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2013, Vol.9, No.10

  • 1.

    After Focusing Event Policy Process Model Approach - Focused on Legislation Change Process after Policy Failure -

    LEE DONG KYU | 2013, 9(10) | pp.1~24 | number of Cited : 4
    In case of the outbreak of notable incidents, it is possible to discuss the issue as agenda through mass media coverage of the issue and symbols of the issue. However, media reports have limited agendas and a little influence on the policy change. Therefore, media reports would induce a monopoly of policy by means of the popular demands or the ruling elites. It is important that symbols of environmental disaster which are created by mass media, and expansion of issues, as a tool which is utilized for specific groups. Because it expands the issues, and shows the evidences which is necessary for policy adoption. These issues could develop into agendas, which gains more attention of the public and receive supports or objections of elite groups. Issues eventually could be adopted by congress through the legislation process. This paper suggests a policy process model for follow-up studies, and argues its applicability, through understanding of concepts including issue formation and agenda-setting argued by Cobb & Elder(1995), Kingdon(1995), and Birkland(2005), and an analysis on legislation process in Korea.
  • 2.

    International Cooperation for Improvement of Disaster Relief Response and Recovery Assistance - The Case of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami -

    Seok-Dong WANG | 2013, 9(10) | pp.25~52 | number of Cited : 5
    This study reviews the problems that were observed in the emergency relief assistance activities and recovery process after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami disaster, and it seeks the measures for improvement to prevent repeating problems in international humanitarian activities. The generous funds that were collected for relief of the 2004 Tsunami led many international humanitarian assistance organizations to focus on their individual projects for more visible and tangible outcomes in a short period of time rather than on cooperation and coordination among themselves for synergy effects of aid. As this incurred many trials and errors as well as inefficiency, this study examines the ways to enhance aid effectiveness through cooperation and coordination among governments, international organizations and INGOs. The government of disaster-hit countries need to induce participation and cooperation of humanitarian assistance organizations by providing accurate information and facilities for relief work through a coordination meeting, while a leading organization or the UN needs to manage the coordination effectively by swiftly providing professional staff and commonly usable resources to the fields. It would be desirable for humanitarian assistance organizations to conduct jointly needs assessment and evaluation of the activities, in order to prevent duplications and gaps and produce an objective evaluation of the overall assistance activities. It is expected that production and promotion of a joint evaluation report would positively contribute to inducing humanitarian assistance organizations to participate in coordination and cooperation.
  • 3.

    The Trends of Crisis and Emergency Management Research in KoreaⅡ- Focusing on the Field of Fire Administration -

    Yang Gi Geun | JuHo Lee | Ryu Sang Il and 1other persons | 2013, 9(10) | pp.53~68 | number of Cited : 6
    The purpose of this study was to provide basic materials for the establishment of academic identity of Fire Science Technology. It analyzed the trend of studies in Fire Science Technology from 1990s when studies on firefighting administration were activated and increased up to now. In other words, we analyzed the trend of studies on firefighting administration using language network methodology on master and Ph.D degree theses in firefighting administration area from 1990 to 2013. From the study, the followings were found; first, there was rapid increase in quantity of theses related to firefighting administration in 2000s comparing to 1990s. They increased dramatically after 2005 specifically. Second, early studies in firefighting administration mainly focused on institutional studies inducing problems and improvements and after 2000 they mostly analyzed behaviors of firefighting public servants. Third, to make year 2000 as a starting point, the mainstream of studies was shifted from institutional studies(studies on firefighting administration system) to behavioral studies(studies on firefighting public servants). In particular, disaster management, first aid and emergency medical services came to be established to some extent between 1995 and 1999, and studies on volunteer fire department and civil sector emerged in the period of 2000 to 2004. It means the studies on firefighting administration became more diversified and segmented comparing to old trend which focused on public sector only. Additionally, between 2010 and 2013 more diversified research themes appeared such as disaster safety awareness of people and perception on prevention, although there were more behavioral studies than institutional studies just like the previous period.
  • 4.

