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2013, Vol.3, No.1

  • 1.

    Role of heme oxygenase-1 expression by dietary phytoconstituents: A nutritional cytoprotective strategy for human diseases

    Yong Seek Park | 이승은 | 2013, 3(1) | pp.1~1 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The present review investigates the role of the cytoprotective enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in human diseases and explores strategies for its clinical use. In recent years, there has been a growing evidence, for the beneficial effects of some phytoconstituents via induction of HO-1 expression, contained in commonly used spices, fruits, and herbs, in preventing various pathologic conditions, including cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. HO-1 catalyzes the rate-limiting step in heme catabolism to generate ferrous iron, carbon monoxide, and biliverdin. HO-1 is reported to play crucial roles in cellular protection, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative and anti-apoptotic effects. These evidences indicate that HO-1 may functions as a potential therapeutic target in various human diseases. The article highlights the current status of the development of the HO-1 modulation pathway using dietary phytoconstituents.
  • 2.

    A deficiency of Yang by overuse of Ephedra in traditional medicinal aspects

    Il Sook Choi | Jae Hun Jung | 2013, 3(1) | pp.2~2 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Ephedra and ephedra alkaloids are sympathomimetic compounds extracted from the genus Ephedra. They have been used to treat colds and provide cough relief for centuries in oriental medicine. Recently, it has been reported that Ephedra plays a crucial role in weight loss and the enhancement of athletic performances. However, the overuse of Ephedra causes cardiovascular side effects such as increases in blood pressure, heart rate, and palpitations. Ephedra’s adverse effects also were mentioned in Shan Han Lun, a famous formulary in traditional Chinese medicine. The present study demonstrated Ephedra’s effects and the deficiency of Yang due to the overuse of Ephedra.
  • 3.

    Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand in T cells and dendritic cells communication

    Hyun-Ja Jeong | Sun-Young Nam | 2013, 3(1) | pp.3~3 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), a member of the tumor necrosis factor ligand family, has extensive functions beyond osteoclast development. RANKL is expressed in many immune cells such as osteoblasts, osteocytes, marrow stromal cells, activated T cells, synovial cells, keratinocytes, and mammary gland epithelial cells as well as in various tissues. The ligation of RANK by RANKL promotes dendritic cells (DCs) survival through prosurvival signals and the up-regulation of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL and plays a crucial role in DCs-mediated Th1 differentiation. Therefore, RANKL plays an important role in the regulation of DCs/T cells-mediated specific immunity. This review will briefly inform our current understanding of the role of RANKL signaling in T cells-DCs communication in the immune system.
  • 4.

    Education in traditional acupuncture in Italy: The oldest Italian private school of acupuncture adopts WHO guidelines

    Paolo Roberti di Sarsina | 2013, 3(1) | pp.4~4 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Times are changing in Italian healthcare and Traditional and Non Conventional Medicine has become increasingly relevant to medical practice. With this comes an increasing need for guidelines. As the use of Traditional and Non Conventional Medicine has increased in Italy, so has the need for high standards in education in this field (outside of biomedicine and the dominant health system) among medical students, medical doctors and medical educators. The rise of Traditional and Non Conventional Medicine is so relevant for medical practice and health care in Italy; the time calls for a change. The article describes this new setting in regards to education in Acupuncture within the field of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Italy’s oldest private school.
  • 5.

    Effect of IceWave® organic nanoscale patches on reduction of musculoskeletal pain

    Emily Piven | Rupesh Dharia | Karen Jones and 2other persons | 2013, 3(1) | pp.5~5 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this pilot dual-site study with LifeWave IceWave® patches, using subjects as their own controls, data were acquired from a convenience sample of 16 males and 24 females, 50% Caucasian-Americans, 50% Hispanic-Americans, ages 20 - 85 with neuromuscular pain. The hypothesis was: the application of IceWave® patches to the skin will reduce one’s perception of pain. Subjects were tested at baseline (without any patches), and then at 1 and 3 h on day 1 and at 1 h on days 2 - 5 after patch application. At every time point, the mean change, indicative of one’s perception of pain, was highly significantly (p < 0.0001) reduced, with a statistical power of 100% compared to baseline. Based on these findings, the hypothesis was accepted as true.
  • 6.

