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2012, Vol.26, No.

  • 1.

    Comparison of the existing research about Libai's wife and children with the investigation on the figures of Libai's Poetry

    Suh, Yong-Jun | 2012, 26() | pp.7~41 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Libai is one of most famous poets of Chinese ancient times. His reputation gives the incidents which are legendary to him, and judgement of his accurate features is not easy. He has the poem works over one thounsand number, but on the other hand, has very small amount of the historical records conveyed. About the Libai's family, specially about the wifes and the children, we cannot know almost. Because Libai did not talk a lot about his wife and children from his poem. Also in historical record, we cannot find many sources about his wife and children. So we currently must guess with only data of the small amount. But what we know from the small amout of historical data does not seem to respond with what we read from his poems. The biggest problem is who gave birth to Libai's child. Libai is told to have four wifes who ane named as Ms. Xu(許氏), Ms. Liu(劉氏), A lady from Lu(魯一婦人), Ms. Zong(宗氏). According to historical record, Ms. Xu had a daughter and a son and A lady from Lu had a son. But the contents of Libai's poems gives us the impression that he's likely having another daughter and son. As the name of Libai's children, there are some names conveyed. From the record we know the names, Mingyuenu(明月奴), Poli(頗黎), Tianran(天然). From his poems, there're Pingyang(平陽) and Boqin(伯禽). Recently many researchers regard Mingyuenu is Boqin and Poli is Tianran. First wife Ms. Xu gave birth to Pingyang and Boqin. Third wife a lady from Lu gave birth to Poli and he is Tianran. But such guess has a contradiction. The daughter and son who were bored by Ms. Xu are too old to become Pingyang and Boqin who come out from Libai's poem. Also there're two children whom Libai did not call the name of, we can not identy them easily. so from Libai's poems, we can not say the children of Ms. Xu are the same person of Pingyang and Boqin. His second or third wife appears to bear another daugther and son. There is no guarantee thant the external fact which is reflected to the poetic work agrees with the actual fact completely. But when we searches the historical truth, we should refer the poetic truth which is reflected to the poetic work. About historic figure Libai, we should and only can read Libai's poems. And if there's differences between the features of hitorical Libai and poet Libai which is reflected to Libai's poem, we should compare them to find the fact. These two Libai might be untrue and comparative result could not be the fact as well. So the literary work should be accepted only as the literary work. So finding Libai's wifes and chilren separates the origin of Libai's literature. but through this work, we can have the meaningful read of the Libai's poetry.
  • 2.

    El Greco as an Intersection of Counter‐Reformation and Byzantine picture ‐ Focused on <Penitent Mary Magdalene> of El Greco

    임주인 | 2012, 26() | pp.43~71 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, we recognize the cross-cultural communication between Greece and Spain through El Greco's pictures. The Greeks of Crete kept to their culture and continued to look to the declining Byzantine Empire for spiritual and political guidance. For two centuries after the conquest,the strength of the Byzantine tradition had become the moral and spiritual sustenance of the conquered in Crete. The basic contribution of Cretan intellectuals or artists such as El Greco of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries was the forging of connecting links between the Hellenism of the old Byzantine East and the rising, youthful Hellenism of the Renaissance West. In this way, Crete served as an important halfway point between East and West. The saint Mary Magdalene was symbol of Christian penitence,which represents the penitential life personified and became widespread during the Counter Reformation, when new emphasis was put on the value of prayer and repentance in the forgiveness of sin. In Spain, the Penitent Magdalene was popular and El Greco painted many versions, which at the first time, were reflected by Tiziano, on the contrary, at the time of Toledo, were recreated by his own style. Although El Greco was converted to Catholic in Spain, his faith in Greek Orthodox Church influenced on his original painting world. El Greco had never painted a picture whose subject treat with the emphasis of identification between Mary Magdalene and Mary, younger sister of Martha.
  • 3.

  • 4.

