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2015, Vol.11, No.10

  • 1.

    An Empirical Analysis on the Organizational Effectiveness of Justice Cognition in Fire Service Organization

    전도성 | Lee, Jae Eun | 2015, 11(10) | pp.01~18 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The purpose of this research is to analyze how organizational justice can affect organizational effectiveness in fire service organization. This study categorizes organizational justice into three parts; distribution justice, procedure justice and interaction justice. The results shows that, first, organizational justice has positive effect on organizational effectiveness, which reflect characteristics of fire service organization where teamwork and fairness among team members are highly valued. Secondly, no difference on the cognition of justice was found by demographic factors such as gender, age, education and job factors including position and length of service. Finally, almost half of the fire service officers in the survey answered that they would do their best in performing their job although they were treated unfairly at work such as promotion.
  • 2.

    Awareness of Disaster Among Service Employees: A Case of Hotel Employees in Korea

    이상동 | 2015, 11(10) | pp.19~39 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The study intends to examine awareness of safety as a differentiated service strategy, which can promote the competitiveness of service industry in South Korea attracting more domestic and foreign consumers. For this purpose, this study investigated the perceptions of hotel employees, one of the major service employees in Korea, on potential disaster situations in hotels. The results from the analysis of the survey data suggest the followings. First, training and education programs for disaster response should be tailored to their job tenure. Second, differentiated training and education programs specifically designed for female employees would make disaster management more effective and innovative. Third, a new disaster education and training policy should require the development of manuals and routine daily reminders of the contents in the manuals to their employees.
  • 3.

    New Social Risk? - Perception toward Immigrants and Its Determinants in Korea -

    Sook-Yeon Won | 2015, 11(10) | pp.41~62 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores social distance toward immigrants perceived by mainstream Koreans. Social distance is measured via psychological acceptance of immigrants as ‘neighbors’ and perception towards giving priority of works on immigrants. The data from the World Value Survey(2015) were used for an empirical analysis. The findings are as follows. First, there was a split response between acceptance and exclusion regarding perception toward immigrants as "neighbors", while their perceptions in terms of "job-seekers" was predominately negative. Second, their stress over the limited resource taken by immigrants affected their negative perceptions toward immigrants, particularly among those who were less educated, temporarily employed, and belong to the lower social class. Mainstream Koreans in the highest social class, however, had extremely negative perceptions toward immigrants as "neighbors" rather than "job seekers". Third, negative perceptions toward immigrants as "job seekers" appeared even stronger among the respondents who were younger, male, unemployed and had more children.
  • 4.

    An Analysis of Social Amplification of Risk by Modifying SARF - Focusing on the Case of MERS -

    Young-Dae Kim | 2015, 11(10) | pp.63~89 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Significant fear and anxiety for MERS have increased in Korea, even though government and most medical experts have reportedly estimated that risk of the MERS is not so high. The SARF is really useful to explain this sort of phenomenon as it attempts to explain how social amplification of risk takes place and what factors determine it by integrating several perspectives regarding risk. This study designs a modified SARF to explain a social amplification mechanism. The research results show that the risk in terms of the MERS has been amplified through complex factors. In particular, the facts that government has rarely paid attention to risk perception of the public have led to failure of effective risk communication. These findings derive key lessons for government that it needs to formulate and implement knowledgable policies and institutions, to try to communicate with the public based on much higher openness and transparency, and then to secure trust in government by the public.
  • 5.

    A Social Analysis of the Limitation of Governmental MERS Risk Communication

    Kim Eun-sung | 2015, 11(10) | pp.91~109 | number of Cited : 26
    Abstract PDF
    Risk communication was one of the most serious challenges surrounding the MERS crisis that occurred in 2015 in Korea. As the Korean government postponed to disclose the names of the hospitals where confirmed MERS cases were exposed, the MERS spread from hospitals to hospitals and public anxiety was amplified significantly. This article examines social causes for the failure of governmental risk communication during the MERS outbreak in Korea. This article views the MERS risk communication strategy of the Korean government as the “deficit model” and analyzes its problems and limitations from the perspective of the “contextual model.” In particular, it addresses the roles and implications of scientific uncertainty, mutual interests, governmental trust, the construction of citizens’ identity, and the social effect of sigma in risk communication. Finally, it suggests a guideline on how to improve risk communication process in handling emerging infectious diseases such as the MERS.
  • 6.

