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2015, Vol.11, No.8

  • 1.

    Exploring the Core System of National Crisis and Emergency Management in Korea - The Case of Sewol Disaster Management -

    Lee, Jae Eun | 2015, 11(8) | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to seek the core system of national crisis and emergency management system in Korea for the purpose of achieving the effective and efficient response mission. Core system can be defined as a network hub that leads and coordinates a entire system to a specific direction. This paper suggests five major elements which form a core system such as value, institution, leadership, devotion, and expertise. This research reveals several problems of national crisis and emergency management in Korea as follows; absence of core system, unsystematic situation control, inadequate disaster management function, difficulty of policy coordination from 'partition wall effect', non-learning disaster management from the past experience, and so on. This article suggests seven recommendations for improving the national crisis and emergency management in Korea as follows; (1) establishment of core system of national crisis and emergency management, (2) construction of national crisis and emergency management governance, (3) reinforcement of local government capacity for managing disaster, (4) development of democratic job performing mode like support-cooperation-network-coordination, (5) construction of the social-embedded crisis & emergency management system, (6) institutionalization of the new perception and culture of safety, and disaster management in local governments.
  • 2.

    A Case Study on Introduction of a National Risk Assessment - Lessons from the UK and Netherlands -

    윤경호 | 2015, 11(8) | pp.19~41 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The revised Industrial Safety Health Act 2013 requires an enforcement of risk assessment in all business places in Korea. Risk assessment had been conducted only in the business sites for process safety management (PSM), but is now extended to general business places according to this act. The results from the office safety and risk management practices based on the PSM, SMS, KOSHA 18001 show that the average injury rate has been declining since late 1990s. However, considering that critical accidents in Korea (e.g. the hydrogen fluoride leakage at Gumi in 2012) have damaged not only industrial facilities but also generated disasters within the communities, there is need of a national-level proactive response to complex disasterous events. Therefore, this study conducts case studies from the United Kingdom and Netherlands where national risk assessment system is under operation, The design of response system based on early identification of national risk factors in those countries have reduced the level of damages and enabled prompt response and recovery. Comparative analyses of these cases could provide a guideline to the adoption of the risk assessment system in Korea.
  • 3.

    Developing the Life Safety System for Community Safety and Welfare

    Kiwhan Sung | Il-Moon Choi | 2015, 11(8) | pp.43~71 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The literature review has been conducted in order to construct the life safety system which improves community safety and welfare, The term of "life safety" is defined as a wholistic concept including various types of disasters experienced by the residents. Then, the case study has been performed to propose a plan for constructing the system focusing on organizational structure, management process and roles of individuals. Inadequate public-private partnerships and weak role of local governments are found to be a concern as for organizational structure, while communication problems among organizations, ineffective resources management and the absence of customized services appear to be problems regarding management process. In terms of roles of individuals, the lack of professionalism in community members and inadequacies in assigned role and association of community members have been criticized as a major barrier for the system. Based on these findings, policy suggestions are drawn for planning on the development of life safety system. In terms of organizational structure, the modular network organization design, the development of a standard model, and the leading role of local government are recommended. Regarding management process, communication mobilization, the improvement of logistics system, and customized service arrangements are suggested. In terms of roles of individuals, policy suggestions include the professionalism of community members, clear role assignments and consolidation among community members. The life safety system designed based on the study of domestic and international cases in this paper is expected to improve of community safety and welfare service in Korea, when succesfully implemented.
  • 4.

    Response to Foreigner Crime for Community Safety - Focused on the Foreign Affairs Police Activities -

    CHO MIN SANG | 2015, 11(8) | pp.73~95 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Crime by foreigners has been a persistent concern which not only alarms people in Korea but also threatens the safety of community residents. it is necessary to have an integrative and comprehensive approach to the issue of foreigner crime, rather than to understand it as as specific task of specific organizations such as the police. Although the police carry out various activities to address foreigner crime, the criticisms against their activity include the lack of consideration of spatial clustering of foreigner residences and the lack of cooperation with related organizations and the community. This study focuses on the police activities as a way to ensure the community safety from foreigner crime. One of the noticeable problem of foreigner crime in Korea is that foreigner crimes have been growing rapidly demonstrating a unique pattern by nationality and region, and tend to be more organized. However, the police department handling foreiner crimes faces the shortage of independent capability and trained personnel, unequal distribution of workload, and the lack of education and training. Policy suggestions include strengthening the monitoring enforcement of foreigner crime, managing and renovating the areas of many foreigners, scaling up the sector in charge of foreigner crime, installing a hotline for foreign crime, and developing an integrative system handling foreign crimes effectively. organization in charge of foreigners criminal. Fourth, Foreigners crime related hotline should be established. Finally, the integration system should be established for foreign crimes.
  • 5.

