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2016, Vol.6, No.3

  • 1.

    Evidence based practice within the complementary medicine context

    Lisa McLean | Peter Steve Micalos | Rhett McClean and 1other persons | 2016, 6(3) | pp.15~15 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Evidence based practice (EBP) is a system of applying the most current and valid high quality evidence to support clinical decision making in a healthcare setting. In the twenty five years since its inception, EBP has become the accepted benchmark for excellence in healthcare. Although the system emerged within the biomedical sciences, in the years since EBP has become normative across all healthcare modalities from dentistry, allied health to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Practicing evidence based medicine within any modality potentially offers the patient the best available care based on high quality evidence. Yet it is the nature of the evidence that provokes some questions about the suitability of EBP across all modalities of healthcare. The meta analysis of randomized controlled trial (RCT) stands at the pinnacle of the hierarchy of evidence in EBP. This forms a challenge to CAM due to the difficulty in reducing the elementals of a holistic naturopathic assessment of a patient into an answerable question to be tested within a RCT. On one level this makes EBP paradigmatically incompatible with CAM, yet on another level it presents the opportunity to redefine the parameters of what is considered high level evidence. EBP has become a tool, and at times a weapon wielded by governments and health insurance companies to direct healthcare funding and policy. The implications of the nature of accepted evidence are becoming far reaching. The pursuit of the best available healthcare for each individual is the focus of EBP. However, the injudicious use of this system to direct health policy is fraught with biomedical bias and dominance. This issue raises the challenge to CAM to present high level evidence according to the rules of evidence, or face the annihilation of centuries of empirical knowledge.
  • 2.

    The role of thymic stromal lymphopoietin on mast cell-mediated allergic inflammatory reactions

    Tae-Yong Shin | 2016, 6(3) | pp.16~16 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a novel interleukin (IL)-7-like cytokine and was originally discovered in the supernatant of a murine thymic stromal cell line. TSLP signal initiates via complex of the TSLP receptor and the IL-7 receptor α chain. TSLP expression is closely connected with many diseases such as atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, asthma, inflammatory arthritis, eosinophilic esophagitis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases, and cancer. In this review, I discussed biological roles of TSLP on mast cell-mediated allergic responses. In addition, this review summarizes the effective drugs in allergic-inflammatory reactions induced by TSLP on mast cells.
  • 3.

    Yaksungga: Rhyme of medicinal herbs in Sugungga, Pansori. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lNLGcaGiLJE)

    Tae-Hee Kang | Eue-Hyun Lee | Ha-Eun Kim and 1other persons | 2016, 6(3) | pp.17~17 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Pansori is a unique genre of Korean art music. Sugungga is a form of Pansori that is so famous as to be included in the representative five texts of Pansori, and is also a fable about a Dragon King who lived in a palace on the water. The Dragon King had a disease and the major plot of the story is the finding of a cure for his illness. At the beginning of Sugungga, Yaksungga appears on the scene in the form of an ascetic who has knowledge of various herbal medicines. By reciting and singing this medical knowledge, Yaksungga functions as an effective mnemonic technique to aid memorization of the herbs and their properties. Yaksungga exists only in Korea, and functions in Sugungga not only as a dramatic factor in the play, but also as a tool that allows people to easily learn professional medical knowledge during those times, not by books, but by funny rhymes, which gave people the opportunities to apply such knowledge in useful ways.
  • 4.

    VOSKIN 125+® instrument, a landmark in the history of massage; painkiller

    장태순 | 2016, 6(3) | pp.18~18 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Patients often suffer from continuous pain negatively affecting their daily life despite a surgical operation. Various studies on complementary therapies against pain have been accumulated as patient with pain desires the improvement in quality of life. Massage therapy as a complementary therapy has been applied widely to decrease the pain and promote relaxation. Thermotherapy with massage is also useful for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Here, the author reports that VOSKIN 125+®, a new massage instrument, was designed directly to be adjusted from 38-50 degrees Celsius depending on the individual symptoms by lifting the skin and muscles with a negative compression in illness area for alleviating all pain. It transfers pressure and heat to area of illness and eases the pain. In addition, it has significant anti-inflammatory effects and promotes metabolism activity. VOSKIN 125+® can be therapeutic for pain of musculoskeletal patients. Therefore, I suggest that VOSKIN 125+® can be useful for a great number of patients suffering from persisting pain.
  • 5.

