinglan, the sixth son of the renowned Qing scholar Yin Jishan. Yingchaung yicao had circulated as a manuscript for more than one hundred years until it was printed by Shenbao guan(申報館) in Shanghai in the reign period of Guangxu 2-3 (1876-1877). This edition is currently collected at The Kyujanggan(奎章閣) Institute of National Seoul University. At present, no known study of its introduction to and circulation in premodern Korea is available. However, given that the late Chosön period saw high interest in Chinese narratives, it is speculated that this work was imported to Korea soon after its first publication in China. Later, two publishing houses in Shanghai also published illustrated editions of the work. Given that the Shenbao guan version is the first printed edition of Yingchuang yicao, the copy collected at Kyujanggak Institute should be regarded highly for its academic values.
  • 10.

    Latino Media and Spanish Language Television Broadcasting

    LEE Seonghun | 2011, 23() | pp.243~264 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The results of 2000 Population Census explains the context of a series of incidents happening in the Latino television broadcasting market recently. That is, the rapid growth of Latino population so fast as overtaking the Black population has needed media as a means of Latino's own social interests and communication. In this context, the television broadcasting market as a marketing means of capitals targeting for the Latinos has experienced more rapid changes. In other words, there has been some changes in the Latino television broadcasting market which divided by two major networks, Univision and Telemundo. It was 1970s when Latino media started to be considered as an important framework to understand the problems of the Latinos in American society. Experiencing the human rights movement of the 1960s, the Latino communities' sense of identity realized the importance of media as an expression of themselves from the interest on the factors which directly determine the quality of their life such as the immigration, education, health, and employment. The anglo media plays a role in introducing the Latinos and forming the images of the Latinos to the non-Latinos. It can be possible to criticize that the anglo media propagates the unilateral image of the Latinos by the mainstream white society, the stereotyped images of the Latinos. The spanish media targeting for the Latinos has grown continuously, combining the inside needs of forming the identity of the Latinos and communication and outside needs of commercialism. On the other hand, the needs for the programs based on the American Latinos has been increased, along with the increase of the Latino media based on the dual languages or English. This paper reviewed the history of the Latino media briefly, and then examined the relationship between the Latinos and the media through the television broadcasting which influence the Latino's everyday life enormously.
  • 11.

    The Literary World of T. Tolstaya

    Lee SooYean | 2011, 23() | pp.265~293 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study focused on the literary world of T. Tolstaya, a Russian writer who takes a crucial position in contemporary Russian literature, drawing upon the wrier's a couple of short stories. ‘Youth' is a key motive encompassing all works of Tolstaya, so that it becomes the poetic keynote among her literary works. In order to examine such distinctions of the main characters' world awareness in their youth as shown in Tolstaya's literary works, Chapter 2 of this paper paid a special attention to the analyse of her representative works such as “Sitting on a Golden Terracing Stone” and “Meeting with a Bird”, and expressed potential implications of youth with mimetic imagination for her. For Tolstaya, youth is perceived as a paradise but original imagination of youth gradually fades away in adult and ends up with a lost paradise. This is why Tolstaya uses poetic means based on nostalgia for youth like paradise and literary motto for recovery of imagination in youth. In this regard, this study particularly examined the retrospective prologue resisting the power of time as well as different fictional characters living in her own fantastic world. As a result, this study draws a conclusion that such longing and nostalgia for youth and lost paradise as delineated by Tolstaya through retrospective prologue and characters speak for an existential speculation that explores any profound implication of afflictions in reality of human life, rather than focusing on the painful reality of human life which consists of honest dialogues with realities like ‘darkness’ and ‘pain.’ In addition, this study, complying with Zolotonosov's ideas which deal with and define Tolstaya's literary works as a shabby and humble box invisibly containing a full wealth of precious jewels inside, sheds a new light on the writer's literary world.
  • 12.

    Rethinking Latinidad in Latin Music

    Lee Euna | 2011, 23() | pp.295~319 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines how Latinidad can be reclaimed as a site for exploring affinities of Latinos in Latin music industry, especially from the 90s. By looking at sites where Latinidad is constituted, such as the case of Jennifer López becoming Selena, it intends to suggest that the concept can be deployed as a political bridge to connect latinos. And by examining Cuban-American artists' self identification in Latin Grammy Awards, it reveals that the latin music business definitions of Latinidad is coded differently for them as 'Caribbean' to erase a natural resonance of Cuba. In addition, by dealing with Shakira's somewhat contradictory representation of Colombianidad, the study argues that Latinidad serves as a social construct and newly emerges as a convenient interstitial place between the Latin American and the US Latino. Shakira's case serves to show how the transnational trends of latin music contribute to create a simultaneous sense of Latinidad and Colombianidad. Focusing on the commercial significance of understanding of what latino is or should be, this paper aims to interrogate current understandings of Latinidad in the realm of latin music and popular culture.
  • 13.

