Cross-Cultural Studies 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.6

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pISSN : 1598-0685 / eISSN : 2671-9088
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2021, Vol.64, No.

  • 1.

    Empathy Education and the Care of the Self in the Era of Hate

    Mijeong Kim | 2021, 64() | pp.1~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examined how “the care of the self,” which French philosopher Michel Foucault pursued in his later years, can be related to the literary education by which we teach listening, empathy, and communication to overcome the hateful sentiments prevalent in our society and restore human rights sensitivity. In particular, this paper examined why empathy is difficult, why it is problematic in representing the pain of others, and nevertheless, why empathy education is necessary, and why it leads to “the care of the self” in the so-called era of hate. In short, the question “how to treat the other” leads to the question of “how to treat humans,” and “what is humanity?” reflecting on “why do humans have to be human in order to be like a human?” Why this corresponds to the (ethical) care of the self (epimeleia heautou: take care of your soul) and “self-practice” in Foucaultian terms, is self-evident, as those Greek and Roman thinkers sought practical understanding of the subject by asking “what and how am I doing?” and “what should I build myself into?” rather than dwelling on the epistemological question of “who am I?” In the context of Foucaultian, the care of the self, which is the ultimate goal of empathy education, is to form the groundwork for ethically re-establishing relationship(s) with others through self-construction(or self-transformation), in which individual citizens constitute themselves as ethical subjects.
  • 2.

    A Contrastive Study on the Chinese ‘you’ and the Korean Counterpart –from Adverb to Discourse Marker –￾

    PARK, EUN SOK , SIM JIYOUNG | 2021, 64() | pp.27~58 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper studies the Korean counterpart of ‘you’ in modern Chinese. In modern Chinese, ‘you’ is classified as an adverb in part of speech. In addition to its role as an adverb, it also performs a role as an intensifier and a discourse marker. This paper intends to examine the Korean counterpart in the case where modern Chinese ‘you’ acts as a general adverb expressing propositional meaning as well as when it acts as an intensifier and a discourse marker.
  • 3.

    A Study on Expanding the Meaning of ‘开’ through Conceptual Metaphor Theory

    Geun-Young Shin | 2021, 64() | pp.59~93 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Chinese verb ‘开’ is a word that people often use in their daily life. Therefore, it is not difficult to come across terms related to ‘开’ in Chinese idioms. The Chinese verb '开' is often interpreted in sentences with meanings completely different from the original meaning. Pluralism is a universal phenomenon that appears in any language. The more frequently the words are used, the more diverse the meanings they represent. Among these meaning expansion patterns, there is a difference in the meaning expansion patterns between China and Korea, and this difference confuses language learners using the vocabulary. This paper analyzed the conceptual metaphor phenomenon that is transferred from the original meaning to the Chinese verb ‘开’ through the corpus. The process of conceptual metaphor was also examined through conceptual hybrid theory. Finally, the aspects of extended meanings from the original meanings were analyzed, and the function of conceptual metaphors, which is the mechanism for such expansion of meanings, was also examined. The analysis of the results showed that the meaning expansion of the Chinese verb ‘开’ appeared to change from a concrete and empirical meaning to an abstract and pragmatic meaning. Since this meaning expansion process is generated by repeated use in a specific environment according to the context of social and cultural change, it can be said to be a cognitive representation of the interaction between cognitive categories.
  • 4.

    A Study of Discourse Strategies of Counter-Ideology Construction by Global Times Editorials in Response to the U.S.-Western Actions on Human Rights Abuses of Uyghurs in Xinjiang

    CHOI TAE HOON | 2021, 64() | pp.95~127 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper selected 15 Global Times editorials in response to the U.S.-Western "Xinjiang Uighur Human Rights Violation" offensive that took place after President Biden took power and analyzed the discourse strategies used in the processes of Chinese counter-ideology construction. Chapter 2 examines the cases of mirroring strategies used in the Global Times editorials. The study found that China adopted a mirroring strategy that followed and returned naming and shaming, a discourse strategy used by the U.S. and the West, to attack human rights violations in China. Accordingly, first, the forced labor of Uyghurs in Xinjiang was replaced by American slave labor and the forced labor of black people. Second, there was no Xinjiang Uyghurs genocide, but instead, the editorial criticized human rights violations in the U.S. and the West as a case of aboriginal Canadian genocide. Chapter 3 investigates the case of Global Times editorials parodying the U.S. human rights attack strategy. First, it points out the abandonment of human rights protection obligations by continuously mentioning the number of COVID-19 deaths in the U.S. Second, it attacks the current status of human rights in the U.S., which could not even protect the lives of people lost to gun shootings in the U.S., which does not exist in China. Chapter 4 explores the cases of blaming discourse strategies used by the Global Times editorial. First, the editorial problematized hegemonic utterances by mentally confused elite politicians in the U.S. and the West. Second, it blamed the U.S. double standards for lacking legitimacy. Third, due to geopolitical desires by the U.S. and the West, they made use of the Xinjiang Uighur human rights violation, and thus, the editorial used a blaming strategy for their wrongdoings. In conclusion, the counter-ideology constructed by the Global Times editorials was persuasive in that it retaliated against U.S.-Western mirroring, parodied the U.S.-Western naming and shaming discourse strategies as they showed Chinese comparative superiority, and accused the U.S.-West of human rights devastation full of geopolitical greed.
  • 5.

    “The March 1st Movement” in Japanese Literature in the 1920s: A Study of Dan Kiyoshi’s Ameya

    Seunyoung Hong | 2021, 64() | pp.129~157 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper explains how Japanese literature reflects or depicts the March 1st Movement through literary works in the 1920s. The results revealed that literary practice made everyday things extraordinary. This motifs suggest the possibility of playing a pioneering role in literature expressing “others” in the 1920s. In addition, Japanese literature sought new values from unusual literary expressions and materials related to realism. The heterogeneous elements of the “March 1st Movement” and Japanese literature met to create rare Japanese literature that showed empathy for others. It can be said that these attempts have led to expansion of creative materials beyond the regional boundaries of Japanese literature.