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2010, Vol.6, No.4

  • 1.

    Human Resources and Service Utilization of Older People Affected by Flood Disasters

    Soondool Chung | 김고은 | 2010, 6(4) | pp.1~16 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study was intended to observe the human resources and service utilization of the elderly who affected by flood disaster and to find factors influencing resource utilization of them. A total of 204 elderly people aged 65 and over who were directly or indirectly damaged by flood disasters in Pyungchang, Inje, and Gangwon province of 2006 and in Goheung and Jeju island of 2007 were selected for the study. A survey research method was used to collect data. According to the study results, elderly people are more likely to use formal human resources than informal human resources. Although the elderly were utilized basic life supplies and medical care and medicine supplies, they would like to utilize more information for family safety, accurate information for the situation, and psychological stabilization in the future. The factors influencing informal human resource utilization were social support as a coping strategy, self-rated health status, income, period of residence. The factor influencing formal human resource utilization was avoidance as a coping strategy, income, living arrangement. For past service utilization, social support and avoidance as a coping strategy appeared as significant variables. For future service utilization, social support as a coping strategy and period of residence were found as significant variables. In conclusion, the characteristic of elderly people should be considered to take measures to provide services to the flood disaster victims.
  • 2.

    A Critical Review of the Trends Crisis Management Research in Korea

    백진숙 | 2010, 6(4) | pp.17~28 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Crisis management has been mainly handled in the perspective of journalism and public administration. However there has not been reviewed how crisis management research is characterized in spite of 30 years of study in the field. This study looked into theses published in the past 10 years, 2001~2010 in order to understand academic and practical trends. The features resulting from the research can be mentioned as below. Firstly, crisis management theses are more noticeable in specialized graduate schools rather than doctor’s degrees and mater’s degrees in general graduate schools. It means that participated researchers doing theoretical study with hands on experience have been increasing recently. This result shows well that there are lots of interests in crisis management and its practical application in each structure of the society. Secondly, quantitative study with statistical methods such as a survey, interview of experts, experimental research in crisis management is being on the increase. In the early stage of crisis management, qualitative study such as a content analysis, documentary research and case study was mostly carried out. On the other hand, systematic analysis with qualitative study and scientific research method has been recently done in this field. It certainly leads to bring a development of the crisis management research. Thirdly, the field of crisis management is very limited today. Journalism focuses on countermeasures on public, while public administration deals with crisis management system. However it is evident that crisis management is not still positioned as an independent study. Therefore, a fundamental basis of the diverse studies should be settled.
  • 3.

    Analysis of an Expectation-Disconfirmation on Budgetary Decision-making Process in Disaster Management of Local Government

    JuHo Lee | 2010, 6(4) | pp.29~46 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Previous researches on domestic local governments’ disaster management have focused on local governments’ roles, responsibilities, and organization reinforcement and divided disaster management into four stages – prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery. However, this study focused on disaster management budgets, in particular, the operation of local governments’ prevention budgets and problems in recovery budgets, and examined the development of existing theories on budgetary decision-making. Thus, focusing on what factors influence local governments’ such attitude, this study attempted to identify the factors through examining local governments’ expectation-disconfirmation. In this process, we regarded local governments’ bureaucrats in related organizations and their councils as major budgetary decision-makers, and tried to analyze how local governments’ expectation-disconfirmation on the use of prevention budget and recovery budget in disaster management affects budgetary decision-making in connection to the local governments’ budgeting. Lastly, based on these results, we made suggestions for improving local governments’ budgetary decision-making in disaster management.
  • 4.

