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2012, Vol.8, No.3

  • 1.

    An Exploratory Study on the Influencing Factors of Citizen's Perception of Social Safety and Risk : With a Focus on Regional Governments

    Jaeho Seo | Lee, SeungJong | 2012, 8(3) | pp.1~20 | number of Cited : 23
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examined influencing factors of citizen's perception of social safety and risks with a focus on regional governments. For this we built 48 panel data sets based on 16 regional government for 3 years. As influencing factors we proposed economic, social, managerial factors based on pervious research. We found out that income level of household influenced positively on the perception of social safety and negatively on that of social risk. And unemployment ratio and population of female in a region influenced positively on the perception of social risk. Because the effects of budget for social safety of a regional government showed competing results, we need further study on the influence of budget for social safety on the perception of social risk and safety. As control variable, political factor which is relationship crisis of north korea influenced negatively on the perception of social safety. Based on this exploratory study we need to propose more elaborative model to measure influencing factors of citizen's perception of social risk and safety.
  • 2.

    The Study of Change Motives to Sustainable Development and Systematic Foresight Model: Around Loveridge's Foresight Theory & Drive Set

    LEE DONG KYU | 김철희 | Choonseok Kim | 2012, 8(3) | pp.21~44 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Since complexity characteristics of system that earth and sustainability continue by Huggett are refered first, discussions about development that do existing human circumstance and sustainability and continuance possibility are gone. This study progressed study that is current trend of opinion what change same persons who development that future generations satisfies own claim, and does continuance possibility with these discussions should considers so that is possible are. First to specific contents, confirm concept because adjusts existent discussion about sustainability and sustainable development and draws mode of life economics connected with this and map(map) for macroscopic system from industry mode of life school register viewpoint. Second, with macroscopic system, extract substance of microscopic low rank system in same persons who should be considered by human's long-term claim. Third, wish to suggest study plan for estimate complex world future the future because considers macroscopic system map and microscopic same persons and forecast about circle the future. This study approaches in side that is search in dynamic change of response variables that is not positive access through past empirical study, and accomplishes whole system. Therefore, this study present necessity of study and study plan that is intention the future through result of this study. This study used system thinking and simulation technique recognizing link pattern mutually between element by method of study for this. In this study, I wish to discover feedback structure that makes person and map and is indwelled to system taking advantage of system dynamics technique.
  • 3.

    A Study on Learning Process and Policy Change by Analyzing the Case of Sungraemun Fire Event : Using Birkland's Policy Learning Model

    Jong-Youl Lee | 손원배 | 2012, 8(3) | pp.45~66 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The Sungraemun fire event as a focus event was expanded to a social issue and led to growth of public attention. In this process, news media played an important role in moving this event toward a critical agenda. Many professions were mobilized in the process of policy agenda formation and discussed a variety of ideas critically and suggested many policy alternatives. These alternatives were moved toward policy change as a result of policy learning for the revision and complement of existing policies. The specific evidence of policy change as a result of policy learning is that a new law was passed and new policies were implemented. But, policy advocacy coalition which takes initiative the change - inside government, outside - and mobilization group in the debate process of focus policy agenda was not formed. there fore, some suggested alternatives like "local Cultural Heritage Administration" were faded away to keep pace with the decreasing - on the news media and - on the public debate arena. Meanwhile a large scale focus event moved to a social issue, learning informations which were closely related to policy agenda were cycled through accumulation accrued from the debate of past thought.
  • 4.

    A Study on Official Sources and Non-official Sources in Coverage of Natural Disaster Crisis: Focused on Citizen-generated Contents

    Jaewoong Yoo | 조윤경 | 2012, 8(3) | pp.67~84 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    This study explores the use of citizen-generated content in coverage of natural disasters which result in a type of crisis situations. During coverage of the heavy snow in 2010 and heavy rain in 2011 in Seoul, the authors examine the media's use of both official versus non-official sources and the use of technology sources. Using a content analysis of newspapers and the TV news website, results of this study revealed that reporters were more likely to use non-official sources, and less likely to use citizen-generated contents, or non-official technology sources. The citizen-generated contents were more likely to be used in straight news about the damage. These results implicate that crisis managers need to utilize social media to communicate their messages successfully during a crisis.
  • 5.

