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2012, Vol.8, No.4

  • 1.

    A Study on National Crisis Management System in Korea

    이채언 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.1~28 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine the factor behind the inefficacy of Korea's National Crisis Management System. In this article I've reviewed previous studies to suggest alternative perspectives, and confirmed what I have learned through actual cases. Results of the study show that the recognition of crises and a control tower are the most significant factors commonly occurring in each case. The separate management of security and disaster crisis can be attributed to inconsistent laws and regulations. Path dependence and selfishness among departments have also partially appeared; Limitations of official materials make it difficult to thoroughly verify, but one can presume that there are considerable effects. Leadership of Crises Management has only been discovered in security cases, but this can certainly be considered a vital factor, as well. Although suggested factors can be influential for some cases, not for some other cases, one can conclude that all have an effect on the National Crisis Management System.
  • 2.

    The Analysis of International Hostage Negotiation : Russian Cases

    이종화 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.29~46 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The hostage negotiation has been considered as different as the other kind of terrorism. Because, compared to other activities such as bombing, assassination, the harmful effects of the hostage situation by terrorists can be reduced according to the preparedness of a government. The plan against hostage situation and the expert hostage negotiator seem critical after the analysis of two international hostage situations in Russia. In 2002, Moscow theater, and in 2004, Beslan school hostage incidents showed the government's critical roles againt the international hostage situations. Two incidents was analysed through the criteria like negotiable and non-negotiable aspects. The case analysis of two Russian international hostage incidents provides the following suggestions. The commanding center which can controls all the government resources is necessary for coordinated response against the international hostage incidents. The well-established communication between the hostage takers and the commanding center can enhance the peaceful resolution. The communication to the hostage takers must reach through the commanding center on the scene to avoid inconsistency. The flexible policy against demands of hostage takers is required, quite different to crisis negotiation. The ransom, the release of political prisoners, etc. might be negotiable in case of international hostage situation. Finally, the only expert negotiators must negotiate with the terrorists. The politicians, journalists, and the religious people can make the situation worse. In conclusion, the government well preparedness can reduce the disaster of international hostage incidents.
  • 3.

    Measures to Improve Crisis Management Manager's Work Satisfaction and Ability

    백진숙 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.47~64 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study aims to suggest measures to improve crisis management manager's work satisfaction and ability. Firstly, most of crisis management managers are in their 40s and their work experience is relatively short on average, 2 years and 8 months compared to their tenure of office. Crisis management managers's work satisfaction is very low, and also they don't have a strong will to implement the work continuously. Although they make efforts to learn new knowledges and ways required to work, they evaluate negatively their knowledge and experience. Besides, it is indicated that they are vulnerable to carry out media relationship. This means that specialization for crisis management education is urgent. Crisis management managers say that they need education and will participate in it. However the education is actually generalized, and theoretical lecture is repeated each year. Also there are inherent problems such as lack of education's speciality and diversity, a short period of education support and limited educational institutions, so it should be improved. Secondly, managers think that crisis management work is important, but they evaluate that status within an organization and degree of understanding is very low. Therefore it is proposed that mind and experts for crisis management should be reinforced within the whole organization in order to implement desirable crisis management work. Work planning and personal ability also should be strengthened. From the perspective of correlation, all of the necessary items show us relativeness. What is the most important is a budget. To conduct crisis management work, if the budget is secured, experts could be made up, work planning and personal ability could be advanced, manual improvement and simulation could be active, cooperation between departments and crisis management mind within the whole organization could be strengthened.
  • 4.

