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2014, Vol.10, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on the Desirable Plan to Manage Disaster Management System of Gumi Industrial Complex - Focused on the Disaster Medical System Improvement of the Initial Reaction to the Accidental Release of Hydrogen Fluoride in Gumi -

    MIN YOUN KYOUNG | LEE DONG KYU | 2014, 10(2) | pp.1~21 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    As the modern society is becoming advancement, man-made disaster is continuously increasing combined with a growing disaster dangerous facilities and caused an immeasurable loss of life and property in the area by the human's carelessness, indifference, mistake. Therefore, the local governments’s rapid initial maneuver is very important in order to minimize damage because of the most accessible form, and disaster medical system will require more efficient operation as an important element of disaster management system. Despite the legislating 「The Disaster And Safety Management Basic Act」in 2004, the accidental release of hydrogen fluoride in Gumi in september 2012 has exposed again vulnerabilities of safety and disaster medical system. Using system dynamics analysis, this paper finds the structural cause of the poor response in the initial stages, despite government efforts to improve safety. The result reveals that (ⅰ) the central government’s accessibility limit to disaster area, (ⅱ) the local government’s lack of skill and resources in order to respond disaster, (ⅲ) adequate disaster warning delay make local governments’s rapid initial maneuver harder. This paper has decided to investigate more creative ways of disaster medical system By analyzing and comparing institutional problem and several concerns raised by disaster area residents through the media.
  • 2.

    Smart Disaster Management Strategies Utilizing Big Data

    Rheem Sangkyu | 2014, 10(2) | pp.23~43 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract
    The article draws on exploratory research on the smart disaster management strategies by means of big data utilizing. Big data can read the user's patterns and predict the future. So it is widely used for private and public sector's decision support system. To find out the implications for using big data in disaster management and public sector, this study examines the big data cases such as NOAA(National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)'s weather information and USGS(United States Geological Survey)'s earthquake information, Japan Meteorological Agency's earthquake information, NDMI(National Disaster's Management Institute)'s smart big board, Brazil Rio de Janeiro's Intelligent operation center, and Singapore's RAHS(Risk Assessment Horizontal Scanning). The main strategies for the use of big data in the field of disaster management are as follows. First, establishment the big data sharing environment based on government 3.0. Second, construction digital database of past data. Third, construction of participatory disaster management system through the SNS. Fourth, privacy information protection.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Influential Factors for Effectiveness of Disaster And Safety Training and Exercise in Local Government

    박지환 | 김윤희 | 2014, 10(2) | pp.45~62 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract
    Most disasters are generally developed from small accidents in local communities. The local communities fails to effectively response the accidents and then it becomes disasters. Thus improving disaster management capacity would be a long term measure to prevent disasters becoming in a bigger scale. There is no doubt that training and exercise, towards local government officials who are in charge of disaster and safety at local level, is a effective way of improving disaster management capacity but it is difficult to find researches analysed what are the influential factors for effectiveness of disaster and safety training and exercise. This article aims to draw the influential factors for effectiveness of disaster and safety training and exercise in local government. For that, influential factors for training and exercise will be drawn by literature review and this article analyses relations between influential factors and effectiveness of training and exercise by surveying local government officials who are in charge of disaster and safety management. Then based on the analysed result, this article suggest policy implications for improving effectiveness of disaster and safety training and exercise.
  • 4.

