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2014, Vol.10, No.11

  • 1.

    A Study on the Policy Direction of Child Safety Policy based on Child Protection Concept - from the Disaster Management Perspective -

    윤지원 | Keum Ho Oh | 유병태 | 2014, 10(11) | pp.1~19 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This study launched from the regret of Se-Weol-Ho Event, which our society could not protect children safely from disasters. As a result of investigation and analysis on the status of legal system, policy, and training for child safety, present disaster management policy has been prepared uniformly for adult level and has not considered the concept that child has priority for being protected. And child safety policy has focused on more safety education than protection. To improve this, this study points out three directions; first, child should be considered as a policy objective because it consists of 20% of population; second, disaster management policy should be customized for children who have little capacity to protect theirselves and avoid the danger; third, child protection concept should be introduced into the society. As a practical measures, some schemes are suggested; (1) social agreement on the level of child protection for institutional intervention, (2) increasing the capacity of guardian to overcome crisis with children, (3) reflecting child protection schemes in the disaster management plan, (4) sharing sociocultural sense of child protection right between adult generation. Finally, it is emphasized that child safety can be achieved through the adult’s effort of protecting child.
  • 2.

    An Aysis of News Reporting Pattern on a Socio-technical Disaster: A Case of Hydrofluoric Acid Leak in Gumi

    Kim Hyun Jeong | Han, Miejeong | 2014, 10(11) | pp.21~53 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study examined media reporting to analyze how government agencies responded to a socio-technical disaster happened in Gumi when hydrofluoric acid was leaked in a factory in September 2012. 1832 newspaper articles were content analyzed, and the results indicated that the leak was attributed the most frequently on organizational or personal failure rather than on insufficient prevention measures. In the highest frequency, the information was structured in a way that the government agencies were responsible for the accident. Progressive newspapers included in the current analysis showed frames of responsibility more frequently than conservative or neutral ones. Also local newspapers heavily dealt with the accident in responsibility frames toward government agencies. However, little about compensation and follow-up treatment measures were reported whereas much more on sources of responsibility was covered in the papers. It also showed a critical tendency of the Korean media and that reporting on perspectives about such a socio-technical disaster and problem solutions and preventive measures was rarely found.
  • 3.

    Effects of User Characteristics and Media Roles on the Usage and Satisfaction of the Public Alert and Warning System

    Chun Sub Kwak | Donghun Chung | 2014, 10(11) | pp.55~74 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Type of disasters has recently become various and thus the public alert and warning system has also become diverse with the media technology development. According to the various changes of situations around disasters, this study was to investigate the status of use and the fitness of disaster information delivery function based on audience survey. The role of media in disaster was divided informative function and alerting function. As a result, Television, computer, and mobile device were the major media in the disaster situation. Television is used the most, but computer gets satisfaction the most. People who have experienced natural disaster ever showd higher disaster media usage and satisfaction, and the generation gap is identified. Younger generation use computer the most, and is satisfied with computer and mobile device as well while older generation use radio and siren the most and is satisfied with television as well. In addition, mobile device was evaluated to be the most suitable for informational function and alert function as roles of media in disaster.
  • 4.

    Problems and Improvement Plan Research of Forest Fire Response System

    모영목 | 2014, 10(11) | pp.75~92 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Forest fire response system in South Korea is based on legislation mainly consisted of Korea Forest Service and local governments. According to the relevant regulations, resources are possessed by these institutions. However, the authority and resources of the most fire responses are managed by the National Emergency Management Agency. It means that unlike other fire situations, forest fire is recognized by its own specificity. Besides the existing disaster response organization, the necessity of forest fire response organization is doubted. In other words, it is controversial that whether forest fire response system mainly composed of Forest Authorities is more efficient than firefighting organization which is existing specialized disaster response organization. To begin with this controversy, this thesis points out the problem of setting main agent of command, inefficiency of the resource allocation, and the problem of current legislation regulating complex command system, and the goal is to deduct better improvement plan.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Anti-Terrorism Legislation in Korea

    LEE, HOSOO | Jin Bae Sul | 안병윤 | 2014, 10(11) | pp.93~118 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The world is facing a danger of new security environment caused by indiscriminate terrorism. In this change of security environment, South Korea has consistently attempted to enact anti-terrorism law. These legislative attempts, however, ended in failure because of problems such as: the definition of terrorism, concentration of power, human rights violation, etc. Therefore, this study analyzes main discussion points of existing terrorism-related laws and anti_terrorism bills which has been submitted to the National Assembly, and suggests henceforth legislative direction and counter measures in domestic level. Particularly, this study claims that it is more effective to modify current terrorism-related laws than to legislate new anti-terrorism legislation.
  • 6.

