Korean | English

pISSN : 1598-0685 / eISSN : 2671-9088

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.41
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2015, Vol.39, No.

  • 1.

    Phases of alienation in Le Torrent by Anne Hébert

    Choung-Kwon Kang | 2015, 39() | pp.7~32 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In 1950, Anne Hébert published Le Torrent, a collection of seven short stories. These stories containing many shocking themes and expressions have placed her one of the pioneers of modern novels in Quebec. This paper tries to analyze several phases of alienation described in the novels and the reactions of alienated caracters in their situation. Some examples of alienated and mentally or physically deformed characters in Le Torrent are François, Stéphanie, Stella, etc. Although the author wanted readers to interpret these characters on ther individual level, this paper interprets them differently. The result of this study is as following. Alienation doesn’t come from one’s interior but his exterior. Society and history are major agents of alienation. The injustice of life imposed on the caracters results from political and religious underdevelopment, cultural lowness, absence of social security system and of universal education at that time. The conquest of Quebec by England left a deep and historical wound on the French Canadians. This fact is, in my opinion, one of the essential themes of Anne Hébert’s novels. In spite of all these alienating situations, the reactions showed by the caracters of the novels are limited to escapist illusion, self-destruction, mistaken revenge, eternal submission, etc. In conclusion, Le Torrent by Anne Hébert which deeply approached themes of violence and alienation could be called authentic landscape of the inner world of Quebecois before ‘la Revolution tranquille.’
  • 2.

    The Study of Idea about Business and the Ethics of Edo Era through the Ukiyozoushi Seken Tedai Katagi.

    고영란 | 2015, 39() | pp.33~59 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study is for understanding what is the significance and ethics of business in the Ukiyozoushi Seken Tedai Katagi written by Ezima Kiseki in Edo era. There were many merchants called Tedai in Seken Tedai Katagi, and they worked for their owners and the family(家). Tedai thought the business was not for themselves. Their attitudes seemed almost same as the loyalty of chivalry to the lord, so the merchants themselves thought business was not so different from the chivalry's conduct. Then the merchants thought business ethics were changeable, because the result of business was more important than the process of business. If the merchants earned the money by unethical conduct, the business could be eulogized by case, because the earning money was not for themselves but for the owner and the family ultimately. On the other hand, the business was also built up from trust, repute, etc. in Seken Tedai Katagi. So the business was not only the hylic conduct but also the mental conduct for the merchants, then the idea showed the business was not the social ills. In the Edo era, the chivalry and the Confucianists thought the business was social ills, so the merchants should build up the significance and ethics of business by themselves. Seken Tedai Katagi was the one of the cultural conduct to build up the significance and ethics of business of merchants', as we could see them in the stories.
  • 3.

    French Women Diaspora : King's Daughters in Nouvelle France

    Kyung-Rang Kim | 2015, 39() | pp.61~82 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    ''The King's Daughters' is referring to the approximately 900 young French women who immigrated to New France between 1663 and 1673. This program was sponsored by Louis XIV. The program was planned to increase New France's population both by encouraging the female immigrants to settle there and by promoting marriages, family formations and the births of children. Marguerite Bourgeoys was the first person to use the expression called as 'filles du roi' in her writings. She was the French foundress of the Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal in the colony of New France which is now part of Quebec. After agreeing to marry, the couple took a marriage contract directly in front of a notary and the wedding ceremony had generally been held within possible rapid time. The processes of the choice of husband and the marriage would officially be held in the church. By the year 1672, the population of New France had risen to 6,700 from 3,200 in 1663. Although the Filles du Roi represent only 8% of the total immigrants to Canada under the French regime, they account for nearly half of the women who immigrated to Canada in the colony’s 150-year history. 'King's Daughters’ must be correctly assessed as 'Mother of Quebec' and 'Propagator of the French language' in the history.
  • 4.