    The effect of oral sound Daseureum of Jindo Ssitgimgut on anxiety disorder: Soul therapist Byung-cheon Park oral sound, Daseureum is revived on YouTube (https://youtu.be/k98ENbsIp7o?list=RDk98ENbsIp7o)

    고경자 | 2016, 6(3) | pp.19~19 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Jindo Ssitgimgut has been known as a funeral ritual for a long time in Korea. However, there is no study for music therapy on anxiety disorder. The aims of this study were to argue that Oral sound Daseureum of Jindo Ssitgimgut may have meaningful effect on anxiety disorder. Jindo Ssitgimgut is literally a cleansing soul. Jindo Ssitgimgut is designated as the Intangible Cultural Property No. 2 by the Korean government. Jindo Ssitgimgut is transmitted from generation to generation, not the descent of God. So, the accent is on art and one’s sincere sympathy. So, with careful listening Youtube, this music Daseureum exhibits an exquisite balance between the human voice and the sounds do the instruments. The author think a good combination of his voice, Jing (Korean gong), and Ajaeng (Korean cello) can help with anxiety disorder.
  • 6.

    The effect of Changbu-taryung on stress management: An outstanding chef on Changbu-taryung, Korean traditional music, Tae-yong Jeon is cook on YouTube (https://youtu.be/HKa8ds7PjKE)

    고경자 | 2016, 6(3) | pp.20~20 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Changbu-taryung has long been known as a one of the best folksong in Korea. There had been no report for music therapy on stress management. The purpose of this article debates that Changbu-taryung may has beneficial effect on stress management. As a wonderful food can make people recover of disease, listen to delightful music can be a healthy way of healing our emotions. People tend to listen to glad music when they want to progress their mood because peculiar qualities comprised in that music entertain us and promote emotional state. Tae-yong Jeon is a creative destroyer and an out-of-box singer on Changbu-taryung. He has a good command of melody and rhythm. And he was singing with diverse and sweet tunes. That is where he is at his strongest. He rejected the conventional singing that would confine him to particular skill. As if he does enjoy the pleasure of his own cooking. The author recommend you listen to delightful and shapeshifter music when you often feel stressed out. This article indicates that Changbu-taryung may have beneficial effect on stress management.
  • 7.

    Ethnobotanical survey and threats to medicinal plants traditionally used for the management of human diseases in Nyeri County, Kenya

    Loice Njeri Kamau | Peter Mathiu Mbaabu | James Mucunu Mbaria and 2other persons | 2016, 6(3) | pp.21~21 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In Kenya, traditional knowledge on herbal medicine has remained a mainstream source of maintaining wellbeing for generations in many communities. However, the knowledge has been eroded in the course of time due to sociocultural dynamics virtually advanced by Christianity and formal education especially in the Kikuyu community. The study documented current ethnobotanical knowledge and threat to the traditional knowledge on medicinal plants among the Kikuyu community. A survey was carried out in Mathira, Tetu, Kieni, Othaya, Mukurweini, and Nyeri Town constituencies. Thirty practicing herbalists were purposively sampled; 5 per constituency. Data was obtained through semi - structured questionnaires and analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. A total of 80 ailments treated using 111 medicinal plant species distributed within 98 genera and 56 families were documented. Prevalent communicable diseases treated using herbal medicine included; gonorrhea (17.5%), malaria (15%), respiratory infections (12%), colds (10%) and amoebiasis (10%). Non-communicable diseases were; joint pains (11.1%), ulcers/hyperacidity (8.7%), high blood pressure (8.7%), intestinal worms (11.1%) and arthritis/gout (10%). Frequently harvested plant materials were; roots, barks and leaves. The study concluded that, traditional medicine practitioners in Nyeri County possessed wide knowledge of herbal medicine but this knowledge was on the verge of disappearing as it was largely a preserve of the aged generation. The study recommended massive campaign about the benefits of using herbal medicine in the study area. Further pharmacological studies are recommended on the mentioned plant species aimed at establishing their efficacy and safety as well as standardization as potential drugs.