    Economic Impact Analysis of Natural Disasters - Using Recursive Dynamic Global Computable General Equilibrium Model -

    Hong, Jong Ho | 김용건 | Miyeon Lee | 2014, 10(11) | pp.119~141 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This study analyzes economic impact of natural disasters in Korea and eight regions of the world using KEI-Linkages model, a recursive dynamic Global Computable General Equilibrium(CGE) model. Results show that the most affected regions are East Asia and the Pacific, while Europe and Central Asia are the least affected. Applying 100, 200, 250-year flood frequency scenarios in Korea show that GDP will decline by 0.16% ~ 0.1%, and it will not likely to return to the BAU level by 2050. Production in ‘Coal·Gas·Minerals’ and ‘Dwellings’ sectors decline the most, and the former shows rather a long period of stagnation. This is the first study of its kind in Korea using a recursive dynamic CGE model to analyze economic impacts of natural disasters, whose results can contribute to developing an economic risk management strategy for climate change adaptation.
  • 7.

    A Study on Policy Entrepreneur through Multiple Streams Framework Model: - With Focus on Discussions on the Revision of the Confiscation Special Law on Public Official Crime(Chun Doo-hwan Collection Case 1997~2013) -

    LEE DONG KYU | 염동근 | 이준호 and 1other persons | 2014, 10(11) | pp.143~175 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study examines the preceding researches on the policy entrepreneurs at home and abroad and after discussing the policy entrepreneurs, analyzes the flow of the revision process of the partial revised bill(hereinafter referred to as Chun Doo-hwan Collection Law) of the confiscation special law about public official crime by administration using the multiple streams framework model, and this researcher attempts to analyze the activities of how the policy entrepreneur among diverse policy actors who plays an important role in opening policy window influenced the revision process in the process of enacting the partial revised bill of the confiscation special law about public official crime. And how the policy window of the partial revised bill of the confiscation special law about public official crime that was not opened in the previous administrations came to be opened in the Park Geun-hye administration is analyzed. The results of this study confirmed that in the previous administrations the policy entrepreneur to open the policy window did not appear but in the Park Geun-hye administration President Park Geun-hye played the role of the policy entrepreneur, producing Chun Doo-hwan Collection Law.
  • 8.

    The Academic Identity of Police Science in Research on Crisis Management in Korea

    Jung Byung Soo | Jung, Yook Sang | Ryu Sang Il | 2014, 10(11) | pp.177~190 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The objective of this study was to examine the academic identity of police science in research on crisis management in Korea. For this purpose, research trends in police science were analyzed through the semantic network analysis method using a total of 70 research papers on police science published in the Journal of Safety and Crisis Management. The results of the analysis are summarized largely into two points. First, dissertations on police science published in the Journal of Safety and Crisis Management during the period from 2005 to 2014 dealt frequently with research keywords such as ‘terror,’ ‘analysis,’ ‘crime,’ ‘coping strategy,’ ‘Korea,’ ‘U.S.,’ ‘case study,’ and ‘introduction.’ By segment of period, frequently covered research keywords were ‘terror,’ ‘cyber, ‘crisis management,’ and ‘coping’ during the segment of 2005-2009, and ‘analysis,’ ‘strategy,’ ‘police,’ ‘coping strategy,’ ‘influence,’ ‘introduction,’ and ‘case study’ during the segment of 2010-2014. Second, when the centrality of research keywords was analyzed by the semantic network analysis method: ① degree centrality was high in order of ‘cyber,’ ‘crisis management,’ etc. centering on keyword ‘terror’ in research during the period of 2005-2009; ② keywords such as ‘strategy,’ ‘analysis,’ ‘police,’ ‘Korea,’ ‘prevention,’ and ‘crime’ formed sequencing relationships centering on keyword ‘terror’ during the period of 2010-2014; and ③ keyword ‘terror’ showed the highest degree centrality, and centering on this, keywords such as ‘strategy,’ ‘analysis,’ ‘police,’ ‘policy,’ ‘implication,’ ‘prevention,’ ‘coping,’ ‘crime,’ ‘Korea,’ ‘U.S.,’ and ‘terrorism’ formed high sequencing relationships during the entire period of 2005-2014.
  • 9.