    The 18th May Gwangju Uprising, the Crisis of Democracy and the Korean Democracy Movement in Europe

    Myun Kim | 2013, 9(10) | pp.69~84 | number of Cited : 1
    This research deals with the democratic movement of Koreans in Europe after the 18th May Democratic Uprising. This work tries to describe the democracy movement of the Koreans abroad and the history of Korean groups in Europe. In particular, the ideas of the groups for the democracy of Korea are analyzed and the movements are explained in the framework of international circumstances. Following the announcement of the Gwangju massacre in 1980 many Koreans had taken part in the demonstration in Europe. In the crisis of democracy the Koreans abroad played a leading role against military dictatorship. The demonstration in Europe is evaluated by the three aspects for the evolving democracy in Korea. The first of the three is that the Uprising induced public participation; Second, the Koreans abroad had fought with different groups for democracy at the international level. Third, the Koreans abroad expanded the citizen movement to the unification movement. The 18th May Gwangju Uprising and succession of its sprit could be called as decisive operator to realize the democracy in Korea. Since May 1987, the memorial May Minjungje is continuously held once a year and is organized by the Preparatory Commission of various groups. The spirit of the Gwangju Uprising has resonated with Koreans in the global movement for democracy and human rights. In this paper Lee Jong-hyun, Kim Jin-hyang, Lee Jun-sik, Kim A-il, Kim Jung-suk, Jang Il-Jung, Yun Un-sub, Choi Young-Suk and Choi Hyun-duk are concretely examined and their activities are described. This study of the democracy movement of the Koreans in Europe has the meaning to lay the foundations in this area of ​​research.
  • 5.

    A Study on Support of Victim by Police

    이하섭 | 2013, 9(10) | pp.85~106 | number of Cited : 2
    As society develops, crime is constantly on the rise. we are constantly on the rise as the interest for the crime conduct research on the causes of crime, but in recent years, the victim of the damage caused by crime, they began to have an interest in recovery. In our surroundings common violent crime by crime victims are not getting the right protection, physical and psychological, is the lack of support for my static. Be the first to recognize the seriousness of these problems and in contact with the victims of police violence, victims of crime need to be carried out by taking into account the characteristics of the support despite the police's violent crime victims support is still lacking. One-Stop support center is in progress, the violent crime victims assistance, professionalism, my only support static, physical and psychological assistance to victims of violent crime are still lacking. In this study, related institutions and to strengthen cooperation, based on the needs of the victim services support a violent crime, the police violent crime victims ' psychological first aid measures, such as conducting.
  • 6.

    Analysis of Forest Fire Risk Factors near Buddhist Temple Cultural Assets within Forest Areas

    권춘근 | Lee Si Young | 염찬호 and 1other persons | 2013, 9(10) | pp.107~124 | number of Cited : 4
    In this study, a field investigation was conducted on 6 categories including ignition factors, locational conditions, forest conditions and separation distances with forests, existence of forest fire prevention facilities, forest caring, and accessability related factors regarding Buddhist temple cultural assets which is a key facility within forest areas in order to provide a forest fire safety diagnosis system and a basic resource of forest fire damage reducing technology regarding Buddhist temple cultural assets which is a key facility within forest areas. Study results show that Buddhist temple cultural asset areas with steeper slopes, coniferous forests, medium hard wood areas, tree heights less than 10m, higher surrounding forest densities, shorter separation distance with surrounding forests, without forest fire prevention facilities, without forest care, and one entrance with width less than 7m for fire extinguishing support had a higher possibility of suffering damage in case of forest fires.
  • 7.

    The Constitutional Response for the Maintenance of the Existence of the Nation and the Public Peace Study for Securing the Safety Right - Focused on the Idea of the Emergency Power of a Nation and the Change of the Rules -

    Cha Su Bong | 2013, 9(10) | pp.125~140 | number of Cited : 3
    I will examine the history and comparative legal study about the emergency power. This power will take place in case the existence of a nation and the public peace is in great danger ,and it can cause constitutional problems. By stipulating the condition, period and boundary of the power in the Constitution, we can both admit the tyrannic power and limit the abuse of the power. The emergency dealing and ordinance of national finance and emergency ordinance in the Constitution of this republic are considerably different from the emergency measures in the fourth and fifth republic and similar to those of the first republic and the third republic. The president should exercise the emergency power to the necessary minimum. And this power is only admitted when there is an exceptional case which cannot be solved in general ways ,and there is necessity of the urgent restoration of national security. The rule of the emergency power in the Constitution should be strictly interpreted. And Allowing the broad interpretation and the exception cannot be admitted.
  • 8.