    Measuring Safety Consciousness and Safety Culture of Organizational Members of Petroleum Refining Industry

    Jong-Youl Lee | 신기령 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.65~86 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to understand safety consciousness and safety culture level of members in the petrochemical industry by conducting a survey. I really expect progress of members’ safety consciousness through this survey, furthermore it affects to vitalize communication regarding safety between members in organization and to promote interests in each member’s safety consciousness. According to ‘frequency’ and ‘main cause’ analysis to verify the validity of safety consciousness and safety culture level of members, 80% of respondents agree to the validity in principle and especially the safety consciousness and safety culture level of members in the petrochemical industry is superior to that of members in other industries. In the ‘main cause’ analysis, main causes are set as follows: safety consciousness, operating process, expense for safety, safety regulation. The members who working over 20 years and the personnel of managing department recognize better than other members regarding all causes. Peculiarly, other members have a tendency for lack of understanding ‘safety regulation’ unlike other main causes. This means that though they know the importance of safety, they try to avoid rules regarding safety cause of individualism. So for reducing industrial accidents by upgrading the safety consciousness, It is necessary to lead member’s self-directed participation on matured safety culture and to interaction between safety consciousness, operating process, expense for safety and safety regulation by multilateral approach.
  • 5.

    Improvement of the Current Inquest System in Terms of Human Rights

    Park Dong Kyun | Cho Sung Je | 2012, 8(4) | pp.87~102 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Our country's autopsy system has a great problem about independence and professionalism in the aspect of substantially discovering truth and guaranteeing human rights. Even in the position of workers for autoptic duty, its fatigue and dissatisfaction with task already reached a critical situation due to poor environment and treatment. With the implication that came to be obtained by considering autopsy of each country here, the aim is to suggest improvement plans as follows for the current autopsy system. First, with regards to the main agent of autopsy, to guarantee its objectivity in light of importance of autopsy system, it is desirable to leave it to the independently separate institution through enacting the single law for securing independence or enacting criminal procedure law, which prescribed the main agent of autopsy as public prosecutor. Second, as for a law pertinent to autopsy, enacting new law is thought to be the best plan such as having the regulation of establishing the independent autoptic institution, which leaves the autoptic agent to death investigation specialist(forensic expert), the regulation related to training professional autopsy specialist, the regulation pertinent to autoptic investigator, and the specific regulation on a subject of autopsy. Third, a medical examiner, which was introduced from 2005 by the National Police Agency, investigates into a body by going to the field together with a judicial police officer and does the task of preparing its result report, but is in the real situation of performing by dividing the task, which is conventionally performed by identification detective of belonging to forensic science. To discover substantial truth and guarantee human rights through securing independence and guaranteeing professionalism in the main agent of autopsy in the long term, it is a desirable plan to scrap the coroner system of belonging to the police and to have the autoptic investigator system in the independent autopsy agency of having death investigation specialist(forensic expert) as the main agent of autopsy. Fourth, to continuously train a doctor of majoring in forensic medicine in relation to a plan for the lack of forensic medicine doctor and for securing manpower, a plan of adopting forensic pathology specialist system is needed by increasing a school of having classroom of forensic medicine within the college of medicine and allowing autopsy of forensic medicine to be possible.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Safety of Children's Playgrounds in Seoul : Comparisons between Sangsang Children's Playgrounds & General Children's Playgrounds

    윤선화 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.103~124 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study examined playground equipment and facilities of Sangsang children's playgrounds and general children's playgrounds in Seoul and analyzed the use of KPS mark in accordance to the safety regulation by the law and the safety of playground equipment, facilities, and environment. The subject of this study was 100 general children's playgrounds and 100 sangsang children's playgrounds in Seoul. By utilizing SPSS 17.0 program, the collected data analyzed by frequency & percentile, Chi square analysis. The results were as follows. First, the most popular types of playground equipment were Slide(53.3%), Swing(44%), and Spring/Rocking equipment(40%), and sangsang children's playgrounds had much more various types of equipment than general children's playgrounds. Second, the condition of KPS Mark display on the equipment was as follows; Merry-Go-Round (95.7%), Climber (94.6%), and other equipment (89.3%). Most equipment that displayed KPS Mark was found in sangsang children's playgrounds. Third, the safety of playground equipment and facility was not in good condition; e.g., prohibiting use of broken equipment, repairing or replacing broken equipment, repainting old equipment, maintaining the level of cleanliness of wastebasket. The safety management of sangsang children's playgrounds was relatively in good condition than that of general children's playgrounds.
  • 7.