    Ionesco et Roumanie

    PARK,HYUNG-SUB | 2012, 26() | pp.95~121 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Ce travail est de rechercher la vie littéraire d'Eugène Ionesco à l'époque de la Roumanie(1921~1937). Ionesco fait partie d'une catégorie d'écrivains(Mircea Eliade, Emil Cioran, Tristan Tzara, Panaït Istrati, etc) qui sont nés en Roumanie et ont commencé leur carrière dans leur pays d'origine pour la continuer et l'achever en France. Eugen Ionescu devient Eugène Ionesco. Ce dernier représente déjà dans les années 30 une personnalité hors du commun. C'est un homme qui a deux patries, deux racines : une roumaine, une autre française. Sa vie est a été marquée par ses publications des l'adolescence. Ils font l'objet de ce livre-portrait d'Eugen Ionescu, poète et critique, écrivain de langue roumaine. L'étude de la jeunesse roumaine d'Ionesco nous mène sur un terrain périlleux, celui de la biographie, plus précisément des années d'adolescence, de jeunesse et d'apprentissage d'un écrivain qui a masqué cette période de sa vie. Nous avons préféré tracer une biographie intellectuelle plutôt qu'énumérer des détails anecdotiques. La projection d'Ionesco dans son oeuvre est le récit de ses propres aventures intellectuelles. Une part importante de notre travail est consacrée à l'anlayse d'un livre de critique Nu(Non) de jeune Ionesco. Nous avons utilisé le texte de la version française publiée en 1986 pour ce travail. Pour Ionescu le Roumain, le poète Ionesco, Élégies pour des êtres minuscules, nous avons consulté une thèse d'Ecaterina Cleynen-Serghieve La jeunesse littéraire d'Eugène Ionesco et puis l'étude de Gelu Ionesco sur la carrière roumaine d'Ionesco. Nous nous sommes aussi référés à divers documents comme Notes et contre-notes(1966), Découvertes(1969), Journal en miettes et Présent passé, Passé présent(Mercure de France), et les entretiens avec Claude Bonnefoy pour comprendre la personnalité d'un jeune écrivain roumain.
  • 5.

    Diaspora and National policy - Focusing on Russian Diaspora and Chinese Diaspora

    Chon Byung Kuk | 2012, 26() | pp.123~144 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    In the modern society in which globalization and localization proceed simultaneously, diversified and rapid migration of diaspora makes a new from of boundary off the frame of the state and the nation. This new border accompanies cultural change and racial mixture; retains ethnic conflict, the gap between rich and poor, alienation and discrimination, as well as power conflict; and extends its influence. Nowadays, the countries all over the world including Korea face problem of Diaspora in numerous forms. And each country takes an approach to the problem of the diaspora in the aspects of their society, culture and political technology. This implies that most countries, without understanding the new form of border which is alive and dynamic, define and conceptualize the diaspora in the frame of one state and one nation to carry forward the policies accordingly, resulting in inequal, incomplete and awkward homogenization. This study aimed to explore the identity of the diaspora, the core for the problem solving. Of course, studies about the identity of the diaspora have been continued until today and many great outcomes have been achieved. Nevertheless, this study aimed to explore the identity of the diaspora and the national policies which have a close interrelationship with it. It is because the study ultimately aimed to highlight the interrelationship between the destination countries, Russia and China, and the diaspora, through the definition and the classification of Russian diaspora and Chinese diaspora and the analysis of the national policies about that. However, the intention was not to distinguish superiority through the comparison of the polices about the diaspora between two countries, but to focus on the diversity of the identity of the diaspora through defining each different diaspora and paralleling the policies. Second, the reason for looking into the diaspora policies of these two countries is because it is judged the changes in the diaspora policies of each country is one of the active factors for the changes in the identify of the diaspora of each country and it is the basic research for the study on the identity of the diaspora. New migration of diaspora changes the identity of the state, and the state makes the policies and enforce the policies, resulting in the influence on the diaspora. This interaction acts as the growth factor for the new boundary. The causes of Russian diaspora and Chinese diaspora show apparent 'differences'. In parallel with this, the policies about the diaspora in Russia and China arouse 'differences' to the diaspora. The variation of the identity of the diaspora made by these differences will suggest other viewpoints on the diaspora, and these viewpoints will become the foundation for solving the problem of the diaspora in the present times.
  • 6.

