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2011, Vol.7, No.3

  • 1.

    A Study on Crime Risk Perception Of Community Resident - The Analysis of Determinants of Specific Fear of Crime -

    Ryu Junhyuk | Seung min Jeong | 2011, 7(3) | pp.1~24 | number of Cited : 23
    Abstract
    For several decades, a body of literature has emerged to identify determinants of fear of crime under various models. However, few studies have explored determinants of specific fear of crime. To fill the void of previous researches, this study tried to test the determinants of general and specific fear of crime under three models (Victimization model, Disorder model, and Social integration model). On the basis of survey data on 1,230 randomly selected at Daegu, logistic analysis found that some findings are consistent with previous studies, but the others are not. The effects of the variables in the specific fear of crime model are different in magnitude but the findings show that similar factors predictor fear of crime. However, this study found that some factors only affect on the specific fear of crime. For example, married people are afraid more than not married people for a home burglary and a home. Further, this study found that, contrary to expectation, people who perceive more disorders feel less fear of crime, and social bonds have different influences on specific fear of crime.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Building of Crisis Administration Capacity in Local Government of Korea - The Case of Japan and the Insights-

    이호동 | 2011, 7(3) | pp.25~48 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    Despite the importance of crisis management, crisis management agencies and programs have not received the political and fiscal support that they should have. The capacity of government to cope with crisis depends on how seriously the government thinks about this particular issue. A further important things that the relationship between local and central governments is the central issue, and local governments need to have their own strong crisis management systems, which will allow them not to rely heavily on central government when the crisis occurs. Local governments need to have their own crisis management institutions. Therefore decentralization is important in crisis empower local governments so that they have discretion in their decision making, but also provides more budget, human resources. Trained personnel are no less a resource than specialized equipment. Lastly, governments out to threat crises and disaster like the treat any other policy sectors such as education, health, or agriculture, and so on.
  • 3.

    Crisis Intervention Models: A Comparison of Six Models for Improving Mental Health of Disaster Victims

    한재은 | Soondool Chung | 김고은 | 2011, 7(3) | pp.49~70 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to increase the necessity of crisis intervention model for disaster victims and to facilitate the understanding of six crisis intervention models. This study introduced these six models: CODE-C DMHSD(CODE-C A model for disaster mental health service delivery), CISM(Critical Incident Stress Management), CISD(Critical Incident Stress Debriefing), CCP(Crisis Counselling Assistance and Training Program), Debriefing, Psychological First Aid(PFA). The dimensions of comparison for crisis intervention models are intervention purpose, intervention period and range, subjects of intervention, intervention content and phase, characteristics, effectiveness, strengths, and limitations. This study showed that professionals for disaster area should select an appropriate model fitted to crisis situation among six crisis intervention models. Implications for crisis model development were discussed.
  • 4.

    Analysis of Influencing Factors on Collegian' Consciousness of the Drunken Driving

    Park Dong Kyun | Haengjun Lee | 2011, 7(3) | pp.71~86 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study analysed the influencing factors on collegian' consciousness of the drunken driving. The influencing factors on collegian' consciousness of the drunken driving of the total variance regression analysis(R2) is shown as 44.9 percent, F value 43.796, significant regression equation is high(p<.000). Also "drunken driving purpose(.420)", "perceived behavioral control(-.202)" is found to have statistically significant. These results can be found in a large proportion of driving fatalities compare to the number of traffic accidents caused by the 20s'-who are university students- drunken driving. That is because the 20s have a tendency to overestimate their driving skills, and they are unaware of importance of legal compliance. For this age group, individualized education and prevention programs are needed to encourage the society's values, social roles and responsibilities as a member of the community. Especially, raising their control over their behavior by be aware of responsibility for drunken driving. is the most important thing.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Problem and the Improvement of the Qualification of Security Leader

    백석기 | Sungjin.Lee | 2011, 7(3) | pp.87~108 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Korea's security instructor qualification is started in 1997 and have been performed 13 times so far now. If you examine the Security Industry Act Article 13 paragraph 3, you must find that this examination is easy to obtain a certificate for police or military's experience. Many police apply for the test to obtain certificate. because they think it is good for after their Retirement. Based on analysis of police statistics 2009, the total number of security companies is 3,270, the number of guards who are working is 146,000 people. But the annual exemption for a primary test is only 0.5%. And who have a primary exemption with the university courses and private security experience is only 33 people from 2007 to 2009. For developing security instructor qualification, people who have a private security experience obtain the opportunity to certify the qualification license easily. Police and security-related university graduates who have a long experience in security must have a opportunity to a primary test exemption. And many private security guards get a exemption for a primary test. that can lead the growth Korea's security business. Compared to the case of foreign Qualification of Security Leader, they demand for an experience and expertise of security.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Present Condition of Suicidal Injury in Busan Metropolitan City