    Comparative Analysis of the Disaster and Safety Perception between China and Korea

    Lee, Jae Eun | 이정 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.125~142 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Recently, all most all countries and citizens in the world have been faced with a lot of natural disasters such as typhoons, rainstorms, floods, heavy snowstorms and others. In order to protect the life and property of the ordinary people, the purpose of this paper is to analyze the disaster and safety perception between China and Korea for enhancing the international cooperation andto respond properly to the disasters. For attaining the research goal, this research conducted a survey of university students, a total of 360 people(215 in Korea and 145 in China) to gain information as to the students’ level of understanding about disasters and safety perception. As a result, we suggested that there is no difference gap between the Korean and Chinese students. Responses from the two groups varied little.
  • 8.

    Improving the Law and Human Right Education of the School Violence for Disabled Children

    이현수 | 김다현 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.143~156 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract
    The purpose of the present study was to explore the necessity of the development of parenting education program for the prevention of child abuse with a disabilities. Although several studies verified the relationship between disabled children's abuse and developmental problems, there is no official statistic data related with disabled children abuse and little systematic approaches to protect their rights in Korea. Based on 2010 Abused Children's Status Reports, the status of abused children, follow-up results, and the type of disorders seen by abused children were reviewed. As there are relatively few preventive parenting education programs, current abuse prevention programs were divided into education-oriented programs and treatment-oriented programs to serve as basis for the development of new parenting education programs for parents of disabled children. This study has implications for how to design appropriate abuse prevention programs for disabled children and their parents.
  • 9.

    A Study on Strengthening Community Policing by Private Security

    이하섭 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.157~176 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Community policing activities of the general public is cooperating with the police. Policing is a major philosophy. Community policing is a crime that can cause crime prevention and criminal investigation and suppression of ordinary citizens with the cooperation achieved through crime by a fundamental problem to solve, and even ordinary citizens of the police an important facilitator recognized by police activity with important customers and to provide services, have given me an opportunity to recognize targets. In fact, the community policing with the citizens as voluntary night guards, citizens police academy, and has been utilized. Thus for the community policing partnership with citizens in various ways, are trying to achieve. However, crime prevention, in cooperation with the private security of the new subject, the research and suggestions for action plans are rare. Therefore, this study of community policing, and discusses the relationship between private security and community policing based on the look for private security was on the Revitalization. In particular, as a limited police force in the rapidly growing crime in order to cope more effectively, with community policing and private security cooperation activities for the joint patrols, joint education and training, as well as joint activities, security characteristics tailored by police activity is going too far with activities such as introduction of cooperative model, using private security crime prevention and security services were in the room take a look.
  • 10.

    A Delphi Analysis to Overcome the Crisis of Public Administration Departments in Local Universities

    Jang Cheol-Yeung | Park Dong Kyun | Kwang-Ju Kim | 2012, 8(4) | pp.177~200 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The decreasing competitiveness of local universities and public administration departments is not a temporary phenonenon but a changing trend of the 21 century society. In the future, the trend jeopardizes the existence of public administration departments, so the departments and the associations of public administration should find alternatives to enhance the comparativeness of public administration departments in local universities. For this purpose, this study designed a delphi study on the role of public administration scholars as well as the associations' efforts to increase the utility of public administration, promote citizens' perception and develop institutional and policy arrangements related to job searching opportunity for college graduate with public administration degrees. The study concludes that public administration education should not be sacrificed by economic logics but dealt as a public goods wherever the public administration departments are located.
  • 11.

