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pISSN : 1598-0685 / eISSN : 2671-9088

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2013, Vol.30, No.

  • 1.

    The historical backdrop and reproduction of the image in the film <Shakespeare in love>

    Oh se-jung | 2013, 30() | pp.7~29 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    A movie <Shakespeare in love> which brought its material from a historical character or incidents in the past was produced by a story suggestion through a historical fact. It is because Shakespeare created a story based on a mythical element related with his life in the plot which was written from the script of the play <Romeo and Juliet> and was on the show in the cinemas of London. It is an obvious fact that the historical drama of this movie was intentionally modified and the fictional story was added to episodes in order to create a dramatic effect. However, reflecting historical backgrounds and cultural aspects accurately through a historical study would also be an important factor. Therefore, the backgrounds and aspects presented in this movie are a kind of storytelling which was reconstructed as if a historian added his opinion to historical facts like a discourse. A historical background in <Shakespeare in love> was a story about Shakespeare who worked at the theater in London as a writer in 1593 the period of England Reneissance. The movie included the working and playwriting of Shakespeare who is a main character. This indicated not only the environment of the theater and literature during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I but also historical aspect in the early modern industrial society in England. This movie, that is, described that time as a recreation such as a cultural acceptance and an achievement of an initial capitalism in Renaissance in the life of characters. In particular, the factor of theaters flourishing during the Renaissance was because a newly emerging class, bourgeoisie, who held the capital emerging from a policy for middle class led to a box office hit through founding theaters and drama company and selling tickets and performing plays by themselves. Like this, the movie <Shakespeare in love> depicted the time led by plays to a industrialization. Moreover, Social aspects in the late 1500s were revealed in this movie through a depiction of the cinemas and the city of London. The depiction of the city of London reflected a social situation of an initial capitalism rapidly developed in trade and commerce. The social aspects such as conflicts between social classes based on getting richer and poorer, mammonism, a corrupted love between the male and the female, a immortality with growing brothels, religious and political conflicts with the foundation of the church in England were closely linked with characters' daily routine at that time in London and were reflected in this work overall. The reason why we highlight characters' job and custom like this in the movie <Shakespeare in love> is that these are ideationally inherent in a critical mind from people at that moment. The historical background and reproduction of the image depicted in the movie were focused on characters' daily routine and indicated the problem mentally and independently exposed in the form of initial capitalism.
  • 2.

    The Gesture of the Gift: A Discourse-Centered Approach to Corporate Social Responsibility

    Kyung-Nan Koh | 2013, 30() | pp.31~51 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, I approach corporate social responsibility as a discourse metadiscursively shaping the social relationship between corporations and society. Using a discourse-centered approach to culture, I examine how early discussions (involving legal disputes) on the rights of corporations to give evolved into a public sphere discussion as to how corporations can be viewed and redefined as social actors with capabilities to perform socially meaning actions, which here is “responsibility.” I discuss how corporate social responsibility currently operates as a metadiscourse of corporate personhood, ethics, and corporate citizenship. Then, using insights from Mauss, I analyze how corporate social responsibility might be comparable to a Maussian gift exchange. Corporate social responsibility actions that are performed, indeed, are gift exchanges in that they involve the ideology of the free gift and the implicit expectation of a return to the giver. In the meantime, I argue, that in the case of corporate social responsibility, it is not the act of giving gifts (e.g., grants) that can lead to social alliances but rather the talk of gift giving, a departure from the ceremonial gift exchanges observed by Mauss. That is, here, the talk of giving shapes social alliances, thus displacing this function from the act of giving itself. The PR strategies deploy talk of the gift as a metapragmatic strategy, inviting various forms of role alignment on the part of diverse, potential and actual, participants, in a framework of corporate-sponsored gift exchange in which potential recipients compete, again at the level of metapragmatic description, to become the chosen gift recipient.
  • 3.

