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2010, Vol.6, No.1

  • 1.

    Information Diffusion structure of Korean Disaster Security Network : Social network analysis with Netminer

    이동규 | Seo, Inseok | 양기근 | 2010, 6(1) | pp.1~31 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    Communication, intercession, collaboration are efficient disaster administration's point. KDSN(Korean Disaster Security Network) intends network structural order that achieve disaster management function through social network between various participation subjects as well as relation between government for efficient confrontation of disaster. This study tried social network analysis, and deduced the wave and following intent about network architecture of Korean disaster Information's network by examining KDSN's network attribute, network binding, centrality, cohesion.
  • 2.

    The Impacts of Leader's Intelligence, Experience and Emotion on the Leadership Effectiveness under the Stressful Crisis Situations

    박상록 | 정상완 | 2010, 6(1) | pp.32~50 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This study is about relationship between Leader's Characteristics and the Leadership Effectiveness in the emergent and stressful job situation. As the results of the measurement, performance has negative correlation with the stress in emergent situations, while relations between leader's intelligence, experience and emotion and work special quality show positive correlation. Also, followers' satisfaction has negative correlation with stress, while relations between leaders' intelligence, experience and emotion and work special quality show positive correlation. In order to find out differences of leadership characteristics in normal situation and crisis situation, I used paired-sample T-Test. I found that there is a gap between normal time and crisis situation, and normal time is higher than the other. To find out how much effect leader's characteristics on leadership effectiveness under the job stressful situation. As a result of tests, it is shown all leader's characteristics affect on the performance and it is appeared that the impact of leader's characteristics on follower's satisfaction.
  • 3.

    Runoff Analysis Using Rating Curve and RRFS for Nonsan Control Point on Geum River Basin

    Maeng, Seung-jin | 이상진 | 류경식 and 2other persons | 2010, 6(1) | pp.51~63 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study compared the estimated runoff using the existing rating curve and the estimated runoff using RRFS (Rainfall Runoff Forecasting System) with the measured runoff obtained through wading to the Nonsan water level station, which is the downstream area of the dam in the Geum river watershed. The objective is to provide basic data for water management in the dam's downstream area. To calculate the area rainfalls in the Nonsan basin, the basic data for the runoff analysis, eight rainfall gauging stations were selected and the coefficient of thiessen was computed. The runoff by walking measurement was measured 39 times and 40 times between 2005 and 2006 to compare the runoff by methods, and the runoff by the rating curve previously developed was estimated by rating curve provided by the Water Management Information System (WAMIS). The runoff by RRFS was estimated using sensitivity analysis and calibration of the parameters. Among the runoffs by these methods, the runoff by walking measurement was assumed as a real value and the runoff by rating curve, runoff by RRFS and the Relative Root Mean Square Error (RRMSE) and the Relative Absolute Error (RAE) for each variable were calculated. Based on the error analysis results, the runoff by RRFS yielded closer results to the measurement result by walking in 2005 and 2006 than the runoff estimated by the previously developed rating curve. Therefore, if the runoff analysis subject to the major control points of the dam's downstream is performed in the future, the analytical procedure used here should be applied.
  • 4.

    Analysis on the Changing Environments of Terrorism and the Responsive Direction against Terrorism for the Republic of Korea

    최진태 | 2010, 6(1) | pp.64~81 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    The terrorist attacks has continuously evolved and the environments of terrorism has also been changed. There is no exception for the Republic of Korea. The environments of terrorism surrounding the Republic of Korea have also been changed through a process of evolution. However, the public has only a superficial understanding of the matter. Accordingly, there is now growing concern that the changing environments and diversified causes of terrorism surrounding the Republic of Korea. With the acceleration of internationalization, the total number of Korean visiting foreign countries has been dramatically increased resulting in the increase of the victims to the terrorist attacks at abroad. The dispatch of forces to Islamic countries including Afghan and Iraq also was one of the major causes for terrorism surrounding the Republic of Korea. In addition, the number of the entry of foreign national workers, international marriage immigrants, self-exiled North Korean people into the Republic of Korea has also been increased. They are suffering from the inequality of treatment including delayed payment of wages, unlawful physical punishment and racial discrimination, which is one of the causes for the social conflicts and will be a root course of the domestic terrorism in the near future. In this connection, the bomb attacks at Madrid of Spain and London of the United Kingdom gave us a invaluable lesson. This two incidents were committed by their own nationals who have the parents of migrator from Morocco and Pakistan. According to the result of the investigations, one of the reasons of this two incidents was the inequality of treatment. This incidents showed that we should not remain an idle spectator by the same token. There is not much difference between those countries and the Republic of Korea in terms of environments. The purpose of this paper is to present the direction of the policy against terrorism through the analysis on the terrorism related environment that the Republic of Korea is facing and suggestion of the possible main body of the terrorism in the near future
  • 5.

