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2015, Vol.11, No.3

  • 1.

    The Failure of National Emergency Management System, and its Structural Causes- Focused on the SEWOL Maritime Disaster

    RHO JIN-CHUL | 2015, 11(3) | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    Korea's inadequate risk management practice and its structural causes in the aftermath of the Sewol ferry disaster are exposed to various limitation of national emergency management systems. The ferry's sinking was caused by a combination of an overloading of cargo, illegal remodeling of the vessel to increase its cargo capacity and poor steering by a crew member for one of the nation's worst maritime calamities that claimed more than 300 lives, mostly high school students. And the crisis management failure was caused by a combination of tight linkage of disaster management organizations, paradox of regulation, paradox of increasing complexity bureaucracy, risk of indifferent deregulation, personalization of the profession and their lack of professional ethics, legacy of authoritarian culture.
  • 2.

    After Ferry Sewol Disaster, How does Disaster and Safety Perception Affect Government Trust? - Centers on the Omnibus Survey of Disaster and Safety Perception Conducted by Korean Research

    LEE DONG KYU | MIN YOUN KYOUNG | 2015, 11(3) | pp.19~38 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract
    After a government crisis, ferry Sewol sinking, this study is the purpose that disaster safety perception and disaster management policy outcomes will affect the performance of president, the measure of governmental trust. This research looked at that government trust as a multidimensional concepts can be influenced by a particular accident. Analysis showed that (ⅰ) develop a safety recognition, (ⅱ) environmental structures security vulnerability check, (ⅲ) stronger capabilities of government for disaster safety and management are a major determinant in governmental trust.
  • 3.

    The Effects of Cultural Biases, Conflict Perceptions, and Mediation Types on Willingness to Negotiate in the Context of the Public Conflict - An Case of the Miryang High-Voltage Transmission Tower Conflict Crisis

    Yung Wook Kim | Ham Seungkyung | 2015, 11(3) | pp.39~62 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    This study analyzed how cultural biases, conflict perceptions and mediation types affected willingness to negotiate for solving conflicts in the context of the public dispute. The study investigated causal relationships between cultural biases and conflict perceptions in the first phase, and the impacts of these variables on willingness to negotiate under different mediating situations. The results showed that, hierarchical and egalitarian biases were related to the perception of value-related conflicts, and the fatalistic bias had an effect on interest-related conflicts. Conflicting parties with an individualistic bias expressed a strong willingness to negotiate both facilitative and evaluative mediation. On the other hand, conflicting parties with an egalitarian bias showed a strong willingness to negotiate only when they had a low level of the perception toward value-related conflicts in the situation of evaluative mediation. The results showed that conflict perceptions operate as moderating variables resulting in willingness to negotiate by interacting with cultural biases and mediation types.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Possibility of Social Safety Net Building by Cooperatives

    Park Jung Min | 김행희 | 이재두 | 2015, 11(3) | pp.63~84 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study searched the possibility of social safety net building through analyzing department, region, scale, main business and content of social cooperative, for finding out stable continually, for being rooted social safety net as a socioeconomic policy to protect individual and group, for being located as a priming water of activating local economy and a base of making job. social safety net building in non-profitable social cooperative. According to analyse, its result is that it appears the demand for social cooperative society at large and the evaluation which the establishment of social cooperative can help building society safety net seems to be positive, viewed from the fact that employment, education, health, and social welfare ranks high. Social cooperative is a socioeconomic organization which performs the goal of promoting the welfare of the people. Considering the fact that the most important way for promoting the welfare is employment, the linkage social cooperative with social safety net will be oriented toward job creation and stable employment for socially marginalized class. In addition to, facing the present state of currently established social cooperative, its demand and feasibility is affirmative at one hand, but its finance, human power, organization, and making profit is still weak and small at the other hand. Community have to study appropriate solution to the problem
  • 5.

    Study on Exercise of sovereignty over Internet Contents- Focused on Risk Response to Data Life-Cycle

    Hyejung Moon | Cho, Hyun Suk | 2015, 11(3) | pp.85~104 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    As big data has been utilized braodly, the issues has been increasing such as abuse of internet contents, privacy invasion and theft of copyright. Data sovereignty is mainly exercised by global internet companies based on each national regulation. This paper carried out the case study on data sovereignty of internet contents from governance perspective. First, there are major rights over Internet contents such as the copyright, the ownership, the use and the right of oblivion according to the life cycle through four steps to create, save, use and discard. Second, the governance of data sovereignty over internet contents has been conducted in three types: hierarchy in public sector, market in business sector, and network in civic area. Third, each governance has major strength like legal compulsion in hierarchy governance, technical control in market governance, and social movement in network governance. Each type of governance is weak in both effectiveness and legitimacy separately. Therefore this paper argues that public organizations and internet companies need to establish cooperative governance for enhancing rights of digital citizen
  • 6.