    A Study on Improvement of the Patriots and Veterans Affairs of Fire Officers

    Jin Chae | 2014, 10(2) | pp.63~84 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    In case a fire officer sacrificed his or her life in the course of fulfilling the required job or was wounded, a genuine compensation should be awarded to the affected party so that an honorable life can be secured befitting to the patriots and the veterans. In this research, an attempt was made to review the Patriots and Veterans Affairs of the nation's fire officers through a review of preceding research and an analysis of the prevailing conditions. Through this analysis, a series of discussions are presented in this research dealing with such important issues as exclusion from the target of honorable burial in the national cemetery, bifurcation of the beneficiary of patriots' and veterans' compensation, inadequacy and complexity in handling merits and awards, inadequacy of tracing harmful factors, and inadequacy in handling national projects and commemorative events. And based on the review of preceding research, an analysis of prevailing conditions, and discussions presented above, a number of proposals have been presented in this research covering such issues as improvement of the Patriots and Veterans Affairs for fire officers, which includes an expansion of the target of honorable burial in the national cemetery, reinforcement of the Patriots and Veterans Affairs for fire officers, unification of the target Patriots and Veterans Affairs beneficiary for fire officers, establishment of a dedicated fire officers' hospital for tracing harmful factors, and a commemorative project for the fire officers who had sacrificed their lives while fulfilling their duty.
  • 5.

    Association of Individual Characteristics with Depressive Symptoms among Patients with On-the-job Injuries in South Korea

    Soo Kyung Park | 2014, 10(2) | pp.85~103 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to explore individual factors such as demographic, job injury-related, psycho-social factors associated with depression among patients with on-the-job injuries in South Korea. Participants consisted of 122 patients in five public hospitals nationwide for workers' compensation clients. Analyses were conducted using univariate analyses and multiple regression to explore factors related to depression. Univariate analyses showed that duration of hospitalization, work limitation, subjective economic status, the role of bread winner, objectives for returning to work, recovery expectancy, self efficacy, coping strategies were significantly associated with depression. The strongest predictor of depressive symptoms was self efficacy, which accounted for 32% of the variance in depression. Subjective economic status and work limitation added 11% to the variance in depression. These results suggested that there is a need to develop intervention program focused on improving self efficacy.
  • 6.

    Analysis on Hydrologic Stability of Agricultural Reservoir According to Estimation and Application of Probable Maximum Flood

    Maeng, Seung-jin | 김형산 | 정지혜 and 1other persons | 2014, 10(2) | pp.105~115 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The probable maximum precipitation(PMP) at Biryong reservoir and Wonnam reservoir, both selected as the target reservoirs, was recalculated using the flood control system for the reservoir. The hydrological stability of the reservoirs was investigated by tracking the flood water level of the target reservoirs using the spillway discharge based on water level changed by the calculated PMP. Results of the investigation on the hydrological stability of the Biryong reservoir and Wonnam reservoir showed that the maximum water level did not overflow the full reservoir level in both reservoirs. However, hydrological stability could not be secured because the allowable height fell short by 1.2m and 1.5m, respectively. The analysis also found that structural measures such as spillway expansion or non-structural measures, like reservoir operating rules for the flood season, are needed to ensure the hydrological stability of the two reservoirs. The probable maximum flood(PMF) at the Biryong reservoir and Wonnam reservoir calculated by applying the change in reservoir design criteria exhibited a higher peak flood of about 150-285%, compared to the 200-year frequency probability flood calculated using the reservoir design standards of the past.
  • 7.

    A Study on Flood Impact upon the Downstream Area of A river by Dam Break

    김대희 | 장동우 | 박효선 and 1other persons | 2014, 10(2) | pp.117~132 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    In these days, drought and flood occurs more frequently throughout the world due to an unusual exchange in the weather. As the localized torrential rainfall increases, the possibility of flood occurrence such as river flood, bank decay, reservoir destruction also increased due to worn out or impairment of the hydraulic structures caused by flood damage. Especially, there have been several historic localized torrential rainfall in Chullabuk-do and Chullanam-do, there is no enough research done about the risk of the A dam decay after its construction nor the flood-risk mapping of main A river. Therefore, in this research, postulated dam failure of A dam during maximum possible precipitation is proposed and investigated in order to calculate not only the peak flood for the continuous collapse time, but also the flooding hour, flooding type and flooded area extent that hourly influences B county, C county by using the MIKE FLOOD model. In analyzing the receptive capacity of the embankment in the main stream of the A River, except the mountainous region in its upstream, the receptive capacity of the embankment is higher than the planned flooding level and the existing embankment height, the embankment water level in the B region occurred up 8.80m in maximum, the embankment water level in the C region occurred up 2.27m in maximum. By using the flooding occurrence point, the maximum flooding depth, the flood graph of time and season, of the B and the C region to be caused by the breaking of the A river, the forecast and alarm and disaster prevention for the flood of the A river basin in the future should be planned.
  • 8.

