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2013, Vol.9, No.9

  • 1.

    The Study on Providing Institutional Measures for Regulatory Impact Analysis in Areas of Risk and Security in Korea - Focused on Introducing Risk Analysis -

    Moo Hyun Choi | 2013, 9(9) | pp.1~24 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study seeks to analyze the institutional and legal status as well as problems that are becoming noticeable in Korea's increasing regulation of 'public risk', and provides institutional measures for adequate management and control of risk from a regulatory perspective. Based on these results of analysis, this study proposes the following policy measures, First, the concept of risk as well as risk analysis must be clearly defined, and there is a need to standardize risk analysis procedures and composition factors. Second, in order for risk analysis to be practically utilized, a certain level of legal mandates are necessary. Third, vitalizing communication within the field of regulatory risk is necessary because one of the biggest problems in RIA is the noticeable bias in opinion due to weak procedures of public consultation. Four, risk analysis infrastructure such as political will, expertise and funding is necessary for risk analysis to be implemented effectively. Finally, in the long term a government-wide RIA and risk analysis assessment agency or office must be installed.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Relationship between Urban Decline and Disaster

    Rheem Sangkyu | Lee Chang-Kil | 2013, 9(9) | pp.25~44 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    In this study, we tried to understand the relationship between the decline cities and the disaster and explored the strategic direction of disaster management in the future. We conducted MANOVA for 71 local cities in South Korea with decline city, crisis of human caused fire, crisis of traffic safety and crisis of natural disasters. The results of this study are as follows: First, the relationship between disasters and urban decline are present. It is required to expand the disaster-related budget of the local government. Second, the volume of decline and non decline cities's budget is similar but the disaster-related budget is not. The disaster-related budget of decline city is much more than that of non decline cities. It is important to secure the priority support of the central government to decline cities. That can reduce the burden of decline dities. Third, decline cities's comprehensive countermeasures for disaster management and urban regeneration must be parallel. Fourth, the improvement of decline cities' road management system is also important because the traffic fatalities in South Korea are also highly ranked in OECD countries.
  • 3.

    A Methodology to Analyse Landslide and Debris-Flow Hazards Due to Heavy Rainstorms - Application on the Damage Areas around Woomyon Mountain -

    Oh Kyoung Doo | Lee Chang Hee | 강병화 and 2other persons | 2013, 9(9) | pp.45~66 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    As localized heavy rainstorms due to global climate change occur more frequently along with rapid increase of forest encroachment due to expansion of cities, loss of life and property due to landslides and debris flows also increases gradually. In order to cope with increasing hazard risk scientific and reasonable policies for the prevention of landslide-related disasters are urgently needed; the law concerning landslide-related disasters requires the government to provide hazard maps which may be used for hazard forecast as well as design and construction of hazard mitigation facilities. Even until now, however, not so much research on this subject enough to secure the safety of citizens has been carried out. We proposed a methodology to analyze landslide and debris-flow hazard risks due to heavy rainstorms quantitatively using SINMAP and FLO-2D models. The proposed methodology was applied for the analysis of disastrous damage around Woomyon Mountain in Seoul occurred on July 27th 2011. The hazard maps from this study seem to show fairly good agreement with damage areas. The hazard maps showing not only landslide-prone slopes but also high debris-flow risk areas are expected to be useful for the disaster prevention and mitigation planning to reduce loss of life and property.
  • 4.

    Operational Problems of Emergency Rescue Control Headquarters and Improvement Measures - Focusing on the Comparison of Organization Cultures in Emergency Rescue Control Headquarters and Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasures Headquarters -

