Korean | English

pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.79
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2009, Vol.5, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on Problems and Improvement of Disaster Management of the Wooden Cultural Assets

    한범덕 | 2009, 5(1) | pp.1~12 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    In order to prevent the loss of cultural assets as national symbols like Sungryemun and to find an institutional device for the prevention, the present study purposed to identify problems through reviewing previous research and analyzing the fire accident of Sungryemun, to look for solutions for the problems, and to suggest directions for relevant policies. For these purposes and with the fire accident of Sungryemun in February 2008, this study examined the relation between the preservation of cultural assets and disaster control to find management systems that prevent disasters in wooden cultural assets buildings in Korea, reviewed the contents of cultural assets disaster control and previous research, and then confirmed that a new strategic management system is necessary for preventing the happening of disaster itself in consideration of the characteristics of cultural assets. Particularly in that classical feedback control may be meaningless for cultural assets in which historicity is critical, we recognized the necessity of feed‐forward control and tried to find disaster control methods.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Ubiquitous Information Technology of Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Disaster Management

    Jin Chae | 2009, 5(1) | pp.13~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The growth of modern society has had a ripple effect which brought complication and diversification of society. Under this trends, disasters of new notion has appeared. Ulich Beck mentioned that occurrence of such disasters is a phenomenon of risk society caused by growth of industrial society. Recently, an unprecedented series of extreme weather events like great floods, brutual heats, colds, droughts, and earthquake has occurred throughout the whole world. In sum, surroundings of disasters varies rapidly every time, so adequate response is becoming more difficult. Despite of government's various efforts, damage caused by disaster is constantly increasing. So we need efficient, scientific, systematic 'Disaster managing system'. For this, Ubiquitous Computing Information Technology which is advanced rapidly today should be used. Especially innovative improvement in Information Network, Remote Sensing System and Computing makes it possible for us to spread information. It also promote efficiency of conducting business in field of disaster management. Then ubiquitous information technology should be used in disaster managing system for rational choice. We put in place information system of disaster management field through plans 'Cyber Korea 21' and 'u-Safe Korea' in 1999, 2005., though, some discord between the central and the front happened because they didn't have enough discussion before its commence. Also Order Controlling GPS System and Ubiquitous 119 Reporting System which is in force from 2008 do not show remarkable effect. This investigation is starting point of disaster management research. It intend to understand disaster management's theories and realities and analyze factors that affect efficiency of disaster management. Results of investigation show that fire fighting officials‘s recognition and use frequency of UIT is low. On the other hand they think UTI is suitable and easy to get information. Then expectation of UTI is very big. I suggest that Order Controlling GPS which is used now be improved problem of delay by maintaining access condition and solved problem of long boot time by removing unnecessary functions.
  • 3.

    Strategies for Establishing Crisis Management Service System for the Safe Campus

    배대식 | 2009, 5(1) | pp.27~43 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Contemporary universities function as a miniature of society amidst the whirlpool of globalization, diversification, and endless competition. A university campus serves as the rendezvous of various assets necessary for the function of the society such as the human resources, information resources, technical resources, and material resources. Due to the complicated, ultramodern, and multi-cultural changes, there are some invisible, unexperienced, and unknown risk factors that should be either regulated or eliminated for the universities to continually grow and develop. Active research and continuous prevention of these risk factors that may lie within the university resources are required. The purpose of this study is to formulate a plan for the university’s living safety crisis management system focused on the security of the students and the faculty members who ultimately are the consumers of the university services. In other words, the primary goal of constituting a security management system of all the resources human, information, technical, and material is for the fulfillment of a successful education and the perpetual progress of the university.
  • 4.