    Crisisonomy and Disastronomy: Local Government’s Role in Disaster Management

    Lee, Jae Eun | 2015, 11(10) | pp.111~132 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract
    The purpose of this research is to suggest some alternatives for reinforcing the local government’s role in the field of crisisonomy and disastronomy. This paper examines the significance and importance of local government in managing disasters and reviews the literature related to the local government’s disaster management. Suggestions from this research include; ① strengthening citizen participation and support system in the private sector, ② establishing the field response organizations in local government ③ collaborating with fire fighting services, police, public utilities, and so on ④ constructing the cooperative disaster management council including related organizations ⑤ securing sufficient human resources for managing disasters ⑥ establishing the special reserve disaster preparedness organization for efficient disaster management ⑦ building capacity of the local government’s disaster management.
  • 7.

    A Study on How to Reinforce Fire Officers’ Job Competency through Analyzing Difference between Importance and Achievement - Focusing on Fire Officers in the Seoul/Gyeonggi-do area -

    JuHo Lee | 2015, 11(10) | pp.133~150 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    This study performed IPA analysis in order to find policy issues that require intensive investment urgently in connection to fire officers’ job competency areas and, at the same time, performed priority analysis using Borich’s formula and the Locus for Focus Model in order to set priority among the areas. In the dimension of research methodology, the IPA Matrix and the Locus for Focus Model showed that there were useful differences in setting the priority of required investment and education based on differences in indexes forming axes X and Y, and in particular, the use of the outcome of Borich’s formula made it easy to set priority. In this sense, these methodologies are believed to be highly useful for the development of human resources in organizations emphasizing field response competency as required of fire officers due to the peculiarity of their job.
  • 8.

    The Research on the Military Job Stability and Continuity for the Application of the System Peak Salary

    정종진 | Hyo Son Park | 2015, 11(10) | pp.151~169 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to find constructive alternatives by analyzing that the retirement system for the career soldiers impacts on job security and weather adopting the salary peak system is acceptable or not. In order to achieve the objective of the present study, we surveyed 305 people who are long-term professional soldiers serving in the army. The results of the study are as follows. First, the retirement system of the professional soldiers was to affect the job security, also to influence their children's education and marriage of funding, a relaxation of military pension deficit and early loss prevention personnel of Excellence. Second, the extension of retirement system has affected a salary peak system introduced, and it is time to give positive consideration to introduce the salary peak system. Third, remove the soldier's rank and served in the occupation period and the diversification of the longer period of the service relationship duration difference appeared positive.
  • 9.

    An Empirical Study on the T/Fs of Gyeongbuk Fire Service Headquarters

    최원익 | Jeong, Hong-Sang | 2015, 11(10) | pp.171~188 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study is a questionnaire survey analysis of the T/Fs of Gyeongbuk fire service headquarters. The study postulates member suitability, low hierarchy, informality, and team building as the distinctive features of T/F, a post bureaucratic organization, and reports the results of survey on the operations of the T/Fs of Gyeongbuk fire service headquarters. The study empirically shows that the T/Fs of Gyeongbuk fire service headquarters have operated with the four post bureaucratic attributes mentioned above. On the basis of the result of analysis, the study concludes that the adaptability of the fire administration system to environment could be enhanced when fire service T/Fs transplant the properties of post-bureaucracy into the system, a typical bureaucratic organization.
  • 10.

    Effects of Social Support on Care Burden and the Life Satisfaction of Primary Caregivers of Adults with Developmental Disabilities

    Jin Kim | 2015, 11(10) | pp.189~212 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The objective of this research is to empirically analyze how social support influences caregivers of adults with developmental disabilities, in terms of their care-giving responsibilities and satisfaction. This study comprehensively investigated the elements that influence the quality of life of caregivers of adults with developmental disabilities by establishing analytical models including social support, experience of caregiving, and demographic and economic factors, segmented according to the types and sources of support. The research collected data from the caregivers of adults with developmental disabilities over the age of twenty registered in Seoul, and empirically analyzed the data. This research showed that an increase in specialists’ informative support and the community’s emotional support resulted in a decrease in the caregiver’s burden of care. Therefore, social policies that can elevate the informative and emotional support are necessary in order to enhance the life satisfaction of caregivers of adults with developmental disabilities.
  • 11.

    Eco-friendly Evolution of Sports Facilities for Overcoming the Environmental Crisis

    Park Kyoung Ho | Jong Hak Park | OK, Kwang | 2015, 11(10) | pp.213~235 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study focuses on eco-friendly sports facilities. With the interest in environment increasing, representative cases to seek the measures for co-existence of sports development and environment were analyzed. The research outcomes are as follows; First, international movement for the existence of environment and sports development were attempted together through various routes such as IOC, FIFA, and Green Peace, and systematical foundation to prevent environmental destruction by sport was made. Second, after examining the transformations of eco-friendly sports facilities, it is thought that environment preservation, goods saving, and resource recycling was focused on, which changed to new energy utilization using new materials through development of scientific technology. It is expected that diffusion of this kind of study will help public understanding of eco-friendly sports facilities and provide blueprint.
  • 12.

