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2007, Vol.3, No.1

  • 1.

    The Possibility of the Emergence of a New Terrorist Agent in Korea

    Yeoul-Soo Kim | 2007, 3(1) | pp.1~12 | number of Cited : 6
    After the 9.11 attacks, the international society strengthened its coalition while improving its domestic laws and institutions to face terrorism. Despite these measures, large scale terrorism occurred around the globe in countries such as Indonesia and India. Especially, terrorism in Spain and England shocked the world as it was committed by its own people. These incidents showed the emergence of a new terrorist agent. The terrorists of Spain and England were second or third generation immigrants who were discriminated and looked down upon in their respective countries. Their frustration erupted to terrorisms. The discrimination and disregard shown to migrant workers, mixed-bloods, and North Korean defectors by Koreans in Korea are not largely different to the cases in Spain and England. The Korean government and society must establish an open policy and attitude to accept them as constituents of Korea. If the Korean society neglects to improve these efforts, the future situations of Korea related to terrorism would not be different to the current situations of Europe.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Korea Anti-Terrorism Act

    HoDae Cho | 2007, 3(1) | pp.13~25 | number of Cited : 3
    After the September 11th terrorist attacks, korean people are worried about that terror attacks may be organized and executed against unspecified persons. But most of the people do not trust counter- terrorism measures arranged by the government. They feel necessity for the Anti-Terrorism Act and the far-reaching responsible for all the issues associated with terrorism. The reality we face drives us to enact the Anti-Terrorism Act. Finally, both the ruling and opposition parties push forward with a bipartisan initiative of passing another bill of the Anti-Terrorism Act from July to November 2004. Again, we must check whether the bill is either a bad law infringing on human rights or necessary to protect the people from terror attacks.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Self Crisis Management Techniques against Terrorism for Korean at the Overseas

    최진태 | 2007, 3(1) | pp.26~35 | number of Cited : 2
    More than 10 million Korean people visited foreign countries in 2006. Most of them were tourists and workers belong to companies. With the increase in the numbers who are visiting to outside of the Korea, possibility of terrorist attacks against the Korean people has been increased in some way. To protect the people against the terrorist attacks, the government tried to find the solutions. However, it is very difficult to find a single answer for that. Under this circumstances, people have no choice but to find some solutions. One of the solutions is to know the preventive measures against terrorist attacks. The purpose of this study is to help ordinary people in making right choice for the protection of themselves. The information is logical, straightforward, and easy to follow. The methods presented in this study are simple and effective. One lesson of Sep- tember 11 is that no one should depend solely on government for his personnel protection. Se- curity is now a matter of personal initiative. To be protected against terrorism means that indivi- duals must become proactive, taking steps to prevent attackers from getting to them and de- veloping a mind-set that makes security pre- cautions a habit, as much a part of daily life as brushing your teeth.
  • 4.

    The Case Study of Street Cheering in Daegu Metropolitan City and It‘s Implication

    Park Dong Kyun | 2007, 3(1) | pp.36~44 | number of Cited : 1
    When South Korea and Japan jointly hosted the 2002 World Cup, the unity and strength of Korea’s so-called ‘Red Devil’ street cheering impressed the entire world. Now, Korean-style street cheering has ascended to the international level, evident in 1st year’s World Cup games in Germany. Korean cheers have also have become globalized. One of the most important things for holding the event is that the safe of attendants at the event and the public. A highly sophisticated expertise and systematic and integrated management of security operation are essential for a special object of security guarding. The purpose of this study is to suggest the lessons of event guarding through the case of street cheering in Daegu Metropolitan Govern- ment. This study is split into four chapters. Chapter Ⅰ is the introduction part. Chapter Ⅱ introduces the reader to a street cheering and event guarding theory, and Chapter Ⅲ deals with the case study of the street cheering event guarding in Daegu Metropolitan Government, Chapter Ⅳ deals with the policy implications of the street cheering event guarding case study.
  • 5.

    The Mitigation Method of Coastal Disaster in the East Coast of Gangwon

    KyoungNam Kim | 2007, 3(1) | pp.45~61 | number of Cited : 3
    Natural disaster in coastal area is occurred mainly by sea origination. And Gangwon Province has beach erosion and sea inundation as typical pattern. Disaster factors occurred in the east coast of Gangwon are the aggravation of the meteorological disaster inducement of tsunami and typhoon and sea level arising. Another causes are in geographic and geo- morphic factors such as the adjacency of the earthquake zone and the location of the typhoon movement course. Meanwhile, the disaster potential is increased by the population and property concentrating 37% of Gangwon inhabit- ants in 6 coastal local county. The method of disaster reduction based on such the conditions of disaster occurrence needs ① to avoid the disaster by strengthening of the control and management in using the coastal land ② drive the centralized coastal impro- vement ③ increase the tolerance and get the sustainability by maintain the natural restoration. ④ protect through the promote by the coastal disaster control and monitering ⑤ increase the efficiency by the connection of the coastal management works of the public field
  • 6.

