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2010, Vol.6, No.3

  • 1.

    A Comparative Study on the Perception for Crisis Management Policy in Local Government

    이정균 | 2010, 6(3) | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study focused on "A Comparative Study on the Perception for Crisis Management Policy in Local Government" by selecting implementation process approach for improve effectiveness of Crisis Management Policy in Local Government. The ways of investigation are documentary research and Empirical Analysis. Using documentary research, we find policy according to each stage in crisis and research approach. And we choose Saundra K. Schneider's study that analyzed crisis norms and bureaucratic norms by using the crisis management policy implementation processes as the preliminary study. When cites Schneider's expression, crisis norms mean residencies' expectation on government implementations during the emergency and bureaucratic norms imply voluntary activities of government in crisis. In dimension of implementation processes, to succeed in crisis management policy means there is little cognitive gap between crisis norms and bureaucratic norms. In other words, as disparity within both groups is large, crisis management policy tends to fail according to proportionate gap. To accomplish the purpose of this study, storm Rusa occurred in 2002, caused great damage in Chungbuk area and storm Maemi happened in 2002 are chosen as the example cases. Based on two cases, we tested degree of gap between residencies' crisis norms who suffered damage and officers' bureaucratic norms in pertinent autonomy using the surveys. At the result of analysis, there are perceptional gaps between residential groups and official groups by showing difference in most measured index. It can be interpreted to have similar gaps at crisis norms and bureaucratic norms of each stage such as mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. This proves crisis management policy in local government is going down the tubes. However, the hypothesis that in the process of crisis management policy implementation processes, crisis norms may be regard mitigation and preparedness as important, yet bureaucratic norms may be consider response and recovery as more significant are not selected. When it comes to learning effect since storm Rusa and Maemi, both residential groups and official groups show perception that they can efficiently cope with sudden crisis than present disposal. In concluding, we know that there are similar gaps among each stage in crisis management policy implementation processes in local government such as mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. These limit toward achievement of goal in the process of the crisis management policy implementation processes in local government.
  • 2.

    The study on the Effectiveness Improvement of Fire Safety in Multiplex Available Premises

    Jin Chae | seongcheon woo | 2010, 6(3) | pp.30~44 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Multiplex available premises has structural issues that occurs suffocated casualties by massive smoke and poisonous gas when it is on fire, due to using diverse material to meet the customer’s preference by installing various interior material and decorations on the floor, the wall and from the ceiling. The aim of this study is to present effective fire-safety improvement plans for unspecific people as well as interested parties, based on the actual condition analysis of the safety management of multiplex available premises, which can minimize casualties or property damage through active and effective management when disaster, such as fire has occurred. Therefore, this study proposed building safety management system, electing safety manager, the importance of fire-safety education, report requirement when changing the structure or the use, and using inflammable interior material as effective fire-safety management plans for multiplex available premises.
  • 3.

    The Fire Safety Management of Multi-Use Facilities and Crisis Response Strategic

    이영철 | 2010, 6(3) | pp.45~62 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The Yonmenkaigi System Method was initially designed and used for collaborative action-plan development for a small group in community-citizen vitalization initiatives called machizukuri in a mountainous municipality of Chizu Town, Tottori, Japan. It is very important that the participants of Yonmenkaigi sharing role activities and communication of each group. The process of this method are divided as Field survey, SWOT analysis, making Yonmenkaigi chart, Debating and Presentation Action-plan. First of all, the participants visited the area related with topic and obtain the information through interview or questionnaire. Each participant is divided four groups and assigned to a particular role sharing activity not only according to their socio-economic status, but also on their talent, interest and ability. The next part of Yonmenkaigi is debating. Such process helps to identify the existing local knowledge and incorporative such knowledge into the action plan of the community. Participants discuss within their respective groups and plan the actions of their assigned role. Each group completes the articulation of its action components, debating among groups is carried out to enhance the collaborative action. The stake holders of Multi-Use Facilities make the action plan through the Yonmenkaigi workshop for improvement of fire safety plan in a time line. In conclusion, it may have meaningful that the decision of horizontal and bottom-up is better to establish the fire safety strategy rather than perpendicular method.
  • 4.

