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2015, Vol.11, No.2

  • 1.

    A study on a National Policy Options and R&D for Climate Change Risk Management

    Jai Ho Oh | 2015, 11(2) | pp.1~28 | number of Cited : 4
    Besides current trend and indicators of the evidences in climate change records and the atmospheric greenhouse gases concentration are heading to wrong direction so that it is more likely exceed the endurable range for the sustainable earth. However, international efforts are still limited with neither concrete target nor strategic plan. Thus, it is hard to expect any practical actions by both developed and developing country. Under these circumstances our policy and R&D options have been reviewed in a point of view of climate change risk management in comparison with present policy and R&D state of the major leading countries. The countermeasure committee for climate change was established to play a roll the highest mediation organization in Korea, However, it has enough capability neither to set the road map of national goal against climate change up nor to mediate discrepancies among the departments conducting policy and R&D on climate change issues. Accordingly, it does only formally carry out basic scientific research and climate change adaptation studies. It has been suggested to have a climate change risk management system consist of a solid control tower and cascading strategic components independent from the existing government organization to carry forward the systematic policy development and R&D. The suggested risk management system for climate change should be designed to provide a balance between governmental goal and value of action timely. The main mission of this control tower might be to set the national strategic plan up, and monitor and evaluate the action of government organization along the strategic plan. Furthermore, it plays a roll not only to handle the climate change in terms of impact and restriction but also to convert these crises of food, water and energy to opportunity for sustainable development.
  • 2.

    A Study on Prioritizing of Marina Safety Management Items by AHP

    Hwa Young Kim | 이창현 | yung-hyun yu | 2015, 11(2) | pp.29~48 | number of Cited : 4
    As Korea's economy grows, the quality of life of the people has been improving. The public are increasing interested in maritime leisure activities by reduced working hours with five days working in a week. In fact, the number of license acquirer for small-sized leisure boat is about 135,000 people since 2007 has increased by an annual average of about 14 percent. Korean government have also recognized the marina industry as a new growth engine, and assigned six marina port for development through supporting by government. As the demand of maritime leisure growing up, the development of infrastructure, such as maritime leisure boat and marina port, will continue. However, the marina safety management system does not established for safe maritime leisure activities. As a result, maritime accidents happened such as collision, fire and disorder of engine caused by leisure boat operators fault. In this paper, we found out evaluation items for efficiency safety management of marina leisure activities, and also distinguished the order of priority among the evaluation items by AHP method. Consequently, the marine leisure boat equipment was scored highly in the high level, and in comprehensive evaluation, strengthening of administrative support(0.173), fire fighting equipment(0.151), safety education program(0.135) and activities of safety management(0.135) are considered importantly through analysis by AHP.
  • 3.

    Disaster Management System of Local Government and Role of Social Economic Organization - Focused on Basic Act on Disaster Control Measures in Japan and case of Suginami City -

    Nemoto Masatsugu | 2015, 11(2) | pp.49~69 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed disaster management system of local government and role of social economic organization in case of Suginami city in Japan. The government revised Basic Act on Disaster Control Measures in 2013. The act emphasizes three key concepts of self-act, mutual assistance and public support. The mutual assistance means an importance of partnership between local government and social economic organization such as cooperative association, non profit organization and so on. The act also stipulates making a list on persons in need of aids on occasions of disaster and sharing these information with related civil organizations. Actually Suginami city concluded a cooperative agreement on occasions of disaster with private sector includes cooperative associations. And Suginami city also improves support plan for persons in need of aids on occasions of disaster by preparing the list of them through regional cooperation networks. The implication to Korea is importance of common purpose, information sharing and role sharing among local government and social economic organizations in order to support vulnerable people against disaster. Especially social enterprises have possibilities to execute these roles because they are already providing job opportunities for socially disadvantaged people by collaboration with local government
  • 4.

