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2006, Vol.2, No.2

  • 1.

    Establishing the Public Support System for Disaster Survivors

    Namhee Choi | 2006, 2(2) | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 32
    Abstract
    Disaster survivors suffer, in most cases, a great economic loss, heavy physical damages and, moreover, some dreadful mental pains. The psy- chological shock aroused by disasters especially deteriorate one's social capabilities. So, even when the disastrous state of affairs come to an end, disaster survivors tend to suffer serious conflict with their family members and mistrust in other people in their regional society. In this context, policy plans of emergency management aiming at mitigating psychological impact of di- sasters. Among those mental impacts of a disaster, there are two sorts that are most noticeable. The com- paratively simple one among them is Acute St- ress Syndrome occurring as an instant response to the unexpected situation of disaster. But the more complex and long-term enduring trouble in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder causing still more serious psychological problems. A nation-wide public support system should be established for disaster survivors to return to their social life as a wholesome members, preventing them from fall- ing into PTSD victims. Supporting those catastrophe sufferers should not stop at the level of economic assistance or material restoration, but need to progress to measures for recovering socio-cultural health of them. For a successful establishment of these supporting institutions, policy planners as well as pertaining researchers should develop a wide and deep understanding of the behavioral res- ponse of those sufferers as an effect of disaster experience. Emergency management and control are such tasks as to be accomplished through a common effort of regional communities and the national government, together with that of social activists. In addition, some extraordinary social concern and policy consideration should be given to the social minorities who are apt to be frequently exposed to social and natural dangers and so who are weak in elasticity of treating disaster impact.
  • 2.

    The Legislation of the National Crisis and Emergency Management in the Comprehensive Security

    Lee, Jae Eun | 2006, 2(2) | pp.19~35 | number of Cited : 31
    Abstract
    "The legislation of the national crisis and emer- gency management!". This topic is now carefully considered by the scholars and administrators because the national crisis and emergency ma- nagement system in korea appears to have re- vealed the problems. The purpose of this study is to provide the legislation principles and contents, etc. for the systematization of the national crisis and emergency management. As a result, this paper suggests the following main contents for the legislation. First, the national crisis and emergency management system demands the specialists and experts. Second, it is necessary that we should equip the standardization for acquiring the efficient management system. Thi- rd, we have to increase the research and de- velopment(R & D) capability. Fourth, to revitalize the crisis and emergency management in every- day life and all the area of society, we must promote the new industry in connection with the crisis and emergency management. Fifth, in the process of legislation, the close cooperative re- lationship should be established between the government and the civil society. Sixth, for de- veloping our responding ability, we have build up the international cooperative foundation. Seven- th, for establishing the safe society in the long time, it is important that the crisis and emergency management culture should be formed and de- veloped. Eighth, to reduce the social crisis, we have to enhance the conflict management and negotiation ability. Finally, we have to make pro- gress the regular school education and lifelong study of the crisis and emergency management.
  • 3.

    Disaster Relief System in Korea: Pro- blems and Tasks

    Han, Dongwoo | 2006, 2(2) | pp.36~51 | number of Cited : 27
    Abstract
    This article discusses how to improve the disaster relier system of Korea by coordinating and net- working the resources of both in public and private sector. In order to address the tasks, the current situations and problems of Korean disas- ter relief systems were identified. The problems were; the low national responsibility, the frag- mentation of private efforts, and the lack of coor- dination and linkage between public and private organizations active in disaster. The lowness of effectiveness of the disaster relief activities is due to the lack of networking and coordinating of the responsibilities, roles, and activities between the organizations. In order to overcome these problems, several tasks were addressed. First, the problems and needs of the victims are to be assessed, identified, and shown by the objective and scientific methods. Second, the disaster relief service administration system is to be restructured based on these needs and pro- blems of the victims. Finally, the organizational function should be obtained for the coordination and linkage of the disaster relief efforts. The au- thor suggested the example of the network of the organizations active in disaster of public and pri- vate sector.
  • 4.

