Organization of Chongryon and racial education of Korean residents in Japan- focusing on the reappearance aspect of the ‘Chosun School’ of the Chongryon organization period in 「Bombi (spring rain)」 of Park Jong-sang and 「Seogok (prelude)」 of Ryang U-jik
The organization of Chongryon in 1955 is the period of a new branch point for the movement of Korean residents in Japan and the change of racial education. Based on North Korean awareness and direct connection as overseas citizen, the physical and ideological base of organizational and systematic racial education was prepared, the educational system was reorganized, and the ‘Chosun School’ started to embody and express racial identity as security for certain directivity. This thesis considered the reappearance aspect of the ‘Chosun School’ in the period of the Chongryon organization period that appeared in the literature of Korean residents in Japan, by focusing on long novels showing the realities of racial education under the background of the Chosun School right after the Chongryon organization in 1995, 『Bombi』 of Park, Jong-sang and 『Seogok』 of Ryang, U-jik, in consideration of significances and differentiations of the Chongryon organization. In two works, under the same subject of the school establishment project, sacrifice, and the challenge of racial education that are not tired, love for students and practical education activities are formed in multiple angles. Also, due to the continual hindrance of the enemies of ‘mindan’, the planned education projects often failed. In the depressed situation, because of the organizational union of teaching staff and regional people around the school and educational supporting funds delivered from North Korea, the hopeful situation that was achieved facing the assignment, the school establishment project, is jointly displayed. This thesis examines the correlations between the Chongryon organization and racial education, certain narrative structure of ‘Chosun School’ treating the period, the hardship and struggle of Korean residents in Japan around racial education, and the history of overcoming by considering the intensively joint subjects of two novels, prototypicality of people, tendency of accidents, etc.