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2022, Vol.12, No.2

  • 1.

    Management of Irq-Un-Nasa (Sciatica) by Fasd (Venesection): A Case Report

    Fatima Khan , Mohd Nayab , Abdul Nasir Ansari | 2022, 12(2) | pp.6~6 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: Sciatica is a musculoskeletal pain sensed in the leg along with the distribution of the sciatic nerve, which is sometimes accompanied by low back pain and is most commonly caused by a disc herniation. In the Unani system of Medicine, Irq-un-Nasa (Sciatica) is defined as the pain which starts from the hip joint and descends towards the foot. It is a type of Waja-ul-Mafasil which is developed due to the accumulation of Khilt-e-Dam or Khilt-e-Balgham ghaleez in the hip joint. The conventional system of Medicine offers several medications and surgeries to manage sciatica with limited clinical evidence of effectiveness. These cases aim to provide insight into the effects of Fasd (Venesection) in Irq-un-Nasa. Case Presentation: Fasd was performed in the saphena minor vein of two clinically diagnosed patients with sciatica after the initial assessment. Two sittings of Fasd, once a week in each patient, were performed, followed by telephonic assessments for two months. The intensity of sciatic pain reduced with subsequent sittings of Fasd, and there was no recurrence of any symptoms and signs again during complete follow-up. Conclusion: Based on the results of the present case report, it appears that such cases of Irq-un-Nasa can be managed with Fasd, and the quality of life of such patients can also be improved.
  • 2.


    Ifra Abdul Qaiyyum , Afiya Nergis | 2022, 12(2) | pp.7~7 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Unani System of Medicine (USM) is one of the traditional systems of medicine that deals with plants. Plants are large source of medicine. JIRJEER (Eruca sativa) is one of the plant origin drugs, has been used for various therapeutic purposes in USM. It contains Erucic acid (major contain), oleic acid, linoleic acid, saturated Fatty acids, Flavonoids, Phenolics, Glucosinolate, Vitamin C and Carotenoids. These active constituents are responsible for their actions described in Unani classical literature such as Muqqawwi-e-bah (Aphrodisiac), Muwallid-e-mani (Spermatomatogenic), Daf-e-sumoom (Antidote), Kasir-e-riyah (Carminative), Jaali (Cleanser/Detergent), Mudirr-e-bawl (Diuretic) wo Mudirr-e-hayd (Emmenogoggue), Muhammir (Rubefacient), Hazim (Digestive), Mulaiyan (Laxative), Muzliq-e-mani (Lubricant), Muddir-e-shir (Galactopoietic), Mufattih-e-Sudad (Deobstruent), Musakhin (Analgesic), Mulattif (Demulcent), Mufattit-i-hasah (Lithotriptic) and whole plant is considered as aphrodisiac. This is a review paper which discusses morphology, pharmacological action, ethno-medicinal and therapeutic uses of this medicinal plant in perspective of Unani medicine. This review has been done through online searches of databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, science direct and hand search for classical textbook available in different libraries. It concluded that JIRJEER (Eruca sativa) is one of the best herbal medicines in treatment of Antiulcer, Antibacterial, Fertility, Hepato-protective, Hyperlipidemic, Antioxidant, Antihypertensive, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-edema, Nephro-protective, Antidiabetic, Antifungal and Anticancer properties.
  • 3.

    Promotion of mental health through emotional sharing: K-culture, Yangbanchum dance performance on YouTube (https://youtu.be/KM-pIjQOwAE)

    Kyung-Ja Ko , HYUN-YONG CHO | 2022, 12(2) | pp.8~8 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Yangbanchum was reconstructed based on mask play that had been handed down in Goseong, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea. Talnori, called Goseong Ogwangdae, is a Korean folk cultural heritage designated as National Important Intangible Cultural Property No. 57. This mask play provides catharsis to the audience by unraveling the hypocrisy and lies of the aristocrats through satire and humor. Our performance team, the ensemble Better Than Medicine (eBTM) used a large fan (Boochae)to create a performance that blew away anxiety and pain. Watching this performance, the performer and the audience feel the consensus of sharing emotions and send strong bonds and support to each other. This study provides that Yangbanchum dance promotes the mental health by feeling emotional sharing through vicarious satisfaction and mirror effect.
  • 4.

    An overview of Acne Vulgaris (Busoor Labaniya)

    Mehnaz , Yasmeen Shamsi , Md. Wasi Akhtar and 3 other persons | 2022, 12(2) | pp.9~9 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Acne vulgaris is a common dermatological condition affecting the pilosebaceous units and having a multifactorial etiology. In Unani terminology, acne vulgaris is referred as Busoor Labaniya, characterized by white lesions on the face, nose, and cheeks; on squeezing, release cheesy material. In conventional medicine, mild cases are best addressed with topical regimens, but more severe cases require systemic medications. Retinoids (retinoic acid, adapalene, isotretinoin, tazarotene), benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, erythromycin, and azelaic acid are a few examples of topical medications, whereas systemic drugs include antibiotics (Doxycycline, minocycline, erythromycin, azithromycin). In the Unani System of Medicine, numerous single and compound drugs have been used to treat Busoor Labaniya. These drugs are considered harmless and do not have any major side effects. In Unani system of medicine, acne vulgaris is effectively managed with natural medicines as well as therapeutic regimens with minimal side effects even after long-term usage. Acne vulgaris is usually treated with systemic blood purifiers along with topical Unani drugs. Hence, clinical studies with proper scientific parameters are needed to be conducted to establish and validate their efficacy in the prevention and control of acne vulgaris.