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2014, Vol.10, No.1

  • 1.

    International Duty to Protect Persons in the Event of Disasters - Focusing on the Works of the ILC -

    Yoo, Hee Jin | 2014, 10(1) | pp.1~28 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    This article is a review and analysis of the draft articles provisionally adopted by the International Law Commission(ILC) of the United Nations under the topic of "protection of persons in the event of disasters". The essential part of the ILC's work is its recognition of the affected State's duty protect persons within its territory in the event of disaster. It particularly relates to such situation that took place in the aftermath of Cyclone Nargis that stroke Myanmar in 2008. When an affected State is unable to effectively provide sufficient relief and assistance to the affected persons within its territory, it should rely on external assistance. If in that situation the State refuses to consent to external assistance for political or other reasons, it intensifies the sufferings and casualties on the part of the affected persons. The draft articles confirms that the State has a duty to ensure the protection of persons and provision of disaster relief and assistance on its territory, and endows the State with the primary role in the direction, control, coordination and supervision of such relief and assistance. This implies the dual aspects of the State's sovereignty. The State, by virtue of sovereignty, has the ability to preclude other international actors from interfering with its domestic affairs while at the same time, it should assume the duty to protect its persons for the very same reason. The State has the duty to cooperate with other international actors while assuming the primary role in the direction, control, coordination and supervision of the relief and assistance. This article notes the balance struck between the dual aspects of sovereignty and the human rights of the affected persons, on which the rights and obligations of other international actors are build. It also draws a connection between the logic of the responsibility to protect(R2P) and the protection of persons in the event of disasters, while acknowledging that the possibility of triggering the former for the latter has effectively been denied by the relevant international instruments.
  • 2.

    Relationship among Nature Perception, Science Technology Perception, Risk Perception, and Risk Severity

    SONG, HAE RYONG | wonje kim | 2014, 10(1) | pp.29~44 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship among nature perception, science technology perception, risk perception and risk severity focused on bio technology. The results were as following. First, public's nature perception influenced negatively on the perception of science technology. Second, public's nature perception influenced positively on risk perception of bio technology. Third, public's nature perception influenced positively on risk severity of bio technology. Fourth, public's perception of science technology influenced not significantly on risk perception. Fifth, public's risk perception of bio technology influenced positively on risk severity. Finally, rather than attempting to dismiss public's risk perception of bio technology, society should value and debate public's concerns to improve the bioethical maturity of society through risk communication.
  • 3.

    Analysis of Military Policy Making Process - Applying the Allison Model about the Panmunjom Axe Murder Incident -

    허출 | 2014, 10(1) | pp.45~64 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzed the United States's military policy making process about the Panmunjom axe murder incident by using Allison model. Allison described three types of models such as the rational Actor(model I), Organizational Behavior(model Ⅱ) and Governmental Politics(Model Ⅲ). The five common factors used in the three models are Basic Unit of Analysis, Organizing Concepts, Dominant Inference Pattern, General Propositions and Evidence. These five common factors are used in the analysis for United States's military policy making process about the Panmunjom axe murder incident. However, the decision of a military policy includes very complex variables, the limit of human ability, unpredictable factor, very flexible international politics and crisis situation. Therefore, there is no a unique model to describe well the process of a military policy. Panmunjom axe murder incident was very serious, evoked within very short time and became a deep crisis enough to extend toward war. The decision of the policy was established in the difficult situation, and the whole strategies acted smoothly and ended successfully. The analysis result by using Allison's models about the military policy making process for Panmunjom axe murder incident illustrated that the model Ⅰ can explain the whole decision process. Even though model Ⅱ and model Ⅲ can explain in part, model Ⅰwas more suitable to explain the decision process than the other two models do. This suggested us that the model Ⅰ becomes the right model to make a decision of military policy for national security when the national crisis occurs. Therefore, it is ideal to induce rationally the decision of the diplomatic military policy by constituting an organically connected policy decision organization such as National Security Council.
  • 4.

    Tendencies of Disaster Management Policies in Terms of the National Emergency Management Agency Administrators’ Value Orientations and Policy Priorities