    A Study on Flow Characteristics around Sol-seom in the Gagokcheon Using RMA-2 Model

    윤지준 | Jun Kye Won | 2013, 9(10) | pp.141~148 | number of Cited : 2
    In order to analyze the flow characteristics around Sol-seom at the mouth of the Gagokcheon, this study applied the RMA2 model, which is a two-dimensional flow analysis model using the finite element method. The values indicated in the master plan for river development of Gagokcheon were used for the topographic and input data require to simulate the model. In order to understand the flow characteristics according to the presence or absence of Sol-seom and bridge structure at the mouth of the river, the RMA-2 model constructed the mesh in the two forms to perform simulations. As a result, the simulated water-level difference between the indicated design flood level and RMA-2 model was 0.04-0.11m. In fact, in order to analyze the effects of Typhoon Sanba(2012), which made landfall on South Korea on September 17, 2012, flow analysis was conducted on the observed flow in Typhoon Sanba(2012) as inflow discharge. As a result of analysis, the flow velocity on the right bank was a little faster than that on the left bank centering Sol-seom. This study analyzed the hydraulic characteristics according to the presence or absence of structures including Sol-seom. As a result, there was no significant difference in the water level, but the maximum flow velocity increased to 0.27 m/sec by Sol-seom and bridge.
  • 9.

    Compulsory Safety and Health Education and Industrial Accidents

    정원일 | Myung Sun Lee | JEON, YONG-IL | 2013, 9(10) | pp.149~164 | number of Cited : 16
    This study investigates the effects on how the education of occupational safety and health education has influenced on industrial accidents. Using the 2009 Korean Occupational Safety and Health Survey data, we test the effectiveness of occupational safety and health education, classified by company size, workers’ characterisitcs, government policies related with occupational safety and health, and other individual-level variables such as an exposure time. Our empirical analysis indicates that the occupational safety and health education on the non white-color job-workers in service sectors has the positive effect on the number of industrial accident worker and also the education for working condition changes can reduce the number of industrial accidents in the manufacturing sectors. Nevertheless, most of occupational safety and health education in Korean cannot reduce the industial accidents dramatically, and thus institutional and operational improvement is required for Korean occupational safety and health education systems.
  • 10.

    An Analysis of Differences in the Recognition of Career Choice, Satisfaction, and Major Adjustment among University Students - Focused on the Comparison between Health-Care Majors and Social Science Majors -

    김유호 | 2013, 9(10) | pp.165~182 | number of Cited : 24
    This study tried to analyze differences in the recognition of career choice, satisfaction, and major adjustment among university students based on their majors. That is to say, this study examined differences in the recognition of career choice, satisfaction, and major adjustment among university students in health-care majors and social science majors. As a result of the analysis, first, there were no significant differences in the career recognition among other career choice factors, but differences between the two types of majors were found in learning preference and activity engagement factors. That is to say, the health-care majoring students were more sensitive to learning preference factors than the social science majoring students in that the former were interested in major classes and found themselves fit to major classes, and the formerwere also susceptible to activity engagement factors as they more frequently participated in major-related job events and club activities than the latter. Second, there were significant differences in major satisfaction and department satisfaction among other career satisfaction factors. That is to say, it turned out that the health-care majoring students were highly satisfied with their majors and with their departments. Third, there were no significant differences in major performance among other major adjustment factors, but there were significant differences in major immersion. That is to say, it turned out that the social science majoring students were highly immersed in their major work. As for other results, the health-care majoring students were much higher in career choice and satisfaction, but the social science majoring students showed higher immersion in their majors. From this, we can tell that career choice and satisfaction do not necessarily have similar influence on major adjustment though a conjecture in this study was that there would be differences in career choice, satisfaction, and major adjustment between the major types. Fourth, as for gender differences, the male students had high recognition of career choice and satisfaction, while their female counterparts had high recognition of major adjustment. Fifth, as for grade years, students in higher grade years had higher recognition of career, but had lower satisfaction with their departments. On the other hand, as a result of the analysis of the relations among career choice, satisfaction, and major adjustment, it turned out that career choice and satisfaction had significant influence on major adjustment in the health-care majoring students, but not in the social science majoring students. It is conjectured that this was because the former were highly satisfied with their career as they well selected their career, and hence based on this, they were well adjusted to their majors.
  • 11.