    The Difference in Learning Status and Learning Skill Training According to Satisfaction of Health Administration and Healthcare Management Students on Their Major

    김유호 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.201~218 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to review the leaning status and learning skill training difference according to the satisfaction of health administration and healthcare management students on their major. The results of the study are; first, in the status of learning according to the satisfaction for the major, there were significant differences in the place where they got most help for the employment, the questions regarding the most difficult part when they study together, and the parts that they study excluding major. In other words, the group of satisfaction answered that they got help from professors for the employment as 40 people (35.7%) answered so, while the group of dissatisfaction answered that they got help from Internet to get a job as 15 (38.5%) answered so. In satisfaction group, 50 subjects (44.6%) answered the most difficult part in the study was the amount that they should study, while in dissatisfaction group 15 (38.5%) answered that they felt difficulties because study did not match with their aptitude. Additionally, in satisfaction group 49 (43.8%) answered that they studied foreign language excluding their major, while in dissatisfaction group 14 (35.9%) answered that they prepared for various certificates excluding their major. Second, in the difference in learning skill training demand according to the satisfaction for the major, they showed significant difference in the part that they think necessary for them out of class training. In details, in satisfaction group, 66 (58.9%) answered that they would need lecture concentration training most, and then preview training (23.2%), while in dissatisfaction group, 24 (61.5%) answered that they would need lecture concentration training and next was lecture positive attitude training (20.5%). As such, although both groups thought lecture concentration training would be the most needed skill, there was difference in the second most needed skill. Satisfaction group answered preview training but dissatisfaction group answered lecture positive attitude training.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Safety of Fire Extinguishing

    장정태 | 2012, 8(4) | pp.219~230 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Recently five years(2006-2010), there are 1,642 persons with death and injury in fire fighting public civil servants. Especially, 33 persons have died unfortunately, and 13 persons(39%) of them have died fire extinguishing. So, this paper presents the theoretical fire and extinguish fire theories basically and requirements activities for ensuring the safety of fire suppression, Also, this suggests replacement of the old equipment and equipping with insufficient fire fighting equipments and/so it need the sufficient fire safety personnel. Also, the important thing is trained to treat all the scenarios of the extinguishing risks with systematic and repeatable with scientific fire suppression training skill. Additionally, the detection equipment and expansion of the automatic fire extinguishing facilities more and more, it needs to establish the enhancing the fire extinguishing activities and/or basically, this role should need to control by the central government, for the efficient operation and management. If the role of the government and local governments sharing, the government should be leading and has to inspire and improve the fire officials have a proud minds for their works, environment.
  • 13.

    The Revision measure of Police Assigned for Special Guard Act for Institutional Establishment of National Significant Facilities Security

    Lee min hyung | 2012, 8(4) | pp.231~248 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    Police assigned for special guard has played a key role in managing the national significant facilities’ security after “Police Assigned for Special Guard Act” was legislated in 1962. But it seems that the obscure area and concept of police assigned for special guard makes national significant facilities’ security critical due to introducing the special security business system. It is necessary that the specialized task of police assigned for special guard should be fixed by articles of Act to be distinguished from that of the general security personnel in addition to the suitable performance for the special guarding duty. And the official authority and its limit of the police assigned for special guard should be proposed to polysynthetically manage the special guard system divided into special security business and police assigned for special guard. Therefore, “Police Assigned for Special Guard Act” should be revised with the official authority and its limit of the police assigned for special guard, recruitment and training, and relationship between the police assigned for special guard and the special security business.
  • 14.

    A Study on the Real Condition of School Violence in South Korea

    Lee Jung-Hun | ChulHyo Bae | 2012, 8(4) | pp.249~268 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    In December 2011, Gwangju, Daegu and middle school with the pain of violence leading to suicide after the tragic incident occurred, to prevent recurrence of such intense pain and is pursuing development policies. However, until now, the public's interest, as well as private organizations, government agencies, as well as to prevent school violence, and then about school violence occurred after a lot of effort to take measures declined despite the large number of cases of school violence have not diminished. The purpose of this study is to examine the status of school violence in South Korea. Additionally, the study considers the role that government agencies, police, private sector professional organizations, school administration, parents and victims playin the problem of school violence. The study is based on results of studies and surveys conducted by police, government agencies and private sector professional organizations in regards to examining responses to violence that occurs on or near educational facilities.