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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2014, Vol.10, No.6

  • 1.

    Overcoming the Crisis in Disaster Area by Social Economy - Focused on the Disaster Effects and Recovery Issues of Hebei Spirit Oil Spill -

    JuHo Lee | Bae Jeong-Hwan | 2014, 10(6) | pp.1~26 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study was to develop strategies for applying the purposes of social enterprises in overcoming crises in local communities caused by disaster damage. That is, this study attempted to derive implications on how to recover the local communities of disaster areas by the application of social enterprises. According to the results of this study, a disaster area has problems that the residents in the area are highly dependent on damage compensation and this weakens the vitality of economic activities, that dependency on external resources is high without efforts to support themselves for overcoming the crisis, and that expectation for the government’s financial support tends to be high. Thus, this study suggested special treatment of disaster areas in requirements for the certification of social enterprises so that disaster areas would overcome local crises through the development of social enterprises, financial support through policies to support private fund raising and disaster management funds, and the need of a performance management system for the promotion of social enterprises.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Policy-making Process of International Disaster Relief Assistance - The Case of UNIMISS,United Nation Mission in South Suden -

    Hyo Son Park | Cheol Ho Yang | 2014, 10(6) | pp.27~48 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this study is to provide useful resources for future policy development by analyzing the main factors which affect the process of sending troops overseas disaster relief support directly or indirectly. For this, the Policy-making process of United Nations Mission in South Sudan is divided into four stages, the starter of the policy stage, collaborative policy-making stage, policy-decision conflict stage and policy-making and implementing stage, and analyzed by using Campbell’s Framework. As a result of the study, it is identified that the request from United Nations, the decision of government, internal and external public opinions, and the consent of National Assembly are the main factors of the process of sending troops overseas disaster relief support. In particular, the major factors before the consent of National Assembly are the request from United Nations and neighboring countries, investigation results by the research group and cooperation between the relevant departments. In this process, the efforts are required to resolve the conflicts between the departments. After introducing National Assembly motion, the full explanation and publicity activities are required. When the motion is passed, preparation of detailed dispatch plans and supervision are necessary. In the future, the request for troops to overseas disaster relief support is expected to be more frequent. Therefore, not only co-lasting relationship between relevant departments but also the strategic and technical study and evaluation should be continued to increase the military power and to realize the common goals, World Peace and overcoming disaster.
  • 3.

    Corporations’ Awareness, Attitudes, and Behavior regarding Recall Systems - An Analysis of Differences Based on Corporation Size and Type -

    JUN SANG MIN | 최은실 | 2014, 10(6) | pp.49~65 | number of Cited : 7
    This study examines corporations’ recognition, attitudes, and behavior regarding recall systems, and it analyzes differences based on corporation size and type with the aim of improving the effectiveness of recall systems. A survey was carried out targeting 87 recall managers of corporations, and a discussion meeting was held to collect opinions from the corporations. It was found that conglomerates are more aware of recall systems and do not feel the pressure of mandatory recall expenses more than middle-sized and small-sized firms do. It also showed that the CEOs of conglomerates do not have a more negative approach toward mandatory recall than toward either voluntary recall or recall recommendation, while the dynamics with middle-sized and small-sized firms are different. In terms of recall behavior and recall service infrastructure, the differences calculated with respect to firm size were not significant. Next, the study found that food companies are more aware of recall systems than other types of companies however, they have more negative attitudes toward mandatory recall than toward both voluntary recall and recall recommendation, which is different from other types of companies. In conclusion, corporations should be aggressive about constructing recall service infrastructure and being trained. Also, various corrective measures and different public forms of recall should be developed and applied depending on the extent of food hazard.
  • 4.