    Study on the Implementation Process of Policy for Renewable Energy to Overcome Energy Crisis - Focused on Policy Network Analysis of the Solar City Daegu Project

    Lee, Kwang Won | 2015, 11(3) | pp.105~130 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This research examines the implementation process for the Solar City Daegu Project by applying policy network theory. The theory explains the participation and interaction of multiple participants in structural policy-making. Hower, due to its limits, this research problems in making the theory applicable to policy-making. by addressing this issue, the research examines how appropriate the theory is in elucidation, in reality, a very complex case. this research identifies the elements of the theory that are applicable to the Solar City Daegu project, and considers the impact of the project on renewable energy policy.
  • 7.

    A Study on the United States Tobacco Control System and Implications

    Daejin Kim | KyengHeeKwon | 2015, 11(3) | pp.131~150 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The aim of this study is to investigate tobacco control in the United States which provides a practical insight into Korea to reinforce national strategies. This report based on relative literatures, international convention on tobacco control and US legal materials. Resources from government websites and press release were used for the latest update. US FDA has the authority to regulate the manufacture, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. FDA is the very first agency throughout the world introducing the marketing order system for premarket tobacco applications. This science-based product regulation system is a powerful form of consumer protection by reviewing and evaluating tobacco products. This system have obtained the desired results to suppress marketing of tobacco products which failed to prove their ingredients, harmful constituents and the health effects of tobacco use. US FDA marketing order system on tobacco products will be the good reference for Korea. Hereafter continuous monitoring to the changes and development of the US system will be required.
  • 8.

    An Empirical Study on Disaster and Safety Information Needs for Foreigners in South Korea

    Kim Yoon Hee | Hyeon-Suk Lyu | 2015, 11(3) | pp.151~176 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    Recently South Korea has experienced a number of catastrophic disasters. These ever-increasing disaster threats reflect not only a lack of government disaster capacity but also it reveals the vulnerability of certain groups of the South Korean populations whose demographic or socioeconomic characteristics may place them at greater risk of harm before, during, and after a disaster. These groups are often called ‘disaster vulnerable groups’. The total number of foreign residents in South Korea has reached over 1.5 million and is rapidly increasing. However, due to the language barrier and socio-cultural unfamiliarity, these foreigners are also regarded as a disaster vulnerable group, yet, the Korean disaster and safety policies and considerations for foreign immigrant families and migrant workers have just begun to be developed. As a result, they seem to be by and large excluded from the disaster and safety information provision and other disaster prevention education and training activities altogether. The purpose of this study is to explore what kind of disaster and safety information these foreign settlers would require and in which ways and channels they prefer to access it. It then further explores to what extent they are willing to participate in education and training for disaster prevention and safety prevention activities often organized and initiated by the central and local governments. For these purposes, this study adopts an intensive interview method. Based upon the findings, the study identifies the key problems and policy issues according to four themes. These findings can be used as basic resources to inform future government disaster and safety policies for foreign immigrant families and migrant workers. Additionally, it contributes to the nascent academic literature of migrant populations and disaster management.
  • 9.

    Influencing Factors on Middle School Girls' Sense of Coherence and Depression

    kim jung hee | Yeon-Hee Choi | 2015, 11(3) | pp.177~188 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate middle school girls' level of sense of coherence(SOC) and depression(BDI), and to identify the relationship among variables. Methods: The participants of this study were 309 middle-school girls and self-report questionnaire were used. Obtained data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: The mean score of SOC was 130.28 and the mean score of BDI was 8.60. The levels of SOC and BDI were negatively correlated. The significant factors influencing BDI were school life, school achievement, life stress, comprehensilbility, and manageability that explained 42.5% of the variance. Conclusion: The results indicate the need to develop programs that enhances middle-school girl's SOC, programs that could be utilized as an intervention to reduce adolescent's depression and to promote happiness.
  • 10.

