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2010, Vol.6, No.2

  • 1.

    The Study on the improvement of the law and system about Emergency-Safety Management

    조성제 | 2010, 6(2) | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 39
    Abstract
    The management on these several kinds of disasters is directly linked to the nation's duty of protecting the people's basic human rights. This study suggested improvement plans for the currently legal systems on the disaster and safety control in such aspect as follows. First, as for the currently legal systems on the disaster and safety control, there is necessity for newly prescribing by clearly defining maximally. Second, the revision of legislation is needed through closely examining its provisions between the existing individual laws and between individual law and regulation order so that contradiction and vacuum cannot occur in applying the law on disaster and safety control due to the lack of connection between mutually individual laws. Given newly enacting legislation, the prudent enactment of legislation is thought to be necessary so that such contradiction and vacuum cannot occur through carefully examining with the existing legislation. Third, the necessity is in agreement in principle for legalizing the comprehensive national crisis management of including disaster and safety control because the excessive segmentation in legislative provision of individual sphere is thought to be undesirable in a sense of causing problems such as controversy over the concerned legislative application scope and ambiguity of responsibility. Fourth, the integrative anti-terrorism organization needed through integrating and analyzing all the information, in order to disclose and suppress terrorism in advance as for anti-terrorism activity, the enactment of the separately terrorism prevention law is considered to be needed that will support this. Fifth, there is necessity for establishing the comprehensive organization that the central government can manage and adjust several kinds of disasters. Sixth, In the private section, our country is also thought to be desirable to put agency of administering the guidance․volunteer training program on information sharing․role of volunteer group in the general disaster management agency.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Direction of Developing Integrated Information System of Natural Disaster for Local Governments Disaster Prevention Measures

    Jai Ho Oh | 김옥연 | 2010, 6(2) | pp.19~30 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study was carried to develop prototype integrated natural disaster information system, which was targeted at Busan for supporting to the action plan against disaster in that area. To develop the system, the already established technologies (meteorology, hydrology, IT infrastructure, network, web display) and existing infrastructure (high speed networks, cluster computing techniques) are fully utilized. This testbed, then, is operated into the administrative district in Busan by way of showing an example. In conclusion, by operating the prototype integrated natural disaster information system, it is possible to make a direction toward a future information system for the purpose of disaster prevention in Busan. Furthermore, this system will also be helpful to support the decision making and action planning through the improvement of the disaster prevention-related technique in Busan.
  • 3.

    A Study for Applying the System of U.S.'s CM(Consequence Management) to Korea - focused on WMD-CM

    은종화 | 2010, 6(2) | pp.31~50 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    After 9/11 terror, WMD threat has been not any more a threat in war but in peace; the term of Consequence Management (CM) was strongly appeared after 9/11. It has been mentioned on the Disaster Response System related with U.S.’s war on terror, WMD strategy documents, the manual of U.S. DoD, and the operation document of ROK-U.S. CFC. In this circumstance, it has been divided and developed into three domains: Disaster response system, National Strategy, and Military operations. U.S.’s WMD strategy has designed South Korea’s CM to be supported by FCM (Foreign Consequence Management) when a WMD accident occurs in Korea. The problem is that South Korea is not ready enough to accept the system of U.S.’s CM even though South Korea belongs to the zone of high WMD threat. South Korea’s well-build CM capacity, however, is required because it is National strategy and Disaster response assets for deterring North Korea’s WMD use and minimizing WMD damage. For this reason, to understand the system of U.S.’s CM and to accept it to South Korea’s Disaster response system and military operations leads to stronger WMD Disaster response capacity of South Korea. Therefore, the Government and MND should make a system and procedures for the connection between FCM of U.S. and CM of South Korea. To achieve this, implementing ROK-US Combined (civil-government-military) WMD-CM exercise is firstly needed.
  • 4.

    Analyzing the Disaster Victim's Quality of Life in the Case of Hebei Spirit Oil Spill

    Lee, Jae Eun | Hyun-jung Yoo | 2010, 6(2) | pp.51~75 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    In this paper, we have tried to search for the present condition of disaster victims' quality of life in Taean local government severely afflicted by the accident of Hebei Spirit oil spill disaster on 4 December in 2007 and would like to provide some good implications and policy suggestions for the devastated area's residents. For accomplishing the research goal, this paper reviewed the theoretical backgrounds about the QOL and the related states of arts with Hebei Spirit accidents, and developed and used the indicators for measuring the QOL in Taean as follows; health, economy, social, living, future, and government policy. In the results of analyzing the conditions of residents in disaster-afflicted area, all most all the indicators are affected negatively by the Hebei Spirit oil spill accident.
  • 5.