    Comparison of traditional perspective of women in the proverbs of Algery and Korea

    Kyung-Rang Kim | 2013, 30() | pp.53~71 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study is to compare and analyze the similarities and differences in traditional perspective about women between Algery and Korea. Through this study, we found out following common denominators: sexual discrimination and denigration of women. Under the patriarchal system in Korea and Algery in the past, women were considered to be inferior to men and treated as men's possessions. The noteworthy feature is the perspective of mother. In both countries, the image of woman as a mother is regarded as the source of life and a central axis leading our society. It is very remarkable that we could find a lot of common ground despite that there are a lot of social, cultural and geometrical differences. Therefore, through this study, it is proved that the proverbs tell us the universality among people in the world regardless of culture and region.
  • 4.

    The Comparative Study of the View about the Death of Korean and Japanese

    정수현 | 2013, 30() | pp.73~95 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper look at the basis of the cultural differences of Korea and Japan by comparing the view about the death. Firstly, in terms of language to express the death, Korea can be summarized 'doragada (go back) Japan can be summarized sayonara(goodbye). Koreans' view about the death is that life and death are not separated and death is the start of another life not the end of existence through 'doragada' Japanese accept death as the order of the universe and the order of nature with resignation. At this time resignation means that Japanese accept the sad feeling to sublimate aesthetically while mourning the death Secondly The view about the death of Sunbee in the Joseon era and Japanese Samurai who were the traditional ideal figures is compared. The Sunbee dies from a justification and the Samurai die from the honor on the other hand. Unconditionally, the sunbee was not loyal to an individual but they thought significantly of the fidelity about the joint value. Unlike this, Japanese Samurai laid stress on the loyalty toward their lord and sacrifice. They selected the death conclusively when this fidelity was suspected. Thirdly the view about the death of Korea and Japan is summarized to the aesthetics of the survival and the aesthetics of the death. Korean saw the death negatively and regard exceedingly the extension of life, they preceded to survive in all kinds of difficulties. On the contrary, Japanese see it positively. They beautified the death and sublimated with the aesthetics. they pursue the nature of the life through the death. Finally, the basic difference of the korean and Japanese culture originate from the view about the death that is, the difference of the values about the life and death
  • 5.

    Vowel reduction in Russian

    Lee Sung-Min | 2013, 30() | pp.97~124 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    For a long period, vowel reduction has been accepted as one of the most common pronunciation rules in Russian phonology. However, since the rules have been modified in many ways after the influx of loanwords, [a, e, i, o, u, ]―including [e, o]―can now be pronounced in unstressed position, obeying the rule of vowel reduction. Especially in Modern Russian, along with the destruction of the consonant pronunciation norm due to some relatively complex changes it underwent palatalization, consonant pronunciation has been simplified, and as a response to such a phenomenon, the specialization of vowel pronunciation rule is now occurring. In other words, in the interrelation between consonants and vowels, as the pronunciation rules for consonants are simplified and thus the contrast between consonants is weakened, the degree of dependence on pronunciation of segment in the vowel pronunciation rule has been elevated. Therefore, the analysis says that the degree of vowel reduction depends on a vowel’s distance from a stressed syllable is not enough; the influence of surrounding phonemes―including consonants―or the formative characteristics of words themselves should also be considered. The introduction of Max‐noncorner/UnderLex, a/an Licence constraint that is related to non‐declension nouns, and that of IdentC[back] and ShareCV[back], which are faithfulness constraint and share constraint respectively that are related to the nature of consonants stresses that vowel pronunciation rules should not be simply viewed as rules for vowels; The rules should be analyzed with emphasis on their correlation with surrounding phonemes.
  • 6.

    Effective Method to Improve the Skills of Listening Comprehension: For Candidate(s) Who Prepare the DELF A2

    Jung,Il-Young | 2013, 30() | pp.125~165 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to find methods that allow learners to improve their listening comprehension skills. To do this, we have divided this article into three parts. In the first part, we analyzed studies focus on the skill of listening. In the second part, we are dedicated to the process steps in the study of listening comprehension. In the last part, we tried to demonstrate this by examples according to the difference in levels of learners. More specifically, we applied the questionnaires according to a typological difference. Most teachers recognize the importance of listening to complete the language proficiency of learners. Nevertheless, there are many difficulties in implementing effective methods for improving listening comprehension skills. In addition, there is a strong tendency not to consider listening as an autonomous field, but as a part of oral proficiency. In addition, we can not ignore the importance of the method of application, because it can motivate learners to both concentrate on their studies and to voluntarily participate in the course. In this sense, the Professors and teaching staff can use the examples of DELF to establish concrete goals for the course of listening. It is difficult to confirm that this study is the most effective way with regard to the methodology, but we hope it may be useful to improve the skills of listening comprehension French learners.
  • 7.