    Case Analysis of Oil Fire Accidents

    Chung, Yeong Jin | Jisun You | 방두석 | 2014, 10(2) | pp.133~155 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    According to latest results by the National Emergency Management Agency(2007-2012), based on the National Fire Information System, it shows that oil fire is 2019 cases, accounting for 4.4% of all fire, causing casualties including 299 human lives and property damage estimated at 15,795,120 thousand won at an annual average, followed by 13.2% and 5.6% respectively. In this study, the cause and the process of oil fire accidents are investigated and measures for this accidents are proposed by classifying oil fire into oil tank fire, gas station·car fire, kitchen·stove fire and factory fire which are likely to break out and analyzing the examples of accidents. Compared to other fire Oil fire is rapidly expanding from the first and an explosion is a high risk to cause a large fire. Especially dealing with a large amount of oil in oil tank and plant showed a much more human and material damage. It is considered that these accidents are mostly caused by workers' neglecting of management, carelessness and static electricity or sparks by ignition. through safety education, we should make effort to prevent oil-caused conflagration by safety education enhancing people' awareness.
  • 9.

    The Study of Command Responsibility for Military Crisis Handling

    Cheol Ho Yang | 2014, 10(2) | pp.157~175 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study is about Command Responsibility applied to commanders and chiefs in charge of handling various critical Military situations at wartime and peacetime. When the various critical situations occur such as Cheonan warship attack, Yeonpyeongdo attack, GP massacre, and the civilian fence crossing to North, the commanders and chiefs related to the situations are punished based on the results of investigation; criminal penalty, being discharged, and so on. At that time, the commanders are asked “Command Responsibility”. However, a lot of commanders think that the Command Responsibility asked to them is applied differentially depending on the inclination of the commander and sometimes randomly applied. Thus, some commanders even think that they have a disadvantage. In this study, the case of Director of Operations of Joint Chiefs of Staff at the time of Cheonan warship attack, is analyzed based on the audit results from the Board of Audit and Inspection and Ministry of Defense, the precedents of Supreme Court, and regulations of Ministry of Defense and the Headquarter of the Army. This analysis will provide a better direction of Command Responsibility not only in future cases of Military events but also for Police and Fire department.
  • 10.

    Impact Assessment of Climate Change on Extreme Weather in Yeongsan·Seomjin River Basins based on the Representative Concentration Pathways

    Kim, Byung Sik | 장인기 | 민선홍 and 1other persons | 2014, 10(2) | pp.177~193 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study forecasts extreme precipitation events and changes in drought using the projected precipitation and temperature data simulated under(RCPs) scenarios in the IPCC Fifth Report to estimate the impacts of future climate changes on extreme precipitation events and droughts in the Yeongsan and Seomjin River basins. The results obtained by using the generalized extreme-value(GEV) distribution showed that, for extreme precipitation, the variability is increasing between extreme precipitation events in intensity and amount over time and the upper tail of the PDF also grew thicker, suggesting that the occurrence of such events would also increase. For droughts, the SPEI results showed that the severity of droughts would increase more intense toward the end of the 21st century, as would the occurrence of droughts with a drought index of-1 or below.
  • 11.

    Daily Stress and Psychological Adjustment of the Adolescents with Children of Alcoholics(COAs)

    Kim Hye Sun | 2014, 10(2) | pp.195~213 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The Purpose of this study was to identify the relation between daily stress and psychological adjustment of the Adolescents with Children of Alcoholics and to draw the implication for enhancement of psychological adjustment. The Sample included 187 who were COAs and 275 who were non-COAs in a rural area of Gandwon-do. The results were as follows. 1) There were significant differences in gender and family income between non-COAs and COAs. 2) There were significant differences in daily stress and psychological adjustment between non-COAs and COAs. 3) The subfactor(withdrawal) of psychological adjustment was influenced by teacher and school work-stress of the variables of daily stress. 4) The subfactor(depression/anxiety) of psychological adjustment was influenced by high school and family-stress, friend-stress of the variables of daily stress. Based on the results, the researcher discussed some differentiated intervention methods and gave some suggestions for further studies.
  • 12.