    Social Capital of Disaster Response Activity for Fire Service Organization

    박대우 | 2010, 6(4) | pp.47~66 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is social capital analysis for effcient disaster response of fire service organizations. By putting together with social capital and related theory and analyzing the private social capital for disaster response can draw the implications. The study analyze the social capital in disaster response phase through the two cases. The breakdown of Sampoong Department Store in 1995 and the conflagration of Daegu Subway in 2003. It is considered necessary to develop effective disaster responses by making up social capital such as trust, network, reciprocity, and participation between the disaster-response officials of fire service organizations and other public sectors like police, military, and municipality. Also, constructing social capital between fire-fighting and private organizations is considered to be the scheme for enhancing the effectiveness of disaster responses in future. Not only bridging fire service organizations with public sectors and linking them with private sectors, but also constructing social capital between public and private organizations outside fire-fighting ones are considered possible to be the important factor.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Mutual Restriction between General and Special Disaster Management under the Uncertain Situation - The Case of Sungnyemun's Collapse by the Arson Attack-

    Jaeho Seo | 정지범 | 2010, 6(4) | pp.67~82 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    This study tries to find out the mechanism to restrict effective disaster management analyzing the case of Sungnyemun's collapse by the arson attack. For this we proposed a theoretical and analytical framework that disaster management operates under highly uncertain situation and for disaster management aimed at special objects under uncertainty mutual restriction between general disaster management and specific disaster management obstruct effective management. Based on the case analysis we proposed two the implications for effective disaster management; first when managing disaster of special objects government have to always harmonize and connect special and general management institutionally: second, this connection should be implemented in the local level which can connect practically between specialty and generality.
  • 6.

    A Study of patient-transfer Step in 119 Emergency Aid Team

    Jeong Gi Sung | 김형두 | 조태제 | 2010, 6(4) | pp.83~92 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The fire-fighting Authority is carrying out Emergency Aid System 119 in Korean government which tries to realize personal healthcare, the increased concern about Safety and Well-being country caused by the improvement of National Income according to the industrialization to provide the people with the service on stabilized life. A lot of fires, different disasters, and traffic accidents are due to increasing the demand in Emergency Aid. In addition, the increase in the elderly people caused by the aging of the population and the augment of the solitary old persons got to the preparation for another Emergency Aid System. The Emergency Aid System in Fire-Fighting Administration has received heating response from many people since 1981. However, many problems are taking place in the process of executing Emergency Aid Affairs. Accordingly, this thesis is to aim at analyzing the problems happening in the Transfer Step of 119 Emergency aid Team and seek the suitable solutions.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Development of Water Level Forecasting Model for Flood Forecasting and Warning

    Jun Kye Won | 2010, 6(4) | pp.93~104 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Due to recent unusual climate change, flood happen frequently in Korea. Heavy rainfall increase the damage caused by the flooding. It is cause heavy losses of both life and property every year. Flood hazard mitigation measures consist of structural and non-structural mitigation. Most of flood disaster predictions belong to non-structural mitigation. Neural network is proper to solve non-structural problem. Because it is consider only inputs and outputs to construct model. Real-time water level forecasting model was used to construct artificial intelligence neural network. and it was applied to be a highly suitable tool producing a high water level stage forecasting accuracy at Gidae(No.2) of Bocheong stream, which is IHP representative basins. As a result, neural network was proved to be outstanding model for the water level forecasting in the Bocheong stream catchment.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Planning of the Efficiency Emergency Health Medical Organization System about New Influenza - Focused on the DaeguㆍGyeongbuk area-

    Kim,Taeyeol | 2010, 6(4) | pp.105~118 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The study is to be offered as the title of a study on the planning of the efficiency Emergency health medical organization system about new influenza. in the concrete, the purpose of the research is to ofter the basic data to the about Emergency management system which concern organization, human network, Emergency broad area hospitals network for new influenza The major results of the study were as follows; First, The analysis of morbidity about new influenza in universal is american 2,328, brazil 1,632, mexico 909, arhentina 617, canada 418 ,spain 271, italy 210, korean 170 persons. Second., The organization of a wide area city is composed of new influeniza. in the concrete, administration medical human system is composed of internal medicine doctor, general surgery doctor, pediatric doctors, obstetric gynecology doctor, psychiatrics doctor, preventation medicine doctor, health center leader, pharmacist. Third, A broad area hospitals of emergency medical influenza network is composed of medical support center and administration support center, medical support center. medical support center is composed of medical examination team, emregency management team, diagnostic examination team, image medicine team administration support center is composed of general affairs team, hospital affairs team, administration team, phamacy team, nurse team. Fourth, The emregency network hospitals of daegu city be composed of kyungbuk university hospital, keimyung university hospital, yeungnam university hospital, daegu catholic university hospital,daegu verterans hospital. the emregency network hospitasl of kyungbuk be composed of kyung-ju Dong-guk university hospital, An-dong hospital gu-mi Sooncheon-hyang university hospital, po-hang seong-mo hospital.
  • 9.