    A characteristic of historical Jing-Ju, through the comparison by each period - Focusing on traditional repertory

    오경희 | 2012, 26() | pp.145~171 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The background of historical Jing-Ju is a history, but the history Chinese wants to watch on the stage is the history dramatized by talented actors/actresses, not the history they want to learn. This thesis intends to examine traditional repertories whose background is historical people or accidents, among the lots of Jing-Ju repertories by each period, grasp periods, accidents, people, etc. preferred by Chinese and examine how they were dramatized. The general characteristics of historical Jing-Ju, grasped by each period, are as follows. The first, for the reason that there are lots of historical Jing-Ju in opera repertories, it can be mentioned by Chinese descriptive tradition and historical tradition. As lots of Chinese novels and drama works were written by history, basic models are suggested and clear development is shown, so there is an aspect which is advantageous for dramatization. Also, there are lots of works whose material is history for not only opera but also drama, TV drama because of the characteristics of China where historical books such as 『史記』, 『戰國策』, etc. The second, the period which is the background of historical Jing-Ju focuses on 漢 period, 三國 period, 隋唐 period, 宋 period and 明 period. It seems to be reflected by Chinese superiority to some degree if considering Jing-Ju was extremely popular during the 民國 period. The third, there are many characters who have patriotism loyalty among the historical Jing-Ju. It seems to be the result of discovering lots of materials for appealing patriotism in the situation they were dominated by Japan and the West during the 民國 period. The forth, the most single material is 『三國志』 among the historical Jing-Ju. This material has the factors of traditional idea, loyalty, fidelity, etc, but there are the most interesting characters and they were popularized by novels, etc. The fifth, in the historical Jing-Ju, the contents and character forms can be sometimes changed by character's skill because character's artistic achievement can play a great role for the completion of Jing-Ju.
  • 7.

    A Study on ‘language-letter’ images and politics of ‘écriture’ in Kim, Soo-Yung's poems

    Lee, Chan | 2012, 26() | pp.173~200 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines épistémè of écriture and its politics in Kim, Soo-Yung's poems, focusing on ‘language-letter’ images such as “speech”, “language”, “printing type”, “letter”, “brush”, “book” and so on. While the previous papers fail to present the overall framework of analysis on ‘language-écriture’ images and to show political dimensions of discourse analysis, this paper tries to overcome these limitations. It explains images of ‘speech’ and ‘language’ on the basis of Heidegger's ontological thought, and analyzes writing-images such as ‘type’, ‘letters’ using Derrida's concepts of ‘archi-écriture’ and ‘écriture’. It also gives a new name to multiple images of ‘book’ in his poems as ‘politics of écriture’ based on problematic such as Badiou's ‘ethics of truths’ and Derrida's ‘écriture’.
  • 8.

    A Study on the aesthetic elements of Chinese translated Korean Novel - Focused on the mode of narrations in "An old well" written by Jeong Heui Oh

    Choi Eun Jeong | 2012, 26() | pp.201~226 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This essay exams the issues of aesthetic elements that come up when Korean novels get translated into Chinese language. The short story collection titled "An old well" written by Jeong Heui Oh in both languages are compared and analyzed by focusing on the mode of narrations. There are various narrative modes in "An old well". Each narrative mode properly functions for aesthetic effects and drawing meanings. In short, we can find a way to grasp its leitmotif the writer wants to indicate only when we carefully interpret the narrative modes in the original text. However, the narrative modes in Korean text have been simplified by changing its modes into direct narrative in Chinese-translated text. Thus the aesthetic effects in the original text have been spoiled and the Chinese text fails to deliver its meaning involved in the original narrative mode. Translation of novel invites consideration on both of its form and content on account of the text's uniqueness. Accordingly, a close examination and study of the original text should be completed beforehand.
  • 9.

