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2012, Vol.8, No.5

  • 1.

    Integration Wireless Network Construction Plan for Crisis-Intervention Capacity Strengthening

    CHO MIN SANG | HoDae Cho | 2012, 8(5) | pp.1~14 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Modern society is danger society which structural danger and indwelled danger increase being advanced. Society is changed informationization, network developing and society structural danger is increasing as a result. It is serious that peoples who face in emergency depart in the circumstance, or such emergency is settled fast. This study examined American system that is examining Korea's system construction present condition to present integration Wireless network construction plan that is essential in crisis-intervention and operate advancement system in related field. In the case of Korea, various disaster management system was constructed. The United States of America readies national communication system separately with system constructing at institution, and program such as ordinary times Operated GETS was operated for emergency. Therefore, capacity strengthening plan that respond emergency is as following. First, integrated operation institution has to be created so relevant organization's business repetition or confusion of command system is not caused. Second, public relation of system connected with disaster should be emphasized. Third, capacity strengthening must take advantage of a Mobile technology actively.
  • 2.

    Analysis on the Disaster Management System Status of Local Governments and Improvement : Approach Focusing on Cities, Provinces and Boroughs

    권건주 | 2012, 8(5) | pp.15~32 | number of Cited : 22
    Abstract
    This paper selected the cities, provinces and boroughs, which are the basic units of local governments in accordance with the Local Government Act, for investigating the disaster management systems of local governments in Korea. This methodology was based on the analysis of the disaster management system of local governments in Korea on the aspects of laws, organizations, human resources and finance. In accordance with the analysis results, the laws related to disasters have to be unified around the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety. Second, the interconnection between the Framework Act of the Management of Disasters and Safety and other laws shall be strengthened. Third, it is necessary to establish the integrated basic ordinances on local disaster management. On the organizational aspects, the disaster task force team (Disaster and Safety Management Division) shall strengthen its functions as the actual control tower. Next, the disaster control center shall strengthen the disaster information and the sharing function shall be implemented. For the human resources, the labor shall be supplemented for disaster control centers, field management and safety check. Second, the education and training program shall be intensified to cultivate professional workers for disaster management. For the financial aspects, the budget preparation shall focus on the prevention of disasters. Subsequently, a certain amount from the disaster recovery budget shall be established as the operating cost. Finally, it is required to expand the insurance programs on damage by wind and flood.
  • 3.

    Improvements for National Crisis and Emergency Management Auditing System in Korea

    JuHo Lee | 안철현 | 이재권 and 1other persons | 2012, 8(5) | pp.33~52 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The aim of this study is to develop audit system for national crisis and emergency management in order to improve the efficiency of the national crisis and emergency management system. For this purpose, the analysis of the status of the audit in major foreign countries the field of crisis management and draw implications for Korea. Because of uncertainty of a future crisis environment, the role of the national crisis and emergency management audit is predicted to be increased. Especially, crisis and emergency management auditing system is required performance-oriented scheme.
  • 4.

    A Study on Meta-Governance of National Crisis Management System: The Case of Foot-and-Mouth Disease in South Korea

    김무겸 | 2012, 8(5) | pp.53~82 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Korea has a centralized National Crisis Management System to manage integratively conventional security crisis, disaster crisis and the paralysis of national critical infrastructure by applying the concept of comprehensive security. However, the current adminstration reorganized the National Crisis Management System into decentralized dual systems by dividing between National Security Crisis management system and Disaster Management System. As a result, it turned out that the decentralized dual system has created lots of problems on the National Crisis Management System experiencing a state-level large scale accidents and incidents happened during last five years. This study focused on the role of meta-governance of a national crisis management system which were causes of failure of the disaster governance through the case study of foot-and-mouth disease lasted for 4 months between November 2010 and April 2011 and analyzed causes of failure of the governance of disaster management for foot-and-mouth disease based on 4 fuctions on meta-governance. The study identified that causes of the failure of the governance of disaster management could be explained by the role of meta-governance of the national crisis management system and the national crisis management system should be designed and managed institutionally in order to paly a role of a control tower over sub-governance systems being included in the domain of a national crisis management system. The study might be limited to explain the whole domain of a national crisis management system by fixing the limit of a case study on a disaster management, however, this study would be useful in explaining a national crisis management system with a meta-governance point of view and provide implications on redefining a national crisis management system in the future.
  • 5.

    119 Location Study on Improvement of Information Systems

    윤성근 | Jin Chae | 2012, 8(5) | pp.83~100 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    119 Real-Time Locating Service has provided only for rescue in an emergency for about 8 years. However, the evaluation of that service doesn't come up to an increase in the demand. although it needs to improve regulations and methods for effective operating, there hasn't been so much effort to do. therefore, this study tried to research into ways of improving and then suggest the alternative solutions on the point at issues. First, it is necessary to specify practical use of Location Information in an emergency by privacy policy & law, and to expand range of the application of an emergency. Second, it is also necessary to encourage mobile telecommunications companies to improve mobile positioning technology which inform rescue team of more detailed areal positioning. Third, it can be useful to organize a special squad for the task such as call receipt & consultation, search & rescue. There have been few studies concerned with the provision of the Location Information in the field of the fire services although it became a crucial issue in company with tremendous development of mobile information technology.
  • 6.