    A Study on Thematic Groups of Russian Slangs

    Kim Sung Wan | 2011, 23() | pp.321~350 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine slangs used in contemporary Russian. In any kind of social group, there are special jargons used to satisfy special needs of verbal communication and express individual affiliation compared with neighboring parties, apart from standard languages popularized in each society. Some of these jargons belong to a category of common usual language, while others are temporarily popularized but disappear. It is undeniable that these languages are a product of our social language phenomena in addition to the presence of standard language. Thus, it is very essential to investigate and understand these linguistic phenomena as well as standard languages. In this study, Chapter 1 examines the definition of slang as one of most important topic with a view to achieve desired goals hereof. Next, Chapter 2 sets the scope of subjects for this study. Chapter 3 subdivides subjects into each group by topic for analysis within the scope as set in the previous chapter. This analysis gives a basis on which we can understand linguistic phenomena and identify any psychological conditions of people who use languages. This study comes to its conclusions with summary of findings from data collection and analysis.
  • 14.

    Comparative studies of systems and questions between Chinese I in the Korea National Scholastic Aptitude Test and Chinese with Listening in the SAT

    Park, Chan Wook | 2011, 23() | pp.351~382 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to compare systems and questions between Chinese I in the Korea National Scholastic Aptitude Test(abbreviated by KNSAT) and Chinese with Listening in the SAT. In the beginning, we compared KNSAT and SAT, and then focused our attention on Chinese I in KNSAT and Chinese with Listening in SAT in terms of assessment purposes, sections, ranges, questions. Through the research, the following results were obtained: Firstly, compared KNSAT with SAT, it is found that Chinese I is less important in KNSAT than Chinese with Listening in SAT. Chinese I belongs to one of the second foreign languages section, and it is placed under common rule of its section. However, Chinese with Listening is similar to Chinese I in that it also belongs to one of the languages section, but it keeps under its control, so it has its own system e.g. purpose, range etc.. Next, compared Chinese I with Chinese with Listening, in the matter of purposes of them, Chinese I is less explicit and less concrete to explain it than Chinese with Listening, and in respect of sections of them, the sections of Chinese I are leaning more toward language materials contrary to Chinese with Listening leaning more toward language functions. And in terms of ranges of them, Chinese I is limited to Basic vocabulary and Examples of communicative function in curriculum of Chinese I, but Chinese with Listening has not any limit on the ranges of questions. Lastly, with regard to questions of them, Chinese I has more tendency toward assessing knowledge of Chinese, on the contrary, Chinese with Listening has more tendency toward assessing performance of it.
  • 15.

    A Study of relation between transition of lexicon and Bronze Epigraphy

    JaeJoong Oh | 2011, 23() | pp.383~418 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research is to find out how the Chinese Bronze Epigraphy has developed and how it has influenced the Chinese Academic field. The Chinese Bronze Epigraphy started from the Han dynasty, however it didn’t reach the professional academic stage. After the Song Dynasty it started to be studied in full scale. Therefore, it is reasonable to see that the start of the study of bronze was from the Song dynasty. In the Qing Dynasty, the study in Epigraphy was extended on again. ShuoWenJieZi that was written by XuShen in the Han Dynasty. KaoGuTuShiWen that was written by LǔDaLin in the Song Dynasty. ShuoWenGuZhouBu that was written by WuDaCheng in the Qing Dynasty. JinWenBian that was written by RongGeng in the Republican era. This thesis examines the contents of ShuoWenGuZhouBu and JinWenBian and then synthetically compares and analyzes them. The conclusion of this study is as follows. It cannot be denied that ShuoWenJieZi and KaoGuTuShiWen significantly affected the birth of ShuoWenGuZhouBu and JinWenBian.
  • 16.

    A Diachronic Comparison of korean and chinese kinship terms : about 'elder brother's wife' and 'younger brother´s wife'

    유현아 | 2011, 23() | pp.419~437 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In China, elder brother's wife is called 'Sao' or 'Saozi' and younger brother's wife is called 'Fu' or 'Difu', etc. On the other hand, In Korea is called 'Hyeongsu' and 'Jesu'. This paper aims to find that Korean and Chinese kinship terminology 'Hyeongsu' and 'Jesu's origin and characteristics. And considerd reason that Korean kinship terms different changed with Chineses and investigated whether the presence of native language. In China, Kinship term reflected strict species act. Therefore, for elder brother's wife to give dignity 'Sao' in the title that made separately. In other hand, sister-in-law used 'Fu that means submission. The first was to use the same type of Kinship terms in the Korean and Chinese. Because Korea accept of the China's relative terms. But gradually confusion about the meaning of the original issued 'Sao' and wrong term 'Jesu' appeared. In response, 'Hyeongsu' as a two-syllable terms was shown whence they came. Also through literature shows that ‘아마’, ‘아마니 is called native tongue.