    A Study on WiHua’s Road Leaving at 18 Years - as a Meaning of Typical Growth Story

    Kim Kyung Seog | 2015, 39() | pp.83~95 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Every country has a dark history in the process of transition to a modern state. Many countries have until the 21st century, especially in East Asia, colonialism, has experienced conflict influenced, racial discrimination, the trauma of such massacre. Such a dark history in many countries are also still in progress. Dark History of China, which maintains the proletarian dictatorship is the 'Cultural Revolution(Wenhua da Geming)'. ‘Cultural Revolution’ is neither the outer aspect of the ideological struggle, but in fact it was not even class struggle ideology and class struggle. Put an end to the feudal intellectuals in China in the course of the tragedy stood and lead to build a new China suffered the humiliation of being betrayed from state power. Chinese writers after the ‘Cultural Revolution’ ended, was created in the process of creation reflects the tragedy of the ‘Cultural Revolution’ in the country(national memory) is suffering from the pain and suffering the same growth process as it saw this novel growth experienced in the personal growth process. "Road leaving at 18 years" of WiHua has ruled out the pain of growing national attention wholly to personal growth and pain. Such "Road leaving at 18 years" in the sense suggests the possibility of a typical growth story in China Contemporary Literature.
  • 5.

    Significance of the R16 Korea Contest as Culture Contents

    KIM GI GOOK | Lee, Woo-Jae | 2015, 39() | pp.97~125 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Significance of the R16 Korea Contest as Culture Contents. Known for relentless practice and intense moves, widespread presence on the Internet, strong ethnic elements highlighting Korean physical attributes and collective culture, b-boying occupies a special place in Korea today. News of four consecutive wins in major b-boy contests around the world have changed the common public conception that b-boys are simply a group of problem boys and students in hip-hop clothes intent on showing off their dance moves. B-boying is no longer perceived as a dance that is performed in the shadowy underground but as a dynamic and beautiful art form of physical expression that is part of today’s popular culture. This paper examines the significance of R-16 Korea as culture contents and its main event, the World B-boy Masters Championship. It introduces how the contest has developed since 2007 to reach popular influence and gain international recognition. The paper also compares R-16 Korea to the world’s four major b-boy contests, Battle Of The Year, UK B-boy Championship, Free Style Session, and Red Bull BC One to see if any distinctions could be found among them and to evaluate the significance of R-16 Korea as cultural content in its rise to one of the world’s top 5 major b-boy contests. Finally, this study makes suggestions for b-boying to become more established as part of Korea’s culture contents.
  • 6.

    A Comparative Study of Child-birth Gods in Korea and Japan

    Kim Nanju | 2015, 39() | pp.127~152 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This thesis comparatively looks into folklore faiths, expecially child-birth gods related to child-birth customs and aims to find out both nations’ faith in child-birth gods and their features. It looks into birth gods protecting delivering mothers and babies by appearing at the delivery sites at time of delivery and child-rearing gods intervening in growth of babies after they are born. In both nations, many gods are believed in for selection of babies, safe delivery and their healthy growth but those appearing at delivery sites are only birth goddesses called Samsinhalmony and Obugami. What make this phenomenon appear in both nations’ folklore faiths? Seeing the reason in the fact that common negative concept regarding childbirth exists in both nations’ established faiths, the writer comparatively analyzed various cases of delivery-related defilement in both nations’ delivery customs. Its result showed that Japan is stronger in delivery-related defilement concept than Korea is. For instance, Japan regard child birth-related defilement more horrible than that related to funeral. Pursuantly, in Japan stricter regulations on childbirth rooms and stricter taboos for babies have been passed down. Besides, in the process of its comparative study on both nations’ divine images and appearances, the writer paid attention to the fact that unlike Japan’s mountain gods and restroom goddesses appearing at delivery sites, they don’t get involved in childbirth in Korea and discussed Japan’s theory of reincarnation and its mountain goddess’ marginal nature working behind the curtain. I also discussed the phenomenon that both nations’ childbirth gods are passed down as Three gods, which means that their faith in childbirth gods has to be seen as a result of the faith in childbirth gods interacting with the faith in Three gods or the Three-gods theory, accordingly I indicated that it is worth re-consideration to see the Three-God Theory as the core of the faith in Samsinhalmoni. Lastly, though in both nations’ childbirth faith underlies their fear for divine beings, the faith in childbirth gods, strongly coupled with death heritages, is distributed throughout the nation, which is because Japan’s childbirth gods intervening in birth and growth of a new life also actually involve themselves deeply in the sphere of death as well.
  • 7.