    Applicability Evaluation of RCP Climate Change Scenarios in the Complex Coastal Regions

    박효선 | Choi Gye Woon | 2014, 10(2) | pp.215~230 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    RCP scenarios which are the prediction of the greenhouse gas concentration were applied in the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report(AR5) followed by SRES scenarios of IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. This research evaluates the applicability of daily precipitation by new RCP scenarios from KMA. The last 40 years observed precipitation data from Incheon weather station and Ganghwa weather station are also analyzed. Afterwards, climate change scenarios' of predicted precipitation data were compared with the observed precipitation data. In order to examine the characteristics of summer precipitation change, we compared last 40 years observed precipitation data and the future 40 years data which is measured from 2011 to 2050yr. Observed and simulated precipitation data at Ganghwa weather station show a similar increasing trend. Simulation data of Incheon weather station show lower simulated results in comparison with the current observed data. Also, in order to consider short-term maximum rainfall characteristics, we analyze annual maximum daily precipitation of RCP scenarios. Some predicted values are higher than the current value of the annual total precipitation data. In addition, sea and land boundaries present a complicated topology, so it is difficult to build climate change data and to apply utilization of resources. Therefore, Solutions to the uncertain boundary were presented in this study. And there need to be done changes by modifying some elements in order to avoid some of the future consequences and apply them in various water-related business which are willing to suggest the correct information.
  • 13.

    Environmental Issues due to the Development of Shale Gas

    Jai Ho Oh | 진현근 | 선민아 and 1other persons | 2014, 10(2) | pp.231~245 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to suggest some policy alternatives and implications for improving the crisis and emergency management system for efficiently managing the atomic disaster. Atomic disaster can be occurred from terrorism or natural disaster. To establish and improve the crisis and emergency management system to prevent atomic disaster, this paper proposes some suggestions as follows; First, positive residents' participation, partnership establishment, and transparency enhancement; Second, establishing the crisis and emergency management to efficiently manage the atomic disaster; Third, the role and function of local government for effectively mobilizing the necessary resources and taking a measure for managing the atomic disaster; Fourth, education and exercise system to perform the disaster site activities effectively; Fifth, establishing the legal preventive control system and far more strict punishment rule to the atomic related corruption and irregularity; Sixth, swift evacuation system and residence restriction of residents in case of atomic disaster; Finally, neighboring states and global society's participation to the atomic crisis and emergency management system.
  • 14.

    Use of Gauged Water Level and Precipitation Data to Predict Short Term Water Level Changes

    Seong Joon Byeon | 이성호 | Choi Gye Woon and 1other persons | 2014, 10(2) | pp.247~264 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Recently frequent stream flooding and flood disaster due to abnormal climate led to an increased in damage to human life and properties. The most ideal measure is the precise prediction of flood water level. And in the prediction of flood water level, it is important to reduce potential flood damage via approaches from real-time aspect in order to secure sufficient lead time for evacuation and control of citizens and protection of facilities. The Osu Stream Basin which is the first branch of Seomjin River was selected as the subject, where the rainfall and water level data which was obtained by selecting 35 heavy rain events observed between 2006 and 2013 was used. The multiple linear regression models were structured and then parameters were selected from the following 4 methods: in Case 1, hourly data of water level and basin averaged precipitation; in Case 2, 10-minute periodic data of water level and basin averaged precipitaion; in Case 3, hourly data of water level and precipitation gauged 3 different stations and in Case 4, 10-minute periodic data of water level and precipitation gauged 3 different stations were used. According to the results, the precision was slightly reduced as the lead time of prediction, but the 1 hour of predicted lead time showed considerably higher precision, and the prediction results were superior until the 3 hours of predicted lead time. The simulation results showed that data that can be briefly identified may be used to predict the water level of the Osu point of the Osu Stream Basin in real time, and based on the results, the method will be helpful to protect lives and properties of those who live around the area and to reduce damage caused by flooding of the river via securing sufficient lead time for flood forecasting.
  • 15.