    Effects of Police Organization's Leadership on Innovative Willingness

    Park, sang-jin | 김규식 | 2015, 11(2) | pp.71~86 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of innovation activities attempted in police has not only a side to respond to national target that is a enhancement of national competitiveness as a public institution. but, above all, the first demanded thing is a self-rescue measure to satisfy the public about security services. In this respect, the police is making steady and persistent efforts through innovations. Innovations. To achieve these innovations, the police is needed to have a attitude of hearing and persuasion, breaking the authoritarianism and one-sided directions. A communication is a key part of these, it affects organization competitive power and police performance. Through communications, Internally, they can resolves various conflicts and distrusts. Externally, they also can expand citizen participations all over steps that are policy makings, practices and evaluations, and diversify communication channels. As a result, they can ensure a internal stability of interactive security. Therefore, this study aimed to verify how the leadership of police organization has effects on the innovative willingness. For this, the first is to analyze the recognition level of police officer's leadership and innovative willingness, the second is to analyze effects of leadership on innovative willingness and find ways that can make police officers who is the main agents of police innovation activity participate in the innovative activity with willingness.
  • 5.

    Language network analysis for international terrorism

    Park Sang Ho | 2015, 11(2) | pp.87~96 | number of Cited : 1
    This study shows the periodical tendency of international terror crimes reported in Chosun Ilbo, Jungang Ilbo and Donga Ilbo. It tries to provide basic material to establish academic identity for anti-terrorism. Analyzing main words for the international terror crimes that happened between 2009 and 2013, the words “Terror” and “Al-Qaeda” were the most frequent words on the newspapers. The words “Pakistan”, “Bomb Terrorism”, “Taliban”, “Afghanistan”, “Yemen” and “Iraq” appeared frequently in the newspapers in 2009. The words “America”, “Bomb Terrorism”, “G20” and “Iraq” appeared frequently in the newspapers in 2010. The words “Bomb Terrorism” and “Islam” appeared frequently in the newspapers in 2011. The words “Islam”, “London” and “Suicide Terrorism” appeared frequently in the newspapers in 2012. The words “America”, “Yemen” and “Iraq” appeared frequently in the newspapers in 2013. This shows that the international terror crimes happened mainly in Islamic areas such as Iraq. It also shows that bomb terrors as a type of international terror crimes were greatly mentioned in the newspapers.
  • 6.

    An Analysis of Relative Importance of Appropriateness to make Fireman National Public Officials

    Ryu Sang Il | Lee Dae Sung | 2015, 11(2) | pp.97~106 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to propose the priority among the appropriateness to make fireman public servants national public officials that fireman related specialists think as a part of discourses regarding the appropriateness to make fireman national public officials which have been recently highlighted. Conclusively, it was found that fireman related specialists think that fireman public servants should become national public officials to secure fireman budget. Looking into complicated weight, they thought that fireman related specialists think that fireman public servants should become national public officials to increase fireman budget, to organize fireman budget focusing on prevention, and to enforce the connectivity of fireman activities between nation and provinces.
  • 7.

    An Effect of Autonomous Military Culture on Military Management Performance Influence

    조현천 | Hyo Son Park | 2015, 11(2) | pp.107~132 | number of Cited : 1
    This study is conducted to examine the effect of autonomy of soldiers on military management performance, namely combat power indicator, service satisfaction level, incidence rate. Purpose of the study is attained by literature research and empirical study. First, according to the theoretical background and previous studies, it is confirmed that autonomy of organizing members has a positive impact on service satisfaction and productivity and organizational culture has a strong influence on service satisfaction and job performance. Military culture has distinctive features that set them off from other community organizational culture. The Ministry of National Defence takes an intensive measure to improve exsiting culture of 'Regulation and acceptability' into a culture of 'Autonomy and Responsibility' in order to fulfill advanced military culture. The army is newly prosecuting such cultural change by executing several core tasks: ① Barrack life with the same grade ② Special warrior selection program ③ Self-improvement program after the daily task. This culture has decreased the stress of solders, increased their satisfaction, enhanced the quality of educational training, remained stable military base management, and so on. However, it showed the negative effects such like weakened team-work, limitation of initiating subordinates into a know-how of predecessors, deterioration of military discipline, tendency of individualism, and so on. Therefore, empirical studies are performed to examine the effects of autonomous military culture on military service satisfaction level and combat power. Based on the theoretical examination with preceding events, a statistics package SPSS17 is applied to perform empirical analysis. As a result, the autonomous military culture has a positive effect on military management performance. Hence additional examination into policy thesis is necessary in order to expand a degree of autonomous level. More in-depth studies on proper measurement factors and tools for military management performance should be in progress. Therefore, such research outcomes will greatly contribute to “Reinforcement of national defence through advanced military culture”
  • 8.