    Natural Resources Liaison Package Deal Program of International Cooperation for Climate Change Adaptation

    강부식 | 2010, 6(4) | pp.119~138 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Contrary to advanced countries that have social systems for adapting to climate change through structural or nonstructural measures, African countries and south eastern underdeveloped countries are facing relatively direct and high climate change impacts even though they have contributed marginal cause in greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore it is more urgent to support climate change adaptation program in those countries from international organization than do carbon mitigation policy. In this research, the 11 water issues included in MDG(Millenium Development Goals) were assessed qualitatively in terms of relativeness to water resources policy, academic exchange, water related construction market. In addition, the detailed cooperation strategy in the area of disaster prevention, climate change, water supply and sanitation, IWRM(Integrated Water Resources Management), international trans-boundary river were suggested. In particular, the package deal program coupling domestic natural resources security with water resources development in underdeveloped countries was suggested. For the purpose of that, recent investment examples by Chinese and Israeli enterprize in the Peoples Republic of Congo were provided, and the needs for the incentive program leaded by the international organization, converting carbon mitigation into the incentives for water resources development.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Problems and Improvement for Effective Marine Safety Management System

    양기근 | 김형두 | 정원희 | 2010, 6(4) | pp.139~156 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    To use the coast as our country economically, so rare countries with a high percentage. Then I thought the frequency of maritime safety and the interest is also high. Especially after on December 7th 2007 the Hebei Spirit oil spill accident, opportunity to prepare problems of marine safety and policy alternatives for improving the ability of coastal prevention were prepared. For maritime safety and accident prevention, components which does effectively a role such as techniques in order to vessels, navigation equipments, excellent professional staff, traffic control were institutionalized and each of the elements as biological system must possess organic system. In other words, the prevention, preparedness, response and recovery phase of maritime safety management should be systematic management. First, the ship of the facility safety enhancement, efficient vessel traffic management, aggressive coastal waters safety management and settlement of safety culture, voluntary safety management system of shipping company, development for the prevention and preparedness of marine safety must be made. Second, when maritime accidents have happened, capability of systematic maritime safety such as improvements of operational capability in rescue equipment, establishment of public-private cooperation and international cooperation, etc. to minimize damage and enable rapid rescue should be strengthen.
  • 11.

    Relative Importance of the Cyber Crisis Management Activities of Educational Administrative Institutions in Korea

    류영은 | Lee, Jae Eun | 2010, 6(4) | pp.157~174 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this article is to analyze the perception of the information officers who are in charge of computer and cyber security jobs in educational administrative institutions on the cyber crisis management activities in order to perform the cyber crisis management effectively in educational administrative institutions. Relative importance perception of the experts on the cyber crisis management activities has been analyzed through AHP design. Based on this analysis, the major findings for improving the effectiveness of the cyber crisis management are as follows; First, we need to introduce the education and workshop regarding cyber crisis and countermeasures. Second, we must educate the experts and perform the technical training for the experts. Third, we need to expand investment in information protection. Fourth, we need to specify the roles and responsibilities of each department in cyber crisis. Fifth, we have to restructure the organizations which individually manage related laws and regulations and business functions so that we can establish a dedicated organization with the authority and responsibility and legislate the integrated law for the legal ground of quick response. Sixth, it is needed that we appoint and manage information infra of educational administrative institution that is in charge of education as major information communication infra.
  • 12.