    Orchid Dream Wonderful Biography(蘭花夢奇傳)'s heroine and tragic characteristics.

    Kim, Myung-sin | 2012, 26() | pp.227~248 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Orchid Dream Wonderful Biography(蘭花夢奇傳), whose author was Yimmeishanren(吟梅山人), is a Xia-Yi-Ai-Qing(俠義愛情) novel in the late Qing Dynasty. The work published in 1905 when Emperor Guangxu(光緖) governed China. The novel was reprinted for several times to its excellent art feature as well as its public praise. Orchid Dream Wonderful Biography narratives the life story of the heroin, Songbaozhu(松寶珠). Songbaozhu disguises herself as a man, takes the imperial examination, and takes part in the war. However, she is abused after marring Xuwenqing(許文卿), finally, she dies in misery. Songbaozhu's tragic fate show that although a woman may disguise as a man and makes great contributions in novel, it would never come true in reality. Songbaolin(松寶林) is also home to female hero. She has a younger brother and sister were strictly education. She is a female hero of the pitch. The writer creates her, had to satisfy a social reality male. Orchid Dream Wonderful Biography, this work has had a tragic or a reality. This work represents the limits of consciousness and the writers. Orchid Dream Wonderful Biography did not transcend male-oriented notions.
  • 10.

    (Per)Forming at the Threshold: Diasporic Imagination in Korean American Drama

    Sung Hee Choi | 2012, 26() | pp.249~272 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Diaspora studies has become one of the fastest growing field in the humanities over the past several decades, and the use of term diaspora has been widening to include almost any population on the move. Diaspora literature not only mirrors but actively incorporates this new notion of diaspora with characters "at the threshold" navigating new territories and identities. Querying how diaspora studies intersects with theatre and performance, this paper attempts to probe how recent Korean American drama parallels and promotes diaspora studies' radical departure from traditional notions of identities and territories. For this purpose, this essay 1)examines theoretical affinities between diaspora studies and performance studies 2) investigates how Sung Rno's plays, Cleveland Raining and wAve, explore and embody multiple and evolving meanings of Korean diaspora on the stage 3)examines how theatre can create the third space that transcends both Korean and American nationalism and 4)speculates possibilities of reframing Asian American Studies as Asian diaspora studies. Korean American characters in Rno's play redirect diasporic identities, as their concern gradually moves from "where I come from" to "where I go to." Instead of remaining in the dark as a mere spectator, both Rno and his characters choose to be 'on' the stage where they can imagine, perform, and realize (however temporarily) "unimaginable community" by confronting their own social, political, and cultural ambivalence. Stage, the threshold between reality and fiction, Korea and America, and past and future, becomes their true 'home' where they incubate and precipitate "nation in transformation" that Yan Haiping argues for as "another transnational."
  • 11.

    The cultural characteristic of American film (genre Drama) in <Blind Side>

    한용택 , Woo Jeonggueon | 2012, 26() | pp.273~296 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the characteristics of American film (genre drama) through the analysis of <Blind Side>, which merits our attention because the proportion of domestic gross earnings to foreign gross earnings is four to one. It means that the cultural discount rate of this film is relatively higher than the films which belong to the other genres, for example adventure, action, fantasy, SF etc. And it would be correct to say that this film is typically American. What is the reason of this difference of cultural discount rate? And what allows this film to be defined as a typical American film. The analysis of <Blind Side> shows that the difference doesn't result from the actant structure. In fact the narrative structure of this film is similar to the other films of drama genre like <Gran Torino> or <The King's Speech>: the common structure of drama genre is characterized by an encounter of sujet and adjuvant and the progress of their relationship. But the drama is a genre in which the reflection of the actualities is important as compared with other genres. In that sense the story of <Blind Side> is based upon the American cultural characteristics. Because the process that realize the progress of relationship between two protagonists is typically American such as race problem, adoption system, concept of family, system of education and going to college etc. As a result it is possible that <Blind Side> move less the worldwide spectators than the American spectators.
  • 12.

