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2009, Vol.5, No.2

  • 1.

    The Response Problems of Local Politics in Korea - With the Case of Hebei Spirit Oil Spill

    Park Dong Kyun | 2009, 5(2) | pp.1~14 | number of Cited : 5
    On 7 December 2007, the Hong Kong registered tanker Hebei Spirit, laden with 209 000 tonnes of crude oil, was struck by the crane barge Samsung N o 1, whilst at anchor about five miles off Taean on the West Coast in Korea. About 10 500 tonnes of crude oil escaped into the sea from the Hebei Spirit. Initially, contamination was confined largely to Taean County, Chungchongnam-Do Province, however, over a period of several weeks, mainland shorelines and islands further south became contaminated with the result that much of the Republic of Korea's western coast has been affected to varying degrees. Analysts say the spill is considered as one of the world's devastating sea pollution cases involving oil. In our contemporary society where people are exposed to potential dangers in every aspect, no one can be free from such dangers. With an increase in human casualties due to disaster, disaster reporting plays a vital role in preventing and minimizing damages. Despite such enormous significance, however, Korean local politics has not performed effectively. In this contexts, this study analyzed the response problems of local politics in Korea, with the case of Hebei Spirit oil Spill in Taean-gun. And, this study suggested the establish ways and means needed to improve the local politics in Korea with the case of Hebei Spirit case.
  • 2.

    A Study of Upbringing Policy of Domestic Fire Fighting Industry

    권건주 | 2009, 5(2) | pp.15~23 | number of Cited : 1
    Legal enactment about promotion of latest fire fighting industry served as a momentum that change fire fighting by viewpoint the active industry economy enemy who back continuous growth of national economy from negative safety clothing area viewpoint which protect people's life and property. First, investigated for concept and classification of fire fighting industry to grasp fire fighting industry in industrial side and recognized characteristic and registration point of fire fighting industrial policy of relation and main advanced nation with internal and external industry environment change and fire fighting industry. Presented study function strengthening of fire fighting industry, reform of fire fighting black system, fire fighting product export support policy strengthening, international standardization propulsion of fire fighting product, fire fighting professional manpower positive disposition etc. by inferior domestic fire fighting industry upbringing policy after examine present condition and characteristic of domestic fire fighting industry on the basis of this.
  • 3.

    The Trends and Its Tasks of Tourism Crisis Management in Korea

    Chang, Pyong-Kwon | 강문호 | 2009, 5(2) | pp.24~39 | number of Cited : 14
    The purpose of this study is to review trends and risk factors in tourism and to suggest the tasks for risk management. Although tourism has been regarded as a strategic industry influencing national competitiveness, tourism of the 21st century confronts diverse unexpected dangers such as natural disasters, worldwide epidemic diseases and terrorism. Recent situation of world tourism industry can be characterized by high uncertainty and vulnerability. 9.11 terror, SARS epidemic, world economic recession, H1N1 of today have had tremendous shocks on tourism industry. So awareness that risk management in tourism is essential come to gain consensus. The authors introduce models of risk management in the tourism including 4R model. Hebei Spirit accident, ocean pollution by spilled oil is selected as an exemplary case of the domestic tourism crisis. As an analysis result, risk management in the tourism crisis has revealed vulnerability at stages of Reduction and Readiness. It is important to find the decisive factor affecting future tourism and to cope with imminent situation. This paper indicates climate change as a representative factor which can threat future tourism business. Greenhouse effect will have drastic influences to overall decision making in the tourism sector. All tourism businesses and destinations will need to adapt to climate change in order to minimize associated risks and capitalize upon new opportunities. In addition to harmonious cooperative networking among many actors concerned, clear-cut establishment of their respective roles is essential to construct effective crisis management system. It is pointed out that bureaucrats have only a superficial understanding of risk management in the tourism sector. So the authors emphasize the importance of agenda inputting about risk management into tourism policy process.
  • 4.

    The Analysis of Factors Affect the Effectiveness of Disaster Management - Focused on Fire Administration of Organizational Management Factors-

    Jin Chae | 2009, 5(2) | pp.40~51 | number of Cited : 8
    The government was criticized as having problems about disaster management system after the Dae-gu subway fire accident happened in February, 2003. Then, the government established the National Emergency Management to manage disaster management tasks which was managed separately by 13 departments synthetically in 1st June, 2004. But, various big disasters happened and damages caused by disasters increase steadily despite various efforts of the government. This study's purposes are researching on concepts of the fire organization and influence factors of disaster management's effectiveness. Variables which is used in the study were discussed at a preceding study and the study constitutes rules of analysis based on the variable. Variables to achieve research purposes are effectiveness of disaster management, care and support of top managers, training, communication, budgeting, and legal systems. According to results of the research, the significant variables of the significance level of 5% which affect awareness of disaster management effectiveness are the legal system, education, training, care and support of top managers and communication. The results show that the legal system must be well maintained, education should be revolved around field training and emergency preparedness training practiceally has to be done with citizens and related agencies, and communication must be made quickly and democratically to improve the effectiveness of disaster management.
  • 5.