    The State of Terrorism Preventive Building Security Design in Multi-Use Building and the Role of Local Governments

    LEE KYUNG HOON | 김창훈 | 2009, 5(1) | pp.44~58 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    With increasing threat of terrorism and crime on the multi-use buildings, the need of designing and establishing effective security system is critical. This study was carried out to clarify the concept of security system design which is often confused with the establishment of electronic, mechanical security devices only. The study also attempted to understand the perception of architects and security consultants on the security system design and identify the problems in the design process. The result showed that architects have relatively weaker recognition on the security system design and less active in cooperating with security consultants in the design process. It was also found that clients showed distorted and limited definition of security system design which overemphasizes the role of security devices, and therefore, inhibits architects' effort to integrate the concept of security system design into the building design process. It was suggested that the continuous efforts to develop design guidelines and building codes for security system design should be achieved.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Improvement for Social Participation According to the Uncertainty of Science Technology

    문기호 | 2009, 5(1) | pp.59~72 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The science benefits but then threatens to the human race. Especially modern science technology have an effect on a people, and research expenses are made up for financial resources through taxes in the majority of cases. Accordingly a participation of people in science technology activity is a problem of the times. A problem is to communicate defective a science technology information to the people and to lack a means of participation in the science technology because of being immaturity of culture in science technology. Accordingly, we establish a ethical value of science technology to improve a social participation for eliminating a uncertainty of science technology. Also government has to introduce a available institutional means and activate a citizen participation system, encourage the NGO's operation of science technology, establish an upright culture of science and science technology information. It can be actually the science technology age when the people participates a process of the science technology activity and a scientific technician develops that to consider a ripple effect on the society.
  • 6.

    Improving the Investigation System of Natural Disaster Damage

    Lee, Jae Eun | 양기근 | 변성수 and 1other persons | 2009, 5(1) | pp.73~84 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to provide policy alternatives for improving the investigation system of natural disaster damage from the perspective of disaster recovery. For accomplishing the research goals, we first focus primarily on the significance and the implication of natural disaster damage investigation system. And this paper examined the established studies that have dealt with the topic of damage investigation system of natural disasters. In addition to these research, we analyse and find the present problem in the field of disaster damage investigation system. The suggested policy alternatives for improving investigation system in this paper are as follows: training men of specialty for investigation, compulsory report system of the disaster damage, readjustment of investigation indices, systematic use of damage-proved picture, institutionalization of disaster cause investigation, swift dissemination of disaster-site intelligence, readjustment of damage investigation period, standardization of damage investigation, improving laws and regulations related with damage investigation, setting up governance model of investigation, requiring minimum recovery period, securing the unsullied integrity of investigation and recovery, etc.
  • 7.

    A Study on ERM Concept Application - Focused on K-water's ERM System Establishment -

    이용재 | 김세종 | 2009, 5(1) | pp.85~101 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This study was started after the administration office of the National Security Council of South Korea made a guide of crisis management for public agencies and following the increase of the importance of crisis management because of recent global economic crisis. The goal of this study is to present a preceding model for crisis management of SOC key infrastructures to help public enterprises by inquiring into the cases of establishment of ERM system and its integrated processes in K-water, which has been contributing to promote the highest ideas of human dignity, value and pursuit of happiness prescribed in the Constitution(Article 10) by upgrading the controling methods of wind, flood and drought to the level of those of developed countries and supplying clean water. To achieve this goal, in terms of the protection of human dignity and value prescribed as the country's duty in Clause 5, Art. 34 of the Constitution, we considered the necessity of ERM and its implications, examined the procedures and contents of each step of ERM processes, and studied the actual cases of the establishment and operation of K-water ERM system. We can summarize the key points as follows. ①ERM system is composed of infrastructures(systems, organizations and manuals) and processes for risk and crisis management. ②Risk management is divided into normal risk management and crisis management in emergency. Risk is an idea which includes both danger and crisis, and crisis means a realized risk. Take a cold for example. Risk is the state where viruses are dormant and crisis is the state where cold viruses have attacked. ③Risk management process is a preventive process and consists of four steps(Recognition - Evaluation - Response - Monitoring and reporting). ④Crisis management process is a post process which responds to and recovers the crisis promptly and efficiently, and is composed of four steps(Capturing crisis signs-Analysis of crisis-Responding to crisis-Post management). In terms of boosting the efficiency of crisis management, to select pending problems of an enterprise as innovative projects and manage risks focusing on problem-solving, while paying attention to the fact that a greater crisis happens from the lack of systematic preparedness due to underestimating the chance of risk rather than from the realization of an entirely unknown danger, and that ERM is a navigator to realize business strategies, will result in practical achievements.
  • 8.