    City's Ecological Landscape in the Digital Age

    LEE Kyung-Lae , 박규현 , 조연정 | 2012, 26() | pp.297~319 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    We all know how beautiful our wild and it's importance to our living planet Earth. But did you realise the speed at which man himself is damaging it's unique natural habitat. We are well on our way to destroy our forests,plants, wetlands. We are polluting our oceans and seas. This way, we're driving numerous animal species, plant species and many others into extinction. Everyone should be aware of the importance of our natural environment. We live in the period of echocide. Why we need nature to survive and how we can deal with the environmental problems we face. This paper has the purpose to reform city's environment. Because, Metropolis and megalopolis are the principal cause of environmental disruption. To reform the city is needed to consider digital technology in our age. In the face of economic and cultural globalization, many have argued that we live an increasingly placeless world. However, as a growing number of cities participate and compete in key marketplaces of advanced capitalism,the spectacle of the city is more than ever a significant medium of communication in its own right. In doing so, this work is focused specifically on the dimension of city's media environment. To that end, the paper examined U-City and U-Eco city. In this study, we will introduce the study on model of U-Eco City as one way for the eco-freindly future city.
  • 13.

    Analysis of Comparison between Seo Jungjoo Shiseon and Shillacho

    Lee, Young-kwang | 2012, 26() | pp.321~351 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper attempts to clarify the similarity found in Seo Jungjoo's two books of poems, Seo Jungjoo Shiseon and Shillacho, and thereby to establish the continuity between Seo‘s early poetry and his mid-period poetry. This attempt arises from the realization that unfamiliar poetic material, background, and narration are merely surface features, and that in fact his early concerns nevertheless persist in terms of his poetic imagination and his Weltanschauung. Furthermore, this continuity seems to originate from shamanistic spiritual chaos that is consubstantially interrelated with the spirit of his deceased lover. After chaos and confusion subsided, the poet's endeavor to discover the lineal origin of his personal shamanism shows itself in Seo Jungjoo Shiseon, and we witness the embodiment of such endeavor in Shillacho. His interest in the skies as it is expressed in my poem, and Shilla as it is intimated by Gwanghwamun are sublimated in saso yeonjag and the words of Queen Seondeog into shamanic wisdom that served as the norm for both spiritual life and physical life in ancient times, and the wisdom is carried on further into the present in Seo's own times. Moreover, the star and the bell sound that were presented as signs of desirable Weltanschauung in Sangrigwawon are transformed into the symbols of shamanic wisdom, and into the inner magic formula that contributes to achieving the wisdom. This analysis offers as its result the evidence embedded in his poems that shows, first, that the two books correspond to merely two separate stages of his poetic concern, and second, that his early poetic concern persists, though transformed through a peculiar manner, into his mid-period poems.
  • 14.

    The stydy Yi-Zu and Han-Zu’s moral culture. -with focus on the Yun-Nan's Yi-Zu moral culture

    Kim Dug-Sam | 2012, 26() | pp.353~377 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This treatise studies on how ideology and value of Chinese minority race undergo change according to social, political transition that the Chinese minority race has experienced for a long time and I also have tried to elucidate how these kinds of their experiences have been effected upon their own life, even it is part of my basic subjects for my study. Hence I would give weigh to focus on contemplating process of the past and the present rather than predictive discussion of how their pursuing value will be transformed. For my ebullient study, I’m willing to make Yi-Zu’s moral culture become axis of my treatise, and capitalize on not only how Han-Zu’s ideological philosopies have been disseminated, but also how acculturation have been taken place in Yi-Zu’s moral culture system. Yi-Zu has the longest history and the greatest their own population, even the largest residence of various Chinese minority races. And Yun-Nan is the historical place where not only various Chinese minority races have lived, but also acculturation between Chinese majority, Han-Zu and them have been begotten. Above all, I would delve into traditional religion to understand Yi-Zu’s moral culture as was already mentioned that it is my axis of treatise. Furthermore, I deliberated on how Taoism have been infiltrated Yi-Zu’s moral culture, also how Han-Zu’s ideological philosophies have been permeated Yi-Zu’s, and what is more how to help themselves still remained in Yi-Zu’s. Through my such these efforts, I analyze the aspect of embracing of Han-Zu’s moral culture by Yi-Zu’s and some facts of vicissitudes about it.
  • 15.