    Bae Jeong Yee | Park Hyun Joo | 2011, 7(3) | pp.109~126 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    In this study, we used three surveillance data in 2008~2009: National Statistical Office, National Police Agency, and Major General Hospital's Emergency Medical Center in Busan. Using these Surveillance data, we analyzed annual status of suicidal injury in the point of sex, age, occupation, and cause of suicide. We identified high risk group that it was man, unemployed, elderly person, also it was the most frequent cause of suicide by psychological problems. However, among 65 and older were the highest death rate due to suicide by physical illness. This study gave a very useful and important data to prepare suicide prevention program and prepare suicide prevention strategies.
  • 7.

    Educational Discrimination in the Law of Prevent Discriminating the Disabled and Suggesting the Future's Tasks

    이현수 | 2011, 7(3) | pp.127~138 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The purposes of this study are to consider disabled children's educational discrimination in the law of prevent discriminating the disabled and suggest the future's tasks. The law which prevents discriminating the disabled has been fulfilled for 3 years, but if examining forms of petitions discriminating the disabled in the section of 2010's Education Ministry of National Human Rights Commission of Korea, it showed the part of convenience provision for classes·tests evaluation (12 matters, 21.8%), approach and using of facilities and others (11 matters, 20%) in order. The problems can be suggested as followed, focusing on prevention of educational discrimination and duty of providing proper convenience in Article 13 and 14 of the law which prevents discriminating the disabled. The first, the regulation for concrete fulfillment of proper convenience for roles of people in charge of education, their limitation of responsibilities, etc. must be suggested. The second, educational institution suggested in law must recognize that the standard establishing support system is a militation that school can fulfill by themselves for physical convenience support, teaching-studying support, supporter arrangement, employment and career support, etc. And, they also must secure support and finance of nation.
  • 8.

    The Effect of Behavior of Radiographic Safety Control on Anxiety and Depression in Dental Health Professional

    장종화 | Sangyup Lee | 2011, 7(3) | pp.139~152 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    This study was to determine the level of behavior of radiographic safety control and to investigate the effect of variables related occupational exposure on anxiety and depression in dental health professional. A survey questionnaire was mailed to dental health professional from April 4 to May 15, 2010. The subjects were 256(56.9%), who were worked in dental hospital and clinic with mean age of 31.09±7.75. Behavior of radiographic safety control were knowledge, recognition, self control, Recognition level of patients & guardians of radiation exposure. It consists of 14 items, and anxiety and depression were measured using 14 items each with 5-point likert scale. The data were analyzed with t-test, one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression using the SPSS WIN 17.0 program. Regarding anxiety and depression, the subjects was a mean of 2.54 and 2.68 out of a maximum 5 points. The level of recognition of occupational exposure a mean of 3.69 out of a maximum 5 points. The behavior of radiographic safety control, age, work experience of radiography, job, marital status and gender had a significant impact on anxiety and depression in dental health professional. Based on the findings, behavior of radiographic safety control is strongly associated with anxiety and depression. These results suggest that health promotion should be considered various factors related occupational exposure in dental health professional.
  • 9.

    Analysis of the Partnership for Local Emergency Medical Service in Korea

    김유호 | 2011, 7(3) | pp.153~170 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study started from the problem that Korean emergency medical service systems, which are for people’s health and medical service, are integrated compared to those in developed countries and there are few local emergency medical service systems based on cooperation among public sectors, private sectors, and NGOs. According to the results, the effectiveness of local emergency medical services was influenced most positively by the participation factor(b: 0.250, β: 0.248), which was followed by the planning factor(b: 0.224, β: 0.218), the integration factor(b: 0.201, β: 0.207), and the cooperation base factor (b: 0.167, β: 0.149). However, the resource factor and the situation factor did not have a significant effect. This result shows that what is most important for strengthening the partnership of local emergency medical services is the participation of a large number of institutions and, moreover, it is necessary to make plans for cooperation among the participant institutions and to integrate for role allocation. For the effective formation of disaster management communities for local emergency medical services in the future, it is most necessary to build trust among institutions. In addition, public and private sectors should exchange substantial personnel and material resources, and make analysis and judgment on disaster and medical situations jointly. Another keen requirement is regular integrated training. Furthermore, it is necessary to organize a consultation body for coordination among institution and to induce the participation of specialists from private sectors.
  • 10.

