A study on fraternity, the idea of the French Revolution: Problems with Korean translation and history of the concept Koh, Won Kyung Hee University This article examines fraternity, the idea of the French Revolution, to comprehend the historical meaning of the term. People in Korea often get confused by the terms fraternity and philanthropy. However, fraternity is a distinctly different term from philanthropy. The word fraternity appeared during the growth of communes in medieval Europe. Communes were born out of a voluntary association among the citizens, based on the bond of an oath. It is the fraternity that bound the people and gave the city freedom from the dominion of feudalism. The radicals of the French Revolution accepted fraternity as the idea of the revolution.
After the fall of the radicals, the liberals changed the meaning of fraternity, and “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”, which was the slogan of the radicals, became a symbol of the French Republic in the late 19th century.