    Roland Giguère and Poetic Landscape - La main au feu

    KIM YONG HYUN | 2015, 39() | pp.153~176 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Poet, painter and publisher, Roland Giguère is one of Quebec's outstanding figures, inspired by both Surrealism and Quebec nationalism. He participated in contemporary artistic movement 'Phases' and influenced collective self-awareness and political ferment, 'Quiet Revolution'. In La Main au feu(1973), his poetry represent a landscape dominated by darkness in contrast with red color of fire from the volcanic crater. The world is immersed in darkness of despair which allude to the Great Darkness of Quebec society. Acts of violence assume many different forms: crows, black rain, dark flow, frenzy of knife blows. Both things and humans are in the state of absence or lack. Life falls into opacity of death. In the background of dark landscape, we discover Miror, a singular character. Similar to chain of mountains and to bare forest, he is a creature that shape the tragic inner world of poet. He is as like as seismograph that record the tremble of being. Finally, in order to fight the darkness of environment, the poet attempt to use the power of fire of volcanoes. The flow of magma become paintings of his dream and the flame of eruption, poetry of cry toward the sky. 'La main au feu' means the will to resist injustice and repression in the world. The tragic reality is replaced by a dream that become second reality out of reach of the force of hostile external circumstances.
  • 8.

    Comparison of Korean & Chinese about Cognitive Approach to ‘N+shang’ through ‘loushang’

    minsoo park | 2015, 39() | pp.177~190 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigates the difference of the cognitive approach of Korean and Chines of the space direction that modern Chinese space phrase ‘N+shang’. For this, we defined the spatial meaning of the noun ‘N’ and space noun ‘shang’ then investigate the conditions when ‘N+shang’ means ‘the substance interior direction’ and ‘the substance exterior direction’. Also via ‘lou+shang’, we conducted the survey to Korean and Chinese students in order to see the what kind of cognitive differences be shown when they approach and translate the space direction of ‘N+shang’ structure. As a result of the survey, we were able to find cultural difference of spatial approach of ‘N+shang’ between these two countries, Korean select the cognitive inference path; from the substance external direction to internal direction while Chinese select from internal to external.
  • 9.

    The Analysis of Etymology of Tungus's Ethnic Groups and the Endonym: Centering on the Evenki and Even

    Eom, Sooncheon | 2015, 39() | pp.191~218 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is the analysis of the origin meaning of Tungus, Evenki, Even. This is related with a close examination of origin of the Tungus, Evenki, Even. Etymology of Tungus is realited with the ancient peoples Dongho of China, a etymology of Evenki is realited with the ancient peoples Ohwan of China. Even is made by omitting the suffix -ki in Evenki. In addition, in Evenki and Even have variety names for themselves. There are reflect the difference in a residential area and lifestyle. The Evenki's endonyms are birary, manegry, kilen, hamnigan, solon, ongkory, dunkan, ljamter, donki, ojvenki, orochon, ile, mata, hundysal. The Even's endonyms are yvyn, even, evun, lamut, oroch, mene, dondydkil, dudke.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Automatic Description in the Mixed Expression of Foreign Language and Korean Language in Lee Sang's Poetry