    A Exploratory Study on Risk Perception and Communication through Social Media

    Hyeon-Suk Lyu | 홍승희 | 2015, 11(8) | pp.93~116 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This paper aims to explore if several prominent media theories are appropriate to explain the public’s risk perception and risk communication via social media. It is found that the existing theories, no withstanding their strengths, have failed in one way or the other to provide an integrated framework that is comprehensive in explaining the effect of social media on the public’s risk perception and communication. In this milieu, the paper aspires to bridge the gap in knowledge based on the third person effect theory, the first person effect theory, and the ipresumed media influence model, with a view to providing more comprehensive scholarly lens for explaining the idiosyncrasies of risk perception and communication via social media.
  • 6.

    The Moderating Effects of Life-Goals for reducing Socio-Emotional Problems of Youth in Crisis Situation - Focusing on Mobile Phone Dependency -

    백현주 | 황소영 | LEE, YANG HEE | 2015, 11(8) | pp.117~133 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effects of life-goals between mobile phone dependency and social emotional problems of youth in crisis situation. The data for the 9th grade students (N=2,259) from the nationally representative Korea Child and Youth Panel Study were analyzed using hierarchical regression models. The results of this study are as follows. First, mobile phone dependency had a significant effect on social emotional problems (Attention, aggression, depression) in youth. Second, the moderating effect of life-goals on the relationship between mobile phone dependency and social emotional problems was significant. Furthermore, the simple main effect analysis shows that the group of high life-goals are less influenced than that of low life-goals in terms of an effect of mobile phone dependency on socio-emotional problems, which indicates that life-goals could minimize negative effects of mobile phone dependency on social emotional problems in youth. Therefore, this study implies that the establishment of life-goals could be essential in intervention and prevention for mobile phone dependency affecting socio-emotional problems of youth.
  • 7.

    Vulnerable Science at the Border of Safety and Risk - A Case Study on Nutritional and Medicinal Aspects of Rice Consumption -

    박성철 | 안선희 | 이덕환 | 2015, 11(8) | pp.135~159 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study is to understand how the media and scientific community utilize the ‘textbook science’ which is scientifically verified. We analyzed 216 news reports on nutritional value and consumption of rice from the Dong-A Daily and Kyunghyang Shinmun as well as 28 research papers during the period of 1963 through 2014. During this time span, there were dramatic contrasts between the serious short-supply period (1963∼1977) and the over-supply period (1989∼2014), indicating apparent interplay in so far as nutritional value of rice is concerned. During the former period, a majority of newspapers encouraged the consumption of mixed grains over rice on the ground of nutritional and medicinal merits. However, during the latter period, the stance of news reports radically changed in favor of rice over mixed grains. The scientific community was found to be subjective on the nutritional value of rice, highly influenced by national policy and commercial interests.
  • 8.

    Impact of Health Literacy on Adherence to Self Care Behavior among the Elderly with Hypertension in a Community

    백경신 | 2015, 11(8) | pp.161~178 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This study aims to identify the levels of health literacy and to determine the effect of health literacy on self-care activities among the elderly with hypertension. Data were collected from 237 elderly patients with hypertension in a community in Korea using a self-report questionnaire. 85.2% of participants demonstrated limited health literacy. Health literacy, number of medication, age, spouse were found to be significant factors influencing adherence to self-care of elderly patients with hypertensions. Most of the participants showed limited health literacy which was the most powerful variable related to self-care behavior. This findings suggest that improving health literacy could be an effective strategy to improve self-care behavior among elderly patients with hypertension in the target area.
  • 9.

    Value, Experience, and Perception - Exploring the Applicability of Value and Experience based Multi-layer Model in Explaining Acceptance of Nuclear Power-

    Ryu Yeon Jae | Kim SeoYong | 2015, 11(8) | pp.179~201 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract
    The previous risk perception paradigm depends heavily on perception factors, disregarding the empirical factors as value and experience. We thus developed the multi-layer model with a causal chain of value, perception and acceptance and tested it using empirical data. First, a structural equation analysis of the data shows that the multi-layer model revealed the high degree of fit in explaining the perception. Second, value explained more perception factor than experience did. For instance, environmentalism, technological optimism among values, Fukushima accidents and corruption scandal exhibit a higher explanation power than climate change. Lastly, the perceived risk and negative affect influenced acceptance more than knowledge and benefit. Our study contributes to highlighting the new variables - value and experience - which decision-makers should consider in making the nuclear policy.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Inducement of the 5th UN Office in the Korean DMZ World Peace Park