    Siphonochilus aethiopicus, a traditional remedy for the treatment of allergic asthma

    Gerda Fouche | Schalk van Rooyen | Teresa Faleschini | 2013, 3(1) | pp.6~6 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs, characterized by increased sensitivity to bronchoconstriction associated with infiltration of immune cells and mucus hyper secretion. In South Africa, the indigenous plant Siphonochilus aethiopicus, is used by traditional health practitioners to treat colds and flu, wheezing of the chest, coughs, influenza, sinus problems and mild asthma. In this study we aimed to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating properties of S. aethiopicus in vitro. The dried and powdered S. aethiopicus plant material was extracted with organic solvents. The dried extracts were screened in vitro in the transcription response, NF-B and a cytokine assay. Significant activity was observed for organic extracts of the plant in these assays. This study provides evidence that S. aethiopicus has anti-inflammatory and immune-suppressing properties in vitro. These findings may support anecdotal accounts of its effectiveness against allergic asthma.
  • 7.

    Anxiolytic-like activity of leaf extract of traditionally used Indian-Mustard (Brassica juncea) in diabetic rats

    Ajit Kumar Thakur | Shyam Sunder Chatterjee | Vikas Kumar | 2013, 3(1) | pp.7~7 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Brassica juncea is a polyphenols enriched edible plant, with diverse medicinal uses of different parts of which have been mentioned in the Ayurveda. The effects of 10 daily oral doses (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg/day) of a methanolic Brassica juncea leaf extract in rat models of anxiety using nondiabetic and alloxan-diabetic rats were quantified. In all the three behavioural tests used, i.e. elevated plus maze, open field, and social interaction tests, anxiolytic-like activity of the extract was observed in the diabetic animals only. Quantitatively, the efficacy of the highest tested dose of the extract in these tests was always less than those observed after its lower ones. These observations provide further experimental evidences for the conviction that Brassica vegetables could as well be useful for combating diabetes associated mental health problems.
  • 8.

    Ikwi-tang for the treatment of allergic rhinitis as a traditional medicine

    고지현 | 정재훈 | 장유정 and 2other persons | 2013, 3(1) | pp.8~8 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Ikwi-tang (IW) is an oriental medicine that has been used for the treatment of general symptoms due to a stomach yin deficiency. The aim of this study is to investigate precisely the effect of IW on allergic rhinitis (AR). We well show the effects and the mechanism of IW in the ovalbumin-sensitized AR model. IW significantly decreased the number of nasal/ear rubs and the increment of IgE levels in the AR mice. The levels of interferon-γ were enhanced while the levels of interleukin (IL)-4 were reduced in the spleen tissue of the IW-administered AR mice. Expressions of IL-1β and cyclooxygenase-2 were inhibited by IW-administration in the nasal mucosa tissues. Infiltration of eosinophils and mast cells was decreased in the IW-administered AR mice. Our results indicate that IW may attenuate the development of AR by the inhibition of caspase-1 activity.
  • 9.

    Ethanolic extract of Condurango (Marsdenia condurango) used in traditional systems of medicine including homeopathy against cancer can induce DNA damage and apoptosis in non small lung cancer cells, A549 and H522, in vitro

    Sourav Sikdar | Avinaba Mukherjee | Naoual Boujedaini and 1other persons | 2013, 3(1) | pp.9~9 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In traditional systems of medicine including homeopathy, the Condurango extract (Con) is often used to cure stomach cancer mainly, without having any scientific validation of its anti-cancer ability. Con has therefore been tested against non-small-cell lung cancer cells (NSCLC) A549 and NCI-H522 (H522) known to contain the KRAS mutation, making them resistant to most chemotherapeutic agents. As cancer cells generally defy cytotoxicity developed by chemopreventive agents and escape cell death, any drug showing the capability of preferentially killing cancer cells through apoptosis is worth consideration for judicious application. A549 and H522 cells were exposed to 0.35 µg/µl and 0.25 µg/µl of Con, respectively, for 48 h and analysed based on various protocols associated with apoptosis and DNA damage, such as MTT assay to determine cell viability, LDH assay, DNA fragmentation assay, comet assay, and microscopical examinations of DNA binding fluorescence stains like DAPI, Hoechst 33258 and acridine orange/ethidium bromide to determine the extent of DNA damage made in drug-treated and untreated cells and the results compared. Changes in mitochondrial membrane potential and the generation of reactive oxygen species were also documented through standard techniques. Con killed almost 50% of the cancer cells but spared normal cells significantly. Fluorescence studies revealed increased DNA nick formation and depolarized membrane potentials after drug treatment in both cell types. Caspase-3 expression levels confirmed the apoptosis-inducing potential of Con in both the NSCLC lines. Thus, overall results suggest considerable anticancer potential of Con against NSCLC in vitro, validating its use against lung cancer by practitioners of traditional medicine including homeopathy.