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2005, Vol.1, No.1

  • 1.

    Approaches to the Study of Emergency Management in terms of Cognitive Relativism With Reference to the Systems and Situational Approaches

    김형렬 | 2005, 1(1) | pp.1~19 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This paper aims at searching an effective approach for emergency management in terms of cognitive relativism. As the main goal of a nation is to protect the lives and properties of the people, the national security must be maintained for preserving their freedom. In this sense, emergency management is the top priority in state governance and prerequisite of policy paradigm. Emergency can be managed in terms of three stages: prevention, preparedness and treatment. In this paper, the writer reviews various approaches for emergency management and focuses on the systems and situational approaches in terms of cognitive relativism. For the whole viewpoint of state governance, emergency management needs to be dealt with as a part of policy process. For this purpose, the writer suggests the structural, procedural, managerial, behavioral, political, social, systems, comparative, and intuitive approaches. Since each approach has its merits and limitations, the writer discusses the usefulness of the situational approach which is to utilize strengths of each approach for synergistic effect. The situational approach in the paper implies that the systems approach is fundamentally relied upon along with partial use of other approaches
  • 2.

    Significance and Necessity for Academic Research of the National Crisis and Emergency Management

    Lee, Jae Eun | 2005, 1(1) | pp.20~32 | number of Cited : 24
    Abstract
    This study is to review the significance and necessity for academic research of the national crisis and emergency management. A study of crisis and emergency management has not been organized and systemized in the perspectives of interdisciplinary approach. So far, each individual researchers of the particular science have conducted his or her research of the crisis and emergency management separately. Now we have to study the crisis and emergency management in close cooperation for the purpose of academic systemization. On the basis of academic systemization, we, scholars and practitioners, are all able to develop the policy philosophy, ideology, and implement the real intention of the crisis and emergency management policy.
  • 3.

    Risk Studies in Modern Risk-Society

    RHO JIN-CHUL | 2005, 1(1) | pp.33~48 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    In the Western, risk studies which have relevance to measurement and assessment of acceptable risk criteria get divided three tendencies of their fundamental orientation and methods. There are risk-objectivism which make an formal- normative approach, and risk-subjectivism which make an psychological-cognitive approach, risk-constructivism which make an cultural-sociological approach. But they have assumed very serious aspect because their acceptable risk criteria justifies the control of government, and therefore degenerated into scientifical means which maximize the efficiency of national crisis management system. In this context with a scientifical discussion on risk- society which was detonated by Beck, the center of research activities changed from acceptable risk criteria to societal constructive conditions of risk. Perrow and Wildavsky, Giddens, Luhmann develop the discussion on risk-society into a societal theory of risk, including risk conflicts between the determinator and the persons concerned.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Direction of Progress in Meteorology for the Risk Management

    Jai Ho Oh | 2005, 1(1) | pp.49~63 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The production and distribution for meteorological disaster information is currently being monopolized by the Korea Meteorological Administration(KMA). And because of this, the current state of accessing meterological information is in a general state where it is accessed through data passed on to the media from the KMA, restricting information produced by limited numbers of private meteorological information companies to a very small portion. Entering the 21st century, various severe weather phenomena's such as typhoons, hurricanes, extreme droughts, snow blizzards, ect. are occurring globally due to the global warming caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Korea, in the recent 10 years, also has experienced trillions in economic losses due to meterological related natural disasters. If greenhouse gas concentrations increase at the current rate, in the future, more extreme and catastrophic weather phenomena's will be occurring more often. And for efficient preparations to take place at government and various social levels, the current supplier oriented system of accessing information must be restructured to a demand oriented system by securing futuristic weather information infrastructures.
  • 5.

    A Discussion on the National Crisis Management in Medical Field

    SON YOUNG SOO | 2005, 1(1) | pp.64~84 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Discussing the national crisis management in medical field, the problems could be allocated into two groups. The one is long-term, chronic, and latent dangers and the other one is short- term, acute, and actual crises. Actual crises comprise the interruption of medical services, the large-scale epidemic of infectious diseases, bio- terrorism, and demographically the delivery of large number of premature new-born infants. Due to its' unique characteristics that the threat has undeniably changed and evoved, the national crisis which might be induced by bio-terrorism is very complicated and intimately connected with a number of the other national crises. The problem of delivering the large number of premature new- born infants should be considered as one of the grave acual national crises. Latent dangers are to lie in the urgent rescue and emergent medical care system, the national medical insurance system, and demographically low birth rate and the increase of aging population.
  • 6.

    Psychological Studies of Crisis From disaster

    Lee YoonJoo | 2005, 1(1) | pp.85~99 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This study reviewed definition and meaning of Psychological crisis, psychological effects of disaster, assistance methods at disaster site, methods of individual and group counseling, and debriefing. This study showed two stress symptoms and outcomes from symptoms as psychological effects of disaster, and reviewed relationships between psychological effects of disaster and time passage, sex, age variables. Also, this study analysed assistance methods and found common factors of individual and group counseling, and debriefing. Conclusion from previous studies and critical analysis of previous studies and recommendations for future study were discussed.
  • 7.

    Conventional Security Crisis and Crisis Management Study Reorientation

    YOUNG KAB CHO | 2005, 1(1) | pp.100~116 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The contemporary states are experiencing the new challenges for the crisis management. There have been many ways of researches and studies on 'how to win in the war' in the national security affairs community, but the studies on 'how to deal with crises and take measures' have been underdeveloped. The 21st century states have introduced the new comprehensive security concepts covering not only the military field but also non-military field. In order to meet the new trends, the crisis management should be developed beyond the conventional security crises, dealing with terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, drugs and transnational crimes, disasters. Therefore the all-embracing crisis management system with management, integration, and coordination functions should be introduced for the various kinds of crises. The thesis covered the conventional crisis management and crisis management theory in the prospective of sociology, and proposed the crisis management study reorientation.
  • 8.

    Fostering Disaster Management Leader- ship in Small Communities - Focusing on the Promotion of the Local Community Participation -

    권욱 | 2005, 1(1) | pp.117~128 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    It is well known that a successful disaster management system in a society is dependent on the people’s participation. It is required to minimize the consequences and damages of unexpected disasters unless they are possible to be prevented, and the effectiveness of a disaster management system can only be increased when the system is based on the people’s voluntary participation. Article 34 Clause 6 in the Constitution of the Republic of Korea spells out that the State should try to prevent disasters and protect its people from the disaster. Article 35 clearly states, however, that the people should try to protect the environment, implying that the protection of environment is the duty not only for the State but also for the people. The article defines the necessity and importance of people’s participation. There are many obstacles in disaster management leadership because of political change, lack of competent NGOs and understand between those organizations and the government, defected leadership in the disaster site, and lack of awareness and functions of community-based, voluntary organizations. The National Emergency Management Agency recognizes and tries to tackles these difficulties establishing various networks. This paper reviews the current situation and proposes several policies to promote the participation of local communities and people’s voluntary organizations in the field of disaster management. Fostering strategy for the leadership promotion in local level, job places, and other areas is discussed including the operational and organizational process.