    Chung Si Gu | 2015, 11(8) | pp.203~225 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study explores a possibility of inducing the 5th UN office in the Korean DMZ world peace park. The Korean DMZ is a geographical region that was established at the end of the Korean War (27 July 1953) according to the Armistice Agreement between the United Nations Forces (UNF) and North Korea. Peace park has an important role in promoting peace and cooperation in a boundary areas. President Park strongly expressed a strong interest to establish DMZ world peace park with the United Nations at the Nuclear Security Summit and Dresden Declaration (28 March 2014, in Germany), and the United States House and Senate Joint (08 May 2013). DMZ world peace park is expected to contribute to relaxation and confidence to enhance peace in the Korean peninsula. The inducement of the 5th UN office with DMZ world peace park requires the following three improvements. First, we may introduce the New Village Movement ODA projects to North Korea. Second, we may play a role using a diplomatic skill in emphasizing a necessity of the 5th UN office in DMZ. Third, a control tower should be established under the direction supervison of President or the Prime Minister which can hold a comprehensively control of the DMZ-related businesses. One city in Gyeonggido (Paju) and three cities in Gangwondo (Cheolwon, Yeonchun, and Goseong) now compete with each other to host the DMZ world peace park. The Department of Unification in Korea is going to develop a plan to determine candidate regions considering the current condition of South-North relations. Beyond ecological and economic profit, ideological confrontation between North and South Korea should be also resolved by advancing the level of trust.
  • 11.

    Impacts of Stigma and Distress on the Quality of Life in Patients with Lung Cancer

    Byun Hye Sun | 김은경 | kim gyung duck | 2015, 11(8) | pp.227~244 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the impacts of stigma and distress on the quality of life in patients with lung cancer. Methods: The participants of this study were 122 lung cancer patients who were admitted to the lung cancer ward or visited the outpatient respiratory center of C and K university hospital in Daegu, South Korea, from August 1st, 2013 to April 30th, 2014. To measure stigma, distress and quality of life, Cataldo Lung Cancer Stigma Scale, Distress Thermometer and Problem List and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Lung Cancer(FACT-L) were used. Using the SPSS/WIN 22.0 program, data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, the post-hoc-scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. Results: Stigma showed correlations with positive distress. Stigma and distress were negatively correlated with quality of life. The significant factors influencing the quality of life include distress, type of treatment, and Job, and they explained 38.0% of the variance. Distress was one of the most frequent psychological factors regarding quality of life in lung cancer patients. Conclusion: Lung cancer experience with stigma and distress had a negative influence on quality of life. The results demonstrate the need of developing an intervention program which regularly assesses and control lung cancer patients with distress and stigma in order to improve their quality of life.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Basic Livelihood Security for Absolute Poor Disabled Householders - Focused on the 2015 Korea Welfare Panel Study Data -

    Kyong Jun Lee | 2015, 11(8) | pp.245~273 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study discovers the effects of the basic livelihood security on absolute poverty of disabled householders using a survey of 581 disabled householders. The ‘2015 Korea Welfare Panel Study’ data were used for an empirical analysis of a total of 12 socio-demographic, economic and welfare variables. 328 persons of the sample (56.5%) were poor and 253 persons (43.5%) were non-poor. 383 persons (65.9%) of the sample had a high work capability, 81 persons (13.9%) had a capability of simple work, 81 persons (13.9%) failed to show a capability of simple work, and 36 persons (6.2%) had the incompetence of work. The most frequent state of participation in main economic activities was "economically inactive" (284 persons; 48.9%), followed by self-employed (129 persons; 22.2%), regular job (56 persons; 9.6%), daily job (45 persons; 7.7%) and temporary job (42 persons; 7.2%), employer (5 persons; 0.9%), unpaid family worker (5 persons; 0.9%) and the unemployed (3 persons; 0.5%). As for the monthly income of households, the options of less than 1 million won, 1 million won~2 million won, 2 million won~3 million won, 3 million won~4 million won and more than 4 million won were chosen by 375 persons (64.5%), 82 persons (14.1%), 49 persons (8.4%), 27 persons (4.6%) and 48 persons (8.3%), respectively. In light of these results, the absolute poverty rate of disabled householders continues to increase, despite the governmental support on the settlement of welfare system in Korea. The aging trend and the long-term economic downturn are the main reasons to affect further increase in the absolute poverty rate of disabled householders.
  • 13.

    The Characteristics and Preventative Strategies of the SUV-related Occupant Injuries - A study on In-depth Accident Database in Korea -

    CHOI IL KUG | Choi, Han Joo | 2015, 11(8) | pp.275~286 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The incidence of traffic accidents related to SUV (Sport-utility vehicle) has increased gradually in Korea. We analyzed the characteristics of SUV-related occupant injuries based on the KIDAS (Korean In-Depth Accident Study) Database. The severity score of SUV-related occupant injury was significantly influenced by road types; higher on national highways and other roads (including downtown streets) but lower on expressways and local roads). It is statistically significant that the roll-over accidents was more dangerous than other types of injury-mechanism and fastening seat belts could reduce the occupant’s severity of injury (MAIS).