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2008, Vol.4, No.1

  • 1.

    Policy Implications of Cyberterrorism

    HoDae Cho | 2008, 4(1) | pp.1~10 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study examines the nature of cyber- terrorism and the regulations of policy control. In the era of information society, the percentage of cyber-terrorism is increasing, so we have a special need for the effective regulation against it. But presently our criminal law system does not have sufficient concern about cyber-terrorism. Also the agreement on definition of cyber- terrorism, it's kinds or characteristics is far from being reached, raising a need for a study on this subject. On the other hand, a few foreign countries with developed legal system are developing methods dealing with cyber- terrorism. In spite of the differences between Korea and other countries with developed legal system, most of the countries face to the same difficulty that it is hard enough for computer scientists and profession- als to keep abreast of the changes. It is not surprising that the law's response to a continually evolving technology seems to lag far behind.
  • 2.

    The Trend of Cyber Security for Critical Information Infrastructure

    이철원 | 2008, 4(1) | pp.11~22 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Recently, the security threats are more and more increasing on supervisory control and data acquisition(SCADA) systems that are widely used to monitor and control operations in electric power distribution facilities, oil and gas pipelines, water distribution systems and sewage treatment facilities. Many countries including Unites States great deal of effort in order to mitigate the cyber threats from cyber attacks. This paper describes security threats of SCADA and security efforts that protect cyber attacks. For securing SCADA, we propose further research and policy issues to protect our national critical infrastructure.
  • 3.

    A Study on Possibilities of Legal Control of Cyber Terrorism

    조현빈 | 2008, 4(1) | pp.23~34 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Appearance of cyberspace along the information society quietly arises the necessity to totally reform the paradigm of the present legal system. First of all, the author briefly reviewed differences between cyber terrorism, cyber crime and computer crime, cyber terrorism and traditional terrorism. However the author did not exert any excessive effort to dig out new findings rather than already present differences. Secondly, the author examined present international legal control and domestical legal control. International legal control was tried many methods. In 2001, cyber-crime convention has regulated cyber- crimes such as 1) offences committed against the confidentiality, integrity and availability of computer data or systems. 2) computer-related ffences, 3) content-related offences, 4) offences connected with violations of intellectual property rights and related rights. And domestic legal control has several legals about offences in cyber spaces. But, domestic legal control has main aim. That is protection of infrastructure of information and communication. Namely, present domestic legal control has limit to regulate offences in cyber-space. Because these legals were establi- shed to protect infrastructure firstly. Therefore We need to regulate legal control systems which control offences in cyber-spaces directly.
  • 4.

    A Study on the PR Characteristics and Crisis Management of Public Institutions - Application of Excellence Study

    안철현 | 2008, 4(1) | pp.35~49 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The study was carried out separately in 4 main areas and 6 research issues based on 2 themes: PR and crisis management communications. For the study areas, the excellent PR characteristics of the 17 major public institutions in the country were first examined in general by applying the Excellence Study, the representative study related to the PR characteristics of organizations. Second, the characteristics of crisis management communication activities of the 17 major public institutions were comprehensively investigated. Third, the excellent PR groups and poorly performing PR groups were classified based on the PR characteristics derived from the first study area to check for any difference in the characteristics of crisis management communi- cation activities between the excellent and poorly performing PR groups in connection with the crisis management communication activities derived from the second area. Finally, the study was carried out to check the differences by applying variables aimed at examining the difference between the characteristics of crisis management communication activities by the stress point of crisis management and experience field and between the PR characteristics by type of public institution. As a result, the characteristics of excellent PR as gleaned from the Excellence Study have been comprehensively proven in the public institutions of the country; there were also differences in the PR characteristics by type of public institution, however. In particular, there were clear differ- ences in the characteristics of PR activities and crisis management communication activities between the excellent and poorly performing PR groups; ditto in the characteristics of crisis management communication activities by stress point of crisis management and crisis experience field.
  • 5.

    A Study on Delivery System for Disaster Mental Health Support Services

    양기근 | 2008, 4(1) | pp.50~62 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract
    Recently, there are all sorts of disasters in our society. Disaster has not only a serious effect on the life and loss of property, but also mental health. We should concentrate on these people's mental health care in the field of public health but there are few studies about this effect. It leaves much to be desired on basic research of disaster-struck areas, and also it is true that we have not supply mental health services for victims of disaster due to lack of understanding disaster mental health support. This study is aimed at analyzing the disaster mental health and try to find a delivery system for disaster mental health services support. Thus, we suggested revision model of national disaster services systems and new establishment of mental health services center as adhoc organization. Disaster control in the years to come.
  • 6.

    Ulrich Beck's World Risk Society - An International Relations Perspective

    Wang Hwi Lee | 2008, 4(1) | pp.63~71 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    As the danger of globalisation increases since 9/11, this article examines Ulrich Beck's concept of world risk society from a per- spective of international relations. His concept provides a sociological perspective that is fundamentally different from functionalism. While the focus of functionalism is on the ontological aspect of risk, the concept put more emphasis on the epistemological ones; that is, how risks are perceived and recognised. By putting risks into historical and geographical contexts, it enhances the understanding of the historically specific (i.e., 'modern') nature of risks. Furthermore, his critique of methodologi- cal nationalism help us capture the implications of environmental and ecological movements on nation-states and the world politics
  • 7.