    Improvement Strategy of Social Support System with Vulnerable People to Disaster - Comparative Study of Preliminary Survey Structure on Vulnerable People to Disaster between Korea and Japan -

    Nemoto Masatsugu | 아리가에리 | 2014, 10(6) | pp.67~87 | number of Cited : 26
    Abstract PDF
    Building Social support system with vulnerable people to disaster is in progress in each country such as crisis management manual for disabled in Korea and preliminary survey for people with special needs in disasters in Japan. This study compared these two countries in order to lead suggestions to Korea. The result shows that the crisis management manual for disabled in Korea supports them to self-check their ability of crisis management. On the other hand, the preliminary survey for people with special needs in disasters in Japan is mostly conducted by local government and its information is shared with related organizations. Thus it is necessary for vulnerable people not only to self-check their crisis management ability but to apply the preliminary survey for people with special needs in disasters by government and related organizations also in Korea.
  • 5.

    Military and Related Strengthening Security Education Programs in Schools

    고성진 | Hyo Son Park | 2014, 10(6) | pp.89~119 | number of Cited : 1
    When the country is in crisis, it is the duty of the military to ensure the safety of the country. Internally, it is important for soldiers to have consciousness based on solid national security form their school days as well as to strive for strengthen the military's combat power through the moral education. In the reality, however, the young people appear to have low levels of the security awareness due to advances in the field of school education and changing the security education to the unification education in a 6th curriculum. In this study, in order to improve the crisis & emergency management capacity at the national level, it is starting from the ought of that it must strengthen school security education. Through analysis of previous studies, after examining the relationship between psychological military strength and the security education, we considered the transition process of the unification education at school. And the actual condition about the unification education at school was analyzed at the middle school in Gangwon Yanggu. The results are as follows. First, in terms of policy, it is necessary to enhance unification education at school, and converts the term from the unification education to the security education. Second, In terms of institutional aspect, it is required to set up strengthened measures of the governmental unification education at school, to develop the related laws and to establish the additional regulations. Third, the self-governing-body education departments and the individual schools voluntarily must have the interest in the unification education at school. Fourth, the Ministry of National Defense should adjust and control funds for unification education at school.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Research Trend of Counter-Terrorism - Focused on the Korean Association Terrorism Studies -

    Lee Dae Sung | Ryu Sang Il | 2014, 10(6) | pp.121~136 | number of Cited : 3
    Since the 9/11 terror attacks in the U.S., Western countries, led by the U.S., have waged wars against Afghanistan and Iraq and Korea also dispatched forces twice. As a result, the number of victims of international terrorism has increased among Koreans and various countermeasures have been discussed. In this situation, the Korean Association for Terrorism Studies had its inaugural general meeting on February 1, 2008, and has held 12 academic seminars until now, beginning with the 1st one on July 15, 2008. This study analyzed research trends by the semantic network analysis method using theses presented in the seminars of the Korean Association for Terrorism Studies from 2008 to 2013, and the results were as follows. First, the keyword centrality value was high for keywords “terror,” “counter‐terror,” and “countermeasure.” With regard to difference among the years, newly introduced high‐centrality keywords were “hostage” in 2008, “cyber,” “Somalia,” and “sea” in 2009, “North Korea” in 2010, “homegrown terrorism” in 2011, “investigation” in 2012, and “international” in 2013. Second, highly frequent keywords were “hostage” and “self‐administration police” in 2008, “North Korea” in 2010, and “multicultural” in 2011. In addition, “investigation” was frequent in 2012, and “law” in 2013. In particular, keywords such as “counter‐terrorism” and “terrorism” were highly frequent in 2011 and thereafter.
  • 7.