    Factors Influencing Post-traumatic Growth with Police Officer

    한승우 | Hee Sook Kim | 2015, 11(3) | pp.189~206 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the factors influencing Post-traumatic growth with police officer. Methods: The variables were collected from August 18 to 31, 2014 from 171 the police officers of section in charge of violent crime and detective in ten different police offices in seoul. The variables were assessed by research tool of post-traumatic growth, traumatic event experience, self-esteem, stress coping method, stress response. The data analysis were performed using mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA and post-test were analyzed using Pearson's correlation Coefficient. Stepwise multiple regression analyzed with the SPSS 12.0 program. Result: Post-traumatic growth shows significant difference according to female police officer and having a religion among general characteristics. There were positive correlation between self-esteem, emotion and problem focused coping. Factors affecting post-traumatic growth were emotion focused coping, female police officer and self-esteem, accounting for 24% of the varience in the outcome. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, it is necessary to develop self-esteem improvement programs and improve stress coping method. Furthermore, further research. will have to be supported by the systematic method according to general characteristics.
  • 11.

    Burnout Evaluation according to the Parenting Stress Types of Respiratory Disease Child's Mother who Visits Pediatrics Clinic

    Park Min Hyang | 2015, 11(3) | pp.207~230 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The objective of this research is to establish a management plan to decrease exhaustion by mothers of children with respiratory diseases by type. When the treatments and nursing of respiratory disease child are not properly managed, it could bring serious complications and therefore, this study tried to provide the basic data for nursing intervention development targeting the mother of respiratory disease child. Regarding study subjects, surveys were executed to identify the parenting stress and burnout targeting the mothers of respiratory disease child who visited pediatrics clinic in C-do. In order to identify the relationship between parenting stress and burnout, Pearson's product moment correlation coefficients were calculated and to identify the influences of the variables, stepwise multiple regression analysis was conducted. Study results showed the ages, month income and parenting stress of respiratory disease child's mother significantly affected the exhausted state, passive attitudes, exhaustion, entire burnout which are the sub-factors of burnout and didn't significantly affect the loss of self-confidence. Non-maternal parenting stress didn't significantly affect the exhausted state and loss of self-confidence which are sub-factors of burnout, but significantly affected the passive attitudes and exhaustion. Therefore, parenting stress of mothers of respiratory disease child is considered to be bigger than that of ordinary mother. Because the degree of influences to burnout are different according to the parenting stress types, it is suggested to prepare for the management plans to reduce the burnout according to the parenting stress types and to strengthen social support system.
  • 12.

    Job Characteristics and Job Stress Level of Female Emotional Labor Workers based on Occupational Categories

    Kim SuJi | Younga Oh | Myung Sun Lee | 2015, 11(3) | pp.231~246 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    The purpose of the study was to understand the relationship among the level of job stress, emotional labor, and job characteristics in female emotional labor workers. For this research, surveys were carried out from call-center workers, sales service workers of department stores, hotel workers, and clinical nurses. Data were collected and analyzed by SPSS statistics 20.0 version. The factors affecting job stress were analyzed through correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis among variables. In conclusion, significant factors influencing job stress of the emotional labor workers shown as follows: job demand, job authority, job responsibility, surface acting, and deep acting. Based on the above findings, this study suggested that it is desirable for future study to develop and apply various measures to analyze emotional labor and job characteristics.
  • 13.

    Behavior Analysis of Rockfall Barrier with Spring Connections for Prevention of Cut-slope Disaster

    Sanghoon Han | Hong, Kee Nam | 2015, 11(3) | pp.247~260 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Rockfall barrier, which has been installed to prevent rockfall from cut slopes, is one of the most common rockfall protection measures. The capability of the rockfall barrier can be defined as sum of the energy absorption capability of wire mesh, steel support, and wire rope. The typical rockfall barrier absorbs energy of moving rock with these three parts. However, its parts should be changed with new ones although it is partially damaged by rockfall. Therefore, the aim of this study is to propose improved rockfall barriers with independent behavior by using spring-connections between wire rope and H-beam support. The size of H-beam support and spring stiffness should be preferentially determined for realizing the improved rockfall barrier system. This study used FEM analysis method to develope the spring-connections rockfall barriers against rockfall with impact energy 90 kJ. From FEM analysis results, it was confirmed that both road direction displacement and wire rope internal force of rockfall barriers with spring-connections was decreased. However, further study is required for various impact velocities and angles to evaluate the penetration and bounce of falling rocks.
  • 14.