    Non-stationary Intensity-Duration-Frequency Curves & Design Flood for Drainage System Design Coping with Climate Change

    Se Jin Jeung | 홍일 | Kim, Byung Sik | 2015, 11(10) | pp.237~255 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The design approach of the drainage system has limitation not to consider the extreme rainfall condition of which I-D-F curve is non-stationary by climate change and variability. Therefore, the assumption that the I-D-F curve is stationary to design drainage system maybe not available in the climate change, because climate change has changed the characteristics of extremes rainfall event to be non-stationary. In this paper, design rainfall by rainfall duration and non-stationary I-D-F curve are derived by the conditional GEV distribution. Furthermore, the effect of design flood discharge with increase of rainfall intensity was analyzed by distributed rainfall-runoff model, S-RAT. Although there are some difference by rainfall duration, the traditional I-D-F curves underestimates the extreme rainfall events for high-frequency rainfall condition. As a result, this paper suggests that traditional I-D-F curves could not be suitable for the design of drainage system under climate change condition.
  • 13.

    Impact Assessment of Water Quality in the Yeong-san River under Climate Change

    이석호 | 이병현 | Kim, Byung Sik and 1other persons | 2015, 11(10) | pp.257~272 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The future climate projection based on international climate change scenarios expected that changes in hydrological circulation and the ecosystem would be inevitable in the future because of higher temperature and more rainfall events.Moreover, because the rapid urbanization and industrial development led accelerated land development and increased the impermeable layer’s size, the river water pollution caused by non point source(NPS) pollutants is expected to worsen(Ministry of Environment, Water Environmental Management Plan). The result of this study showed that, in the future, the number of rainy days would increase and the temperature would be 4℃ higher than the current temperature. As a result of these changes, runoff was expected to increase by 54% in the future. In terms of changes in NPS pollution loadings, BOD, T-N, and T-P were expected to increase by 216%, 54%, and 50%, respectively.
  • 14.

    A Study on Arson of Post Traumatic Embitterment Disorder

    Jisun You | Chung, Yeong Jin | 2015, 11(10) | pp.273~287 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Recently in the society, anti-social crime cases such as murder due to Post Traumatic Embitterment Disorder, retaliatory driving and arson, etc, have occurred frequently. Therefore, this study has investigated the problems and countermeasures on arson through the case analysis of arson related crimes due to PTED. The motivation for arson offenses were shown in the order of accidental(36.33%), family discord(23.96%), relieving frustration(16.10%), Mental disorder(12.26%) and pessimistic suicide(11.35%). Arson accidental cases were commonly the biggest reasons for accidental arson due to PTED. Therefore for arson offenses, professional and systematic treatment methods for PTED through cognitive approach should be developed, a systematic research on arson offenses should be studied by establishing the professional arson research institutions and unification of investigation for arson offenses and researches should be strengthened. So We have to protect the safety of the citizens through these preparation plans.
  • 15.

    Analysis of Targets, Causes and Expression Styles of Anger for Anger Management of Young Children

    신재은 | Park, Jun-Seong | 2015, 11(10) | pp.289~308 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine the targets, causes, and expression of anger of young children for their anger management. A total 128 participants completed a survey developed by the present author. Targets, causes, and expression styles of anger of young children were investigated with open-ended questionnaires and interviews with 64 children and their mothers. As a result, it has been found that the targets of anger of young children, to whom the anger is caused and expressed, are five categories; siblings, peers, parents, themselves, and environments. The causes of anger of young children can be categorized into five dimensions; psychological, bodily, social, physical and verbal dimension. Anger-expression styles can be divided into three dimensions; anger-out, anger-in, and anger-control efforts. This results were discussed in anger of young children.
  • 16.

    A Study on Experience of Disability Discrimination at Work - The Mediating Roles of Safety at Work, Interpersonal Relationship and Adaptation to the Organization -

    Shin, Eunkyoung | Kim Gi Chang | 2015, 11(10) | pp.309~338 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This study analyzed relations between the experience of disability discrimination by wage workers with disabilities and their job satisfaction and investigated mediating effects among Safety at Work, interpersonal relationship and adaptation to the organization. The study results found that discrimination experience at work had a negative effect on job satisfaction, and a mediating effect was found between interpersonal relationship and adaptation to the organization. However, no significance was found between job security and discrimination experience at work. Therefore, it can be said that it has a direct effect on job satisfaction. It would be necessary to come up with and execute a policy which promotes physical and environmental factors that can indirectly influence these personal and psycho social variables.