    The Study on the Effects of the Bed Slope and Internal Friction Angle on Mean Soil Volumetric Concentration in Debris-Flow model

    Jun Byong Hee | 2013, 9(10) | pp.183~192 | number of Cited : 1
    In this study, we investigated the effects of the debris flow model parameters such as bed slope, soil density and internal friction angle on mean volumetric concentration. While the soil density showed little effect on mean concentration under the condition from 2.5 to 3.0, the bed slope greatly influenced on mean concentration. The mean concentration was increased steeply in high bed slope over 30° and dropped to -50 in bed slope of 37° and converged to zero. In lower bed slope of 5°, friction angle showed minor effects on mean concentration. However, in high bed slope, as friction angle got smaller, the mean concentration increased steeply. Especially, at the range of 20° to 30° of friction angle and bed slope, the mean concentration jumped discontinuity. For the stable simulation in field case, it was thought that a proper mean concentration value should be applied in particular range of bed slope and friction angle.
  • 12.

    Directions for Reshaping Corporate Environment to Avert Financial Crisis Caused by Frauds: A Theoretical Framework

    Lee, Giyoul | 2013, 9(10) | pp.193~210 | number of Cited : 0
    Success of a nation's economy depends on how well savings are funnelled to entrepreneurs. A country that does this distribution well helps the entrepreneurs capitalize their innovative ideas and create jobs. For investors to channel their savings to entrepreneurs, they must be able to base their investment decisions on the financial information which is prepared under management’s responsibility. Motivated by personal gains, management often attempts to report financial statements fraudulently, which shakes the public's confidence in the integrity of financial reporting. To provide reliable financial information to the capital market participants for their decision making, monitoring on the financial reporting process is inevitable. Because shareholders do not directly participate in the operation of a business, they need a mechanism to protect their investments. To that end, they elect directors of the board as their representatives to watch for their interests. For directors to perform their prescribed duties, they must be independent of management and possess financial expertise. But outside directors' lack of information on the business activities restricts their abilities. Audit committee helps the board discharge their responsibilities by handing out the information that it has learned from internal and external auditors. In addition, good internal control system enhances the quality of the financial information. Internal auditors monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of internal control to locate any weaknesses and implement them. This study is aimed to help participants in the capital market make their rational decisions basing on trustworthy financial reports they were provided. To that end, tasks of the board of directors, audit committee, and internal auditors must be coordinated to ensure prevention of frauds, or detection if they occur. When they collaborate in unity, financial information provided under that governance would be reliable and help the various market participants achieve their goals.
  • 13.

    The Effects of Political Trust and National Pride on National Security Control – Focused on the Juvenile Perspective -

    배정환 | 박진희 | 2013, 9(10) | pp.211~225 | number of Cited : 2
    When it comes to threats to national security in South Korea, terror attacks by North Korea and the invasion of International terrorist organization are not excluded. Given that background, the administration takes firm measures against the threats, such as intensive surveillance, for the sake of national security and public safety. In order to implement the security policy effectively, the cooperation with citizens and the agreement on the trade-off between liberty and security are highly necessary for the government. For this reason, this study examines the willingness of Korean teenagers to trade off civil liberties for national security. In addition, it seeks to understand why some teenagers are more willing to accept the capacity of national security control at the expense of civil liberties. In order to achieve the goal, it tests specific hypotheses regarding the effect of the factors, such as trust in government and national pride, on the willingness to trading civil liberties for national security. In result, the politics trust was found significantly related to the capacity of national security control. Specifically, those who trust in administration and in law enforcement were willing to support the national security control at the expense of civil liberties when necessary. Another finding included the positive association between national pride and capacity of national security control. Thus, before underlining the importance of national security, first of all, the government should show reliable abilities and exemplary conducts to the public. In addition, the government and educational institutions take the responsibility on fostering the youth with the righteous view on the national pride and identity.