    Civil-Government Collaboration Mea- sures for Advancing Volunteer Fire- fighting Squads

    정요안 | 2008, 4(1) | pp.72~83 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This paper examines the volunteer firefighting squad aiming to assist in the official firefighting function, as wells as its efficient operation measures in line with environmental changes. Firefighting services call for the most professional training and abilities of public services provided to communities. To efficiently respond to accidents, it requires a close civil- government collaboration system. The repre- sentative civil volunteer fire-fighting squad has a long history and tradition, but it needs to reengineer its organization and reestablish its role according to a change in disaster environ- ments, and the expansion of firefighting orga- nizations, as well as to its activities. Firefighting officials and civil volunteer firefighting crews continue to receive new professional training using the newly unveiled advanced equipment and machines according to emergency situations. Therefore, the volunteer firefighting squad needs to establish a closer collaboration system with the public organization, and its advancement through civil-government coll- aboration calls for the formulation of appro- priate measures and mid- and long-time policies in line with changing environments. First, the purpose and philosophy of the civil volunteer firefighting squad need to be reestablished. The squad needs to establish its philosophy as a civil autonomous organization for disaster management and safety culture movement, and to be renamed to deliver the image of conducting diverse social activities that suits the 21st century. Second, with the cutting of official firefighting crews, volunteer firefighting squads need to be stationed in rural areas where it is difficult to secure firefhighting crews. And, a system needs to be established to speedily mobilize the squads to effectively respond to disaster situations. Third, political neutralization measures are needed. To enable Chairman of the Volunteer Firefighting Sqad Federation to faithfully perform his duties, election methods need to be improved, and the laws on the election of officials serving public posts and the prevention of illegal elections need to be amended. Fourth, the squad's role and composition need to be efficient. Accord- ing to regional characteristics, the squad's role and composition need to be designed again. In consideration of the unit of firefighting activities and the living zones, the organization needs to be reshuffled, and the person authorized to establish a volunteer firefighting squad and the budget providers need to be reestablished(the mayor and the provincial governor install the squad, appoint its members, and shoulder necessary budgets). If wider-coverage muni- cipalities cannot afford to shoulder budgets, exceptions may be taken to the matter. The organization needs to be expanded, gender composition ratios need to be flexible, and other organization composition systems need to be improved. Fifth, in order to strengthen the professional abilities in the organization's activities, measures need to be worked out to expand the participation of young people. Residents in other areas, non-self-employed people, and professional personnel by area need to join the squad, and education and training need to be strengthened. Sixth, an autonomous organization operation system should be established. There is a need to structure an organization management system suitable for regional circumstances, to rationalize the composition of high-ranking officials, and to pursue the squad's own projects in consideration of the community environment. Seventh, there is a need to bolster citizen-friendly image. There is a need to unify images through the introduction of CI and other measures, to introduce citizen- friendly uni- forms, and to publicize the organization. To prevent and respond to disasters, and remedy disasters situations, the squad needs the community's collaboration. Also, the squad needs to be jointly responsible for the deve- lopment of the community, and to form mutual partnerships to facilitate exchanges and collaboration. The administration needs to recognize the community as a partner, and to create all necessary administrative and financial environments to facilitate the autonomous participation and creative activities by citizens and civic organizations. The policy department needs to study NGOs' operation to provide a more systematic and professional support.
  • 8.

    A Legal Study on the Role of the Central Government and the Local Government in a Disaster Management System

    Moon hyeon cheol | 2008, 4(1) | pp.84~104 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Recognized problem about central government, of 2002 typhoon 'Rusa' country disaster administr- ation system role and local self-government group's role. After that, To analyze problems about disaster management's application even now between central government and local government‘s role need to reform. Disaster on-the-spot probe did to reach on conclusion. An investigation of central government and local government‘s role are important. Disaster management system's principles of application is laws dealing with disaster management. And, administration is most important an idea of constitutionalism. Interpretation about central government and local self-government group role is very important process. Through such study, presented legislation loan about improvement plan of our country disaster administration system. New government is lesson that improvement of disaster safety supervision business is very important Is evaluated that to improve to protect people's life and property is very important
  • 9.

    Securing the National Security and Re- inforcing the Cyber Crisis Management System in Asia

    Lee, Jae Eun | 2008, 4(1) | pp.105~116 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to reinforce the cooperative cyber crisis management system for securing the national security against the cyber attack and cyber-terrorism in Asia. For accomplishing the research purpose, this paper begins with the con- ceptual frameworks of comprehensive security and cyber security crisis for suggesting the future direc- tions to reinforce the cyber crisis management system. For improving the cyber security from various cyber crises, it is necessary that international cooperative system have to be established. In this paper, the organizational approach, communication and decision- making approach, planning approach, and mechanisms for operational coordination have been emphasized to suggest the future directions and the policy impli- cations for building up the international cooperative systems of cyber security crisis management. The suggested future directions for cyber security crisis management in Asia are as follows: organizing for the coordination and cooperation, statutory authority, communication channels, function- and program- centered decision-making mechanism, preparing first responders, working with private owners of critical infrastructures.