    Improving the Disaster Relief Donation Support System for Disaster Victims in Korea

    Lee, Jae Eun | 2009, 5(2) | pp.52~71 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper aims at suggesting improvements of disaster relief donation support system for disaster victims in Korea. Because we, Korea, will experience the large-sized natural disasters more frequently and the extended damage scale, we cannot achieve an original purpose if we continue to operate only present donation support system. In this paper, first, for achieving the research goal, we have dealt with the theoretical contents, and then the writer reviewed significance and types of donation support systems for disaster victims. This article introduced four types of donation support systems, that is to say, emergent donation support, recovery donation support, livlihood donation support, and welfare donation support. Next, this research analyzed an empirical survey results. In this contexts, the researcher has suggested some improvements of disaster relief donation support system. First, we have to continue to maintain a cash-based emergent donation support system for securing disaster victims. Second, it is needed that our legal institutions have to accept the comprehensive support system, including emergent, recovery, livlihood, and welfare donation support systems. Third, in the future system, it must support another NGOs and NPOs financially of giving the hands to disaster-stricken areas and disaster victims. Fourth, it is desirable that we have another system for giving the additional support to the social-alienated disaster victims. Fifth, we change our provider-centered donation support system to demander-centered donation support system for suiting to the new environment.
  • 6.

    Crisis Management Communication of Political Parties for ‘Media Law’ Based on Benoit’s Image Restoration Theory

    Paek Jin Sook | 2009, 5(2) | pp.72~82 | number of Cited : 8
    The purpose of this research is to show the necessities of more efficient strategy for Crisis management communication messages by analyzing the main communication messages of the political parties such as Grand National Party-Hannara(ruling party), Democratic Party-Minju(opposition party) after implementing Korean new media law. Based on this purpose, I analyzed 132 news articles of Dong-A Ilbo and Hankyurhe, each of which are conservative and progressive. The result of analysis is to show the variable of media is not relevant neither conservative nor progressive but ruling party is playing a leading role in terms of the number of reporting. Ruling party tends to report its opinion through various members of the parties such as Kim Hyung-o, An Sang-soo, Lee Yoon-sung, Park Guen-hye, Lee Sang-duek, Na Kyung-own, etc.. However, the other opposition parties have given their messages through not their member but various persons with influencing powerfor example Lee Hwe-chang, Noh Hwe-chan, etc.. The types of messages from both of parties can be categorized by Reducing offensiveness of event(justification) based on Benoit theory. In comparison of each type of their messages, ‘Reducing offensiveness of event’ is 29.3% and 'Evading responsibility‘ is 15% and lastly ‘Denial’ is 7.1% in Grand National Party(ruling party). On the other hand, ‘Reducing offensiveness of event’ is 30.7% and 'Evading responsibility‘ is 9.3% and lastly ‘Denial’ is 2.9% in Democratic Party(opposition party). Based on responsibility theory, Korean parties tend to be defensive and minimizing their responsibilities by selecting the low level of Crisis management communication message, focused on Reducing offensiveness of event, Evading responsibility and denying their faults. In the conclusion, it is hard to find the parties which take the responsibility for the new media lawand it reflects Korean political situation which can be explained by their ways of dealing it through shifting their responsibility and hurting each others.
  • 7.

    The Effects on Consumer’s Purchase Behavior of Foods by Consumer Ombudsman Program: COP

    Hyun-jung Yoo | 윤명진 | 오윤희 | 2009, 5(2) | pp.83~103 | number of Cited : 4
    Consumer has a tendency thinking the experience of anxiety not able to secure psychological safety on foods rather than the hazard information itself of foods as risk. Risk communication has an important role in delivery system in this psychological process. In the study, we focus on the safety of foods to build a model of risk communication and survey recently popular COPs. Based on the results, we analyze the effects on consumer’s purchase behavior of foods by COP. The survey shows the average men per hour of watching COPs are more than those of watching other programs and also shows consumer is making efforts for not to be behind of others in view of trends and knowledge acquisition. As for assessments, two dimensions surveyed are objectivity and public interest which are above average 3 points therefore we assure COPs are relatively positive perception on consumers. It turns out to be much above 3 points in terms of behavior change, psychology change and anxiety that are factors influencing consumer’s purchase behavior through watching COPs. Especially, the factor of psychology change is above 4 points, which means watching COPs has considerable impacts in psychology.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Korean Kidnapping Terror in Overseas