    Searching for the Role of Social Enterprise in Creating Women-friendly Safety City: Focused on AHP of Safety City Design

    Kim, Hak-sil | JuHo Lee | 2012, 8(3) | pp.85~104 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of article is the developing policies of safety city design against the women-friendly. Simultaneously, this study is that search for the role of social enterprise in creating women-friendly safety city. To achieve this, it is that analyzed AHP for women living safety in a city. In the results of analyzing the priority of factors, which were perceived important by specialists for women living safety in a city. The importance of the police action and secure facilities at living space was recognized relatively very highly. In addition, the results of measuring for each city space type were as follows. The importance and priority for women living safety in a city was high in order of living space→public facilities→neighborhood facilities. For this reason, this study is suggested that considers the city design based on the city space type to create women-friendly safety city. Also, in women-friendly safety city, the social enterprise is necessary to search for the role of providing the safety services for women living safety.
  • 6.

    The Trends of Crisis Emergency Management Research in Korea

    Ryu Sang Il | Lee, Min-kyu | SEOKHWAN JUNG and 1other persons | 2012, 8(3) | pp.105~120 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract
    This study is to review the trends in the research in crisis emergency management in Korea. For this purpose, we have used the method of network text analysis to carry out an analysis of research centrality of the field of crisis and emergency management in Korea with the 130 articles published in Journal of Crisis and Emergency Management(2003~2011). This is for investigating the connective relations among studies escaping from the frequency based research tendency among the existing studies in the analysis of research trends, and for approaching the trends in the research in crisis and emergency management in Korea from a novel perspective by grasping central research themes. As a result, first, the importance of research themes was grasped from the results of the frequency analysis as in the order of emergency management (19 times), crisis management (17 times), national crisis management (7 times), national crisis (6 times), terrorism (6 times), and emergency (5 times). Second, the results from the network analysis shows certain differences from the results of the frequency analysis as the centrality turned up in the order of ‘emergency,’ ‘crisis management,’ ‘terrorism,’ ‘emergency management,’ and ‘national crisis.’ This can be regarded as an output that shows the adequacy of this study which assumes that the network analysis considering all the actual connective relations can reveal more precise research patterns in the quantitative and qualitative dimensions than the tendency of the existing studies which designated that research themes with a high frequency are important. In conclusion, we can see from this study that research in crisis management is being carried out on very diverse sides (dimensions) in Korea, and ‘emergency,’ ‘emergency management,’ and ‘crisis management’ play the role of adjusting other single research themes as ‘emergency management,’ ‘crisis management’ and other research themes explaining them in the dimension of national crisis with ‘emergency’ being the center of research themes.
  • 7.

    Estimation of Sediment Entering Daecheong Dam Considering Flood Season

    김진민 | Maeng, Seung-jin | 김형산 and 1other persons | 2012, 8(3) | pp.121~136 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    In this study, total sediment entering Daecheong lake was estimated using rating curve and flow-sediment curve interpolated by measured flow and sediment data in Ogcheon water level station upward Daecheong dam in Geum river basin. Sediments and flow data were observed 31 times in 2008~2009. Regarding to these data, the suspended load and the bed load were analyzed. Finally the total sediment was estimated by the Modified Einstein Procedure. Annual influx of sediments was estimated by using rating curve in Ogcheon water level station during 2001~2009 which is right after the operation of Yongdam dam located in the upstream of Daecheong dam. The result of total sediment which inflow in Daecheong lake is the following section and it was estimated by the rate of sediments per area in each drainage basins. The total sediment entering Daecheong lake is estimated 1,280,034 ton/yr using the rate of sediments per area (400 ton/㎢/yr) in Ogcheon water level station. The total sediment inflowing in Daecheong lake shows gap in comparison to 9 years estimated average sediments by 65% in 2001, 120% in 2002, 227% in 2003, 113% in 2004, 76% in 2005, 115% in 2006, 96% in 2007, 31% in 2008, 56% in 2009. The result shows that it was estimated fair comparing to the conventional estimated results which show gap up to 10 times the average sedimentation. Thus, the result in this study would be estimated for reliable amount of sediment entering Daecheong lake.
  • 8.

    A Study on Development of Debris Flow Experimental Equipment for Mountainous Disaster

    Jun Byong Hee | Jun Kye Won | Chang Deok Jang | 2012, 8(3) | pp.137~146 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Recently the possibility of the natural disaster has been increased around the world to the climate change. In addition, more than 70 percent of the land of our country consists of mountains. So it is necessary to study for mountainous disaster. Large-scale disasters occurred in mountainous Gangwon Province in 2006, Debris flow that occurred in July 2011 in Seoul and Chuncheon is a typical mountainous disaster. In this study, the type and characteristics of mountainous disaster were investigated. Developed based on debris experimental device was introduced at domestic and foreign in order to analyze the characteristics of debris flow. And domestic conditions considering the development of debris flow experimental equipment is suggested.
  • 9.

