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2015, Vol.11, No.7

  • 1.

    Exploratory Study on Developing Cooperative Disaster Response Capabilities - Based on Disaster Response Activity Plan -

    Sangkyu Rheem | 2015, 11(7) | pp.1~17 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    It is required to strengthen the cooperative disaster management system in order to reduce the damages of modern disasters which are diversified, and complex. So, it is critical for successful disaster management not only disaster related ministries, local governments and agencies but also private sectors cooperate and support each other. In this regard, It is stated on the 「Framework act on the management of disaster and safety」 for planning and complementing the 13 functional disaster response activity plans for establishing and facilitating the cooperative disaster management. But these plans did not develop yet so it is needed to develop detailed plans. The article draws on exploratory research to suggest the cooperative disaster management system by means of 13 functional disaster response activity plans.
  • 2.

    Review on the Safety Management System of Facilities Handling Hazardous Chemicals under the Chemicals Control Act

    신창현 | Chung Soo Lee | 강재은 and 4other persons | 2015, 11(7) | pp.19~33 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract
    According to the inspection results in 2013, domestic facilities handling hazardous chemicals are very vulnerable to chemical accidents. Moreover, the management of facilities and safety equipment is considerably weak. The 30 percent of chemical accidents occurring after 2003 resulted from the poor safety management of facilities and would have been preventable if appropriate safety measures had been taken. Therefore, the Chemicals Controls Act has significantly reinforced the safety management including facilities, compared to the previous standard, the Toxic Chemicals Control Act. The facilities under the Chemicals Control Act are classified as manufacture․usage, storage, vehicle, pipe that present detailed and concrete safety standards. Storage facilities are also categorized as indoor, outdoor, underground facilities that are special for prevention respectively. These improved safety standards of facilities are expected to be used at the workplace for the definite prevention guideline of chemical accidents. That being said, additional studies have to be conducted in the future both to avoid merely redundant regulations of other laws and to obtain differentiated safety standards differently applicable to toxic chemicals and dangerous chemicals such as fire or explosion.
  • 3.

    Institutional Improvements on Korean Comprehensive Plans for the Reduction of Damage from Storm and Flood

    Kim, Ja Eun | Hyungjun Park | LEE,SUNG-HO and 1other persons | 2015, 11(7) | pp.35~49 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This research suggested that the establishment of Korean National Comprehensive Plans for the Reduction of Damage from Storm and Flood can help the current status and enhance the role of natural hazard planning in South Korea. Recently, it is important to make a plan include not only structural strategies but also non-structural strategies to conserve the environment and make resilient community. Nevertheless, in South Korea, natural hazard planning has not paid attention to national plan for flood and storm, regional approach and land use planning method. Negotiations with experts and civic servants worked towards setting an agenda and we developed alternatives that reflected the agenda. The National Plan should improve its status, cooperate with related plans, and enhance connectivity with spatial plans. Therefore, the plan supports the establishment of the national vision-goal-strategy, the complementary procedure between top-down and bottom-up methods, and the regional mitigation strategies that consider urban planning.
  • 4.

    The Construction of Media Coverage on the Sewol Ferry Disaster - The Analysis of Frames, News sources, and Disaster Reporting Guidelines -

    Yung Wook Kim | Hyun-nie Ahn | Ham Seungkyung | 2015, 11(7) | pp.51~77 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This paper explores how frames were constructed in news on the Sewol ferry disaster and associations between news frames and other variables such as political orientation of newspapers, news sources, news fairness, and disaster reporting guidelines. The main frames used in news on the Sewol ferry disaster were the cause and responsibility, human interest, conflict, and countermeasures frames. Different frames were used depending on the political orientation of newspaper organizations. The cause and responsibility, moral, human interest and community’s atonement frames were used more often in progressive newspapers significantly than in conservative newspapers, but the conflict, economic loss, and solution frames were more often used in conservative papers than in progressive newspapers. News sources used in the disaster news differed by frames. The government was used as a news source primarily in the cause and responsibility frame and the National Assembly was used most in the conflict frame. An analysis on the news fairness index that consists of diversity of news sources and balancing viewpoints shows that the fairness level of the cause and responsibility frame was similar to the fairness level of the human interest frame. Among the disaster reporting guidelines, emotional expressions were more often violated in progressive papers than in conservative newspapers. Furthermore, emotional expressions were more often violated in the cause and responsibility frame than in other frames.
  • 5.