    Increase in Usage of Internet in Terrorism and Counter-measures

    김응수 | 2010, 6(2) | pp.76~90 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The modern terrorism is not limited to individual counties or organizations but occurs in transnational nature. The security environment and the paradigm of war has been changed especially after 9.11 crisis and Afghan-Iraq war. Along with the dramatic changes in the concept and the aspect of terrorism, the world has faced to various changes in communication over the centuries. As technology has progressed, terrorist groups have moved from the cassette tape era to that of videotape, and to that of the sophisticated options available across the internet. As the high-end technology has made progress and terrorists have taken advantages, internet has become as their 'nerve system.' Not only do they communicate through the internet, but use it for may different areas such as propaganda, transfer of funds, and installing holy-academies to support self-indoctrination of terrorists. By using the internet the terrorists wage psychological warfare to confuse their enemies and instill fear in the minds of the public. Such phenomenon has increased rapidly over after the events of 9/11 and has become a very important factor in transnational terrorism. However, even a decade after the terrorists or extremists mastered the use of the internet, government policy and decision-makers have done little to address the problem. Therefore, it requires more progressive actions from UN and other institutions that will influence governments to develop effective and enduring policies. Furthermore, each government should not only take their actions for a clear and distinct benefit for themselves, but also need to take their attitudes based on international law and prepare the restrictive counter-measures for the reason of peacekeeping.
  • 6.

    Analysis on the IED Threats of Redeploying ROK Forces in Afganistan and Its Countermeasures

    최진태 | 2010, 6(2) | pp.91~108 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    According to the Resolution of the UN Security Council and by the request of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, the Republic of Korea has decided to dispatch its troops to Afganistan again. The main purpose of the troops is to support the reconstruction and restoration activities. In recent, Taleban has gained its political and military influence over the Afganistan. However, the armies of the US, NATO and Afganistan have been suffering from inferiority in military strength against antigovernment rebel forces in Afganistan. As a result, the US government decided to send more troops up to 30,000 in November 2009. Under this circumstances, the Provincial Reconstruction Team(PRT) and the ROK troops will face an armed conflicts with Taleban, which is one of the bad scenarios for the ROK. After the starting their assignment, it is likely that Improvised Explosive Device(IED) might be one of the most serious risks of safety for ROK troops and PRT. In Iraq, the use of IED has steadily declined since the year of 2007, the major casualties are still coming from the IED attacks. On the other hand, the use of IED in Afghanistan has dramatically increased causing great concerns. It is said that IED will continue to threaten security forces in Afganistan. In this connection, with the re-dispatch of troops coming soon, analysis on the counter-IED operation capability and pre-preparation efforts should be taken. In the short term, establishment of IED response principle, threat evaluation of IED, introduction of counter-IED equipment and education on the responsive skills against IED have to be followed. In the long run, reinforcement of intelligence capability on the IED, comprehensive response organization against IED and military doctrine on the IED should be established.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Business Crisis Overcoming of the International Stadium in Local Society - Focused on the Subsequent Application of the Asian Games Incheon Facilities -

    Lee Chang-Kil | 2010, 6(2) | pp.109~138 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study attempts to provide the subsequent applications of the international stadium in local society as a cultural institutions that have a responsibility for the fulfillment of the welfare and benefit obligations. Also this study suggests several policy alternatives for the harmony of public interest and profitability of the citizens space. And suggests several requirements relating the management strategic planning. Results are as follow. First, The role must be adjusted according to the public interest and profitability between local governments and enterprises joined the development of stadium. Second, it needs integrated the mission, vision, strategies, indicators based strategic planning which are more appropriate to measure the actual performance from the high level goals to low level goals reflected policy priorities and adjusted weight and target. Strategic planning approach is important to help set priorities and allocate scarce resources in managing international stadium. Third, this study suggests several proposals such as the medical tourism, silver town, family tourism and urban forest as a public interest and profitability Facilities.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Lebelling Standards and Contents-Analysis of OTC in Korea, China, Japan and the United States

