Recently, disasters have been more frequently happening, because of global warming and the changes of social environment. Furthermore, the scale of damage has become bigger. Against the backdrop, it is necessary to perform the relief activity against disasters with the cooperation be- tween administrational organizations and private organizations during the whole process of di- saster control. The purpose of this study was to research into the plans for disaster control throu- gh private cooperative system. To achieve the purpose, especially, the necessity of establish- ment of local governance in the step of disaster recover was understood with case analyses of Korea and Japan. A case of Japan implied that there was a precondition, which was local NGO interiorly should set up a horizontal network to build cooperative relation with administrational organizations. NGO, which has performed various activities, has joined in relief activity for disasters so that it has brought the effects to generate abundant requested aids to victims. While per- forming appropriate activities for each role and value, administrational organizations and NGO has recognized each other who has their own area for activities in even relation. Accordingly, local governance has been materialized through the process. However, in Korea, private organizations has just taken a role of an assistance for the administrational organizations. Its reason could be that administrational organizations has recog- nized voluntary activities including NGO's activi- ties just as an assistance. The other reason would be that NGO hasn't created their own activities and methods. However, as it has been acknow- ledged by the case of Gangreung, when all concerned such as local residents, administra- tional organizations, companies, etc think about their areas to materialize local governance, local community would take a role of safety net to protect the people from disasters.