    Yang Gi Geun | Ryu Sang Il | 2013, 9(9) | pp.67~84 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the operational problems facing the Emergency Rescue Control Headquarters, which arise from difference in organizational structures and organizational cultures of Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasures Headquarters and Emergency Rescue Control Headquarters among the problems inherent in national disaster response system, and to derive the countermeasures to overcome such problems. First, in relation to the awareness towards the organizational culture, public servants in fire-fighting sector showed higher awareness towards the authority-oriented culture, specialty-centric culture, relationship-oriented culture, compared to the public servants in ordinary sectors who showed relatively high awareness towards the task-oriented culture. Second, a difference was found to exist between the public servants in fire-fighting sector and public servants in ordinary sectors in terms of the awareness towards discretionary power, promotion path, uniform-wearing, and specialty or professionalism in connection with the awareness towards the organizational norms. In other words, public servants in ordinary sectors considered that they had more discretionary power and more diverse promotion paths than the public servants in fire-fighting sector did. In addition, the public servants in ordinary sectors considered that they were relatively more free in wearing the uniforms. Third, the results of analysis that looked into the reason behind the difference in organizational culture between the Emergency Rescue Control Headquarters (comprised of public servants in fight-fighting sector) and Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasures Headquarters(consisting of public servants in ordinary public administration sector) showed that the difference in organization culture arose from the site characteristics of the works, practicality, and specialty. Both organizations need to increase the contact mutually because it is deemed important to understand the culture of the other organization in order to overcome the difference in organizational culture. Thus, both organizations need to explore a series of measures, such as the active exchange of personnel(dispatch, etc), regular co-training, promotion of informal gatherings among relevant organizations, etc.
  • 5.

    An Exploratory Study on the Disaster Reconstruction Policy after Great East Japan Earthquake

    JuHo Lee | Bae Jeong-Hwan | 2013, 9(9) | pp.85~100 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Recently, several countries have experienced large-scale disaster. As a result, countries are changing their approach to disaster. Disaster recovery for physical damage anymore does not mean just to recover. In other words, the result of a disaster, brought to society involves solving. This study investigated previous studies on recovery. At the same time, Japan's disaster reconstruction policy changes were investigated by exploratory after Great East Japan Earthquake. Thus, the development of Korea's disaster recovery policy is proposed. First, the disaster is not a problem confined to the affected areas. Thus, between central and local government cooperation should be made in advance. Second, the concept of recovery to solve the social impact of disasters should be included. Finally, the organization for the disaster recovery plan should have expertise. What's more, disaster recovery should be a new trial to bring sustainable urban development.
  • 6.

    The Effect of Information Reliability on Safety Behavior among Korean, Chinese and American University Student - Focused on Food Consumption -

    Hyun-jung Yoo | Song Eugene | 2013, 9(9) | pp.101~120 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Product information is increasingly professional and complicated because of bio technology development. Consumers' information reliability is major effective factor in a complex market environment when consumer purchases some goods. This study attempted to identify that consumers' information reliability affects food safety behavior directly and indirectly. In addition this research especially focused on analysing the differences for consumers' information reliability and safety behavior among Korea, China and America. The implications based on these results are as follows. Firstly, consumers' information reliability has positive effect on food safety communication reliability but not effect on food display information. Secondly, consumers' information needs positively affect food display information confirmation only in American. Thirdly, Koean consumers' food safety behavior is even more affected by information reliability than Chinese and American. Results showed that consumers' information reliability and safety competency are very important factors of Korean society compared with Chinese and American. Therefore, government should create an atmosphere which offers consumers information rightly through restricting and monitoring the corporation. In addition, food safety education and a wide variety of activities such as publishing food consumption conduct manual should aim to develop consumers competency.
  • 7.

    An Analysis on Government Response Change of Somalia Piracy Issues: Focused on the Multiple Streams Model

    LEE DONG KYU | 양고운 | 2013, 9(9) | pp.121~144 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to While there have been issues on piracy of the Somalian Coast, it is the only case that military forces conduct hostage rescue operations in Samho Jewerly case. This paper examines why government carries out a military action, and why these policy changes are occurred, based on the Multiple Streams Model. The object of this paper is to seek the context and causes in changes of government responses, and analyses the governmental decision making process in ambiguity situations. In order to understand such process in details, this paper conducts an exploratory case studies of a series of piracy incidents; from Dongwon-ho case in 2006 to Samho Jewerly-ho case in 2011. The results suggest us two implications. First, the analysis identifies that Multiple Streams Model has applicability of the unusual and urgent issues that are connected with citizen lives and property. Second, the results of analysis show that each streams such as the problem stream, the policy stream, and the political stream have interaction with one another. This is the difference in comparison between Kingdon's model and our analysis. In accordance with results, it is restrictively possible to apply the Multiple Streams Model with the maritime terror cases.
  • 8.

