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2018, Vol.8, No.2

  • 1.

    Traditional Unani uses with multiple pharmacological activities of aril of Myristica fragrans (Mace)

    Arshiya Sultana , Arshiya Sultana , Abdul G.F. Najeeya and 1 other persons | 2018, 8(2) | pp.6~6 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Myristica fragrans Houtt is commonly known as “nutmeg”, it produces two spices: mace and nutmeg. Mace and nutmeg are strongly aromatic in nature and known as jowzabuwa and javetri/bisbasah respectively in the Unani system of medicine. M. fragrans was used as early as 700 BCE by Indian, however, ancient Greeks and Romans were not aware of it. Later Arab traders introduce M. fragrans into Europe followed by Portuguese and Dutch merchants. Mace is very useful medicine in the Unani system of medicine because of its therapeutic uses in salasal al-bawl (urinary incontinence), amrad-i-qalb (cardiac diseases), amrad-i-dimagh (central nervous system), zo’fe bah (sexual debility), amrad al-rahim (uterine diseases), and su-i-hazim (indigestion). The most important constituents of mace essential oil are α-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, limonene, 1,8-cineole, terpinen-4-ol, myristicin, γ-terpinene, and safrole. The seed and mace extract of nutmeg contain quite high tannins, flavonoids, and terpenoids. Mace has pharmacological functions such as antibacterial and antifungal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antidiarrhea, antioxidant, chemoprotective, neuropharmacologic, and antidiabetic properties. To explore the correlation between the traditional uses and the same proven by recent researches, a comprehensive review is highlighted in this paper. Further, pharmacological activities which are not reported in classical texts are also discussed
  • 2.

    Management of Greying of Hairs (Sheeb) and Use of Hair Dyes (Khizaab) in Unani Medicine

    Seema Rani | 2018, 8(2) | pp.7~7 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Greying of hairs or Canities (Sheeb) is a hair disorder characterized by premature graying of scalp hair, beard, moustache etc. In Unani system of medicine (USM), the causes of premature greying of hairs, concept behind graying of hairs, principles of treatment, preparations that prevent premature greying of hairs, regimen, systemic and local treatment to stimulate pigmentation and the most interesting point is the use of different type of hair dyes (khizabat) is all illustrated. Classical texts described black, red, blond and white hair dye preparations with formulae and method of use. Initially for the hair graying management, utilizing simple and complex substances from plants, minerals, metals and mixture of these was the main method, which satisfied the desire to change the colour of the hair. With the advancement in chemical science, dyes formulaes, method of formation and application are changed. But due to the awareness about demerits of chemical dyes, people are looking back towards the natural ways to combat hair greying and herbal hair dye is an alternative. This paper is an overview of Unani drugs of local and internal use for hair greying with special attention towards herbal dyes. Most commonly used herbs in khizaab with their actions and constituents has been summarized. This is an effort to globalize the benefits of Unani herbs in hair greying problem. In short, International demand for hair dyes has been steadily growing and there is a wide scope for exploring different aspects of hair greying treatment and dyes in USM.
  • 3.

    Suppression of nitric oxide (NO) production by traditional medicine

    Jin Soo Lee , Hyun Ja Jeong | 2018, 8(2) | pp.8~8 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Nitric oxide (NO) is a small diffusible molecule which plays an important role in various physiological activities. NO is a notable molecule, functioning as a cytotoxic agent and cellular messenger. There has been considerable interest in NO production by activated macrophages because this gaseous metabolite plays a fundamental role in the cytotoxic and cytostatic effects of macrophages towards invasive micro-organisms and tumour cells. No is a bioactive free radical that has been implicated in many physiological functions, plays a critical role during inflammation and therefore constitutes a potential target for developing therapeutics for inflammatory diseases. The use of medicinal plants by the population has been an important alternative the resource in the treatment of various diseases. Its growing acceptance in the medical community has been due to the fact that several plants with biological activities have been scientifically investigated and their efficacy and safety have been proven. In this review, discussed suppressive effects of No production by traditional medicines in RAW 264.7 and THP-1 macrophages.
  • 4.

    The study of the change of life with Kim’s Ajaeng Sanjo Music Playing (ASMP) played by Hyung Min Kim (https://youtu.be/GTfOIJ7bZbo)

    Na-Ra Han | 2018, 8(2) | pp.9~9 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to discuss that ajaeng sanjo music playing (ASMP) can change a person’s life. Ajaeng is often called a Korean cello and is the largest and lowest-pitched instrument in the string instrument family in Korean music. From far away it has a deep, low sound. Its low sound adds to its comfort and peace. Listening to a low tone music can help you calm down and heart-easing. As soon as he listened ajaeng sanjo music he felt that low sound is mildly under his patronage. He felt much more interesting energy and vitality about our minds and bodies are in ajaeng sanjo music. He could immerse himself in playing ajaeng sanjo music (ASMP) for several years. The Korean music, tune is one of expression, meaning it is inseparable from the feeling. Many studies show that low tone music not only activates brain power, but soothes minds. Music always stood by him during difficult times. In a word, ASMP leads him to change of life and music is the language of emotion to him.
  • 5.

    The effects of Daegeum Sanjo Rhythm (DSR) compare with Jinyang-jangdan and Jajinmori-jangdan on music therapy

    Na-Ra Han | 2018, 8(2) | pp.10~10 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The aims of this article is to examine that Daegeum Sanjo Rhythm (DSR) compare with Jinyang-jangdan and Jajinmori-jangdan on music therapy. Daegeum has the largest range of notes in wind instruments through Korean music. Jangdan is the essential element of rhythm in Korean music. Just as human body sound and resonant with their rhyme and meters, jangdan has its own rhythms of physical structures and sequence and repeat. Jinyang-jangdan, which is close to western minor code, expresses heartbreaking grief and great mourning feeling, so it makes one feel the catharsis through that rhythm. Jinyang-jangdan of daegeum music may be slow, but it can be sublimated into grim music for human. So, people overcome the sadness through grim music. On the other hand, jajinmori-jangdan gives charm and gaiety to people and to everything. So, it is exciting that it’s often performed in festival and parade. Rhythmical music is a tool to improve the well-being of humanity and increase our life choices. Therefore, music therapy surely needs both influences of daegeum sanjo music regardless of the rhythm. Because, daegeum sanjo music is nature-friendly music of the rhythm.