    Quality of Life in Taean Community after Hebei Spirit Oil Spill from the Viewpoint of Job

    Hyun-jung Yoo | Lee, Jae Eun | 2010, 6(3) | pp.63~85 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Although no one can be safe from a disaster, for it is a risk that is rarely experienced by only a few people in their life, no one intends to cope with it spontaneously. However, once a disaster occurs, victims would lose everything and can hardly recover their life to the status before the disaster. Therefore, supporting system shall be provided for victims to recover their ordinary life as fast as possible by observing and analyzing disaster victims’ life with continuous interests. So, the purpose of this study is to suggest the various alternatives for recovering the quality of life in Taean community that was devastated by Hebei Spirit oil spill disaster based on the grounded theory approach. Targeting the Taean residents, the victims of the Hebei Spirit oil spill which has come about on December 7, 2007, we have visited five disaster-sticken sites and conducted in-depth interviews with oil spill disaster victims about their quality of life using grounded theory approach. Through the process of open coding and axis coding, we extracted ten key categories by job and revealed a big difference between the viewpoint of the oil spill and the understanding for solving problems after the disaster according to the interviewee’s job.
  • 5.

    An Analysis of Conflict Types in Implementation Structure of Crisis and Emergency Management Policy

    SungSoo Byun | 2010, 6(3) | pp.86~102 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this article is to analyze the types of interorganizatioal conflict in policy process. The types of interorganizatioal conflict is very important because it contributes to set a fundamental direction of building a crisis and emergency management system and devising a conflict management strategy. For this purpoes, this research adopted a case study about the oil spill from Hebei spirit Tanker in the sea off Taean(December, 2007), the Trucker's Strike(June, 2008). To complement the case study, this research conducted in-depth interviews with a staff in charge related to the cases. this paper analyzed the cases from five aspects including behavior rationale and conflict types in implementing structure and law and system, organization, operation, strategy in a conflict management influencing factors. Behavior rationale that was a policy programme rationale and a organization rationale had an effect on subunits of organizations, and conflict types was divided into a power/interests pursuit conflict and a responsibility/loss evasion conflict. From the results, we found that a power/interests pursuit conflict occurred when implementing organizations had a policy programme rationale and a organization rationale, and a responsibility/loss evasion conflict occurred when implementing organizations had a organization rationale, in the most case. And a conflict management influencing factors had been not established almost with the exception of strategy.
  • 6.

    Classification of Landslide Occurrence using Statistic Analysis of Rainfall Data

    Jun Byong Hee | Namgyun Kim | 2010, 6(3) | pp.103~112 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Climatic factors are an important subject for a better understanding of hydrological response of landslide activity and are essential for developing warning system. In this paper, we proposed a method that incorporates antecedent rainfall accumulation and rainfall intensity to develop a landslide initiation threshold for the Korea. Hydroclimatic data were hathered for 18 rainfalls that triggered landslide and 17 storms that did not. Discriminant analysis is a technique for classifying a set of observations into predefined classes. Discriminant functions were developed for the landslide triggering and non landslide triggering storms with the antecedent rainfall accumulation variables and rainfall intensity variables. Discriminant function analysis classified the landslide triggering rainfall from those storms did not trigger landslide and classification results of 97.1% for the 38 cases were obtained with a satisfactory success rate. For the validation of suggested discriminant function, a heavy rainfall affected the Jecheon-si on July 14, 2009 occuring landslide and a large storm 'USAGI' on August 5, 2007 did not document landslide-triggering were applied to the discriminant function, and the calculated discriminant score shows good matching for the landslide occurring. These results show the possibility of prediction tool for the landslide occurring.
  • 7.