    An Empirical Study on the Composite Environmental Index: A Test of 2012 EPI Model

    Cha, Yong Jin | 2012, 8(5) | pp.101~122 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purposes of this study are to examine the validity and reliability of the 2012 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) and to make suggestions for improving the EPI. The confirmatory factor analyses reveal that the constructs of environmental health, air (effects on human health), water (effects on human health), air (ecosystem effects), water resources (ecosystem effects), biodiversity & habitat, agriculture, forests, fisheries, climate change & energy have low convergent and discriminant validity. The internal consistencies of air (effects on human health), biodiversity & habitat, agriculture, forests, fisheries are also very low. Furthermore, the higher order factor analyses indicate that the fit indices of the EPI model are low. In the measurement model, child mortality, particulate matter, indoor air pollution, access to sanitation, access to drinking water, SO2 per Capita, SO2 per GDP, change in water quantity, critical habitat protection, biome protection, marine protected areas, agricultural subsidies, pesticide regulation, forest growing stock, change in forest cover, forest loss, coastal shelf fishing pressure, fish stocks overexploited, CO2 per Capita, CO2 per GDP, CO2 per KWH, renewable electricity have high measurement errors. The results suggest a bad fit to the data. Based on these findings, this study discusses some considerations to improve the EPI.
  • 7.

    Transfer-students' Lived Experience of the First Semester in the Baccalaureate Nursing Program : University Life Adjustment and Crisis Overcome

    KIM, KON HEE | Hwang Eun-Hee | 2012, 8(5) | pp.123~142 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract
    This study aims to understand and describe what transfer-students experienced in their first semester of the baccalaureate nursing program. The participants were ten juniors who enrolled in nursing school as transfer students. They were asked to record and describe whatever they wanted to tell the researcher about transferring into the nursing program. Their records included their feelings, thoughts, and so on. The data was collected from April to June, 2011 and was analyzed using Colaizzi's phenomenological method. In this study, six essential themes were extracted: ‘Re-engineering my life’, ‘adaptation to a new system’, ‘branded as transfer students’, ‘current chaos: mixing fluster and concern’, ‘tied to school’, and ‘answering for my decision’. Recently, the number of transfer students in nursing schools increased rapidly as nursing schools were expanding in size in response for the shortage of nurses at government level. However, issues related to the adaptations of transfer students were not discussed so far. On the basis of this result, we can understand the transferring experiences of nursing students and provide systematic and emotional support for them. Additionally, we can develop curriculum appropriate for them which in turn might lead to high-quality educated nurses.
  • 8.

    Analysis and Suggestions on Research Trends surrounding the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Korea

    Chung, Myung-Sun | Kyong Jun Lee | 2012, 8(5) | pp.143~164 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    This study examines trends in research on the human rights of persons with disabilities. A total of 95 papers were culled for analysis from 60 domestic journals related to disabled rights dating from 1993 until the first half of 2012. Standards for analysis included themes of research, types of research, targets of research, publication year, and number of researchers. Although there are 11 categories of research theme related to domestic disabled rights, an overwhelming 71.6% of the content is devoted to laws and policies. Research types, also, while divided into 6 categories, were 81.3% document studies. Other disabled related research or actual environmental contexts suggested individuality, but the targets for disabled rights research were the general disabled person in 55.8% of the cases, in which no consideration was given to each disability type. However, it is not necessarily to take it skeptically as it has contributed to the stressing the general importance of the human rights of the disabled. Rather, it implies that the research has to be extended so that it can include human rights practice target to the larger extent. Number of studies, as suggested by the data for research themes and types, tended to rise together with the emergence of laws and then disappear. Number of researchers comprised 5 categories, among which single (1) researchers occupied a high ration of 71.6%, and the recent trend toward multi-disciplinary approaches were not applied. The results of the analysis show that domestic research on disabled rights needs to move forward from the existing legal and systemic critiques to more systematic approaches pursuing diversity and harmony, from rights education to practice-based studies.
  • 9.

    Improvement Directions for Effectiveness of the Early Intervention Service for the Children with ADHD : Focused on Policy Implications of Effectiveness of Social Service

    Lee Chang-Kil | Seung Yeon Nam | Young Bum Lee | 2012, 8(5) | pp.165~184 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this searching study is to realize the current situation on the surge in demand on social service and government financial limitation and to pose the importance of expanding more stable social service. This paper attempted to suggest the focused policy analyzing the cause-and-effect relationship involving the policy impacts on policy process focused on the early intervention service for the children with ADHD as a representative social service. In addition, the aim of this study is to propose the policy implication on expansion of service in the future through an analysis on the relative importance of the early intervention service for the children with ADHD. As results of this study, the implications is suggested as follows. First, the vitalization of added market in social service and affiliated industry by social service should be established. Second, the training of service providers for qualitative internal stability and the definite feedback of service performance-based, not for expansion of resources like perfunctory labor force, are important. Third, The service should be decided according to the recipients' desire not focused on providers depending on service providers. Fourth, it is important to develop the tools to grasp the effectiveness of social service. Lastly, for the expansion of social service and provision of stable service, it is important to establish the professional consulting institutions as a service providing organization.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Public Security Service Techniques of Select the Type