    Early Warning System, Disaster Recovery System and Technology Transfer Practices in Korea

    오정림 | 박덕근 | 2009, 5(1) | pp.102~107 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Every year, Korea has been suffering from various natural hazards, which cause tremendous property damages and human losses. Major types of natural hazards in Korea are typhoon and heavy rains. A total of $3.5 billion has been invested for wide-ranging mitigation projects over a period of 10 years from 1998 to 2007. Various systematic multi-hazard warning systems have been proposed and established to protect people's lives and minimize the damages to critical infrastructures in different areas. From conventional, commercial electronic display boards to cutting-edge information technologies, five different early warning systems now operate against natural disasters in Korea: i.e. the Cell Broadcasting Service (CBS) mobile phone message system, automatic verbal notification system, automatic rainfall warning system, disaster notification board system and radio disaster warning broadcasting system using the radio data system (RDS). The most vulnerable industries, settlements and societies are generally located in coastal areas and river flood plains, and their economies are closely linked with climate-sensitive resources. This applies particularly to the locations already prone to extreme weather events, and especially to the areas undergoing rapid urbanization. Where extreme weather events become more intense or more frequent, the economic and social costs of those events will increase. This paper reviews current early warning and recovery system in Korea. And international cooperation is included supporting technology transfer for developing countries.
  • 9.

    The Role of Civil Defence and Emergency Preparedness, and Local Government for National Crisis Management

    안철현 | 2009, 5(1) | pp.108~119 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Civil defence and emergency preparedness, which are important part of traditional function of national crisis management still acts important role in national crisis management, despite of environmental change of nowday's to the comprehensive security. Also, local government, one of the main body of national crisis management has increasing its gravity as controling subject of various kinds of disaster crisis. Therefore, this article is studying the role and function of local government and civil defence and emergency preparedness which are importance getting bigger in national crisis management, connection between national crisis management. Also, this article is giving various political suggestion about improvement of function and role of civil defence and emergency preparedness and local government, for advance of national crisis management.
  • 10.

    The Need for Enactment of Counterterrorism Laws in the Republic of Korea and a Review of Counter-terrorism Laws Proposed to the National Assembly

    Soung Jea Hyen | 조성제 | 2009, 5(1) | pp.120~132 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This research will explore the need for a terrorism prevention legislation and conduct a comparative analysis of the terrorism prevention legislations that had been laid before the National Assembly, as a means of seeking the optimal measure to minimize human rights breaches, while protecting national security and citizen safety in response to New Terrorism. A system in which national agencies may be organically overseen and coordinated is called for, in the aspect that a quicker and more effective response to new forms of terrorism, such as New Terrorism. Therefore, an agency that organically oversees and coordinates national agencies in the areas of data collection and analysis, and terrorist group designation is needed, and a terrorism prevention law that may serve as the grounds for such an agency should be enacted. And through an analysis of terrorism prevention bills that have been brought before the National Assembly, the following proposals are made as a means of reducing the risk of violating people’s basic rights with respect to establishing terrorism prevention laws. First, terrorist group designation and withdrawals thereof shall be clearly set forth as a matter for the National Counterterrorism Council’s inquiry and resolution. As designation of terrorism organization and withdrawals thereof will be carefully executed through the Council member’s deliberation and resolution, this should be the legislative approach to reduce the risk of people’s basic rights violations which could occur if a certain national agency were to arbitrarily make the decision. Second, functional dualism of the Counterterrorism Center is proposed, as a means of addressing concerns that terrorism prevention laws will inevitably empower the National Intelligence Service and as a result lead to the breach of people’s basic rights. Third, ‘military and other supports’ may be unconstitutional, as it will allow for mobilizing of military force in civilian areas without grounds for Marshall Law based on the Constitution. As a circumstance in which the counterterrorism special forces and police force have difficulty protecting key national facilities and frequented public facilities from terrorist attacks would be a circumstance equal to that of a ‘wartime, disaster or an equivalent national emergency’, retaining ‘military or other supports’ in the provisions do not seem to be worth the trouble of being criticized as being unconstitutional.