    Lee Byung Soo | 2015, 39() | pp.219~240 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The following summarized argument is the comparative research of the characteristics of automatic techniques demonstrated in the mixed expression of foreign language and Korean language in Lee Sang's poetry. Our research examines the use of foreign languages such as French and English shown in Lee Sang's poems, and then, recognized the characteristics of the automatic techniques demonstrated by the parallel marks and signs of Korean language. The automatical technique's element that Lee Sang made use of is a language of loanblend, consisting of free use of French, English, Japanese and Korean. The mathematical and geometric figures such as numbers and shapes can be seen as an important poetic language. In Lee Sang's poetry, the French words “AMOUREUSES” and “ESQUISSE” and English words “I WED A TOY BRIDE” are considered as parts of Korean language. The use of foreign language is seen by the readers as encodes of a unacquainted language and it provides rhetorical characteritstics that gives off profanatory feeling about the poetry. The poet is seen to have created a new poetic language that excess the standards of the limitations that Korean and Chinese marks have through the application of polysems and poliphonyic effects that foreign languages have. The mathematical and geometric signs are Lee Sang’s special experimental elements that can’t be seen in other literary poetries. They are conversational and the requirements for the expression of abstract artistry and esthetics. The language used in his poetry are external to those traditional poetic languages and they mix freely with other poetic elements to become an automatic technique used in the writing. Lee Sang’s techniques can be considered as the pursuit of defiance and departure, freedom about literature and artistry. Moreover, the avant-garde expressionism is the literary form that demonstrated the sense of inferiority, nervousness and loneliness risen from physical pain and the abnormal relationship with women in the poet’s personal life. The technique shows the longingness of the the Western culture and literature that lay dormant in the poet’s consciousness and it is also the expression of ingenious that created the new guide in the Korean poetic literature, exceeding the European surrealism. Lastly, the automatic technique images that are demonstrated by the mixture of the foreign languages and Korean language are the creations of an innate poetic language and poetic literature that can’t be imitated by anyone in Korean literature.
  • 11.

    Research on the Modification of Folktales’ Motifs

    Chun, Seong-Hee | 2015, 39() | pp.241~286 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores how folktales’ motifs are used in diverse cultural contents such as literature, movies, or comics. More precisely, it is concerned with mysterious characters like Babayaga and Koshchei who appear in Russian fairytales. When the motifs of the reviewed literature are analyzed, the following three criteria are used for classification: New Writing, Rewriting, and New Version. Or course, it is New Writing that is far from the original work. Most of the collected works, including Joan Aiken’s The Kingdom Under the Sea, Patricia Polacco’s Babushka’s Doll, Babushka Baba Yaga, and Taï-Marc Le Thanh’s BABAYAGA, belong to New Writing. The New Writing type mainly focuses on Babayaga’s secluded life. In fairytales, Babayaga is depicted as the goddess of Mother Earth, the heroine of the Nature, or the ruler of the Animal Kingdom. That is why she lives in the deep and uninhabited wood. She is related to the Coming of Age ceremony. Her ‘Hut on hen’s legs’ is an obstacle for immature protagonists to face before they come of age. Protagonists are supposed to solve the problems posed by Babayaga. If they succeed, they can get her magical help so as to complete their final mission. Babayaga is likely to appear as their antagonist. Protagonist may be subjected to a terrible ordeal created by Babayaga, and then come of age by recovering from that ordeal. Sometimes, Babayaga helps protagonists to get a grip on reality. That is why she lives in a hut in the deep and dark forest which is on the borderline between life and death. On the other hand, Marianna Mayer’s Baba Yaga and Vasilisa the Brave has been classified as a controversial work between New Writing and Rewriting. It is apparently closer to New Version. However, it cannot be classified as a work of New Version because the author incorporates ‘probability’ into her work. Among the reviewed works, it is Korean Writer Rye, Kami’s The Spider Woman’s House that best reflects the essence of Babayaga. Babayaga and other characters are amusing in movies because most of the movies are animations for children. In one sense, it is positive that the scary characters in folktales are approachable to children. In other sense, however, it is regrettable that symbolic motifs are completely eliminated. In Mike Mignola’s Hellboy, Japanese animations such as Index or Narutaru, on-line games such as Cabal or Vampire: The masquerade, the essence of the supernatural characters in folktales is completely eliminated, and only their ‘belligerent power’ stands out. It is desirable to put stories into perspective whether they are written or told. The literature property of folktales provides a special opportunity to readers. In this light, a variety of motifs have a good reason to be reborn as modern cultural contents. The bottom line is to maintain its true nature.
  • 12.