    The Effects of Leisure Activities and Family Life Satisfaction on Stress and Job Satisfaction – Focused on Police and Maritime Police -

    yung-hyun yu | 2014, 10(11) | pp.191~206 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    This study attempted to identify the marine and general police officers’ leisure and family life’s effect on stress and job satisfaction. The empirical investigation detail is as follows. First, in the case of marine police, the dissatisfaction of leisure life, and in the case of general police officers, the dissatisfaction of family life and etc. are intensifying stress. Second, concern for the future is most significant in the sub-factor of stress for marine police, while in the case of general police officers, depression and stress are applied to have a negative effect on job satisfaction. Third, marine police’s satisfaction of family life, residence, leisure time and etc. was relatively higher than the general police. The marine police was also more positive in the recognition of job satisfaction than general police. In the future, leisure activity satisfaction for the marine police, family life satisfaction for the general police, and a stress reduction strategy for the marine police should be arranged to enhance work satisfaction.
  • 10.

    The Review of the Crisis of Modern Marriage System through the Homosexual Marriage

    홍기옥 | 2014, 10(11) | pp.207~224 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Our country, one that sustained a patriarchal extended family system throughout history, has come face-to-face with a threat to its family system stemming from the disintegration of extended families, nuclearization of families, increasing divorce dates, growing number of single parent or grandparent-headed households, and the lowest birth rate among OECD nations in the modern era. If current trends hold, the Korean population is expected to dwindle down to 20 million by 2030. Some radical studies go as far as predicting that Koreans will go extinct by 2050. In addition, homosexual marriage, not heterosexual marriage, has newly emerged as a social phenomenon, and the media is boiling over with the issue of legalizing it. The homosexual marriage is permitted in almost twenty countries such as the Netherlands, Canada, Denmark and so on. The couples of Kim Jo Gwang-su and Kim Seung-hwan got married on September 7, 2013 and submitted the marriage declaration. However, it was not accepted due to the reason that there is no civil marriage agreement between the parties. Hence, they filed for the homosexual marriage for the first time in the nation on May 21 this year. It is implied that the equality of gender in the marriage concept of Article 36 Provision 1 of our constitution isn't necessarily the marriage between a man and a woman. With regard to the dispute on whether the homosexual marriage is included in the marriage concept, the permission on the homosexual marriage is left as an issue of the constitutional interpretation until a specific regulation is included in the Constitution of the Republic of Korea or a separate law is introduced as the marriage replacement system.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Penalties for Possessing Child Pornography - Focused on Moral Panic Model -

    Kang Wook | Yunsik Jang | 송영진 | 2014, 10(11) | pp.225~243 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The possession of child pornography has become one of main issues because the investigations of child-sex offenders revealed that child-sex offenders stored lots of child pornography and watched them before or after they committed sex offenses against children. The Korean National Police Agency prosecuted 1,411 cases in 2012 and 2,654 cases in 2013 in child pornography crackdown. There have been differences of opinions on the penalties for possessing child pornography. This research analyzed the penalties for possessing child pornography with moral panic model. We surveyed public perceptions on the penalties for possessing child pornography and investigators’ perceptions on the issue. The results indicated that public insisted that the penalties for possessing child pornography should be strengthened while investigators reported that the current penalties for possessing child pornography are appropriate. While these findings contribute to our understanding of the penalties for possessing child pornography in Korea, further research is needed to develop more appropriate policies on child pornography.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Effectiveness of PST Program for Green Camp Inmates