    Health Promoting Behaviors and Social Support in Korean Soldiers

    Jung Min Mo | Bae Jeong Yee | 2015, 11(7) | pp.79~93 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study was conducted to examine degrees of health promoting behaviors and social support in solders and to identify the relationship between health promoting behaviors and social support in solders. In this descriptive, correlation study, 300 soldiers who were in the military service at one of the divisions of a metropolitan city were completed a questionnaire including the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile and the Social Support Scale. The data was analyzed with the average, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient in SPSS WIN 19.0. The results of the study are as follows: The majority of solders had good health status (76%), but 26.3% reported that they had a disease. In addition, 73% of participants voluntarily applied the army. The average of degree of social support promoting behaviors was 102.7(13.96)(range 54-139). The average of degree of social support was 63.3(9.13)(range 31-75). Higher economic status (F=1.23, p<.05) and better health status (F=1.23, p<.001) were associated with higher degree of health promoting behaviors. In addition, participants who made sure of the pathways after discharge (F=1.23, p<.001) were positively associated with higher degree of health promoting behaviors. Level of health state was significantly associated with degree of social support (F=1.23, p<.01). Health-promoting behaviors were correlated with social support from family (r = .32, p < .001), friends (r = .39, p < .001) and fellow soldiers (r = .43, p < .001). The results of this study show the relationship between health-promoting behaviors and social support. Because fellow soldiers are the most available social support group for the soldiers, it is necessary to enhance the social support system with peers in the army.
  • 6.

    Improving Safety against Nuclear Power for Elementary, Middle and High School Student - Focused on Radiation Education in Japan -

    Nemoto Masatsugu | PIAOYINGHUA | 2015, 11(7) | pp.95~113 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed education programs and texts of nuclear power for elementary, middle and high school students in Japan. The education providers are classified into 4 types: government, local government, school and non profit organization. The criteria of education programs and texts are fundamental concepts of radiation, knowledge of basic protection, and regional information on nuclear power in each area. As a result, local governments (Fukushima prefecture and Ibaraki prefecture) fulfill all kinds of criteria with its subdivisions while other providers has each strong and weak point. Thus expected education model of nuclear power in school can be improved by local government to integrate related education providers with significant local information also in Korea.
  • 7.

    Characteristics of Occupant Injuries according to the Types of Road - Korean In-Depth Accident Study Database-based -

    CHOI IL KUG | Choi, Han Joo | KANG HYUN LEE and 2other persons | 2015, 11(7) | pp.115~126 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    According to the types of road including expressway, national highway, local road and etc, there are lots of differences on width, curvature, nature of pavement, and legal aspects relate to management and responsibility. We analyzed the severity of occupant injuries according to the types of road. This study conducted to a retrospective observational model based on the KIDAS database (Korean In-Depth Accident Study Database). The severity of occupant injuries was classified as to a MAIS (maximal abbreviated injury scale) and an ISS (injury severity score). On the expressway, accidents of trucks and vans related to the higher severity scores in occupant injuries. On the local road, accidents of sedans and trucks related to the higher severity scores. Regardless of the types of car, injury-severity of the accidents on the national highway was more severe than on the other types of road. Rollover accidents were the most dangerous type of injury on the expressway. On the national highway, the right-side impacts and rollover accidents were more dangerous to occupants.
  • 8.

    Analysis of Flood Inundation for Extreme Rainfall Event in Historical Documents

    윤경호 | Kim Hyeonjun | 2015, 11(7) | pp.127~146 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Currently, a typical example of abnormal weather in the global increasing trend can be said to be convenient and flood through the overflow of domestic demand inundation or embankment by the torrential rainfall. In order to strengthen this facility standards, but we need the expansion of rainfall data period, South Korea still has rainfall records continuously from Yeongjo to Soonjo for annals of the Chosun Dynasty. Therefore, in the previous studies of the present study, using these historical materials were calculated probability rainfall. In this study, to determine the time distribution of rainfall using the Huff quartile and Random Cascade model Ch'ugu-gi daily rainfall, was constructed a cross-sectional input data for the Cheonggyecheon flow section in the old literature. Furthermore, the actual rill Cheonggyecheon tributary sections to confirm the damaging of the peripheral portion of the river, and estimates the cross-sectional input data by considering the various documentary, which the Digital Elevation Model (DEM). It was to evaluate the spatial scale of damage.
  • 9.

    Study on Improvement of Rock Mass Classification for Tunnel

    Jinhwan Kim | Kwon, O-Il | Yong Baek and 1other persons | 2015, 11(7) | pp.147~155 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Rock mass classification(RMC) is usually carried out to decide the support pattern based on the rock classification when the ground condition at field is different from the predicted data at the design stage. An insufficient RMC can result cause a tunnel collapse and many problems. In this study, the problems of the conventional RMC were analyzed on the basis of the expert survey, and improvements were suggested. The main problems of the conventional RMC were the lack of experts and insufficient cost. To improve the RMC’s problems, institutionalization of the RMC process and implementation of the RMC cost were proposed.
  • 10.