    On a Way in which Biographical Film Summons Character and History - Focusing on the Film, The Golden Era -

    sung-hee Jin | 2015, 39() | pp.287~308 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Biographical film is a genre narrativizing the actual person and history, and reproducing the character and history in a biographical film is in a dimension different from a film focused on a fiction. Discussion between these methods of narrative composition and image reproduction in a biographical film is also, in line with artistic/aesthetic problems and ethical/philosophical theses of the film text. This study discusses the phase of the way of reproduction of the actual person, Xiāo Hóng in the biographical film, The Golden Era and the time she lived in a biographical film and how the audience's discussion of the film and socio-cultural discourse differ depending on their attitude towards the cinematic introspection of the text. The narrative structure, the method of image reproduction and cinematic devices of the film, The Golden Era are completely off the point of the general format of the traditional biographical film. In The Golden Era, Xiāo Hóng and the history which she lived in did not revive depending on an omniscient subject's selective statement and meta-film structure. Ann Hui removed general, mythic images of Xiāo Hóng formed in the field of traditional Chinese culture and reproduced her through multilateral visions of a real, fictional narrator. Each spectator's judgment and interpretation of the film intervene in the multi-layered and sparse descriptions of the actual person's images and the era of the characters. Through this, it is possible to approach the uniqueness and authenticity a historical character, Xiāo Hóng and to have an opportunity of multi-layered reflection on how to secure a critical distance and make a perception in historical judgment.
  • 13.

    A Study on Xu Xiao Bin’s Sounds of Nature(天籁) - Focusing on Intertextuality of Lee Cheong-jun's Seopyeonje

    Choi Eun Jeong | 2015, 39() | pp.309~328 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is a consideration of Xu Xiao-Bin(徐小斌)‘s Sounds of nature(天籁) in the mutual text point of view of Lee Cheong-jun’s Sopyonje series. Xu Xiao-Bin‘s Sounds of nature shows similar motive to Lee Cheong-jun’s Sopyonje series that is a story of a mother who damages her daughter’s eyes and the daughter. however, it is accepted in totally different ways that the action of father/mother who damage their daughter’s eyes. the mother in Sounds of nature is a composer as well as singer and the father in Sopyonje is a singer. The mother’s behavior is not able to have duty in Sounds of nature due to it is focused in ‘mother’s action’ rather than a singer but the father’s behavior is focused in ‘singer’s action’ in Sopyonje. therefore the action of the father, who is a singer, is considered not merely personal desire of father but also desire to preserve ‘singing’ as a national culture in public status. the length between two novels are clear in the two daughter’s point of views. the daughter in 「Sounds of nature」 refuses her destiny made from her mother. The daughter’s behavior of recovering her own volition, becomes frankly showing the falsehood of ‘mother’s love. In comparison, the daughter’s voice is under the shade in Sopyonje. she surrenders herself to the fate made by her father, and she does not show her desire. This is the point that the difference is created by gender of writers.
  • 14.

    On the Study of the Interaction between Syntax and Semantics in See Verb Construction in English

    Mija Kim | 2015, 39() | pp.329~354 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The major goals of this paper are to identify the degree into which the meanings of 'see' verb can be extended, focusing on the extended meanings shown in the expressions that denote our instinctive actions for survival, such as eating or drinking, etc., and to clarify the doubt on whether any syntactic pattern can be associated with the meaning in the process of meaning extension of 'see' verb. For doing this task, this paper picked out 2,000 examples randomly from COCA (Corpus of Contemporary American English), in which the verb 'see' is used. This paper classified the sentences into thirteen different sentence types, according to the syntactic patterns. This research showed that these thirteen syntactic types lead us to figure out the process of the meaning extension of the verb 'see'. With this result, this paper made an attempt to provide the four steps toward the meaning extension of verb 'see'. The verb 'see' in the first step denotes the meaning of purely seeing the visualized objects. This verb in the second step expresses the shifted function, under which the agent in the subject position takes the seeing action as a secondary task in order to carry out other main task. The verb in the third step denotes the extended meanings irrelevant to the seeing action, because the sentences on this step do not contain any visualized objects. In the last step this verb functions as conventional implicature whose meaning does not contribute to the whole meaning of a sentence. In addition, this paper identified that the syntactic properties are deeply associated with the process of meaning extension of the verb 'see', and tried to formalize this relationship between the syntax and semantics within the framework of Construction Grammar based on A. Goldberg.
  • 15.

