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2017, Vol.7, No.3

  • 1.

    The effects of Sijo, Korean short lyric song on calm impatience is on YouTube (https://youtu.be/__Ua6p9S0o8) sung by Wol-ha Kim

    고경자 | 2017, 7(3) | pp.11~11 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this article is to argue that a valuable tool to calm impatience is to listen to Sijo. The author seeks to argue that the best way to calm impatience is to listen to Sijo. Sijo refers to a slow and mellow music in the family of Han Ak (Korean music, 韓樂). The term slow is a revered keyword in our culture. "Slow" is a blank word in Han Ak (Korean music, 韓樂). The soul of Wol-ha Kim’s Sijo is a beauty of space and easiness. Therefore, her voice will help relax the muscles of the listener and calm the soul. It is akin to the struggles of modern people competing for something excessively but ending up with nothing. We often find that gentle jogging is better than sprinting. Slow music is thus good for one's health. For example, we know that our skin can become beautiful and that real beauty can be obtained only when the body and mind are at rest and in comfort. Physical appearance depends on a healthy mind and body. The author believes that Sijo for music therapy is good for our mental health. If its effectiveness is confirmed after performing tests on animals and humans in an experimental study, we can use this type of music to treat patients with psychological illnesses.
  • 2.

    The Effect of wool in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Kiyak Emine | 2017, 7(3) | pp.12~12 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect wool in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The study was conducted experimentally on 53 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease attending the chest diseases polyclinic of a hospital located in Erzurum. A randomized selection method was used to categorize patients into two groups; a treatment (n = 27), and a control group (n = 26). Patients in the treatment group (pre-test measurements were taken) wore wool vests for a period of three months, while patients in the control group wore cotton vests (placebo) for the same duration; post-test measurements were taken for both groups at the end of the three-month period. The Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36, the St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire, and pulmonary function tests were used to collect data. Results concluded that there was a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in the overall score of the St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire, and the symptom, effect, and activity mean scores, while there was a significant increase (p < 0.05) in the SF-36 physical functioning, general health, bodily pain, role physical, vitality, role emotional, social functioning, mental health, physical and mental component summary mean scores of patients in the treatment group. Results of the study concluded that the symptoms, activity, disease effectiveness, and quality of life improved in patients that wore wool vests.
  • 3.

    Association between nutritional status and cognitive functions of the Korean elderly

    HaeKyung Chung | Dayeon Shin | Mi-Hye Kim | 2017, 7(3) | pp.13~13 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Nutrition is one of the factors influencing cognitive functions. But, the role of nutrition on cognitive functions within the elderly is recognized to a lesser degree. The aim of this academic endeavor was to analyze the affiliation between nutritional status and cognitive functions of the elderly in Korea. 316 subjects, of 114 male and 201 female aged above 65 years, were gathered from university hospital clinics, Elderly Welfare Centers, and Health Welfare Centers located in the district of Seoul, Gyeonggi province, and Incheon in Korea. The cognitive function was tested by the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination (K-MMSE) questionnaire. Nutrition intake was assessed by a 24-hour recall, a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Nutrition adequacy and quality were assessed by the Nutrition Screening Initiative (NSI) checklist, the nutritional adequacy ratio (NAR), and the mean adequacy ratio (MAR). The elderly with normal cognitive function status displayed significantly higher levels of calcium, riboflavin, thiamin, folate, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin B6, phosphorous, potassium, iron, niacin, zinc, animal fat, animal protein, polyunsaturated fatty acids, total protein, vegetable oil, vegetable protein, fiber than levels of the elderly with moderate cognitive impairment. The K-MMSE score positively correlated with of high consumption of pork, white radish, sea mustard, tomato, tangerine, grape, apple, and ice cream, and K-MMSE was negatively associated with high intake of potato, anchovy, fish cake, and mushroom. The findings suggest that nutritional status is affiliated with cognitive function within the elderly of Korea. The consumption of variety of foods and nutrients ensures adequate cognitive function in the Korean elderly.
  • 4.

    Validation of chrysophanol and cordycepin as marker compounds for standardization of a new herbal mixture AST2017-01

    장재범 | Tae-Young Kim | Hyun-Ja Jeong and 1other persons | 2017, 7(3) | pp.14~14 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Rumex crispus (RC) or Cordyceps militaris (CM) has been used traditionally to treat various diseases and has been also consumed as a functional food made by humanitas medicine concept. We prepared a new herbal mixture, AST2017-01 which is mainly composed of processed (Beopje)-RC (P-RC) and -CM (P-CM). This study aims to validate marker compounds (chrysophanol and cordycepin) in P-RC and P-CM and water extracted-RC and -CM using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. In addition, we analyzed contents of chrysophanol and cordycepin in AST2017-01. The linarites of chrysophanol and cordycepin were obtained in calibration curve with a coefficient of correlation of 0.999. The results showed that the concentrations of chrysophanol and cordycepin in P-RC and P-CM were almost 1.70 and 1.23 fold higher than that in RC and CM, respectively. Furthermore, contents of chrysophanol and cordycepin in the AST2017-01 are approximately 0.13% and 0.028%, respectively. In conclusion, these results indicate that chrysophanol and cordycepin were validated as marker compounds in the AST2017-01.
  • 5.

    An Atopic Preventive Drink (APD) reduces Th2 cytokines in LPS-treated RAW 264.7 cells

    SongGylHoon | EUI SEONG PARK | LeeSeung-Min and 2other persons | 2017, 7(3) | pp.15~15 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    We analyzed the effects of an Atopic Preventive Drink (APD) on the regulation of Th2 cytokines using RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. In the evaluation of nitric oxide (NO) production in cells, NO production levels were shown to be elevated only in the APD-treated group in a dose-dependent manner. In the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with APD-treated group, NO production significantly decreased as APD concentration increased. Further, mRNA expression levels and protein concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines in cells were determined. Th2 stimulatory cytokine (IL-1β) and Th2 cytokine (IL-6 and IL-10) levels were significantly reduced in the LPS with APD-treated group compared to the only LPS-treated group. mRNA expression levels of inflammatory-related genes (COX-2 and iNOS) were significantly reduced in the LPS with APD-treated group compared to the only LPS-treated group. These results suggest that APD has an anti-atopic effect by reducing mRNA and proteins expressions of Th2 cytokines and inflammatory-related genes.