    Ventilation Characteristics of Filtration Basin in Water Treatment Plant using 3-D CFD Simulation

    Lee Soung Chul | 2014, 10(2) | pp.265~272 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this paper, the ventilation characteristics of a filter basin of the purification plant were investigated for different windows size and the locations by numerical simulation. It has been found that the maximum concentration of chlorine gas in the filter basin with original windows was predicted about 0.13ppm. It means that an additional required amount of ventilation is needed to maintain good indoor air quality. For the filter basin with double sized windows and relocations, the maximum concentration of chlorine gas was predicted 0.11ppm. It is known that the window size and its locations in a filter basin of the purification plant are important factors to reduce the concentration of chlorine gas in the indoor.
  • 16.

    High Resolution Spatial Information Acquisition using UAV Photogrammetry

    조영선 | 임형민 | Choi, Seok-keun and 1other persons | 2014, 10(2) | pp.273~287 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    The object of paper is to acquire high-resolution spatial information based UAV photogrammetric method. UAV, GPS-equipped multicopter type, and DSLR camera were used in order to take UAV photography in study area located construction site. air-photo signal plates were installed in study area and ground control survey using network GPS method were applied for orientation and accuracy analysis. The flight plan was considered flight altitude and course to maintain overlap and side-lap, more 70% and 30%, respectively. The result of data was obtained digital ortho image(spatial resolution 2cm) and digital surface model(spatial resolution 5cm). The RMSE of x, y and z axis were calculated using accuracy analysis and application of survey field was observed to process contour map, profile map and calculating earth volume using high-resolution spatial information.
  • 17.

    Impact Assessment of Climate Change on Long Term Runoff in the Young San River Based on the RCP 8.5 Climate Change Scenarios

    Se Jin Jeung | Kim, Byung Sik | Jun Kye Won and 1other persons | 2014, 10(2) | pp.289~305 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Many climate change studies expected occurrence possibility of extreme high temperature, increase in heavy rain events and strong typhoon in near future. Currently, climate change scenarios have used to prepared appropriate plan for these phenomena under climate change. The main purpose of this paper is to suggest and evaluate an operational method of assessing the potential impact of climate change on hydrologic components and water resources at the regional scale. Future runoff was simulated using high resolution RCM(12.5㎞x12.5㎞) RCP 8.5 scenario which is operated by Korea Meteorological Administration(KMA) and semi-distribution model, SLURP. The study area was applied to the Young San River including nine dams. It was found that runoff characteristics, especially annual distribution, can be changed. The discharge in July tends to be decreased while the runoff can be increased in August and September. The flow duration curve was estimated and compared from observation data and simulated daily runoff data for Naju site to evaluate climate change effect. The analysis of the duration flow curve was shown that the mean of averaged low flow was increased while the averaged wet and normal flow were decreased under climate change scenario.
  • 18.

    Prevalence and Risk factors of Depression in Women Elderly Living alone in Korea

    Hye-Ryoung Kim | 2014, 10(2) | pp.307~326 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of depression and its risk factors among women elderly living alone in Korea. A total of 2,589 of women elderly living alone from the 2008 Report on the Korean National Older Adults Life Survey were selected. The prevalence of depression of women elderly living alone was 40.6%. Depression was more prevalent as women elderly living alone with lower education level; as elderly with basic livelihood support; elderly who participated in social activity at least once in a week; as elderly with limited IADL; as elderly with diagnosed diseases; who did perform moderate-intensity physical activity less than 30 minutes in duration, and 5 days or more per week; elderly with high nutrition risk; elderly with impaired cognitive function. The finding of prevalence of depression and its' risk factors among women elderly living alone is expected to promote the strategy to reduce depression prevalence for women elderly living alone in Korea.
  • 19.