    남궁승태 | Ryu Sang Il | 2014, 10(1) | pp.65~80 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Based on the necessity of the examination of what policies have been prioritized by the administrators of NEMA from 2004 to 2013, in which period a total of 6 administrators took the office including the current one, this study examines each administrator’s pursued value orientation and policy priorities in terms of centrality analysis using the language network methodology with the 6 administrators’inaugural addresses as raw data. As a result, we can tell that the first administrator made efforts to build an integrated management system the NEMA was launched by adapting developed countries’ disaster management systems for integrating the dispersed systems then. We see that the second administrator tried to construct a novel innovative national emergency management system concentrated on actual scenes because the NAME had been settled in a degree. The third administrator, focused on the construction of an organic and scientific emergency management system concentrated on prevention, and furthermore made efforts for the academic establishment of emergency science technology in order to promote the expertise of emergency management. The fourth administrator had a firm will to create public office culture for emergency management in a righteous atmosphere by eradicating corruptions with his belief that civil servants in emergency management are also public workers. The fifth administrator seemed to labor for harmonization and consolidation among civil servants in emergency management as he is the first NEMA administrator who took the office as one promoting from emergency management worker position, furthermore be willing to focus on actual scenes, and moreover reveal his will to progressively cope with climatic changes. The sixth administrator is believed to express his will to make more efforts to national safety and people’s life safety in the dimension of safe welfare suggested by the Park Geunhye government.
  • 5.

    System of Personal Information Protection Act and The Related Laws

    이필재 | 2014, 10(1) | pp.81~104 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Personal information protection act was made for enhancing not only business persons' obligation for personal information protection but also users' right. But some logical problems between personal information protection act and the existing related laws were found out. So, this thesis tries to suggest new directions of personal information protection policy and the way of revising the existing laws. Nowadays, threat to personal information from SNS, big data, or cloud computing is so serious that the existing laws cannot protect personal information. Therefore, it is the right time to build up international-level personal information protection system, modify the existing laws and increase effectiveness of policies for secure smart society.
  • 6.

    An Analysis on the Collaborative Network Mechanism in Disaster Management Agencies: Focusing on the Network Structural Variables with ERGM

    Seo, Inseok | LEE DONG KYU | 2014, 10(1) | pp.105~126 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    This paper examines to the continuity of the network which is necessary for continual formation and maintenance of Disaster Management Collaborative Networks between agencies. It is difficult to explain the formation and continuity of networks, so that this paper tried to analyse Korean Disaster Management Network based on the ERGM method in order to examine existence of the network. Findings of this research are following. First, the result shows that the reciprocity variable is significantly significant, which means that disaster management networks are formed and continued in reciprocity relations. Second, is also statistically significant in all models, and the result shows the popularity accords with hypotheses. Therefore, governments need to sort out the reputed agencies, and induce agencies to participate in networks. Third, it is found that transitivity also accords with hypothesis, although transitivity could not be confirmed in all models. However, the diffusion tendency is confirmed that it has negative correlation with the hypothesis, along with the results of preceding researches.
  • 7.

    Effects on Recovery of Spontaneous Circulation that can be Defibrillated Cardiac Arrest Patients Before being Hospitalized

    Jung Eun-kyung | Shin, Jun Ho | 2014, 10(1) | pp.127~140 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This research analyzed the effects on Recovery of Spontaneous Circulation of 222 cardiac arrest patients transported to hospital that can be defibrillated from January 1st 2010 to December 31st 2011. The results are as followed. Males accounted for majority, numbering 162 (73.0%) and females accounted for 60 (27.0%) out of cardiac arrest patients. As for the age, patients of age between 50~59 were the highest with 54 cases (24.3%). Patients below 29 had lowest frequency with 4 cases (1.8%). The effect on spontaneous circulation recovery before hospitalizing showed more significant difference the shorter the response time and site arrival time were from the 119 emergency call, and there also was significant difference on spontaneous circulation recovery when the 119 emergency team arrived the site within 3 minutes than 4 minutes. Among the first-aids performed by the 119 emergency team, frequency of advanced cardiac life support was low and out of this, securing vein showed significant difference in spontaneous circulation recovery. Through this study, in order to raise the spontaneous circulation recovery of cardiac arrest patients before hospitalizing who can be defibrillated, witness’ resuscitation should be performed on site and rapid defibrillation should be applied be shortening response time and site arrival time of 119 emergency team.
  • 8.

    Pre-emptive Military-Civilian Conflict Management System for the Realization of Government 3.0.

    박길수 | Hyo Son Park | 2014, 10(1) | pp.141~166 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Currently, in areas where the military is present, residents and municipal governments claim their property rights and living standards that go as far as opposing the installation of new units and the removal of existing military presence. Therefore, the military needs to reexamine their conflict management methods as huge defense budget losses, rising conflicts, and dwindling combat strength is expected to occur. Accordingly, the MND has established a comprehensive remedy by creating branches to exclusively deal with dispute resolution and capacity augmentation, and managing an integrated conflict resolution system. However, the anticipated effect, conflict prevention and assessment of actual conflict is not yet systemized or crystallized. Thus, this study attempts to derive the limitations of the current military-civilian conflict management system and seek remedies to the said limitations. In order to achieve this effect, we review the M-C conflict theory from the perspective of M-C relations and compare public conflict management system and M-C conflict management system to suggest a new M-C crisis control system. This research yielded a new M-C CCS under the framework of organization, procedure and education. From the organization dimension, we were able to compose a conflict management practice/council, conflict response system, and conflict element analysis system; from the procedural aspect, conflict task selection and management tailored to military organizational traits, and business cooperation protocol; from the educational dimension, conflict resolution training to strengthen the capacity of the working level staff. Preemptive M-C CCS will promote an omni-directional Smart and professional cooperation system, Synergy, Skill, successful Solution toward national defense policies, and the optimum national defense Service to the Korean people and hence realize the Government 3.0 paradigm.
  • 9.