    On the Usage of ‘Mosu’, ‘Haberi’ in “Shasekishu”

    Do, Ki-Jeong | 2013, 30() | pp.167~186 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to consider the usage of ‘mosu’ and ‘haberi’ in “Shasekishu” written in middle Japanese. In old Japanese, ‘mosu’ and ‘haberi’ was used as a modest usage. In middle Japanese, however, the term came to be used in the way to pay respect to the hearer with the shift of its usage, further, in ‘jinobun’, the writer is using it in the stylistic usage which plays a significant role in providing aesthetic effect for many unspecified readers. As a device to express the honorific forms in middle Japanese, the stylistic usage is claimed to be found with other literary works as well as “Shasekishu”.
  • 8.

    A Comparative Study of New HSK and Entry-Level of TOPIK Written in Sino-Korean in the same form and morpheme of vocabularies

    Choe Geum-Dan | 2013, 30() | pp.187~222 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, From 1,560 entry-level of TOPIK standard vocabularies are 702 Sino-Korean words selected which account for 45% of the whole vocabularies in TOPIK. In addition, the same form and morpheme words in Sino-Korean are sorted out by comparing them with 5,000 words of the NEW HSK vocabularies in Sino-Korean morpheme, array position of morpheme, meaning, and usage. Those are categorized into three parts : type of completely the same form-morpheme and same meaning, use, class(189 pairs), type of completely the same form-morpheme and partly same meaning, use, class(28 pairs), and type of completely the same form-morpheme and different meaning, use, class(10 pairs). The first type of words that account for 83.26% of them are used in exactly the same way in both Chinese and Korean. Through an accurate understanding of these vocabularies could either Chinese-speaking Korean learners or Korean-speaking Chinese learners apply those words in their mother tongue to the acquisition of the target language and get more effective means of learning methods for language proficiency test.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Current State of Chinese Characters’ Education in Korea and How to Improve It: Focusing on Effective Methods in Teaching Chinese Characters for Korean and Foreign Students

    Byungsoon Moon | 2013, 30() | pp.223~244 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Sino-Korean words make almost 70% of Korean words. Chinese Characters are very different from Hangul (Korean alphabet system) in form and they are semantic symbols. Therefore Korean and foreign students are very likely to have difficulty in mastering the Sino-Korean characters. This paper aims at reviewing the problems of teaching Chinese characters to Koreans and foreigners in Korea, and proposing how to teach them effectively. For this purpose, we first look into the realities of the national system of Chinese characters’ education, and then suggest more effective instructions in teaching Chinese characters.
  • 10.

    A New Approach to Teaching Modern Chinese Words of Locality ‘qian+Tn’

    minsoo park | 2013, 30() | pp.245~258 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzes the current Chinese prepositions that represent space and time, which ultimately indicate the concept of Direction. having this in mind , the concept of time that the prepositional phrases ‘qian+Tn’ and ‘Tn+qian’ possess can be understood by analyzing the prepositions that ‘qian’ to make time expressions. also, this paper establishes a systemic framework that will help not only students but also professors to use the preposition ‘qian’ in order to make correct time expressions.
  • 11.

    A Realization of Tone in Modern Chinese by the Leverage Principle and Its Teaching Strategies

    Chang,Hodeug | 2013, 30() | pp.259~277 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This article covers realization of tone in Modern Chinese by the leverageprinciple, and then explores its teaching strategies. The results of this study areas follows: [표] The teaching strategies are as follows:Firstly, pronouncing Chinese vowels always takes far longer than youanticipate. Secondly, pronounce and practice Chinese vowels with leverage principle. Thirdly, understand and practice the sound change rule of ‘啊’.