    Lee, Jung-won | 2014, 10(11) | pp.245~268 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this research is to develop Problem Solving Therapy(PST) program for maladjusted soldiers, especially for Green camp inmates and to prove its effectiveness. To develop the program, psychological traits and conditions of maladjusted soldiers were studied, and then application possibility of PST program as treatment methodology was investigated in order to compose the program with meaningful concepts. Exercises to increase self-esteem by problem solving, awareness of anger traits and anger management, communication skill, hope exercise for finding goals and strengths are all components of the program. To verify the effectiveness of the program, the program was operated 9 times in 3 weeks to 27 soldiers of Green Camp. The group was divided into two groups, experimental group and controlled group. Pre and Post tests to measure self-esteem, anger and problem solving ability was done to each group and T-tests using SPSS program was done with the collected data to compare and analyze the results. Post test results for experimental group’s average was the highest in every respect, but the results of the experiment are not statistically significant. Situations need to be considered since the sample size was small, mental state of test subject groups were uneasy and depressed and were not self motivated to attend the program. However after completing the program, soldiers of experimental group made positive changes in program effectiveness analysis in every aspect. Controlled group showed degenerating tendencies. By comparing these results, the research has significant meaning to raise issues on necessity of effective and realistic programs.
  • 13.

    The Effect of Job Stress on Positive Thinking, Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intention of Pediatric Nurse

    Park Min Hyang | 2014, 10(11) | pp.269~287 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    This research was done to create basic data on effective personnel management of pediatric nurses, prevent their turnover intentions, and improve productivity of nursing organization and efficiency of nursing works, by examining their job stress, positive thinking, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. To meet the aims of this research, the research was done using 120 pediatric nurses working in pediatric departments of various hospitals in the Chungcheong region. The research examined their job stress, positive thinking, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. The factors affecting their turnover intentions were analyzed through correlation analysis and multivariate regression analysis among variables. It was found that job stress and positive thinking significantly affect organizational commitment, and job stress significantly does turnover intention. Based on the above findings, this research suggested that it is desirable to do further researches on various factors including job stresses in multidimensional perspective, and to devise policies to reduce turnover intention among pediatric nurses.
  • 14.

    Experiences of Overcoming Short Stature among Children Whose Heights Are Short

    Park Min Hyang | 2014, 10(11) | pp.289~306 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This research was done to understand the meaning and nature related with overcoming short stature among those whose heights are short. The research objects were six short stature children who were able to communicate and agreed to participate in the research. The data collection period was three months from April to June 2013. The research methods this research used were analytic and phenomenological methods. The essential themes in the experiences to overcome short stature were extracted from the four existential beings such as body, relationship, time, and space which help revealing meaning dimensions as the basic structure of experience, and there were seven themes: my body which should endure, change of my body, my small body, reestablishment of relationships, living together and enjoying together, finishing shot, and trial to escape. Nursing intervention which can reduce anxiety and fear related with having to he shot to overcome short stature is required. And those children should be given psychological support to enhance the lowered pride caused by the comparison of their heights with those of tall friends and improve their self-esteem. They should also be helped to have just standards on their bodies. This research has significance in the sense that it is the first research to find out essential meaning related with the experiences of overcoming short stature among school children in lower grades.
  • 15.

    Factors affecting Health Status of Elderly patient in Geriatric Hospitals

    Kim Eun Ha | 2014, 10(11) | pp.307~322 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study examined factors affecting health status of elderly patient in geriatric hospital. The subjects were 340 elderly patients who were hospitalized 10 geriatric hospitals in B-city. Data was collected from May 8 to May 28, 2014 using self-report questionnaire which included Pittsburgh sleep quality Index and Korean Health Status Measure for the Elderly. The mean score of health status in elderly patient was 71.57±16.01(42-117). Variables related to health status of elderly patients were compared health status, sleep quality, and favorite of calligraphy. According to multiple regression analysis, three explanatory power of variables, which is related to health status of elderly was 38.9%. In conclusion, factors affecting health state of elderly patient were sleep problem. Therefore, health promotion programs for elevate a sleep quality need to be established so that the elders may improve their health status by attending these programs.
  • 16.

    Working Conditions and Industrial Accidents in Accordance with Safety and Health Environment in the Workplace

    정원일 | JEON, YONG-IL | 2014, 10(11) | pp.323~344 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This study investigates the relation of the Occupational Health and Safety Act and Industrial accidents. Occupational Health and Safety Act is by the most basic rules for the prevention of industrial accidents. Therefore, we analyzed that what kind of Act is most important for the prevention of industrial accident. As the main results, occur industrial accidents will be lower probability to keep the Act #13 and #33, #31, #34. Furthermore, industrial accidents will be growing up when the male ratio and foreign ratio is higher than others. It can be seen that the law-abiding is to improve the productivity of workers, and it is necessary to improve the safety and health of the workplace environment.
  • 17.