    Risk analysis in digital TV transition in Korea

    Insook,Jung | 2010, 6(4) | pp.175~190 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study explores risks in digital TV transition and analog switch off process in Korea. The serious risks with the transition identified by the study include digital coverage problems, interrupted access of millions over-the-air households and difficulties in upgrading communal TV system that enable TV signal to be received by an antenna, and then relayed to the flats in a building via an electronic distribution system. Second, the risks in DTV transition trial is related with a tight budget to support vulnerable people, to improve viewer awareness and to prepare for rapid response to problems. We use policy Delphi which seeks to generate differing opinions and divergent response on the risks in DTV transition from an expert panel. In the results, we suggest that there must be plans in place to respond rapidly to those most vulnerable populations who end up losing service, so that they get the education and assistance they need. In addition to an aggressive ongoing monitoring and the efforts of risk management for the transition stages, the administration must allocate additional funds to ensure that all viewers can make the transition to digital TV service.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Development of Architectural Design Guidelines of Super High Rise Buildings for Protecting from Terrorism - Focussed on the 1st and 2nd Layers of Defence-

    Kang, Kyung-yeon | lim dong hyun | 김정석 and 1other persons | 2010, 6(4) | pp.191~216 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is, focussing on the 1st and 2nd layers of defence, to deduce architectural design guidelines of super high rise buildings for protecting from terrorism. For this objective, 3 design considerations for 1st layer of defence and 5 for 2nd layer were developed and for each consideration several architectural design guidelines were deduced on the basis of FEMA Risk Management Series. Using these considerations and guidelines, the level of protection from terrorism of 6 typical urban high rise buildings in Seoul were investigated. Upon investigation, there were several vulnerable factors to the bomb attack: stand-off distance between the building and the adjacent road or building, entry control, vehicular access to the parking.
  • 14.

    A Study of Life Risk factors of the disabled in the perspective of consumer

    Kim,Sung Sook | 2010, 6(4) | pp.217~238 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the life risk factors of the disabled in the perspective of consumers. This study focused on the physical and economic risks that were experienced by the disabled. The 2008 Disabled Persons Survey's statistics which was implemented by Ministry of Health and Welfare of Korea were used to find the life risk factors of them. The research findings were as follows. First, the physical risk factors of the disabled consumers were in-home accident risk, residence environment risk, mobility accident risk in the road and transportation, and public facilities physical risk. Second, the economic risk factors of the disabled consumers were the high possibility of dropping to the poor class, the financial stress of medical cost and the taxes and public charges, and credit problems. Third, the another economic risk factor of the disabled consumers was the discrimination of consumption, I. e. discrimination of education services, insurances, public services, etc. On the other hand, the laws and rules to reduce the physical and economic risk factors of the disabled were already established, that is 'Act on Disabled Persons Welfare', 'Act on prohibition of Disabled Persons Discrimination and Rights Relief','The Mobility Enhancement for the Mobility Impaired Act',etc. But due to the insufficiency of government's budget for the disabled, the improvement to reduce the life risks of them were accomplishing step by step.
  • 15.

    Governance for Risk Communication in Food Safety Regulation

    Dong-Won Kim | 2010, 6(4) | pp.239~254 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to design the governance model desirable for communication between government and citizens in food safety regulation. To do so, it compared Korea, Japan, and UK cases with a focus on a UK case, one of the most advanced models. In the process of the regulation, risk management as a policy function bases on the results of risk assessment as a research function. UK FSA attempts not only to draw the result of risk assessment on a scientific ground, but also to keep its organic links with policy outcomes. In particular, coordination works through the mechanism of risk communication, in which a diversity of stakeholder participate. It prevents the situation when negative social ripple effects, following policy outcomes, may spread due to the lack of trust.
  • 16.

    Direction of Climate Refugee Emergency Management

    Park Dong Kyun | 조성제 | Soung Jea Hyen | 2010, 6(4) | pp.255~270 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Climate refugee began to appear due to climate change in the whole world. It seems that there will not be many countries that can offer more funds and places for protecting climate refugees, which occur owing to climate change. Under this background, this study examined a problem about climate refugee according to climate change. The task, which will need to be done preferentially to solve a problem about climate change, is what recognizes and accepts climate refugee by which each country of the world fixes up the domestic law. And, it is what makes the international convention system launched with a purport of sustainable progress by developing the Climate Change Convention in 1992. Finally, What is important given establishing policy for emergency management of climate change or climate refugee is how to respond to global warming, and to lack of resources according to it, to abnormal climate, and to a rise in disease. It is actually connected with social․political․economic factors that are buried in the base of climate change.