    Efficient Disaster Management and the Establishment of the Cooperative System among the Civil Society, Government, and the Military: Using the Jennings' Model

    Lee, Jae Eun | 2007, 3(1) | pp.62~74 | number of Cited : 34
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the impediments of the cooperation and to explores the alternatives for establishing the cooperative system among the civil societies, governments, and the military. This study use the Jennings' Approach to analyze the difficulties and to suggest the alternatives for the efficient cooperation and coordination. The suggested alternatives for cooperative system among the related institutions are as follows; organizing for the coordination and cooperation, statutory coordination authority, communication channels, function- and program-centered decision mak- ing mechanism, participation to the prevention/ mitigation of the disaster, practical exercise and training, active disaster management perfor- mance of the military, budgetary support, cooperative system in ordinary times, command system for operating the military resources, setting up the strategic division for cooperation, etc.
  • 7.

    The Application of Asymmetric Information Problem to the Decision Making Trends of the Disaster Management Units in the Recovery Process

    Keumho Oh | 2007, 3(1) | pp.75~86 | number of Cited : 18
    When disaster occur, people are subjected to make continuous decisions and to perform prompt activities along with the emergency situation in order to save lives and properties. In the course of decision making for efficient disaster management, numerous stakeholders such as central and local government, the defected, citizen, NGOs, enterprises, and so on are likely to attempt to reflect their own concerns and informations. However, these individualistic efforts may result in the inefficiencies in disaster management largely due to the differences in informations. Based upon the theory of markets with asymmetric information, this study attempts to explain the problems of asymmetric information under the light of disaster management. From the perspectives of market failure and government failure caused by information imperfection, the study elaborates attempts to re-interpret, under the light of asymmetric information, the causes raised by major problems in disaster mana- gement, viz. i) lack of preventive investment by the primary management groups, ii) lack of public safety services in the damaged or vulnerable areas, iii) increase of malpractices associated with disaster recovery projects. As the rational approaches to the problem of symmetric information in disaster management, the study suggests the following recommen- dations: 1) it would be necessary to develop the tasks for information scanning as well as dissemination and to activate the investment to these sectors, and 2) it is required to launch regional offices which mediate, monitor and assess the recovery projects.
  • 8.

    The Considerable Study about a Pending Issue and Counterplan for the Urban Disaster Prevention

    Minho Back | 2007, 3(1) | pp.87~95 | number of Cited : 1
    This study is about a pending issue and counterplan for the urban disaster prevention. This study checks that a global misfortune and our country's misfortune. This study investigates and arranges that an urban disaster; a reason and prospect of an urban disaster, a speciality of urban disaster management, a pending issue of urban disaster prevention. This study also considers that a technical ability for an urban disaster prevention, a capacity of an urban disaster management system and a concept of urban disaster prevention in an urban plan.
  • 9.

    Disaster Response System and Programs in the United States: Experiences from Hurricane Katrina and Policy Implications

    Song, Jae-Shuck | 2007, 3(1) | pp.96~110 | number of Cited : 6
    If the President grants a major disaster declaration in the United States, FEMA activates the National Response Plan (NRP) and proceeds to direct 32 federal departments and agencies in support of state and local efforts to respond to the disaster. Recovery function involves decisions and actions relative to rebuilding or relocating homes, replacing property, resuming employment, restoring businesses, and per- manently replacing and rebuilding infrastructure. This paper will analyze what assistance local and state governments provide in helping a community recover from disaster event such as a flood, earthquake, or hurricane. The purposes of this paper are to analyze how government policies and/or programs were activated for relocating homes and recovering infrastructure in the case of Hurricane Katrina, and to draw policy implications for the emergency management system in Korea. For these purposes this study is mainly focused on programs of relocation assistance for residentially displaced persons and rehabilitation of public goods. This study, for these purposes, analyzed disaster responses, programs for relocation and the public rehabilitation program. The analytical conclusions are as follows: first, it is necessary to establish clear-cut lines of authorities and responsibilities in the relocation of displaced persons and rehabilitation of public goods in Korea. Second, the current disaster recovery must be reformed with the establishment of a professional disaster recovery organization in Korea. Third, it is recommended that middle- income families be insured for the National Flood Insurance Program, and that local and federal governments provide a phased assistant system of support for low-income families.