    Thoughts on the Culture of Post-80s Generation and Newly Created Words

    Kim Soonjin | Han, Yong Su | 2015, 39() | pp.355~380 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    China has been experiencing a series of changes after gradually opening up its society. Such changes have now seeped into almost every sector of the society, leading to overall change. While the political system has been maintained without much change, the structure of life for Chinese has undergone a shift, especially in the sectors related to industry or the economy. The Chinese have adopted capitalism in their own way, leading to fast growth in their industries. Those who were born in the 1980s amidst such change (so-called the post-80s generation) are now playing a major role in Chinese society. Understanding this generation can help understand some of the most important phenomena in today’s China. Therefore the language used by this generation is in particular meaningful as language often reflects the society it is used in. This study focuses on the newly created words arising from the lifestyles of the post-80s generation to better understand how the China’s move towards a more open society over the past three decades have brought about changes. The work culture and consumption styles of the post-80s generation are also showing some collective characteristics. As such, a review of newly created Chinese words related to this generation is expected to increase understanding of the overall Chinese society and Chinese culture of today.
  • 16.

    Phonological Characteristics of Russian Nasal Consonants

    Kim Shin hyo | 2015, 39() | pp.381~406 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Russian nasal consonants / m /, / n / have a feature value not only [+consonant] in common with obstruents , but also [+sonorant] in common with vowels. Nasal / m /(bi-labial) and / n /(dental) have the same place of articulation but different manner of articulation. The feature value of / m / is [+cons, +son, +nas, +ant, -cor, -high, -low, -back, -cont, -del, rel, -strid, +voic], and that of / n / is [+cons, +son, +nas, +ant, +cor, -high, -low, -back, -cont, -del, rel, -strid, + voic]. There is a difference in feature [cor] value of / m / and / n /. In this study it is confirmed that it is a fact that the Russian nasal consonants behave differently from the other consonants in each phonological phenomenon due to their phonological characteristics. The preceding voiced obstruent is changed to an unvoiced one in a process where the last voiceless obstruent in the consonant cluster ' voiced obstruent + nasal /m/ + voiceless obstruent' skips the nasal consonant and spreads its feature value to the preceding voiced obstruent transparently because of the feature [+sonorant] of the nasal consonant. The coronal nasal /n/ participates in a palatalization with the following palatal actively and palatalize preceding plain consonants passively because of markedness hierarchy such as 'Velar > Labial > Coronal'. But the labial nasal /m/ is palatalized with the following velar palatal actively and participates in a palatalization with the following coronal palatal passively. This result helps us confirm the phonological difference of /m/ and /n/ in a palatalization. When the a final consonant is nasal, the unvoicing phenomenon of a final consonant doesn't occur. In such a case as cluster 'obstruent + nasal' the feature value [voiced] of the preceding obstruent doesn't change, but the following nasal can assimilate into the preceding obstruent. When continuing the same nasals / -nn- / in a consonant cluster, the feature value [+cont] of a weak position leads the preceding nasal / n / to be changed into [-cont] / l /. Through the analysis of the frequency of occurrences of consonants in syllabic onsets and codas that should observe the 'Sonority Sequence Principle', the sonority hierarchy of nasal consonants has been confirmed. In a diachronic perspective following nasal / m /, / n / there is a loss of the preceding labial stop and dental stop. But in clusters with the velar stop+nasal, the two-component cluster has been kept phonetically intact.
  • 17.