    National Image of South Korea Held by Russian Netizen: Focusing on Internet Blogs and Survey analysis

    Kang Sukyung | 2012, 26() | pp.379~404 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to investigate national image of South Korea held by russians. Surveys(based on Free-association Image) and discussion were conducted on LiveJournal (internet blog) with russian netizen. A national image is influenced by a subjective perspective rather than an objective one. Therefore, an image can differ substantially from reality. Futhermore, it takes a long time to change an established image, particularly to a positive image. According to the results, the image of South Korea were dominated by unstable political situations, especially factors related to North Korea. In addition, based on Free-association image, thinking about Korea or Korean, most russians recognize Korea(South) with North Korea. Above all Russians recognize Korea, basing their images on factor of the past or their neighbors-russian korean- or famous Korean brand like Samsung, LG, Hyndai, "Dosirak". Russian netizen did not recognize South Korea as one of leading countries in Asia, paying little attention to South Korea compared to China or Japan. We belive that it is necessary to consider these situations in future efforts to enhance the national image of South Korea.
  • 16.

    Transnational Reception of Korean Film: Analyses of Film Reviews

    정소영 , YOON sinwon | 2012, 26() | pp.405~444 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is based on the view that film should be conceived as a form of cultural practice whose meaning is always in the process of being produced within diverse socio-cultural contexts and aims to examine the ways in which the meaning of Korean film is (re)mediated or received in diverse cultural contexts outside the country. In this paper, we employ two theoretical grounds. Firstly, it positions itself in line with the audience studies within the field of cultural studies where the audience is conceived as active agents who produce the meaning of a popular culture text. The recruitment of the theoretical propositions from the audience studies enables recognition of the significance of the reception in film practice which recently seems to be oriented on production and distribution. Secondly, we conceive transnationality of film as that which is being produced in the process of transaction between the film and the audience, that is to say, transnationality is a form of discourse that emerges upon cultural interaction. The empirical work involves examination of a set of reviews of four films--Chihwaseon, Oldboy, Thirt, Poety--that have been published in daily newspapers and some popular film magazines in the U. S., the U. K. and France. Through the analysis of the film reviews, we identify four interpretive schemes or rather discourses recruited via which the Korean films are approached and understood: auteurism, formalism, universal themes, emotional response. We propose that these four kinds of discourse provide a common ground for the audience from different cultural backgrounds to understand Korean film. Furthermore, we also suggest that transnationality of Korean cinema needs to be reconsidered in terms of the reception as the audience from different socio-cultural backgrounds should be understood as active agents who are capable of engaging in Korean cultural texts such as film in their own way producing various meanings and these are also constituent of the meaning of the cultural texts.
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  • 18.

    Literary Text and the Cultural Interpretation- A Study of the Model of 「History of Spanish Literature」

