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2006, Vol.2, No.1

  • 1.

    Role of Military Resources in the Disaster Management System - Focusing on the United States' Case -

    Dugkeun Park | Tai-Hoon KIM | 오정림 and 1other persons | 2006, 2(1) | pp.1~13 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    Because of insufficient equipment and resources in the disaster field, rapid emergency recovery is hard to achieve in spite of increased damages and disaster frequencies. Secondary damages are main concerns and financial burden in the Government keeps increasing due to delayed emergency recovery works. Therefore, it is required to mobilize reserved military resources for emergency relief and recovery after large-scaled disasters. To mini- mize the impact of the mobilized military resources to the military’s original functions, it is necessary to review the current status and to set up the most efficient and effective system for military assistance to civil authorities. This paper recommends future directions of military support system for disaster management after reviewing current statuses in Korea and the United States. When an effective military support system is established, it is expected that the Government can reduce budgetary burden for emergency response and the military can obtain its reputation for peacetime operation.
  • 2.

    A Study of Countermeasure Strategies against Cyber-Terrorism

    HoDae Cho | 2006, 2(1) | pp.14~29 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Nowadays we live in cyber space molded by computer network. Terrorism for cyber space are getting frequent by reason of the stake of economic and political problems. Fortunately, there was no cyber terrorism attracted inter- national attention as well as general terrorism in korea. But it is possible to happen at any time, any place and cyber terorism is so important problem that it can threat the security of nation. The purpose of this study is to research on the actual condition of protection system against cyber terrorisms and finding out the cause of problems. Furthermore we will have to device an efficient countermeasure against increasing cyber terrorism. For perfect protection from threats of cyber terrorism we will have to control the intelligence facilities including national main networks effi- ciently through amendment on the relevant in- telligence law. and publicity work should be spread out for the reform of understanding which can remind people of the importance of cyber space regulation and information protection.
  • 3.

    Countermeasures for the National Crisis Posed by Low Birth Rate

    SON YOUNG SOO | 2006, 2(1) | pp.30~35 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Nowadays, Korea has suffered from the serious illness of extremely low birth rate and tremend- ously rapid increase of aged population. Until recently, the government has never recognized the problem as one of national crises. In 2005, total fertility rate of Korea was 1.08 which is close to the lowest rate in the world. Embarrassed, the government declared that in the course of time a master plan for the crisis of extremely low birth rate and tremendously rapid increase of aged population with the fundamen- tal law for low birth and aged society(law No. 7496) as central figure. But, the national crisis related to low birth and aged society is so much complicated that it could not be resolved with old-fashioned tem- porizing population policy. Since it is closely connected with not only personal life cycle iss- ues such as marriage, parturition, child rearing and education, health and disease control, ag- ing, and so on but also national issues such as politics, economy, social environment, educa- tion, culture, it needs a holistic resolution remedy which could be joining both personal life cycle issues and national issues together. Key Words: low birth rate, national crisis, holi- stic resolution remedy Risk Acceptance - A Social Psychological Approach - Yong Jin Cha Using psychometric paradigm, this study ex- amines the factors influencing risk perception, structure of risk perception, characteristics of social risks. The results show that the citizen sample has a two-factor structure and two hi- gher order factors - 'dread risk' and 'unknown risk' - structure risk perceptions of the 70 risks. The results also indicate that the 70 risks can be categorized into four types. The policy implica- tions of four types are discussed.
  • 4.

    Risk Acceptance - A Social Psychological Approach -

    Cha, Yong Jin | 2006, 2(1) | pp.36~44 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    Using psychometric paradigm, this study ex- amines the factors influencing risk perception, structure of risk perception, characteristics of social risks. The results show that the citizen sample has a two-factor structure and two hi- gher order factors - 'dread risk' and 'unknown risk' - structure risk perceptions of the 70 risks. The results also indicate that the 70 risks can be categorized into four types. The policy implica- tions of four types are discussed.
  • 5.

    A Study on Strengthening Disaster Management Cmpetency by the Hybrid Techlogical Development

    Jaehyun Shim | 안재찬 | 2006, 2(1) | pp.45~53 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    As the characteristics of disasters in modern society reveal themselves as uncertainty, variety and large-scale, the disaster management tech- niques develop with creation and bridging of various techniques. In this research, a new direction for the appli- cation of disaster management system with st- rengthening the disaster management capability has been proposed through the hybrid tech- nology case study. The changes of disaster cir- cumstances such as natural phenomena, tech- nical cause, social factor, elements of di- saster vulnerabilities have been analyzed through the examination of research activities in disaster management fields in the U.S.A. and Japan. Finally, a bridging scheme of hybrid concept to disaster management technology has been pro- posed through the case studies of applications.
  • 6.

    A Comparative Study of the Academic Development for the National Crisis Management in Korea - U.S.A, Japan, Deutschland -

    Lee, Jae Eun | 2006, 2(1) | pp.54~79 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Academic research for the national crisis mana- gement in Korea is now very restricted and not popular. Korean scholars, maybe, do not share the common definition of the national crisis. In this paper, I define the national crisis as the event or situation influencing severely the peo- ple's life and property, and the national security. National crisis can be classified into three typology. The first is the traditional security crisis, for example, violation of sovereignty by foreign state, armed attack, total or limited war, etc.. The second type of the national crisis is the disaster crisis which consist of natural disaster and man-made/technological disaster. The third type of crisis is the critical infrastructure, for instance, collapse of the banking, transportation and distribution, electrical power supplying, in- formation and communication, public health, dam, energy supplying system, etc.. In this con- text, this research investigates the academic development programs or plans for the national crisis management in a comparative study among the U.S.A., Japan, Deutschland.
  • 7.

    A Study on a Cooperation System of Civilian, Enterprise, and Government Sectors for Disaster Relief

    성기환 | 2006, 2(1) | pp.80~93 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract
    In conjunction with a stage of a disaster ma- nagement in Korea, the social capital hasn't been accumulated due to various reasons, such as distrust between private and public sector, un- identified definition of stakeholder's roles and responsibilities, and absence of umbrella organi- zation for discussion, joint exercise, and educa- tion system. Thus, they are prone to create di- sorder and inefficient performance in the emer- gency field. Viewed based upon the above ob- servation, this paper are in pursuit of a model of a cooperation system for disaster relief at which stakeholders are oblige to aim, along with a col- laboration framework of civilian, enterprise and government sectors. Firstly, it states main tasks to be desired in each role of a stage of disaster management so that a network of civilian, enterprise and government sectors may be formulated. Secondly, as a model of a disaster relief system, this paper proposes operation of a safety moni- toring unit, a disaster prevention unit, an emer- gency response unit, a rehabilitation and resto- ration unit that are sectoral core bodies based on a regional network of civilian, enterprise, school, and government sectors.