    A Study on Risk Perception of Community Youth

    이채식 | 2010, 6(3) | pp.113~131 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    To overcome serious risks in risk society, risk perception of youths are very crucial. The purpose of this study is to analyze risk perception of community youth. The data were gathered from students participating after-school academy program in elementary school and middle school with questionnaire. The results of this study are as follows; Firstly, risk perception of youth is rather higher than average point(2.5) and community youths perceive more risky about sexual criminology, criminology and traffic accidents in general life-world domains. Secondly, middle school students perceive more risky about war, sexual criminology, economic crisis than those of elementary school students. Thirdly, elder youths feel more risky about war, sexual criminology, economic crisis than those of younger youths. In conclusion, the study suggests that our society should extend political practices about general life-wold in risk domains for youth.
  • 8.

    From Tourism Event The Perceived Risk Affects in Attitudes and Visit Intentions

    Myoung-Jae Lim | 임미라 | 이영구 | 2010, 6(3) | pp.132~143 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is which sees the threatening factors who are various is the possibility of appearing from tourism event visit decision-making with attitudes of the tourist make the fact that examines affects in conduct intentions. The result of this study escaped 4 factor of perceived risk in tourism event field. The fact is financial risk, physical risk, society-psychological risk, and performance risk. The perceived risk of event and attitudes of event will be able to verify the fact that affects in visit intentions of the potential visitor.
  • 9.

    A study on the Assessment Variables and Method for the Crime Risk Assessment - Focused on the burglary composed of invasion and street crime

    Kang Seok Jin | LEE KYUNG HOON | 2010, 6(3) | pp.144~171 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    Since the increase of crime rate during the last 10 years, various plans for crime prevention have been applied, such as reinforcement of public security, CCTV installation, and the introduction of CPTED strategies. For the efficient application of crime prevention measures, crime analysis or crime risk assessment is necessary as the preceeding condition. Existing crime risk assessment was processed through the crime density analysis and the hotspot analysis with the criminal records. But criminal records have their limitations and not all the number of crimes committed are recorded, therefore, alternatives for the crime risk assessment are needed in case there is no criminal records, and also for areas that have undergone redevelopment (and reorganization) of the existing urban configuration, making the previous data meaninglessness. For this reason, it is essential that crime risk is assessed without criminal records. In consideration of the necessity and importance of crime risk assessment, they are being increased and a new method is proposed on this study that designated Multi-Layered Risk Assessment(MLRA) method based on GIS which can be applied to the controlled situations. Especially, because crimes such as burglary, pocket-picking, and street theft happened through environmental opportunities on the streets or intersections, MLRA method is applied on the urban block which is comprised of links and nodes. Crime risk assessment results by MLRA method is represented as risk grades summarized in four categorized risk indexes which included the sub-factor such as spatial configuration, land or architectural use pattern, street characteristic, and socio-demographic variables.
  • 10.

    Research in Behaviors and Satisfaction Levels of Fire & Emergency Expo Visitors - A Case Study on Samcheok International Fire & Emergency Equipment Expo 2008

    권건주 | 2010, 6(3) | pp.172~185 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This article reports the results of research aimed at analyzing visiting behaviors (Visiting purpose, duration, source of recognition, subject of interest, etc.) and satisfaction levels (Accessibility, promotion & guidance, contents, staff service, convenience facilities, food, etc.) of people who visited 'Samcheok International Fire & Emergency Equipment Expo 2008' from Oct. 14th, 2008 to Oct. 18th, 2008 (5 days). The results showed that the average satisfaction level of expo visitors was 4.75 out of 7. The highest satisfaction level was in contents of expo, which scored 5.14. It was followed by 5.10 in staff service, 4.90 in accessibility, 4.88 in promotion & guidance, 4.52 in convenient facilities, and 3.94 in food. The findings of this study suggest that the price and variety of food, and the quality of convenience facilities such as bathroom facilities, resting facilities, parking facilities the contents that showed the lowest satisfaction levels - should be improved if the city hosts another fire & emergency equipment expo in the future.
  • 11.