    NaSongJoo | 2012, 26() | pp.465~485 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Instructing「History of Spanish Literature」class faces various types of limits and obstacles, just as other foreign language literature history classes do. Majority of students enter the university without having any previous spanish learning experience, which means, for them, even the interpretation of the text itself can be difficult. Moreover, the fact that 「History of Spanish Literature」is traced all the way back to the Middle Age, students encounter even more difficulties and find factors that make them feel the class is not interesting. To list several, such factors include the embarrassment felt by the students, antiquated expressions, literature texts filled with deliberately broken grammars, explanations written in pretentious vocabularies, disorderly introduction of many different literary works that ignores the big picture, in which in return, reduces academic interest in students, and finally general lack of interest in literate itself due to the fact that the following generation is used to visual media. Although recognizing such problem that causes the distortion of the value of our lives and literature is a very imminent problem, there has not even been a primary discussion on such matter. Thus, the problem of what to teach in 「History of Spanish Literature」class remains unsolved so far. Such problem includes wether to teach the history of authors and literature works, or the chronology of the text, the correlations, and what style of writing to teach first among many, and how to teach to read with criticism, and how to effectively utilize the limited class time to teach. However, unfortunately, there has not been any sorts of discussion among the insructors. I, as well, am not so proud of myself either when I question myself of how little and insufficiently did I contemplate about such problems. Living in the era so called the visual media era or the crisis of humanity studies, now there is a strong need to bring some change in the education of literature history. To suggest a solution to make such necessary change, I recommended to incorporate the visual media, the culture or custom that students are accustomed to, to the class. This solution is not only an attempt to introduce various fields to students, superseding the mere literature reserch area, but also the result that reflects the voice of students who come from a different cultural background and generation. Thus, what not to forget is that the bottom line of adopting a new teaching method is to increase the class participation of students and broaden the horizon of the Spanish literature. However, the ultimate goal of 「History of Spanish Literature」class is the contemplation about humanity, not the progress in linguistic ability. Similarly, the ultimate goal of university education is to train students to become a successful member of the society. To achieve such goal, cultural approach to the literature text helps not only Spanish learning but also pragmatic education. Moreover, it helps to go beyond of what a mere functional person does. However, despite such optimistic expectations, foreign literature class has to face limits of eclecticism. As for the solution, as mentioned above, the method of teaching that mainly incorporates cultural text is a approach that fulfills the students with sensibility who live in the visual era. Second, it is a three-dimensional and sensible approach for the visual era, not an annotation that searches for any ambiguous vocabularies or metaphors. Third, it is the method that reduces the burdensome amount of reading. Fourth, it triggers interest in students including philosophical, sociocultural, and political ones. Such experience is expected to stimulate the intellectual curiosity in students and moreover motivates them to continues their study in graduate school, because it itself can be an interesting area of study.
  • 19.

    Textual linguistic analysis of 'letters to parents' in elementary schools.

    Kim Yu-Mi | 2012, 26() | pp.487~508 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze communication between school and parents using the "letters to the parents", in order to examine possible areas of improvement for enhancing educational opportunities and school life adjustment for children from multi-cultural families. The letters to the parents used in elementary schools were analysed through genre analysis specifically for this study. At first, the Korean language textbooks for married female immigrants were investigated to see how many letters to parents were included in them. Second, letters to parents were collected to research their structure and content. They were categorized by the text type according to functions and speech acts. It is expected that the results of this study will be helpful for the Korean language education of married female immigrants.
  • 20.

    An Analysis of Free Colloquial Discourse Produced by Female Marriage-immigrants: Focusing on Their Sociolinguistic Competence

    Kim,Seon-Jung , 강현자 | 2012, 26() | pp.509~533 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine the sociolinguistic competence of female marriage-immigrants through analyzing their free colloquial discourse. Because previous studies on female marriage-immigrants have not been performed based on the natural illocutionary data, an accurate diagnosis of their communication method will be necessary for the efficiency of the Korean education aimed at them, and for the development of their communication ability. For this study, the colloquial discourse situation from five female marriage-immigrants from China, the Philippines and Vietnam was recorded. The sociolinguistic characteristics were analyzed centering on the use of designation, respect terms, and regional words. ‘Eomma’ was used as a designation for their husband’s mother, which means that ‘intimacy’ worked for the designation of their husband’s mother. The respect-word classes for others were limited to the ‘haeyo’ form and the ‘hae’ one, and the reception for listeners was often discarded. In addition, the influence of regional words was found in the vocabulary and grammar, and the more proficient the Korean language, the more frequent the regional word occurrence. Based on the above result, the teaching method of Korean for the immigrants shall be suggested as follows: the teaching has to focus on respect words positively influencing the relationship with the counterpart.