    Customized Community Policing Solutions for Citizen-centered Police Activities

    KIM YONG TAE | Park Dong Kyun | 2012, 8(3) | pp.147~162 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    It is strongly demanded that police organizations be managed and operated so as to enhance responsiveness to the needs of citizens, to whom policing services are provided, and service quality, aiming at delivering customer satisfaction. The recent efforts of the police to transform their image from authoritative and domineering to serving and loyal include the enforcement of the local police system and the implementation of a variety of site-specific, citizen-centered service policies, which have been positively received. Lately, however, a string of events, ranging from a delayed response to a 112 call on the death of a woman in her 20s to human rights infringement or unkind behavior on-site by a few police officers, to driving under the influence, and to bribery, has adversely affected the police's image. There is, therefore, a need for change that is great both in diversity and scope through interaction between police and people, to eliminate negative factors that affect the police's image and meet the public's expectations and fast-changing needs for the police. This study seeks to provide customized community policing solutions to overcome the present crisis of trust in the police and society's moral crisis, and incorporate citizen-centered police activities into a new organizational culture. The solutions found in this study are: (1) changing the police into an agency focusing on communication- and customer-oriented policing services; (2) site-specific police activities; (3) operating a performance-based organization by finding customized community policing policies; and (4) reinforcing cooperative policing and reforming the police organization.
  • 10.

    A Study on Scenarios of Domestic Nuclear-terror Attacks and the Responses

    박진희 | 2012, 8(3) | pp.163~186 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Today, nuclear terrorism is one of the most serious threat. Even a single nuclear terrorism occurs mass destruction and tremendous sufferings. These nuclear terrorism is founded in 1995 which are buried in a national park in Russia, 2001 September 11, 2003, including al-Qaeda dirty bomb which includes experimental evidence to date since the 1990s. Regarded as the final target of nuclear terrorism and the risk of its destruction are large. If such a nuclear accident, nuclear terrorism occurs naturally as if you continued to see the damage to be caused by release of radioactivity. Korea faced a lot of terrorism by North Korea. There are cheonan-am's destruction, events such as indiscriminate shelling yeonpyeong-do. As nuclear power plants have set over the no-fly zone, but the possibility of air attacks on air defenses are weak but the actual response against a missile attack on nuclear facilities has not been established. Furthermore, the number of nuclear power plants in Korea and nuclear power plant's density are the highest level in the world. So, it is necessary to ensure the safety of residents in the event of nuclear terrorism because of preventing the ravages of air defense network strategy. Therefore this study proposes the following defensive strategy. First, the nuclear facilities safety management need to be strengthened. Second, the disaster prevention has to improve through education and training. Rapid response to nuclear terrorism and the Severe Accident Management are needed in order to repair the damage. Third, improve the Emergency Planning Zone. Emergency Planning Zone of the domestic considers the potential risks based on the precautionary principle, including a range of land and waters , so within 30km is appropriate. Fourth, when the gamma rays or subatomic particles slam into the scintillator, the radioactivity that can help identify the electrical pulses should be established. Finally, radioactive contamination range forecasting and delivery system against nuclear terrorism must be prepared, and finally the press and public relations crisis management communications are needed.
  • 11.

    The Effectiveness of the Safety Education Program for Parents with Infant and Young Children

    윤선화 | Jung, Yun-kyoung | 2012, 8(3) | pp.187~204 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study are to develop a safety education program for parents with infant and young children and to analyze its effectiveness in connection with the means of preventing injuries at home. The study participants were 963 mothers whose infant and young children attend at 38 child care centers in Yangchun-gu. For the analysis of the data, t-test was run by SPSS 17.0. The results were as follows. First, the safety knowledge of mothers with infant and young children was noticeably increased after the safety education program. Second, the safety practice of mothers with infant and young children was noticeably increased after the safety education program, and particularly there was a significant difference in safety environment in relation to the usage of safety devices.
  • 12.

