The "Maghreb" or "Ifriquiya" mentioned in this article was often described or understood mainly in the Arab and Islamic areas because it is within the Islamic culture. This is based on the logic of 'identity', and it has led to various distortions of regional understanding. It can be understood in the same context as what is commonly called Eurocentrism.
This study aims to explore Berber's role, which is rarely mentioned in the Sicilian conquest process, and it results in 'identity'. This type of research seeks to overcome the logic of 'identity' and explore various possibilities for exchange of local culture and civilization.
It is well known that Sicily was the site of a confrontation between Christianity and Islam in the Mediterranean, and in the Middle Ages, this area was also a land of Islam. The Islamic conquest process was completed before and after the Agrabid dynasty, entering the Fatimid dynasty, but the process was not smooth. This is because the confrontation between the Arabs and Berbers, Berbers and Berbers, and other Islamic sects in "Ifriquia" slowed the conquest of Sicily. In the midst of this, there is little historical assessment of Berber, who has had a profound impact on the islamization of Sicily.
This study examines the situation of "Ifriquia" in the process of islamization in Sicily and various backgrounds of Berber's participation in the conquest of Sicily. Thus, based on a number of related literatures, surveys, and research studies, this study can examine the fact that the conquest of Sicily and islamization were led by several Berbers rather than Arabs. Through this study, we can infer the role of Berber in the "periphery" and how they were able to connect the Mediterranean and African civilizations.