The purpose of this study was to examine the similarities and differences between Lope’s tragedy El Mayordomo de la duquesa de Amalifi and Webster’s tragedy The Duchess of Malfi in terms of theater theory and subject matter.
Lope’s El mayordomo de la duquesa de Amalifi pursues Aristotelism, creating plot-oriented tragedies, and Webster’s The Duchess of Malfi, as in Shakespeare’s tragedies, creates character-centered tragedies. This leads to subject differences, representing the greatness of the human spirit in Lope’s El Mayordomo de la duquesa de Amalifi, while Webster’s The Duchess of Malfi is accusing the male-centered patriarchal society of breaking up. This method of creating tragedy in the two plays and the theme symmetry must be taken for granted.
This is because social injustice and absurdity cannot be expressed through plot-centered tragedies that emphasize the greatness of the human spirit, nor can we appeal to the greatness of the human spirit through personality-centered tragedies that represent relative tragedy.