    강영숙 | 2009, 5(2) | pp.104~118 | number of Cited : 3
    The 9.11 demonstrated that terrorist attack could be more serious problem than the war in our modern life. No countries in the world have evaded being a target for terrorists today. As well as South Korea, the whole world must share attentions and responsibilities for fighting against the terrorism. Since the international terrorist groups have expanded their targets from Western countries to Koreans, civilian hostages are no longer other’s affair; it became a serious threat to public. Increased Korean investment, trade, missionary, and travel overseas also expanded activity regions worldwide. It also result increased terrorist threats and possible abduction. The number of kidnapping crisis has increased since the terrorists use it as an effective method of sending a message. Piracy refers to a broad range of violent acts at sea, and has traditionally been regarded as common enemies. Piracy constitutes a great threat to the security of navigation as well as to the safety of vessels and crews. Lessons from hostage issues such as Korean hostage crisis in Somalia and Afghanistan show that it can cause criticism on moral issues if armed rescue missions fail or hostages are killed, so the governments and related corporations try to solve it by paying ransom. Terrorists and use these advantages in order to put a huge pressure on the governments. In this study we will look at essential characteristics and types of hostage abductions and recognition of national safety, lessons and solutions to previous Korean hostage cases in overseas. At the same time, it provides a guidelines of the direction in the fighting against terrorist groups and Piracy.
  • 9.

    Study on Cyber Terror Trends and Response Plan

    이철원 | 배병철 | 2009, 5(2) | pp.119~135 | number of Cited : 6
    The cyber attack is becoming a reality, against national critical infrastructures such as energy, transportation, finance, healthcare which are inter-networked with information infrastructures. At this time, in order to reduce the threat of cyber-space we need a response to cyber terror, legislating legal and technical countermeasures. In this paper, we present the plan for establishment of the cyber-terror response system, through the characteristics of cyber attacks and case analysis.
  • 10.

    Stakeholders in Natural Disaster Management of China : A Case of Wenchuan Earthquake

    En Fang Qiang | 2009, 5(2) | pp.136~154 | number of Cited : 0
    Natural disaster management is one of the important contents of public emergency management system of Chinese government. The whole society must be involved in the process to response the natural disaster efficiently, effectively, and economically. This paper employs the stakeholder theory, and divides the stakeholders in natural disasters into primary stakeholder and secondary stakeholder. Taking the Wenchuan Earthquake for example, the primary stakeholders in natural disaster management in China are classified into central government, local government, army and armed police, NGO, community, private sector, victims, media, and environment, and the roles of them are discussed. This paper also gives political suggestions on study of strengthening the stakeholders system, focusing the primary stakeholder, and expanding the spectrum of stakeholders.
  • 11.

    An Improvement of Law and Policy for the Reliability Assurance of Food Safety

    Min-Woo, Kim | 2009, 5(2) | pp.155~161 | number of Cited : 0
    Food Safety problem has been a matter of prime importance relating to human wholesomeness for a long time. But, consumers' interest in food safety in Korea has been growing yearly, the government's policies and legal systems have been unable to support it. To cope with that kind of risk, regulatory response comes out due to government having more powerful authority, information, and chasing the risk-spot easier than consumer. This study was intended to harmonized food safety management system and laws. For this purpose, this study was carried out through analysis of the present situation of laws and regulations relevant to domestic food safety and introduction of scientific management technology. This improved system will finally lead that consumer have a proper and correct information for selected food and security of safety for food.
  • 12.

    Busan Psychological Support Center for Disaster Victims: History and Accomplishment Report

    Bae Jeong Yee | 2009, 5(2) | pp.162~169 | number of Cited : 0
    According to the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Secretariat, 9 among the top 10 countries with the highest disaster‐related deaths were situated in Asia. South Korea, being a developed country, suffers great physical and psychological damage from these disaster‐related adversities. The endless pursuit of the Korean government to reduce numbers of high death tolls, casualties and economic losses caused by either natural or human‐induced disasters has made its turn by providing its people a more holistic approach. As material relief helps disaster victims regain their physical losses, the government sees it as equally important to aid their psychological needs to prevent long‐term mental health problems. Recently, numerous cases of post‐disaster mental problems were given attention. In effect, a nationwide psychological support system was carefully planned and finally realized early this year. This paper highlights Korea’s first regional psychological support center for disaster victims, its humble beginnings and by far, its latest accomplishments. With the establishment of this center, Korea continues its pursuit to improve its people’s quality of life and create a better future for generations to come.
  • 13.

    Safety and Security Affecting Inbound Tourism in International Issues

    Koo Kyung Yeo | SEOKCHOOL KIM | Gavin Easton | 2009, 5(2) | pp.170~180 | number of Cited : 0
    Over the past few years, the tourism industry has been seriously undermined by the perceived growing lack of safety and security. This factor has been identified as one of the five forces causing changes in the tourism sector in the new millennium. Crime, terrorism, food safety, health issues, and natural disasters are the main areas of concern. This study highlights three categories of tourism safety and security problems: unrest, crime, crisis. These can be measured at property level, community level, and in their recovery. In all cases the major concern is when these events take place at tourist destinations or in very close proximity. Finally, it briefly introduces and deals with negative images of a tourist destination. It concludes with several recommendations encouraging continued investigation into finding solutions to crises and incident at local and national level, when they occur.