    An Analysis on the Fundamental Structure of the Crisis of Small and Medium Size Corporate- Focusing on the automobile industry

    위평량 | Kim,Sang-Jo | 2010, 6(3) | pp.186~205 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study was to analyze unfair subcontracting structure of small and medium size corporate and large enterprise. Theoretical frame for this analysis is based to method of industrial organization theory. In order to find unfair transaction behaviors between two group, we established an hypothesis of performance gap and analyzed whether extract various financial ratio of corporate and these ratio agree with the hypothesis. Findings of this study agreed almost actuality financial ratio of enterprises with hypothesis that we establish. Therefore, we reached conclusion that unfair subcontracting structure was adhered to in subcontracting transaction between large enterprise and small and medium size enterprises.
  • 12.

    Life Security Issue Study of the Disabled

    두오균 | 2010, 6(3) | pp.206~222 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    A movement is the unique function that it is of 1 for smooth society activity, and you are kept by all different activity to social each personal mobile movement. Ensure the unique rights that an individual has, and it is an important matter to be able to improve a social function you ensure rights of a movement, and to attempt increase.. The disabled are living for a long time in environments to be very difficult in order to to satisfy desire of a movement in case of our country. Roads and architecture have worked to facilities structure to complicate a movement of the disabled, and public transportation such as busㆍsubway does not think about mobile use of the disabled, and you are built, and you have been operated. For the disabled to lead a daily life as there is, is getting from a restriction to the only movement safe a life of various forms. It is it goes to a game-winning hit in life safety of the disabled, and to be. This is as welfare with the disabled and a facility are not thinking to concept of equality at the rights dimensions that are not an opportunity dimension regarding the disabled.
  • 13.

    Relationship with Stress from University Entrance Competitions, Self Esteem, Coping Strategy of High School Students in Korea

    劉婧 | 김봄메 | 신형섭 and 2other persons | 2010, 6(3) | pp.223~241 | number of Cited : 23
    Abstract
    To investigate the amount of stress that Korean high school students for university entrance competitions. The data was collected from 200 students at H high school in Seoul using questionnaires including the following : IES-R(Impact of Event of Scale - Revised), CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression), BAI (Beck Anxiety Inventory), PCI (Proactive Coping Inventory), SES (Self Esteem Scale). The average of psychological impact, depression, anxiety of university entrance competition was very severe. The results indicated that relationship with psychological impact, depression, anxiety, self esteem, stress coping strategy; positive relationship with self esteem and psychological impact, depression, anxiety; negative relationship with self esteem and proactive coping, relfective coping. We must acknowledge the fact that the amount of stress being received by high school students preparing for university entrance competitions is very severe. There should be active programs in high schools to alleviate this stress if we want to have brighter, healthier high school students in the future.
  • 14.

    Improvements of Danger Factors in The Disabled Education Right

    이현수 | 2010, 6(3) | pp.242~256 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This study had the purpose to research the legitimacy of the disabled education right and relevant danger factors, and to suggest improvements. The brief summary is as follows. First, the disabled education must start from the right whoever can be taught equally. It means that the disabled has his/her education right anytime and anywhere, and the right must be guaranteed by law. Second, for guaranteeing the disabled education right, it is important to implement the law. The law must not be the end as the law, but the start to guarantee the disabled education right. Educational institutions or central/local government is required to solve many tasks including the expansion of convenient facilities necessary for movement and access, the support of human, material and system necessary for teaching & learning, the improvement of vocational, lifelong educations and their evaluation methods, the practical operation of individualized education, the minimization of limited environments, the improvements for the disabled special admission system, the education support, and the parents' more active participation. Third, various institutionally, practically financial support for the disabled education must be more activated at the national level. The nation must recognize that relevant support system constructed by this time is limited to the level for each school's own performance, and understand that the national funding and support only enables to secure some convenience facilities for expanding the disabled education opportunity, and to activate the teacher & learning support system. Fourth, to guarantee the disabled students' education right, the government and each university must improve the special admission system for the handicapped, and set the budget for education environment