    An effect of Content-centered Class Using Movies in Learning Practical Expressions

    HyeJeong Kim | 2015, 39() | pp.407~432 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study focuses on the flow of story and content or related context when using movies as learning materials in a class. A great advantage of using movies is that they have a consistent story and detailed content development. Most teachers, however, tend to concentrate on practical expressions totally unrelated to the story or context of the movie they are using. This way might be efficient in the short run but it is certain that the expressions are unlikely to be retained in long-term memory. This study examines how a story-centered class influences learning of practical expressions and how efficient this approach to learning is. Learning and teaching with focus only on the expressions in a movie shades the meaning of the use of the movie a little. In this study the movie, Cars 2, was used in a course of general education with 150 students enrolled. Various group activities were suggested to immerse students into the story and contents of Cars 2. It was found that a story-centered class is helpful for students to acquire practical expressions and that students’ satisfaction level with the class was high.
  • 18.

    The Expression of Ending Sentence in Family Conversations in the Virtual Language - Focusing on Politeness and Sentence-final Particle with Instructional Media -

    YANG JUNGSOON | 2015, 39() | pp.433~460 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper was analyzed the politeness and the expression of ending sentence in family conversations in the virtual language of cartoon characters. Younger speakers have a tendency to unite sentence-final particle to the polite form, older speakers have a tendency to unite it to the plain form in the historical genre. But younger speakers and older speakers unite sentence-final particle to the plain form in other fiction genres. Using terms of respect is determined by circumstances and charactonym. Comparing the translation of conversations with the original, there were the different aspects of translated works. When Japanese instructors are used to study Japanese as the instructional media, they give a supplementary explanation to students. ‘WA’ ‘KASIRA’ that a female speaker usually uses are used by a male speaker, ‘ZO’ ‘ZE’ that a male speaker usually uses are used by a female speaker in the virtual language of cartoons. In the field of the translation, it is translated ‘KANA’ ‘KASIRA’ into ‘KA?’, ‘WA’ ‘ZO’ ‘ZE’ into ‘A(EO)?’, ‘WAYO’ ‘ZEYO’ into AYO(EOYO)’. When we use sentence-final particle in the virtual language of cartoon, we need to supply supplementary explanations and further examinations.
  • 19.

    A Study of Wangyun's Theory of Gujinzi - Focusing on Fenbiewen and Leizengzi

    JaeJoong Oh | 2015, 39() | pp.461~484 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Wangyun is a prominent scholar in the Qing dynasty. Shuowenshili is his masterpiece study of Shuowenjiezi. Shuowenshili discusses the difference between Fenbiewen and Leizengzi. It emphasizes that meanings to a word tends to help express more exactly. Wangyun's discussion about Gujinzi refers to the phenomenon that in order to recode a word different characters used in different periods. Wangyun's use of Gujinzi is based on the purpose to explain the relationship between characters. Fenbiewen and Leizengzi are specialized term of characters evolution. Wangyun's theory of Fenbiewen, Leizengzi and Gujinzi is the most important linguistics found. He was generous contributions to the linguistics of China. In particular, understanding the meaning and development of Chinese character.
  • 20.

    ‘Usage’ and ‘Grammar’ - Focusing on the Rule of Korean Orthography

    CHUNG, HEE CHANG | 2015, 39() | pp.485~499 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Initially, the word ‘usage’ in the rule of Korean orthography was used to indicate the whole grammatical knowledge to separate between stems and inflectional affixes and nominals and case markers. Nowadays the word ‘usage’ in the rule of Korean orthograph is understood to indicate both ‘usage’ as the principles of the orthographic rule and ‘grammar’. Even though ‘usage’ and ‘grammar’ can be understood as two different words, the discrepancy between them is not clear. In fact, if examining the rule of Korean orthography, it is not difficult to find that the principles of the orthography is written based on the grammar rules. Thus, the original principle is damaged because the rule of Korean orthography depends on the grammar rules too much. In addition, the rule of Korean orthography forces to change the grammar rules when describing them. Incorrect description of the grammar rules often causes the spelling mistakes. Therefore, it is necessary to divide two areas such as ‘usage’ and ‘grammar’ when dealing with ‘the orthographic rules’ and describing them.