    The United Kingdom’s System and Strategy of Counterterrorism Crisis Management : Practices, Problems and Policy Implications

    Taeyoung Yoon | 2010, 6(1) | pp.82~100 | number of Cited : 26
    Abstract
    The aim of this study is to examine how UK has reformed its counterterrorism acts, counterterrorism system and strategy against changing terrorist threats in UK. In aftermath of 9/11 terrorist attacks, the UK government has enacted terrorism-related acts. Moreover, the UK has reformed counterterrorism organizations and published a series of reports on strategy for countering terrorism. However, in the wake of the London terrorist attacks on 7 July 2005, the UK re-examined and re-ordered its intelligence and counterterrorism system. Since then, the UK has faced many terrorists activities and has been vulnerable to being used as a base for Al Qaeda in Europe. In response to these threats, the UK created the Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre(JTAC) in 2003 and the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism(OSCT) in 2007 and set out comprehensive counterterrorism strategy. In addition, the Cabinet Office has strengthened the roles of coordination and control in counterterrorism crisis management since 2008. Nevertheless, the scale of violent extremists threat is potentially still increasing and is not likely to diminish significantly from some years. In the near future, UK should further enhance coordination and cooperation in intelligence, surveillance, and response between intelligence agencies and police to respond to threats from the Al Qaeda leadership and their immediate associates, Al Qaeda affiliates, and self-starting networks.
  • 6.

    Low-Income Consumers' Economic Crisis and Financial Support System

    Kim,Sung Sook | 2010, 6(1) | pp.101~122 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purposes of this study are to investigate the economic crisis status and problem of the low-income consumers and find out the reform measure of credit rehabilitation system and micro-finance system as the financial support system for them. As a result, the size of Korean low-income people continued to increase and they have had the difficulties of debt redemption. The Korean bankruptcy act of 2006 takes after, however, due to the underdeveloped private sector of debt counseling system and lack of priori debt reconciliation system and credit rehabilitation system, Korean credit rehabilitation system is less equipped for abuse prevention. Being effective financial support system for low-income consumers calls for I) the need to strengthen the private sector of debt counseling system, ⅱ) connecting the priori debt reconciliation system and credit rehabilitation system, ⅲ) making efforts to increase the accessibility of the low-income consumers to the financial support system , ⅳ) promoting the rights of the low-income consumers to choose the diverse financial support systems, ⅴ) practicing micro-finance system stable and long-termly as seed-money for self-support.
  • 7.

    Comparative Study for the Development of Korean Food Safety Management

    Hyun-jung Yoo | Song Eugene | 2010, 6(1) | pp.123~138 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    It is the basic rights of human to eat safe food. Concern of unsafe food causes consumers to have a distrust and unrest of the social environment, and thus induce to ensure the safety of food by themselves. Consumers’ demands on food safety have contributed to construct many governmental food management systems, such as the beef traceability, HACCP certification, GMO labeling, through the interaction between farmers, food companies, and government. Despite these efforts, the accidents related to unsafe food have frequently continued every year from the past. As the globalization, food safety issues do not be confined to the problem of our own country. Many countries have made efforts to supply safe foods to their people with monitoring of supplied foods, and have developed their own system for food safety management. This paper compared food safety system in Korea with those in other countries to provide a meaningful implication for more effective food safety management of our country. As results, our food safety managements were not considered as being behind the other countries in systematic aspects. However, because of lack of consumers' awareness and accessibility for system, it seemed that consumers have difficulties availing of food safety system in real life. Also, the results suggest that we need to cope with new hazard factor and a warning system of food hazard among countries. This research provides several implications. First, we need to expand the diversity of product background quarantine system, and to have a change of consumers’ perception for food safety. Second, international cooperation about information exchange of food hazard is required. Third, it is important to protect against food safety accidents by the settlement of pre-monitoring system. Forth, we need to develop a system of the united food safety certification.
  • 8.

    Developing the Integrated Model of National Crisis and Emergency Management Exercise: Using the AHP Analysis

    JuHo Lee | SungSoo Byun | Lee, Jae Eun | 2010, 6(1) | pp.139~158 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to develop and suggest directions for the integrated model of national crisis and emergency management exercise. Under the newly developed concept of comprehensive security after 9․11, it is necessary that we have a plan to combine various kinds of exercise and training in the field of crisis and emergency management into one. For accomplishing the research goal, in this study, we have, first, reviewed theoretical backgrounds and discussions and used an AHP method as an empirical analysis method. As a result of this research, we have suggested some directions to integrate several kinds of exercise and training into one for accomplishing the intended goals of its own. The suggested directions for developing the integrated model of national crisis and emergency management are as follows; providing the integration directions, establishing the fields of training, preparing alternatives of integrating and operating exercise, modifying the laws and enforcement ordinances, etc.
  • 9.