    The Sociological Research of Poverty and Crime in the Delinquent Subculture Theory

    김영제 | Pan Suk Kim | 2011, 7(3) | pp.171~184 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study discusses the correlation between social classes and crime within a community in terms of crime occurrence and its control from the socio-economic aspect, and the relationship between poverty and crime with a focus on the delinquent subculture theory in terms of legal consciousness and class conflict. According to the theory, the lower-class members try to achieve success legitimately in a society where the middle class values are dominant, but they become frustrated and express aggression against the middle class norms which have caused them frustration. Furthermore, they even commit crimes to achieve their desired goals. In that, the statistics support the delinquent subculture theory which Cohen argued. Based on the correlation between poverty and crime, this study stresses multi-disciplinary discussion using comprehensive approaches to socio-environmental factors in crime studies, social welfare, and effective social safety nets to reduce poverty.
  • 11.

    A Comparative Study on the Designation and Control of Terrorist Organizations between the United States and the United Kingdom

    최진태 | 2011, 7(3) | pp.185~202 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The terrorist organization is a main component of terrorism. In order to meet the challenge coming from the terrorism, the detailed understanding of terrorist organizations is critical. In addition, the system for the effective monitoring and control of the terrorist organizations is urgently required. For this purpose, national governments such as the United States and the United Kingdom, maintain a designated or proscribed lists of terrorist organizations, where the proscription has a significant impact on the group's activities. The United States has designated a list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) since 1997. The FTOs are foreign organizations that are designated by the Secretary of State in accordance with section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), as amended. FTO designations play a critical role in his fight against terrorism and are an effective means of curtailing support for terrorist activities and pressuring groups to get out of the terrorism business. The United Kingdom also has monitored the activities of international and domestic terrorist groups with a lists of Proscribed Organizations. When reviewing potential targets, the United States looks not only at the actual terrorist attacks that a group has carried out, but also at whether the group has engaged in planning and preparations for possible future acts of terrorism. or retains the capability and intent to carry out such acts. The United Kingdom, according to the Terrorism Act, the Home Secretary has the power to maintain a list of proscribed groups that he believes are "concerned in terrorism". The act of being a member of, or supporting such a group, or wearing an item of clothing such as "to arouse reasonable suspicion that he is a member or supporter of a proscribed organization" is sufficient to be prosecuted for a terrorist offence. The control system of terrorist organizations of the both governments has been proved as an effective apparatus in the fighting against terrorism. The Republic of Korea has suffered from the increasing terrorist attacks since 2001. However, he has no control system of terrorist organizations. In this connection, the Republic of Korea should consider the system for designation of terrorist organizations to meet the terrorist threat effectively.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Effective Countermeasures against Earthquake Disaster

    장정태 | 김대원 | 2011, 7(3) | pp.203~222 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Looking at recent earthquake disaster, the damage was too big vigilant awareness of natural disasters and it has significantly memorial to remind us. Especially, Recent Earthquakes in Japan. have occurred the tsunami and the radiation damage of nuclear power plants. So, we need to require more attention and appropriate countermeasures, because our country is not an absolute safe zone of earthquake. Therefore we need to understand earthquake in detail, this paper analyzed the definition, the phenomena, the cause, the analysis of historical data in Korea of earthquakes, and if an earthquake occurs, how about we should do the appropriate countermeasures with the default behavior according to location, also, presents to reduce earthquake disasters with the earthquake management system, seismic strengthening design, rapid response Team at the Fire Administration, and the multi task team for effective recovery in earthquake disaster fields under the regional chief fire fighter.
  • 13.

    Study on Analyzing Characteristics Which Causes a Debris Flow - Focusing on the Relation with Slope and River -

    Jun Kye Won | Oh ChaeYeon | Jun Byong Hee | 2011, 7(3) | pp.223~232 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Because of localized torrential downpour, typhoon and other factors by the changes in climate, there have been slope failures, landslides and debris flows, which caused huge economic loss and human victims. Especially, because the most area of Gangwon province is composed of the steep sope mountains, the damages by the debris flow or landsliding are more frequent and frequency has been inreeased. To analyze the cause of such soil disaster, research using GIS and remote sensing is in process recently. In this study, to investigate the characteristic of the region where debris flow occurs, we analyzed the image before and after the occurrence of debris flow in Mt.Gari, Inje-Gun, Gangwon-do. By this analyzing, we extracted disaster zone and digitized it. Using digital map, we also formed DEM, extracted targeted basin, collected and analyzed spatial data to conduct hydrological and geopolitical analysis by debris flow-occurrencing areas. We conducted correlation analysis considering slope and distance from river as well. As a result, the mean slope of initiation was 29°, the mean slope of transport was 23° and the mean slope of deposition was 12°among the characteristics causing debris flow. Analysis about Butter Zone which composed along river valleys showed that 79 of 114 points where debris flow and landslide occur are in the Buffer Zone which includes river.