    Song Eugene | Hyun-jung Yoo | 2010, 6(2) | pp.139~162 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    The purposes of this study are to compare medicine management system and actual conditions of abservance of labelling in Korea with those in other countries. Consumer has no option but to depend on in-product labelling because of purchasing and using OTC(medicine for over the counter) without medical doctor or dentist's prescription. Therefore, it is required to have following qualifications to supply safety OTC to consumer. First, we need to set high standards of OTC labelling. Second, pharmaceutical company must follow OTC labelling rules. Third, consumer can fully understand the meaning of OTC labelling. To achieve this, we studied county medicine management system and comparative analysis on actual conditions of abservance of Korea, China, America and Japan. As a result, this research provides several implications. First, we need to develop a system for clear understanding the OTC directions. Second, it is important to raise consumers' understanding and read-ability of in-product directions. Finally, we need to improve the labelling method of packaging for better using OTC to consumer.
  • 9.

    Causal Mapping Process of Regional Tourism Development Threats

    유종서 | Koo Kyung Yeo | 2010, 6(2) | pp.163~180 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The initiative for this study was a need to understand the pitfalls of regional tourism development planning, in terms of long term planning at national and regional level. This endless planning is impacting on residents’ social lives and causing economic loss through planning delays. Finally, environmental damage may be a consequence of tourism planning if the project is not followed through in full for any reason. This study concentrates on the basic causes through background research into the characteristics of regional tourism development barriers. This will find cause and effect through constraints processing, which shows the relationship with other barrier factors. This study uses a causal map in order to examine the causes and results of barrier factors. Causal maps are used as a tool for analyzing dynamic problems and discussing the outcome of analyzed problems. Using this processes it is possible to figure out the technical solutions and to make informed decisions.
  • 10.

    A Study on Rational Allocation Standards of Disaster Relief Donations - Focused on Recipient, Time Lag for Payment, and Support Principles of Disaster Relief Donations -

    양기근 | 이은애 | 2010, 6(2) | pp.181~197 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Recently, there are lots of disaster victims from frequent disasters. Disaster victims are thirsty for any other people's interests and supports. But if outside aid would distribute without an rational allocation standards, we have been experienced conflict cases that many disaster victims have another pain and community was disintegrate under allocation of disaster aid and disaster relief donations. So, the purpose of this paper is to search the rational allocation standards of disaster relief donations by using analytic hierarchy process(AHP). To accomplish the purpose of this article, this paper deals with recipient, time lag for payment, and support principles of disaster relief donations. In order to measure relative importance of rational allocation standards of disaster relief donations, three measurement fields and nineteen measurement indices were developed. The major findings and results in this paper are as follows. First, time lag for payment has been perceived most important area among the rational allocation standards of disaster relief donations. Next, support principles has got the second grade importance. Finally, recipient has been perceived important standards as third priority grade among the rational allocation standards of disaster relief donations.
  • 11.

    The Emergency Management Measures for the Water Shortage by Climate Change

    Park Dong Kyun | Haengjun Lee | 2010, 6(2) | pp.198~213 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Water is becoming scarcer and scarcer, not only on the Korean Peninsula, but also across the globe, due to climate change. Water has already emerged a source of growth and development. Some peoples call water ‘blue gold’ comparable to ‘black gold’, or crude oil. Many global corporations are rushing to a ‘water war’ to make money, while a number of people are suffering from drought and a lack of water. The water shortage is a common global problem. Demand for water is expected to double in 35 years, but it is inevitable that the problem will exacerbate. About 550 million people currently live in countries undergoing water shortages. In Korea, residents in some parts of the country are grappling with drought. There are about 120,000 people suffering from water shortages in the nation. In this contexts, this study suggested the measures for the solution of the water shortage in Korea. The first, it is inevitable to devise a long-term plan to maximize the efficient management and use of water. Second, it is urgent to establish a better water service system to prevent a looming water crisis. Finally, water conservation campaign is required to change citizen's way of living and avoid the waste of water. The aim of campaign is to reduce the amount of water we all use at home and at work. The key to water efficiency is reducing waste not restricting use.
  • 12.