    The assessment of risk factors to establish risk management system in local government : The Case of Busan metropolitan city

    김형균 | 2010, 6(1) | pp.159~183 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    It‘s important process to choose risk assessment method in enterprise risk management. We used RPN method merging with FMEA(Failure Mode and Effect Analysis) method and HAZOP(Hazard and Operability Study) method, and use Gap analysis & Map analysis to find risk factor and level of risk management. We found some conclusions. First, we need to categorize risk factors finding as specific standards. Second, we have to find all the risk factors that is latent or probable. Third, it's needed to manage documents past failure experiences systematically. Fourth, it's helpful to analyse risk security to confirm economic losses. Finally, it's important to establish objective standards as to make risk map through quantitative & qualitative analysis at level of severity and probability.
  • 10.

    A Legal System for Information Access of the Disabled in Ubiquitous Era

    이필재 | 2010, 6(1) | pp.184~200 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The information gap in the ubiquitous society may cause serious problems for Disabled person to deal with a dangerous situation. In addition, the ability for crisis management will depend on the society with and without ubiquitous environment. To secure safety rights enjoying crisis management environment equivalent to the emergency situation to the disabled person, current viewpoint to solve information gap should be different. In other word, the solutions to information gap and space gap should have a perspective of subjective public power as the right instead of solving it with a program regulation, as suggested in the improvement plan. In addition, informatization or the ubiquitous policy should be executed considering the efforts to solve such a gap. Besides, the aspect of protecting personal information along with efforts for informatization and solutions to information gap should be importantly dealt with. When the environment is prepared, constitutional information accessibility and safety rights will be able to be enjoyed.
  • 11.

    An study of existing assumptions of disaster management phases : with comparing over response and recovery phase

    최희천 | 2010, 6(1) | pp.201~218 | number of Cited : 25
    Abstract
    Nowadays, new types of disasters happen and they are different from the traditional ones, but the concepts of four phases which was made in 1970s are accepted without doubt. The the concepts of existing four phases of disaster management is grounded on the next assumptions explicitly and implicitly. The first is visible and physical oriented disaster management. The second is linear and circular one. The third is efficiency and government oriented one. These could affect the activities in four phases and limit the further understanding. If response and recovery phase would be compared, existing assumptions could be found easily. In response phase, rescuing the lives and property is the most important goal and efficiency is the foremost value. Visible and physical parts are focused and it is easy to prescribe the works to be done. In contrast, recovery phase means the returning to level of pre-accident times and it should contain the recovery of social capital like trust and network. Because these aspects are invisible, cause and effect relations are vague, complex or hard to prove. Efficiency cannot treat them properly and the focus of the recovery phase cannot but to be value oriented. With this reason, the logics of response and recovery phase are different and the phases of disaster management can be nonlinear or uncircular.
  • 12.

    The Experience of Mother as Divorced Single-Parent Heads of Family : The experiences from the crisis of life

    Kim Hye Sun | Kim Eun Ha | 2010, 6(1) | pp.219~242 | number of Cited : 25
    Abstract
    The purposes of this study was to reveal the experience of mother as divorced single-parent heads of family and enlarge the range of understanding of single-parent female heads of family in Korea. To achieve this purposes, this study asked divorced single-parent female heads of family that "what was your experience as mother as divorced single-parent heads of family?". Giorgi's phenomenological method was used to derive generally semantic structure of subjects' experience. Their experience-related data was collected through 2 or 3 in-depth individual interviews of 6 mothers as divorced single-parent heads of family in aged 30 and 40 residing in the eastern part of Gangwon Province from Dec. 2006 to April 2007. As a result of analysis, the experience of mothers as divorced single-parent heads of family is ‘leading a life with her children’ rather than unsuccessful married life and 4 components were found. Components of experience derived from study results include ‘giving up wife's status’, ‘making a great business of economic responsibility’, ‘fostering responsibility alone is beyond her capacity’, ‘finding out self-identity as independent supporter’.Based on these results, this study discussed the meaning of experience of mother as divorced single-parent female heads of family in the context of Korean unique society and culture and presented suggestions of follow-up study in theoretical, methodological, and practical aspects.
  • 13.