    Analysis of Flood Events at Bukil, Korea using PDMM Rainfall Runoff Model

    Hyungjoon Chang | Hyosang Lee | 2014, 10(6) | pp.137~156 | number of Cited : 1
    Flood event data is a crucial resource for the flood risk assessment. However, there are few catchments which are precise gauged their flood event with sub hourly time step. Therefore, the ungauged catchment issues are especially highlighted in regionalization studies. In this study, the PDMM(Probability Distributed Model with Macro-pre Approach parallel routing structure) model is applied to Bukil, Guem river, Korea. 10 flood event data are carefully employed with Monte Carlo analysis and SCE-UA optimization procedure. The result shows that the PDMM model has acceptable model performance in all flood events, while preferable model performance(NSE*<0.2) in 7 flood events. However, SCE-UA results show marginally better performances. The PDMM model has better performance with larger amount of total rainfall, stronger rainfall intensity and delayed high precipitation time distribution(i.e., 3 rd Huff distribution). This study is a starting point to assess strength and weakness of the PDMM model with event based flood data. Further study will extend number of study catchments and flood events to suggest a general outlines of the PDMM model to Guem river region.
  • 8.

    Study on the Influential Effect of Media and Movie in the Security Awareness of University Students - Centered on the Documentary film 'Cheonanham Project' Case -

    Cheol Ho Yang | 정상완 | 2014, 10(6) | pp.157~176 | number of Cited : 3
    On March 26, 2010, South Korea's warship 'Cheonan' sank in the Yellow Sea by unknown factor and in this tragic incident there were 46 casualties. The government organized a civil and military investigating team to find out the cause of this event and came up with the result that the ship was sunk by a torpedo which was fired by North Korea's small submarine. However, North Korea as well as some groups in South Korea deny that the attacker was North Korea. Thus, in this study, we will analyze the impact of media such as movies like 'Cheonanham project' which influence the security awareness of university students in order to find out the media's desirable roll in security-related incidents. For this study, total of 129 university students were asked to answer 41 questionnaires before and after watching the film. There was a difference in the recognition of Cheonanham incident. After watching the movie, many students changed their opinion from North Korea's torpedo attack to stranding of the ship. These changes of perception are deeply related not only with the roll of movies and medias but also with the negative public confidence in the government statement. Therefore, government statements which are related to the issues of national security should be balanced between the right to know and national security to maintain public trust.
  • 9.

    The Infants' Parents' Awareness, Knowledge, and Decrease Behavior of Endocrine-disruptors(EDCs)

    Kim,Sung Sook | 2014, 10(6) | pp.177~199 | number of Cited : 4
    The purpose of this research was to investigate the level and influencing factors of the infants' parents' awareness, knowledge, and decrease behaviors of endocrine-disruptors(EDCs). The impacts of endocrine-disruptors(EDCs). The online panel survey for the 556 infants' parents were accomplished by the internet survey company, from 19, October to 2. September in 2011. The research results were as follows. First, the levels of EDCs' awareness and knowledge and decrease behavior of infants' parents were around the middle and meant very low level. Second, infants' parents was reported to know relatively more about the relevance of EDCs on food containers and consumption products and related diseases than on the food and the kinds of EDCs. Third, the results of multi-regression analysis presented that the significantly influencing factors on the level of EDCs decrease behaviors of infants' parents were the recognition for environment and the awareness of EDCs and the knowledge of EDCs. The recognition of environment had the most influencing factor on the EDCs decrease behavior of infants' parents. That results meant that not only the general education of environment not also the information and education for increasing the awareness of EDCs were very worthy to promote the decrease behavior of EDCs.
  • 10.

    Research of Climbers & Rural Residents Realization about Forest Fire Control - Focus on Gangwon-do and Gyeongsangbuk-do -

    Lee Si Young | 남송희 | 염찬호 and 1other persons | 2014, 10(6) | pp.201~220 | number of Cited : 0
    This study was conducted for providing a basic data which would be useful to develop a political measure for forest fire prevention. The questionnaires asked hikers and local residents about forest fire prevention in Kangwon and Kyeongbuk Region on Spring 2013(March~May). We received 583 questionnaires. In results, an education through mass media, a public information about forest fire prevention, a developing education program for children, a utilization of volunteer, an organization of removing support team were suggested as political measure for forest fire prevention