    A Qualitative Approached on the Experiences of Personal Assistant

    Jung, Yeo-Joo | 김은하 | 2015, 11(7) | pp.157~180 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to understand about personal assistant for the disabled person based on subjective point of view and experience to an understanding. And disabled self-support process is to lead social work intervention. The data collected from in-depth interviews with the participants, they works more than a year. As for data analysis on this qualitative study was used. The raw data analyzed by the open coding, combined with theoretically sensitive and constant comparisons method. As a result, a total of 11 categories, 22 subcategories and 135 concepts were generated. In summary, the core phenomenon was. The core phenomenon that personal assistant for the disabled person experience during the process of attendance center order was ‘look for work’, ‘barely stand up to’, ‘grounds for remain’, and ‘standing in as the expert care for people with disabilities’. Based on the findings, we suggested policy and practice guidelines for the improvement of social security that supports the adaptation of the disability assistance activities of the process.
  • 11.

    Prevalence and Affecting Factors of Depression in Men Aged 60 and over in Urban Community

    Hye-Ryoung Kim | 2015, 11(7) | pp.181~196 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of depression and risk factors for depression in men elders in Korean communities. The sample included 329 who were 60 years of age or over in one urban community. Depression was measured using the Korean version of the Short Form Geriatric Depression Scale. The prevalence of depression of the study sample was 28.9%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that prevalence of depression in men elders was associated with basic livelihood recipient, with poor sleep status, with not being able to perform physical activity with a little shortness of breath in intensity, bouts of at least 30 minutes in duration, and 5 days or more per week in frequency, and 2 or more of diagnosed diseases. The findings from this study can promote screening strategy and prevention of depression for men elders in Korea.
  • 12.

    A Case study on the Success Factors of Senior Social Enterprises

    Hyunju Lee | 2015, 11(7) | pp.197~224 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine the success factors of senior social enterprises operated by senior club for suggesting social enterprises as a long-term stable jobs to the senior who are experiencing social risks. The subject of this case study is an A senior social enterprises which is located in C province and running after the end of government support for more than one year. Through a review of previous research, select four success factors which are ‘social entrepreneurship factors’, ‘strategic factors’, ‘organizational factors’, ‘social network factors’. And through the analysis 10 sub-factors are founded, social value orientation, risk taking, management philosophy and vision, Trust-based marketing and promotion, establish a scientific management system, rich experience and specialized skills in the senior, utilizing external resources, democratic horizontal communication, in conjunction and cooperation with the parent organization, mutually beneficial relationships with a variety of social resources. Unique success factors of senior social enterprises are showed rich experience and specialized skills in the elderly. Based on these results of the study policy challenges are suggested for quantitative and qualitative increase in the senior social enterprise.
  • 13.

    An Empirical Analysis on the Entering Motives of Korean Banks into Chinese Financial Market in Accordance with Shrinking of China's Economic Growth Rate

    CHOI JUNG SEOK | Lee, Nae Joon | 2015, 11(7) | pp.225~243 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this study, we use total amount of trade between Korea & China(TR), amount of direct investment from Korea into China(FDI) and Gross domestic product of China(GDP) as explanatory variables for the empirical analysis of Korean banks' entering motives into Chinese financial market, and the results can be summarized as follows. First, the number of branches of Korean banks in China showed a correlation of total trade amount in between China and Korea and the amount of direct investment. Korean banks operating in China means that motivation is expressed that to follow the clients which enter into Chinese industry from their home country, agrees to follow the clients from their home country. Second, Chinese growth of GDP shows no effect on the number of Korean bank's branches in China. This motivates Korean banks operating in the Chinese financial market and explain that this is not intended to share with the development achievements of China.
  • 14.

    A Study on the Effect of Secondary Anger on the Relationship between Anger and Self-harm Behavior in the Military

    Lee, Jung-won | 2015, 11(7) | pp.245~265 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The purpose of this research is to find out psychological and cognitive factors which affect to educe self-harm behavior in the military, and to find out what is the mediating effect. The research was done to 255 soldiers. From the selected group of soldiers, data were collected using inventory on rage, depression, self-harm behavior, secondary anger-thought and multiple regression analysis were done with the collected data with SPSS WIN 18.0 program. In relation between anger and self-harm behavior, regression analysis was done to verify how secondary anger-thought, especially thought on blaming and retaliating against others and feeling of helplessness show mediating effect. Also Sobel Test was done to verify the effectiveness of these mediators. The result showed that independent variables of anger, depression, self-harm behavior explains its dependent variable, behaviors which expresses self-harm behavior, and especially depression influences the most. Anger influences self-harm impulse by the medium of blaming and helplessness which are secondary anger thought. These results shows that intervention is needed to modify the thoughts of helplessness and blaming others in order to cure self-harm behavior.