    Practical Use of the Ubiquitous of Fire Safety Service

    Jin Chae | 홍성진 | 2010, 6(1) | pp.243~260 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The 21st century, the human accomplished innovation of communication and digital technology according to the advancement of human knowledge. And day by day the technologies are getting faster development. However, the current system which deals with a disaster depends on the information provided by a reporter after a disaster happened. Then, the system which larger, diversified disasters is desperately needed. The fire department should make the fire administration service which applies a variety of ubiquitous technology. Then by using this system, the fire department can respond immediately to disasters and provide the necessary information efficiently. Therefore, this study aim to examine the theoretical background of ubiquitous information technology and to suggest fire safety services which apply various ubiquitous technology. Fire safety services which apply various ubiquitous technology are location-based services (LBS) and mobile use, USN / RFID utilization measures, Home - Network Disaster Services, CCTV disaster monitoring, and intelligent robots use air. Administrative measures are integration infrastructure for ubiquitous fire safety services USN-based high-tech system for disaster prevention, Lawㆍinstitutional maintenance for ubiquitous fire safety services, CCTV installation standards revisions, GPS phones mandatory, RFID and privacy.
  • 14.

    National Security Protected by Citizens - Development Directions for the Civil Defense System in Korea-

    Park Dong Kyun | 김도균 | 2010, 6(1) | pp.261~277 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    It is time the civil defense system should be reborn as a powerful organization to respond to unexpected disasters and security threats from North Korea, and changed resolutely into a system getting along with the citizens in life to meet the needs of the time. In this context, this study presents a direction of development for the Korean civil defense system as follows: Firstly, the current legal fabric for civil defense and disaster management in South Korea is scattered among separate laws, and the disaster management affairs are overlapped or scattered among many agencies. Thus, for efficient disaster management, the overlapped and scattered disaster management works should be readjusted. Secondly, the Korean government set up "National Emergency Management Agency" as well as "the Disaster and Safety Management Office" in the Ministry of Public Administration and Security, but still these do not equal the dedicated organizations with the comprehensive security concept, which covers all natural disasters, manmade disasters, civil defense, critical infrastructure protection, cyber terrors and biological disasters aimed by advanced countries in the field of disaster prevention. Therefore, it is required to set up a dedicated organization for civil defense, and specialize its personnel. Thirdly, the civil defense system should be reset to infuse a sense of national security into the people about unexpected provocations from North Korea, and to protect the people from globalized terrors and various disasters. Lastly, the civil defense education and training system should clearly regulate its field and mission, and it should be established as the demand-focused education and training in life. The education and training should be developed and operated in accordance with the real situation in the future.
  • 15.

    Global Governance and Social Capital for Crisis and Emergency Management

    Lee, Jae Eun | 2010, 6(1) | pp.278~292 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study searches for the approaches for securing social capital essential to manage the crisis and emergency effectively in the global society. For attaining the research goal, this essay explores these significant possibilities in three main steps; the definition and significance of crisis and emergency management under the concept of comprehensive security; the relationships between global governance and social capital and crisis/emergency management; policy implications and approaches. This paper suggested four approaches for securing social capital that have an effect on the global crisis and emergency management governance as follows; institutional approach, participatory approach, knowledge-based communication approach, and burden sharing approach.
  • 16.

    Damage Assessment in Natural Disaster - Compare Korea with America -

    Bae, Chon-jik | 2010, 6(1) | pp.293~318 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    When a natural disaster occurs, there are to be occurred lots of disaster victims and they request government for many kinds of helps, and than government officers have to assess the damages which are reported by the victims. In these cases, there are many different type of damage assessment in many countries. The purpose of this paper is to know the important of damage assessment in the natural disasters, how to assess the damage. So I compare korea assessment methods and america's. And then let me find out different parts, let me know results.
  • 17.

    A Study on the Marine Casualty in terms of Disaster Prevention Administrative Law

    Moon hyeon cheol | 2010, 6(1) | pp.319~331 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The amount of marine transportation by vessels has been increasing rapidly because of enlargement of trade amount in global age, increase of export-import materials mobilization amount and tendency to globalization, even though Korea that has three coasts of sea depends on marine transportation in proportion to more than 99% of foreign trade. In addition, there are more and more people who would like to enjoy themselves on the sea, river and lake etc. According to these conditions, marine accidents occur frequently, and especially marine accident on big and high-speeded vessel contains an irresistible danger all the time because of specific environments. It needed urgently to detect and rescue life and body of victim brought about by sinking, stranding, overturning, collision and fire of vessel not only in territorial waters and open seas but also river and lake, and to solidate and improve the international and national system for the protection and supervision of victims.