    김화수 | Sunggu Jo | Kim, Dong-Je | 2012, 8(5) | pp.185~202 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The study of the Public Security Service techniques of select the type is aimed to examine exploratory. To perform the research, 50 people who have at least 5 years of security guard experience at public security service, current security guards at presidential security service, police force security in S.W.A.T,(Special Weapons Attack Team) in 22nd security team, formal police officers at Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency, security guards in prime minister security team, security guards in National Assembly Speaker security team, personal security guards, or security guards from security team of foreign affairs were selected. Semi- in-depth interview out of qualitative methods was applied in this study. NVivo 8 software program has been applied to analyze non-quantitative data. First, public security guards tend to select their technique depending on their experience 39(31.7%), security manual 26(21.2%), security event planning 17(13.8%), circumstances 9(7.3%), CP of security 7(5.6%), case study 6(4.8%), law and principle 5(4.0%), security handbook 5(4.0%), their supervisor 5(4.0%), or individual propensity 4(3.2%). Also, the types of security technique selected by consideration of security subjects are the following; selection by importance of the security subjects 32(54.2%), selection by psychological state of security subjects 18(30.5%), the fitness of security events 9(15.2%).
  • 11.

    Analysis of Risk Factors for Mountainous Disasters Using a likelihood Ratio

    Oh ChaeYeon | Jun Kye Won | 2012, 8(5) | pp.203~212 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Recently, typhoons and regional torrential rains frequently occur leading to a large-scaled landslides or avalanche disasters, further causing lots of casualties and material loss. To minimize damages made by landslides or debris flows, it is necessary to conduct scientific analyses on possible damage-risk areas, requiring a variety of space information. In this thesis, a database was established with GIS (Geographic Information System) about topography, hydrologic, soil and forest physiognomy needed for analyses, and by targeting the area around Inje Gu, Inje Eup, where many landslides and debris flows occurred in 2006, this study extracted landslide and debris flow-occurrence locations through aerial images and on-site monitoring. Particularly, this study quantitatively extracted the correlationship between the space information and landslide and debris flow-occurrence areas by using the likelihood ratio, while drawing up a prediction diagram of landslide and debris flow risk areas. Through analytically comparing this result with other quantitative models, it is expected to draw up a more accurate prediction diagram in the near future.
  • 12.

    Integration Wireless Network Construction Plan for Crisis-Intervention Capacity Strengthening

    HoDae Cho | 2012, 8(5) | pp.213~226 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Modern society is danger society which structural danger and indwelled danger increase being advanced. Society is changed informationization, network developing and society structural danger is increasing as a result. It is serious that peoples who face in emergency depart in the circumstance, or such emergency is settled fast. This study examined American system that is examining Korea's system construction present condition to present integration Wireless network construction plan that is essential in crisis-intervention and operate advancement system in related field. In the case of Korea, various disaster management system was constructed. The United States of America readies national communication system separately with system constructing at institution, and program such as ordinary times Operated GETS was operated for emergency. Therefore, capacity strengthening plan that respond emergency is as following. First, integrated operation institution has to be created so relevant organization's business repetition or confusion of command system is not caused. Second, public relation of system connected with disaster should be emphasized. Third, capacity strengthening must take advantage of a Mobile technology actively.
  • 13.

    Evaluation of Slope Stability in Umyeon-san Area

    Jun Byong Hee | 2012, 8(5) | pp.227~234 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Due to an intensive rainfall about 500 mm occurred between from 25 to 27 July 2011 in Seoul, debris flows were taken placed around the umyeon-san(mountain) and killed 18 people. In this paper, we investigated the adaption possibility of slope stability model for the debris flow triggering. As the input parameters in model, effective cohesion, soil density, the ratio of soil thickness and saturated soil thickness, soil thickness, inclination of the hillslope and soil effective friction angel were applied. We investigated the effect of different slope layer extracted from 1m, 10m, 30m high resolution DEM(Digital Elevation Model) on slope stability analysis. As the results, the high resolution of 10m cell size enhanced the debris flow susceptibility, but 1m resolution did not increased the susceptibility.
  • 14.

    Numerical Analysis for the Pullout Test to Estimate the Optimum Length of Anchorage

    Park Byung Soo | Shim Do Sik | 2012, 8(5) | pp.235~246 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this study, field pullout test has been conducted to reinforce the ground with micropiles. Numerical analysis was performed to estimate the optimum length of anchorage of micropiles using the load-displacement results. Various existing theoretical and empirical equations were used to estimate the allowable capacity of micropile anchoraged at the weathered rocks underneath sedimented deposits. Different values of pullout capacity in order of 10 times were found to obtain so that cares should be paid to use to estimate the capacity appropriately. As results of numerical analyses by applying the typical values of ground condition and properties of micropiles, similar results of load and displacement relationship of micropile to field test result were obtained. On the other hands, parametric numerical analysis with changing the anchorage length of micropile was also performed to find the optimum anchorage length for the given design load.