    Analysis of Characteristics and Cancellation Reception of Patients Admitted with 119 to Main Hospital in Metropolitan City

    Hyo Ju Lee | Ho Jung Kim | Kim Hye Sun | 2013, 9(9) | pp.145~152 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Find out the results of patient’s status and investigate the different characteristics through the 119 various emergency service of a hospital that’s located in a large city. The study was conducted over a year period from September 2011 to September 2012, with 119 paramedics involved. We conducted the research about 16,921 patients came through the 119 various emergency service, according to the hospital records. Out of the 16,921 people who visited through the 119 various emergency service, 1,353 people(8%) were cancelled. out of the 1,353 people, 648 people(48%) were drunken, which was the most common reason of cancellation followed by medical expenses, symptom improvement, simple disappearance, police escort, and other hospital related matter.
  • 9.

    The Study for Success Factors of Global Disaster Support Activities - The Dispatch Case of R.O.K. Engineering Company -

    Cheol Ho Yang | Hyo Son Park | 2013, 9(9) | pp.153~174 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Recent earthquake in Haiti, Japan, Turkey, and China, caused a huge property damage and the number of casualties. International community developed the joint efforts to support for disaster recovery and reconstruction including dispatching rescue teams, and sending relief supplies such as medical supplies, and food. According to the UN Security Council Resolution, the Republic of Korea dispatched the reconstruction support group, Danbi, to support both public recovery and civil reconstruction including road and building restoration, medical and water supply support. This study is aimed to contribute to the support services of overseas dispatch by analyzing the case and deriving the success factors of Danbi. For this, activities of the first and second Danbi from Feb 6 to Dec 31 in 2010, were analyzed by using frameworks for success factors of overseas dispatch(METT+TC). As a result of the analysis, Haiti reconstruction support group(Danbi) was Republic of Korea's first international dispatch for large-scale disaster and the mission was successfully accomplished. The first success factor was a rapid decision of the government and Congress, and the integrated supports according to the characteristics of the local situation. Second was the development of effective civil operations which considered the conditions of the local residents and the tendency. Third was a wide range of exchanges and cooperations with dispatched foreign troops. However, sufficient preparation for early missions and formation of personnel and equipment based on the local characteristics were required. Thus, if additional improvements are made based on the case of Haiti reconstruction support group, Danbi, it is considered that the successful mission could afford when foreign large-scale disaster occurs.
  • 10.

    A Comparative Study on the Type of Civil Servants and Staffs' Cognition about Private Juvenile Sheltered Housing

    Chol Eun Ha | 현택수 | 2013, 9(9) | pp.175~196 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study aims to find a way for the extension of privatization applicable to current situation and its possibility by examining types of cognition about the extension of privatization and the effect of the 6th legal article of civil servants and staffs of private Juvenile Sheltered Housing who have much experience and knowhow from policies and their implementation. This study utilized Q method which found the types of the actual condition and its extension of the privatization of Juvenile Sheltered Housing, and understands and explains their interelationship. As a result from survey, there are three types for the cognition of civil servants: type of authoritative state responsibility(the first type), the type of realistic private reliability(the second), the type of professional education(the third type). The survey also showed that civil servants did not reveal the sense of rejection and indicated an affirmative response about the privatization and diffusion of Juvenile Sheltered Housing r. It is true that it is difficult for all policies and laws to be able to be anchored safely and successfully without civil servants' friendly and positive consciousness. Viewed from this perspective, thie survey about types of civil servants' awareness of law and system making was made, and as a result of it above, the undertone which policies include was very meaningful and positive. On the other hand, as a result of the survey of types of civil servants' awareness in Juvenile Sheltered Housing, it is known that they are 'type of dedicated idealism(the first typoe)', and 'type of humane realism(the second type)'.Civil servants working in Juvenile Sheltered Housing states strong negative opinion about the privatization of private facilities for the purpose of making profit. The survey shows that they, in their own way, are proud of themselves because they think ordinary people have a good sense of awareness about private facilities. It is possibly expected that the result of the above will be used as fundamental material for building the model for diffusion of private Juvenile Sheltered Housing afterwards.
  • 11.