    Prevalence and Risk Factors of Depression in Low Income Women Elders in Urban Community

    Hye-Ryoung Kim | 2014, 10(1) | pp.167~182 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of depression and risk factors for depression in low income women elders in Korean communities. The sample included 261 who were 60 years of age or over and family members of low income households in a Korean community. Depression was measured using the Korean version of the Geriatric Depression Scale. The prevalence of depression of the study sample was 59.4%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that prevalence of depression in women elders was associated with lack of regular social participation, with 3 or more of comorbidities, poor sleep status, and limited instrumental activities of daily living. The findings from this study can promote screening and prevention strategies for lower income women elders in Korea.
  • 10.

    A Implication of the Correctional System for Suicide Prevention of Prisoner - Center of the New york and Florida -

    김규식 | Lee, Yoon Ho | 2014, 10(1) | pp.183~200 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Correctional facility inmate suicides that occur in the behavior of inmates in a limited space it is possible to predict how much service. So that occur in the general community than suicide is relatively easy to find in advance. In addition, the management and control of the inmates is difficult because the symptoms are also associated with suicidal behavior can be captured to some extent. But, correctional accident can occur in an instant for suicide and suicide should not neglect those who sign early detection and aggressive and professional programs in suicide prevention and correction must be calibrated to prevent accidents. In particular, the genetic causes of suicide and temperament, personality and environmental factors, such as personal causes of this complex function. Better with stress and other mental disorders occur when I went. Therefore, various mental and physical health problems in advance through the suicide prevention can be identified and aggressive treatment of associated professionals through involvement in campus accidents can be prevented.
  • 11.

    Risk Analysis of Debris flow Using a Probability Based Method in GIS - Inje, Gangwon-do, Korea -

    Jun Kye Won | Oh ChaeYeon | 2014, 10(1) | pp.201~214 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Recently such as Landslide and debris flow are occurring over the due to climate changes, frequent sedimentation disaster in mountains area. To minimize damages made by mountainous disaster, it is necessary to Systematic damage prevention and management tried to understand characteristics of landslides or debris flow. In this thesis, a database was established with GIS (Geographic Information System) about topography, hydrologic, soil and forest physiognomy needed for analyses, and by targeting the area around Inje Gu, Inje Eup, where many landslides and debris flows occurred in 2006, this study extracted landslide and debris flow-occurrence locations through aerial images and on-site monitoring. Particularly, this study quantitatively extracted the correlationship between the space information and landslide and debris flow-occurrence areas by using the Weight of Evidence model, while drawing up a prediction diagram of landslide and debris flow risk areas
  • 12.

    A Study on the Evacuation and the Smoke Control in a Stair Shaft of a High Rise Building

    Lee Soung Chul | Jun Kye Won | Jun Byong Hee | 2014, 10(1) | pp.215~224 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Developing smoke control methods in high-rise buildings has been an object of much study in recent years in South Korea. When a fire occurs, the stair shaft becomes a vital means of evacuation. It also becomes an entry way for toxic gases. This paper considers whether it would be profitable to install a smoke control system in a stair shaft to reduce the spread of smoke. Using the software program SIMULEX, researchers investigated how long and with what degree of safety it took residents to evacuate a ten-story building. A CFD simulation was also performed to analyze how toxic gases were propagated and to see how long it took the gas concentration to return to a steady state. There were three cases studied. The first looked at a high-rise with just an ordinary staircase. The second case involved a high-rise where each floor was equipped with an exhaust fan. The last simulated a high-rise equipped with a fire protection curtain. Researchers also conducted experimental tests to compare with results from the simulation. The final evacuee, in the experiment, reached the roof exit in 254 seconds, compared to 180 seconds in the simulation. Researchers also wanted to know the time elapsed before 50 mg/m2smass flux of CO flowed through the roof exit. They found that in the ordinary staircase it took 38 seconds, and in the second case, with the exhaust fans, it took 61 seconds (the best result); the fire protection curtain yielded a result of 43 seconds. The exhaust fans were capable of reducing the CO mass flux by 33% of the ordinary staircase (9.8% lower than with the fire protection curtain).