    Regulation Effects of Emotional Leadership in the Relationship between Job Stress and Organizational Commitment of Hospital Nurses

    Park Min Hyang | choi chung sook | 2015, 11(2) | pp.133~155 | number of Cited : 4
    This study is a descriptive research to investigate the effect of job stress on the organizational commitment of the nurses and to test the mediating effect of emotional leadership between job stress and organizational commitment. This study has significance in that there are not sufficient researches yet upon viewing emotional aspects and emotional leadership as playing mediating role though many have been engaged in leadership. A survey was conducted on 232 nurses in general hospitals located in Gangwon-do and data was collected from Nov 1st to Nov 23rd in 2014. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS Win 18.0 for frequency analysis, independent t-test, correlation analysis, ANOVA, factor analysis and regression analysis. Independent t-test on the general characteristics of the respondents showed that emotional leadership is not significantly different by sex, age, marital status, academic background, experience with job transfer and salary. By the analysis, it was turned out that emotional leadership has a statistically significant effect on organizational(R²= .061, F= 15.047,p=.000). Inhomogeneity(β=.218, p<.01) and role-ambiguity(β=-.380, p<.001), which are the sub-factors of job stress, were proved to have a statistically significant effect on organizational commitment while it didn’t turn out that role-conflict, which is also a sub-factors of job stress, have a statistically significant effect on organizational commitment. The regression equation(R²=.222, F=21.696, p<.001) that tests the mediating effect of emotional leadership between role-ambiguity(of job stress) and organizational commitment demonstrated that there is a significant relationship. Based on the findings above, conclusion can be made as follows. Because it was demonstrated that emotional leadership has an impact on job stress and organizational commitment, it is necessary to develop a program internally in a hospital and provide nurses with training, which help them exert their competence in emotional leadership.
  • 9.

    The Effects of Violence Victimization Experience and Social Support Characteristics on Suicidal Risks among University Students

    kim, Hae Sung | 2015, 11(2) | pp.157~175 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of violence victimization experience and social support characteristics on suicidal risks among university students. 678 university students from three universities located in Seoul and Gyeonggi province participated. With relation to violence victimization experiences, child abuse and sexual abuse were included. With relation to social support characteristics, perceived social support, social support size, social support from family members when experiencing suicide risks, and social support from friend(s) when experiencing suicide risks. Gender, depression and stress were included as control variables. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted. Results indicated that child abuse and sexual abuse increased suicidal risks, while high perceived social support and social support size decreased suicidal risks.
  • 10.

    Simulation of Debris Flow using RAMMS Model

    Hojin Lee | Won Jun Tak | Jun Kye Won | 2015, 11(2) | pp.177~187 | number of Cited : 2
    In mountainous areas in Korea, there is increasing damage caused by landslide disasters due to the effects of typhoons and heavy rainfall in summer, and there is an increase in the frequency not only in the forest but also in mountainous areas adjacent to downtown. In particular, because there has recently been a rapid increase in life and property damage caused by debris flow, the prevention and responses are required from the perspective of disaster prevention. Therefore, this study generated a high-resolution DEM and calculated the sediment yield using the measured data by terrestrial LiDAR for establishing topographic data in the areas affected by debris flow. It also understood the movement characteristics of the debris flow and calculated the extent of damage by applying the RAMMS model, a numerical analysis model, to the areas affected by debris flow. As a result, the extend of debris flow calculated by the RAMMS model was similarly simulated in the longitudinal and transverse directions in comparison with the actual measured data on the affected areas.
  • 11.

    Strategies to Finance Fire Service Effectively for Enhancing the Safety Right of People

    Lee, Min-kyu | Ryu Sang Il | Kang,Hyoung-Kee | 2015, 11(2) | pp.189~200 | number of Cited : 0
    This study was conducted in order to analyze financial resources for fire service in the U.S. and Japan, to survey the current state of finance for fire service in Korea and derive problems, and to make strategies to develop sufficient financial resource for fire service. According to the results of this study, finance for fire service in Korea is very poor, and differs among local self‐governing bodies. Thus, it is highly likely that fire service will be unequal among localities in the future. In contrast, foreign countries’ finance for fire service is characterized by the diversity of financial resources for fire service, beneficiary pays and user pays principle in fire taxation, clarification of laws and regulations on financing expenses of fire administration and service, and the central government’s roles in and high contribution to financial resource for fire service.
  • 12.