    Crisis caused by the development of biotechnology and legislative response

    정덕영 | 2010, 6(2) | pp.214~228 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Biotechnology is all the technology activities which are studied the phenomena of life and used the characteristics of it to enhance human welfare. Depending on the development of biotechnology, it is expected to be a key which can solve all human diseases, starvation, environmental pollution problems and etc, but at the same time it has many risks harmful to the human being. Those are the risk of human cloning, discrimination in employment and insurance due to misuse․abuse of genetic information, the risk of human health and environment caused by GMO(Genetically Modified Organisms), etc. In many major countries including Korea, they have been making legislative regulations to remove and prevent those biotechnology's risks. We should legislate to ban the application of biotechnology in principle. But considering the positive aspects of it, the exception should be allowed in the limited range to promotive human welfare. The development of biotechnology is fast and it is difficult to predict the risks. Therefore, the appropriate legislative regulations through careful observation and evaluation of international legislations are required. Only when we make national and social efforts to enforce legislative regulations, we ensure the safety of biotechnology and mark the progress of it.
  • 13.

    A Study on Promblem-Solving about Risk Factor in University Laboratory - Electrical Risk factor -

    이종호 | 2010, 6(2) | pp.229~238 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This paper conducts a survey of the actual status and analyze the risk level by conducting a questionnaire survey of the state of environment of research laboratories among MA and PhD graduate students in science and engineering who are engaged in research activity. In 2008, fourteen major accidents occurred, causing significant human or property damage. Due to the characteristics of university research laboratories, they are exposed to varied and complex experimental environment such as electric equipment, chemicals, gas, etc. related to experiment, and this creates many problems for managing and maintaining the safety of laboratories. The risk level is influenced by the disconformity between the objective risk of various factors and the subjective recognition, and in terms of this recognition, the characteristics of risk themselves that are inherent in various risks exert influence upon risk recognition. In respect to risk in university laboratories which are vulnerable to accidents, people engaged in research activity perceive at a lower degree the recognized level of risk due to the necessity and familiarity of everyday class in the laboratory. Further, the absence of training on risks in laboratories limits the risk information of people engaged in research activity, and thus there appears limitations of recognition capability, and such absence causes a person to overlook and pass over a range of risk factors in the laboratory which is a complex environment, and this leads to accidents. The study seeks to explore the actual state of safety awareness of people engaged in research activity based on a questionnaire on solving problems of risk factor. Moreover, the study seeks to utilize the results of research as basic data for safety management and training for laboratories.
  • 14.

    The Evolution of National Emergency Management from the Viewpoint of Public Administration - A Comparative Study of the UK, US, and Korea -

    정지범 | 2010, 6(2) | pp.239~254 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract
    Recent accident of the South Korean warship Cheonan causes a dispute of the national emergency management system. Worldwide, the paradigm of national emergency management system is changing from civil defence to civil protection. This trend means that the system transition from traditional bureaucracy to collaborative governance is under way in the viewpoint of public administration. This study investigate the transition process and their implication in the UK, the US, and Korea. Especially, the problem of overemphasis on command and control centered civil defence paradigm in the case of the accidents associated with the national security is suggested.
  • 15.

    Framing Emergency Management Knowledge Expansion within Current US Academic Curricula

    Janet Dilling | 2010, 6(2) | pp.255~277 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The field of Emergency Management is in a period of dramatic knowledge expansion. Practitioners from diverse public and private organizations and all levels of government are enjoying increased visibility and resources in combating a string of media enriched disaster events. A growing number of scholars and practitioners from multiple originating disciplines are bringing together an ever‐increasing body of written work to support the recognition of Emergency Management as a profession and as a field for academic inquiry. This development in the United States has been propelled by the expansion of Emergency Management issues across disciplines, the establishment of a large number of academic programs across the country, and increasing visibility of disaster and its consequences, including the most recent emphasis on terrorism and homeland security. Within the developing field, given the existing academic curricula, what are some of the core knowledge components of Emergency Management and what is the relative emphasis placed on each of the identified components. And within theses areas of emphasis, to what extent does the curricula content create intersection between originating disciplines and institutions of Emergency Management practice, or more plainly stated, between academics and practitioners.