    Coexisting with Public Education: Are Consumers Satisfied with the Quality of Service Provided by Private English Education

    Hyun-jung Yoo | Rha, Kyeong-hee | 2015, 11(3) | pp.261~284 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Customer satisfaction is essential for the success of service. The quality of service has become an aspect of customer satisfaction in any field of business. The purpose of this study was to investigate consumers' satisfaction with service quality of private English education provided by private-run institutions. The questionnaire survey was conducted among 239 middle school students in two provinces located in the mid area of South Korea. Factor analysis and Chi-square test were completed to analyze collected data. The results of data analysis indicated that students tended to take their friends' recommendations to attend private institutions, while their parents' making a final decision for their additional study. Also, the most important consideration students took in taking those private classes was about those private institutions' systematic interests in students' study, the quality of classes, and the distance from their house to institutions. Second, it revealed that the students' satisfaction with service quality was at the moderate level. As a matter of fact, it revealed, they were not satisfied with their efforts, abilities, plans, and situations. Third, as for the factors of environmental facilities, economic feasibility, and service quality, students' satisfaction was at the moderate level. Additionally, one of the reasons they took those classes was to study more and obtain better grades at school. Finally some ideas and implications for the current situation of English education in Korea were suggested.
  • 15.

    An Empirical Study on Factors of Effectiveness of Co-regulation and Measures for more utilizing Co-regulation in Korea

    Moo Hyun Choi | 2015, 11(3) | pp.285~308 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study aims to study empirically the factors of effectiveness of co-regulation and to suggest measures for more utilizing co-regulation in Korea. The meaning of co-regulation is the regulatory modes that share to regulatory roles and cooperate between government and self-regulation organizations(SROs) for gaining a public goal. In co-regulation system, government gives legal bases and SROs are mid-actors that regulate actually regulatees. In this study, we find that it increases the effectiveness of co-regulation as increasing level of governmental interventions, SRO’s influences, and NGO’s influences in co-regulation system. We make the following suggestions for more utilizing co-regulation: ① to establish a role sharing system between government and private sector in perspective of regulatory governance. ② to search measures for effectiveness of co-regulation. ③ to introduce sound SRO’s filtering and supporting systems. ④ to make sure SRO’s publicness, independence, and transparency. ⑤ to enlarge participations of NGO’s in their decision making and implementation of co-regulation.
  • 16.

    Action for Dmages resulting from "Wrongful Life" and the Responsibility of Medical Malpractice- Focusing on Issues around the Crisis of Human Dignity

    Ryoo, Hwa-shin | 2015, 11(3) | pp.309~328 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper is about ' "Wrongful Life" torts. In a suit for ‘wrongful life’, the plaintiff(usually an infant) brings an action(usually against a physician) claiming that some negligent action has caused the plaintiff's life, say by not informing the parents of the likely prospect that their child would be born with severe defects. The most perplexing feature of this is that the plaintiff is claiming that he would have been better off if he had never been born. A number of arguments have appeared which purport to show that ‘wrongful life’ claims should not be allowed, either because it is senseless to claim that one would be better off if one had not existed or that it is impossible to assess the extent to which someone has been damaged by being brought into existence. This paper investigated various cases in which ‘Unwanted child' can be born, and the origin and definition of lawsuits for ‘wrongful life’, reviewing the issues about the damage and its evaluation in terms of human dignity and values violation.
  • 17.

    The Influencing Factors on Depression in Elementary School Students

    이승현 | Bae Jeong Yee | 2015, 11(3) | pp.329~345 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to investigate depression degree of school children and its influence factors, and to provide basic data for their mental health promotion, prevention of depression and intervention. For the research subject, this study targeted 487 school children in the 4th, 5th and 6th degrees at 2 elementary schools in Busan Metropolitan City, Korea, from November 1 to 10, 2011. For the research tool, it used depression, self-esteem, academic stress, relationship with teacher, relationship with friends, satisfaction of family and body image scale. For the method of data analysis, SPSS WIN 19.0 statistical program was used; average, percentage, independent sample t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient were analyzed; the influence factors of depression were verified by the multiple regression analysis. Depression degrees of the research subjects were found: that of the severe depression group was 13.1%; minor depression group 18.7%; normal range group 68.2%. As a result, a factor having the greatest influence on the subjects’ depression degree was self-esteem(β=-.34, p<.001), followed by academic stress(β=.30, p<.001), body image(β=-.15, p<.001), relationship with friends(β=-.09, p=.023), and satisfaction of family(β=-.09, p=.041). These factors showed 54% explanation power of depression. Therefore, through self-esteem improvement programs, management of academic stress, the support for the positive body image, small group activities for close friendships and parental education, efforts should be made to prevent and intervene school children’s depression.