    The Study on Mental Health in an Urban Community: Focused on Users of Dong-Gu Public Health Center, Busan

    양미경 | Bae Jeong Yee | 2012, 8(3) | pp.205~218 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study is a descriptive research study to provide basic data on development of arbitration law for mental health promotion by recognizing the degree of mental health depending on characteristics of subjects via mental health survey of residents in Il region. It analyzed subjecting on 317 residents who use Dong-gu health center, Busan from June 1 to July 11, 2011. As a tool, Symptom Checklist was used. Characteristics of subjects are as following: women were about 1.5 times of men, most of them were 40's to 50's, monthly income is under one million won, and most of them have no job and live alone. According to the characteristics of subjects, mental health of subjects who have chronic physical disease, mental illness, and attempted suicide was negative. In particular, depression was negative in subjects having low academic career, living alone, and being Basic Living Assistance Recipients. Anxiety was negative in subjects having chronic physical disease, mental illness, and attempted suicide. Therefore, it is seemed that related policy and systematical tools for improving mental health of such subjects should be prepared.
  • 13.

    A Preliminary Study on the Disease Aspect Analysis and Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome of Agent Orange Patients

    Kim,Taeyeol | 2012, 8(3) | pp.219~234 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    The study has been performed to the planning of medical support and level check of mental health of Agent orange patients. therefore This document was performed to disease aspect analysis and of post traumatic stress syndrome level check about general character and Military experience by MMPI scale. The purpose of the study is to offer the basic data to the medical support policy which concern post traumatic stress syndrome of agent orange patients. The major result of the research were as follow. First, The significantly differents analysis of post traumatic stress syndrome of agent orange patients by general characters was shown significantly higher (P<0.05, P<0.01, P<0.001), in the concrete, the category of a generation family, a school graduate, employee status, marriage status, residence at their own house, assistance status, income status. Second, The significantly differents analysis of post traumatic stress syndrome of agent orange patients by the military service experience were reported in significantly differents. for example, the category of a partiaipcition army, partiaipcition period, exposure experience, security equipment. sprinkling. experience. Third, The policy of medical support about post traumatic stress syndrome of agent orange patients. the estabilish were post traumatic stress syndrome center. a development of the standrad manual program and reinforcement of psychologist personnel at veterans hospitals for example, clinical psychologist, mental therapy psychologist, counseling psychologist.
  • 14.

    Disaster Relief and Social Capital : An Asian Perspective

    Jai-Chang Park | 2012, 8(3) | pp.235~248 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Asia is very much weak in its capacity to respond to large scale disasters, which take place more frequently in Asia. Such incapacity owes much to the lack of social capital accumulation in this region. Social capital is known to be composed by two dimensions: psychological and structural. The former is habit of hearts. The latter is consisted with, bonding, bridging and linking. Asia has not been able to build philanthropy and volunteerism as habit of heart and bonding neither owing much to poverty. For bridging, to heterogeneity of the society. And for linking, to the relative lack of political freedom. This lack of social capital accumulation has put Asia in vicious circle in its relationship with disaster relief. In order to overcome this vicious circle, it is requested to cultivate reflexive citizen which require pre-existence of social capital. Social capital could be accumulated by civic education which can best be achieved by citizen’s participation. And for successful citizen’s participation, accumulation of social capital is a prerequisite. Zigzag approach seems to be the only alternative in such a dilemma. Understanding such a quintessence of Asia, it is inevitable to adopt contextual approach in extending any sort of disaster relief assistance from outside.
  • 15.

    Illegal Immigrants and the Elections in Sabah, Malaysia

    Kim, Jong-Eop | Wan Shawaluddin Wan Hassan | Ramli Dollah and 1other persons | 2012, 8(3) | pp.249~267 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Malaysia is famously a nation of immigrants in the world. Recently, immigrants are seen as a major problem in the state. Especially, many illegal immigrants have come to Malaysia and caused a problem in the state. As the debate over illegal immigration in Malaysia rages on, there have been calls to change many systems. The illegal immigrants have an enormous influence over the politics of Malaysia, and recent the political enlargement of immigrant group in general election have brought latent ethnic tension out into the open. The problem of illegal immigrants will not be understood without looking at the background and the political and religious rivalry between the major ethnic groups that dominates the state. Thus, embedded from this assumption, this article will look at how the political and religious competition among Muslim Bumiputera (MB) and Non-Muslim Bumiputera (NMB) in the state will eventually lead to the involvement of immigrants as claimed, especially by the losing parties in the elections. This study explores how immigrants would become one of the main subjects in the study of the elections in this state. The study also conducts how immigrants would participate and influence to general election. This study based on the interviews and observations in Tawau, Kunak, Lahad Datu and Sandakan of the field work during the election 2008 throughout the state and the Batu Sapi’s by election.