    The Trends of the Hospital Administration

    김유호 | 2013, 9(9) | pp.197~210 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to provide basic materials to establish theoretical framework in hospital administration field by analyzing the trend of academic studies in hospital administration field since 1990s when hospital administration studies came to be activated. For the purpose of the study, we analyzed trend of researches in hospital administration field using language network methodology on master and Ph.D degree theses related to hospital administration in Korea from 1990 to 2013. From the analysis, the followings were found; first of all, in the analysis of keywords, first, studies in hospital administration related field have been increasing since 1990s, and the most studies were made between 2000 and 2004. Second, there were many empirical studies analyzing the behaviors(job satisfaction and so on) of hospital workers in hospital administration related field. Next, in the trend of studies related to hospital administration through language network analysis, between 1990 and 1994 there were many studies on organization, human resources and health medical services and most of them used survey as research method. Between 1995 and 1999, there were more studies on hospital and administration and the main stream was case study. On the other hand, between 2000 and 2004, behaviors of hospital employees were mainly studied. In other words, there were many studies regarding job satisfaction, stress and satisfaction level. In other aspects, there were also many institutional studies such as current status of health, improvement methods and regulations. From 2005 to 2009, mainstream of the studies was perception and attitudes of workers and job satisfaction of workers in hospitals and other medical institutions. Additionally, studies on medical service and medical payment appeared in this period. Finally, between 2010 and 2013, most of studies were empirical studies just like before but the focus of the studies was shifted from behaviors and attitudes of workers in hospitals to customers. In other words, studies on behaviors and attitudes of patients increased. Especially, studies in various fields such as local residents, policy, health and medical service governance, ethics, customer‐orientation, and integrated medical services have gradually appeared.
  • 12.

    The Perception of Biomedical Ethics in Undergraduate Students

    Sim,Hyung-Hwa | 2013, 9(9) | pp.211~230 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to provide basic data which is necessary for educating undergraduate students for establishing a desirable sense of ethical values. In this descriptive research, a total of 195 undergraduate students were selected and data were collected using a 4-point Likert scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffe test, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient by using SPSS/WiN 21.0 program. The result of the study were as follows: The average score of perception of biomedical ethics was 2.74±.26. The highest score, 3.04±.34, was seen in the category of the 'Organ transplantation', the lowest, 2.42±.44, was seen in the category of 'Brain death'. Statisically significant differences were founded in the general characteristics of gender(t=-2.58, p=.010), major field(F=3.965, p=.009), religion(F=3.492, p=.017), economic status(F=4.601, p=.011). Statistically significant differences were founded in the characteristics related to the subjects' ethical values of ethical values(F=4.817, p=.009), experience on conflict of biomedical ethical issues(F=4.631, p=.011), perception on times and quality of educational programs regarding biomedical issues(F=4.804, p=.009), intention to attend class on biomedical ethics(F=5.736, p=.004). In consequently, continuing educational programs need to be developed and more reinforced ethical education should be offered.
  • 13.

    A Study of the Effect of an Attractive Policy Instrument on Employment - Focusing on Small & Medium Company Promotion Fund Support in Gyeongsangnam-do -

    KIM SOUNG WAN | 주무현 | 2013, 9(9) | pp.231~252 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study reviews whether financial support from a government considers job creation ability as overcoming the 'job crisis' via a bond of sympathy. To do this, the study analyzed the effect of an attractive policy instrument on employment through an investigation of the small and medium company promotion fund support offered in Gyeongsangnam-do. The analysis result revealed that promotion fund support had a positive effect on employment at small and medium companies. Regarding the fund type, and the company, to which the company who received fund was given, a major employment effect was noted. Concerning the fund scale, companies who received funding in the amount of KRW 0.3~1 billion reported an employment effect. Regarding the number of staff members, the companies with 30-49 such members, to which management stabilization funding was provided as well as companies with 10-29 staff members who also received funding which reported an employment effect. For industry, all industries excluding plastic product manufacturing and other industries showed a major employment effect. Finally, regarding local areas, it was found that the employment effect was high in eastern areas. On the basis of the results of this study a method to increase the employment effect through promotion funding is suggested ultimately to increase overall employment.