    The Ways to Expand Special Employment for Presidential Security Service to Develop Security Science

    Taemin Kim | 2015, 11(2) | pp.201~222 | number of Cited : 1
    Any harm on important figures on the nation such as the President is a critical issue that can cause national crisis. To secure safety of important figure of the nation, the Presidential Security Service performs the security work in Korea. Currently, many students majoring in what is related with security science want to be hired in the Presidential Security Service and are preparing for that. However, only a few students are employed in the Presidential Security Service actually. If a futuristic vision is not presented to the students, it would be a factor to drive breakaway and reduction of the security-majoring students, which would considerably influence on the rate of employment and enrolled students reinforcement. As academic population drops recently, the government spreads structural reform to countermeasure against this. Especially, the rate of employment and enrolled students reinforcement work as a main index in assessment and structural reform of universities. Unless such virtual problems were not solved, department of security science would be depressed and it would be hard to expect development of security science. Graduates of the development of security science are those who are prepared as potential human resources of Presidential Security Service. To develop security service, therefore, a special employment system of Presidential Security Service should be expanded, and a system to especially employ the graduates of Security Science should be introduced.
  • 13.

    The Priority Analysis on the Success of Korean Creative City and Implication

    안혜원 | 2015, 11(2) | pp.223~239 | number of Cited : 6
    The purpose of this study was to propose thought-provoking for the success of the creative city through the analysis of relative priority between success strategies of the creative city and review of theory. Therefore this study deduced basic elements of the creative city from the precedent researches in the inside and outside of the country and analyzed empirically to the professionals. As a result of analysis of AHP, local professionals suggested the most important things are an establishment of governance and a community and needed system, resource and place for the success of Korean creative city.
  • 14.

    Runoff Analysis Using Precipitation by Climate Change Scenario And Observed Precipitation

    Maeng, Seung-jin | 김형산 | 정지혜 and 2other persons | 2015, 11(2) | pp.241~259 | number of Cited : 7
    Korea has a large seasonal deviation of rainfall and 65% of the national land is formed of mountainous topography, and thus, has disadvantageous conditions for water resource management in comparison to other countries. Further, the climate change caused by frequently occurring severe floods and droughts is increasingly causing a lack in domestic water resources and increased preponderance of rainfall. Together with such climate change, the increase in water demands due to the development of scientific technologies and social aspects has exceeded a scope that can be covered by the current water management system. This study has selected SSARR as the basic model to evaluate a plan of supply and demand management to resolve the lack of water in specific regions, and has prepared a water flow system in the region of Youngjong-do, to perform water flow analysis, which has enabled the comparison of the predicted water flow in 2014 using climate change scenario RCP 4.5, 8.5 and observed water flow from 2011 to 2014 year. These results will be used for quantitative evaluation of climate change impact in order to minimize the damage. it can be used for stable water supply considering continuously increased water demand through systematic and efficient water resource management, which requires.
  • 15.

    Runoff Analysis Using Rainfall-Runoff Model During Flood Season at Daecheong Dam Upstream

    김형산 | Maeng, Seung-jin | 장우석 and 2other persons | 2015, 11(2) | pp.261~273 | number of Cited : 0
    In this study HEC-HMS rainfall-runoff Model was used for flood season discharge analysis at Sutong watershed located at upstream of Daecheong dam. Initial parameters were computed by using empirical formula commonly applied at domestic level. The runoff Curve Number(CN) estimated to be 88 according to AMC-III. Rating curve was estimated on the basis of measured discharge of major rainfall events from 2012 to 2014 for the calibration and validation of the model. Calibration was performed using the estimated rating curve for major rainfall event of 2014 and verification was performed for major rainfall events of 2012 and 2013. The quantitative comparison between observed and simulated runoff through the calibration and verification showed a good result of relative error within 5%. Applying the parameters calibrated in this study, future flood season runoff analysis at Daecheong dam upstream is believed to be able to simulate a more reliable flood runoff.
  • 16.