    A Characteristics of Crisis-Emergency Management Policy Network in Japan

    이호동 | 2006, 2(2) | pp.52~61 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The aim of this article is to analyze the policy network of Japanese crisis-emergency manage- ment policy. This network is based on the per- spective of governance network theories. In this paper, the network is composed of three types of policy network. First, meta-policy network of the Cabinet, second, core-policy network of the Di- saster Prevention Bureau of National Land Agen- cy, the prefectural and municipal governments, third, the established policy networks among the departments of the national and local govern- ments in other policy areas, forth, citizens, private companies and NGOs role is very important. These network is for going to enforcement (a)sta- bility of the Cabinet to coordinate policies, (b)re- levant resources in the core-network, and (c) contribution of citizen's groups from the policy network.
  • 5.

    A Study on the International Cooperative System for Disaster Management in Korea, China and Japan

    Choi Byoung-Hahk | Jae Hyun Lee | 2006, 2(2) | pp.62~73 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    High level of hazard factors in the contemporary society, particularly the hazard factors in cities, often considered as national disaster and crisis, and the importance and obligation in disaster management of a state has been growing for more thorough control on the natural calamities and human disasters. Largescale of accidents arising in the world has been increasing, and the responsibility of disaster control requires global cooperation system beyond the control of a state alone. The recent occurrences of natural disasters in the Asian region have become the international issues, and the global cooperation has been demanded even more dearly. Among them, Korea, China and Japan are the major countries in the Asian region that these are the countries to resolve the international safety issued through cooperation while they are the major actors to bring out the international cooperation in the disaster control. The current international safety cooperation sys- tem is rather sporadic without cohesiveness, but the solution can be found in the certification process of international safety city, and through the joint responsive plan, led by the governments and civil communities, it would be prudent to seek plans to structure in more effective international cooperation system for Korea, China and Japan disaster control in the years to come.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Utility of Local Gover- nance in the Step of Disaster Recovery - Focused on Case Analyses in Korea and Japan -

    이은애 | 2006, 2(2) | pp.74~86 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Recently, disasters have been more frequently happening, because of global warming and the changes of social environment. Furthermore, the scale of damage has become bigger. Against the backdrop, it is necessary to perform the relief activity against disasters with the cooperation be- tween administrational organizations and private organizations during the whole process of di- saster control. The purpose of this study was to research into the plans for disaster control throu- gh private cooperative system. To achieve the purpose, especially, the necessity of establish- ment of local governance in the step of disaster recover was understood with case analyses of Korea and Japan. A case of Japan implied that there was a precondition, which was local NGO interiorly should set up a horizontal network to build cooperative relation with administrational organizations. NGO, which has performed various activities, has joined in relief activity for disasters so that it has brought the effects to generate abundant requested aids to victims. While per- forming appropriate activities for each role and value, administrational organizations and NGO has recognized each other who has their own area for activities in even relation. Accordingly, local governance has been materialized through the process. However, in Korea, private organizations has just taken a role of an assistance for the administrational organizations. Its reason could be that administrational organizations has recog- nized voluntary activities including NGO's activi- ties just as an assistance. The other reason would be that NGO hasn't created their own activities and methods. However, as it has been acknow- ledged by the case of Gangreung, when all concerned such as local residents, administra- tional organizations, companies, etc think about their areas to materialize local governance, local community would take a role of safety net to protect the people from disasters.
  • 7.

    Historical Transition Study on Conflict Recognition and Conflict Resolution in Korea

    박태순 | 2006, 2(2) | pp.87~96 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract
    The recognition and approaches on social conflict have been changed and is closely connected with the needs of the times and political situation. In order to solve the frequent and complicated con- flict of our present society, it is important to find the approaches and best way to approach the conflict of our society. The purpose of this study is investigate the app- roaches to conflict resolution and the changes of the frames which perceive, interpret and respond to historial situation, and to find the problems of our times to be solved. For this study our times is classified into three periods by two the epoch-making events of his- tory; 1987 struggle and 2003 inauguration of the Roh administration, and inquire the recognition and approaches on conflict and ways to resolve social conflict of each period. This study shows that the change of recognitions on conflict has been occurred from negative to positive or double face during three periods, the approaches to address conflict has changed from power-based to interest-based via right-based approaches, and the ways of conflict resolution was switched into law and system rather than public powers, competitions and authorities, and efforts for consensus building is increasing. This study remains the problems to be solved that the government makes an effort to have more positive recognition on conflict, and to develop more cases to resolve conflict by consensus building on the basis of interest-based approach.