    A Study on Adolescent Consumers‘ Label Checking Behavior and Repurchase Intention of Processed Food

    Ryu, MiHyun | 2014, 10(11) | pp.345~368 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Recently, the proportion of processed food in consumers’ food expense is significantly increased as well as in food purchase. Accordingly, relevant consumption issues and concerns are also rising. This study examines the characteristics of processed food and the behavior of checking the labels of processed food as well as the relationship between these factors and repurchase intention, targeting adolescent consumers who mainly consume processed food as snack. The major analysis results are summarized as follows. First, the behavior of checking the labels of production and expiration dates was shown as high. On the other hand, the behavior of checking the ingredient label, nutrition label, and food additive label was relatively shown as low. Second, the level of adolescent consumers’ repurchase intention of processed food slightly exceeded the average. The possibility to repurchase processed food in the future was relatively high but intention to purchase processed food if possible was relatively low. Third, the study examined the total causal effects of factors that affected repurchase intention of processed food, and found that the intake of processed food showed the largest total causal effect followed by the behavior of checking the labels of processed food, subjective knowledge, objective knowledge, purchase attitude regarding safety and corporate trust. Especially in the case of large intake of processed food, adolescent consumers rather did not check the labels and their repurchase intention was high. This implies that adolescent consumers habitually repeat the purchase of processed food. It is not advisable that repurchase intention is habitually high because consumers are familiar and comfortable with processed food. Therefore, consumer education on this matter should be conducted for consumption behavior that considers food safety.
  • 18.

    A Comparison Analysis on Patient Assessment Stages of Paramedics and Laypersons Using a Smartphone Application

    Jung Eun-kyung | Hyo Ju Lee | Kim Hye Sun and 1other persons | 2014, 10(11) | pp.369~382 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study is nonequivalent control group design to analyze CPR patient evaluation level of rescue workers and ordinary people by using smartphone application. The study took place from 22nd of April, 2013 to 28th of April, 2013. Research objects were 35 rescue workers as experimental group, and 28 ordinary people as control group. Stop watch was used as research tool to record conscious assessment time and breathing assessment time in seconds. Smartphone application was also used to record vibration coming from tapping the patient’s shoulder and voice shouting in order to evaluate the patient. SPSS 18.0 was used for data analysis to conduct descriptive statistic, t-test, Mann-whitney U test, ANOVA, KRUSKAL Wallis. CPR patient evaluation took 4.09 seconds in experimental group, and 5.63 seconds in control group, showing experimental group who work in the field take shorter patient evaluating time than the control group. Also, the longer the duration of CPR education in the past, total patient evaluating time and breathing evaluation time were shorter. The vibration stimulation also was weaker. Simplification of CPR patient evaluation steps mean higher probability of conducting CPR to a patient who’s not in cardiac arrest. Through this study result, it is considered that time, voice, and vibrating stimulation for exact patient evaluation should be presented to rescue workers and general public before swift CPR is conducted on patients with suspected cardiac arrest. Furthermore, the study result suggests need for continuous reeducation and retraining.
  • 19.

    Causal Relationships between Female Sexual Dysfunction and Related Variables in Korean Women

    Bae Jeong Yee | Shin, So Young | 2014, 10(11) | pp.383~397 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and related factors of female sexual dysfunction(FSD). Five hundred fourteen women aged more than 20 years and who lived in five major cities in Korea completed an organized questionnaire during study visits. Age, marital period, education, menstruation, marital status, type of contraception, perceived health state, presence of disease, sexual distress, sexual attitude, marital adjustment, and crisis had direct influence on FSD. In addition, sexual distress, sexual attitude, marital adjustment, and crisis were found to be significant risk factors of FSD. Sexual function was higher in women with good subjective health status, positive sexual attitude, and good marital adjustment and those without sexual distress, depression, crisis, and stressful life event. This study results indicate that FSD may be influenced by both health-related and psychosocial factors. While the causal relationship between sexual dysfunction and quality of life concomitants remains to be further investigated, the strong associations between the variables observed in this study suggest that sexual dysfunction is a largely uninvestigated yet significant public health problem. Future studies that develop comprehensive nursing interventions reflecting various predictors of FSD and effective educational programs considering features of Korean society are needed to decrease and prevent sexual dysfunction in Korean women.