    A Study on Management plan of Special Private Security Officer in National Major Facilities - Focused on the Nuclear security facilities -

    CHO MIN SANG | YoonSung Oh | 2015, 11(2) | pp.275~297 | number of Cited : 7
    The safety of the whole society has emerged as a national interest, with the large incidents. In addition, a single mistake can bring the large disaster due to interest has greatly increased in nuclear safety. In recent years, the design drawings of the nuclear power plant has been exposed to the internet by hacking. Moreover, there is a danger signal turns on the safety of nuclear facilities due to security threats for nuclear power plants. This study was limited to the range as security threats, such as a direct attack by the DPRK or impurity molecules and we was analyzed threats that exist in the nuclear security facilities. Security threat of technological dimension was excluded from the range of research, the special guards were focused to suggest political countermeasures. The problem is derived by analyzing the actual conditions on problems of nuclear security facilities attack and operating problems nuclear security for special guards. Nuclear security facility improvements are needed to guard against attacks by internal impurity molecules as well as direct attack. In particular, the problems related to the special security guards operation that the selection and hiring, training, weapons acquisition and use, salary, treatment, problems of working conditions, management and supervision problems have been identified in various parts. Based on the analysis, special security guards management plan are as follows: First, the verification system is needed building and utilizing in the selection and employment. Second, the evaluation system should be introduced for education and training. Third, the improvement of the law and the treatment needs associated with the special security guards. Fourth, the operating system should be reconstruct on nuclear facilities security guards. Fifth, the management and supervision system should be improved as a director for a comprehensive security. Considering the importance of the activities in the nuclear security facilities and special private security officers, there are need to approach more rigorous and carefully.
  • 17.

    Strategies to Improve Polices on Resident‐centered Community Making for the Life Safety

    JuHo Lee | 2015, 11(2) | pp.299~321 | number of Cited : 11
    This study was conducted in order to find policy issues related to community making for the safety of residential life based on Korean by‐laws related to the safety of life and Japanese by‐laws for safe and secure village making and ultimately to propose policies for local governments’ safe village making. According to the results of analyses in this study, Korea is operating separately individual by‐laws based on relevant laws and ordinances of the central government and by‐laws related to safe city making as an effort to promote the safety of residential life in consideration of regional characteristics. In life safety activities, however, it is local self‐governing bodies that develop and distribute necessary programs, and residents participate in the programs passively. In Japan, by contrast, residents together with local governments and councils related to village making find and manage pending issues for residential safety of community using information provided by government offices, and they bring their needs to their local government. Moreover, by‐laws for supporting residents’ such activities are increasing gradually in each self‐governing body, and such laws enable comprehensive approaches to risk factors within community such as disasters, accidents, fire, and crimes. Thus, this study presented the need and directions for building residential life safety networks in local governments’ process of policy making for safe villages and residents’ safe life, and proposed strategies for effective operation of residential life safety networks and an operation model. Most of all, this study emphasized the need for local residents and communities to change their perception in building resident‐centered community with secured safety of residential life.
  • 18.

    An Empirical Analysis of Crisis Management Communication: A Case Study of the Sewol Ferry Disaster

    강대근 | Lee, Jae Eun | 2015, 11(2) | pp.323~342 | number of Cited : 3
    The purpose of this study is to analyze and find the relationship between the public acceptance and crisis communication principles, such as rapidity, consistency, openness, sympathy, trust, and fairness. For accomplishing the research goal, we conducted a survey to inhabitants in Sejong city and Cheongju city to obtain information of public perception of the sinking of the Sewol ferry disaster. According to the results of hypothesis test, it's possible for us to put forward evidence to support all hypotheses in this paper. So, we can conclude that the above-mentioned variables, for example, rapidity, consistency, openness, sympathy, trust, and fairness related to the crisis communication have a positive influence to public perception in the crisis situation.
  • 19.

    Threat of Cyber Terrorism to Modern Society - Different Approaches from Different Perspectives -

    Chun, Kwang Ho | 2015, 11(2) | pp.343~362 | number of Cited : 0
    Is cyber terrorism the threat to modern society? Not only has the socio- and geo-political climate changed dramatically in the last decade, but there has also been a technological change with the advent of the ‘information revolution’. Governments all over the world are trying to protect critical national infrastructure from a new apolitical threat, yet they are not able to agree upon a common cyber-threat vocabulary. This paper compares two different approaches to combatting the cyber threat and underlines their common understanding yet different articulation of what constitutes cyber terrorism. The central argument of the paper is that cyber terrorism against critical national infrastructure is not presently a great threat but perceptions of it make it a useful tool in securing financial interests and controlling domestic populations.