    A Study on the Development Plan of Disaster Management System in Korean Government for Improving Safety Welfare Service

    Kiwhan Sung | Il-Moon Choi | 2014, 10(2) | pp.327~354 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    I reviewed preceding researches in order to make a plan on the development of disaster management system for improving safety welfare service. With the focus on legal system, organizational system, financial system, and information system, I elicited implications through case studies of disaster and policy suggestions for planning on the development of disaster management system. In terms of legal system, this paper discussed about the improvement of the legal basis for the integrated system of disaster management, the securement of the practical manual for disaster management, and the reinforcement of the legal basis for the expansion of safety consciousness. In terms of organizational system, I proposed building the collaborative system for disaster management, and establishing the integrated control system. In terms of financial system, I proposed operating Oil Pollution Compensation Fund, improving the donation system, and supporting the disaster victims by social economic organizations. In terms of information system, I proposed building the comprehensive information system for disaster management, and establishing the information sharing system for resources management. The significance of the study is that through the case studies of Hebei Spirit Oil Spill Accident, this paper designed an appropriate system for the Korean situation. I expect this paper to contribute to the improvement of safety welfare service for disaster victims, when my suggestions are implemented.
  • 20.

    CCTV Evaluation for the Prevention and Reduction of Crime and Disorder - A Case Study of Seoul Metropolitan CCTV -

    Kim, Jong-Eop | Choi Jongseok | Cheolhyun Jeong | 2014, 10(2) | pp.355~374 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Prevention and reduction of crime and disorder have been important political issues in South Korea during the past decade, and specifically in local autonomous boroughs in Seoul. These boroughs have introduced CCTV's installation as main policy for the prevention and reduction of crime and disorder. This paper focuses on empirically-based public policy that is relevant to these issues. Key themes are the trends and effectiveness of CCTV policy on prevention and reduction of crime & disorder. The debate about CCTV as a policy for crime prevention and reduction since the 1990s is described and analysed. In other words, this paper describes and critically assesses the impacts of the CCTV policy and summarizes the information related to CCTV. In this paper are also reviewed, including CCTV policy trends, the UK’s experience with CCTV policy at local and central levels. The research results showed that CCTV was not effective in the prevention and reduction of 5 serious crimes in Seoul, South Korea.
  • 21.

    Nuclear Security Dynamics in South Asia: India and Pakistan Nuclearisation and Its Implications

    전광호 | 2014, 10(2) | pp.375~393 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Post-independence India and Pakistan have shared hostile relation with a number of wars and near-war situations. Through mutual hostility, war and war rhetoric have developed as their strategic cultures. India, the bigger power by many measures, and Pakistan, throughout their post-colonial-history(that extends to the present day) have faced a security dilemma, reinforcing each other’s threat perception. Besides an arms race and ‘alliance-counter alliance policy’, both have embarked on nuclear programs to maintain the regional balance of power. While the US-Soviet Cold War experience established that ‘nuclear weapon states do not fight with each other’, India and Pakistan fought the Kargil War in 1999 in the immediate aftermath of nuclear tests. Today’s security dilemma further increases as asymmetry develops through India’s steady economic rise and military modernization. Therefore, this paper explores the security environment of South Asia and suggests that there are some stabilizing effects to nuclear weapons yet the triggers of conflict remain.
  • 22.

    A Comparative Study on the Occurrence of Foodbone Diseases by Noroviruses in Korea and USA: 2009-2013

    Lee, Jae Eun | Ahn, Ji-Young | 곽정은 and 2other persons | 2014, 10(2) | pp.395~411 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Recently, noroviruses are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide and has a serious impact on people’s health. Consequently, preventive measures for foodborne disease caused by norovirus play an important role. This paper epidemiologically analyzed and compared five norovirus outbreak aspects of Korea and USA from 2009 to 2013. Five aspects are the major pathogen of foodborne disease, the peak season of outbreaks, the facility of outbreaks, the food commodity causing a disease, the genotype of norovirus. Then the food hygiene regulations and risk management policies of foodborne disease were compared. This paper expects to develop appropriate measures for damages depending on post-counteraction to fundamental domestic response system.