Firefighters witness the death of their colleagues relatively more often than other occupations, and tend to be exposed frequently to life-threatening environments. This study aims to build up the theoretical foundation on leisure activities and post-traumatic stress among firefighters, construct an analytic framework based on the review of the relevant literature, and then analyze the firefighter's awareness survey data to find out the influence factors as to leisure activites among firefighters in alleviating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The findings based on standardized regression coefficients suggest physical leisure as the most influential factor alleviating PTSD, followed by relaxational leisure, recreational leisure, and intelligent leisure. However, psychological leisure turns out to be statistically insignificant.
This paper aims to investigate experience, awareness and preparedness of disaster among nursing college students in Korea and to provide the basic data needed for development of the disaster nursing education curriculum. The average score of disaster awareness was 3.71 out of 5 points, while preparedness of disaster was 0.54 out of 4 points. No statistical significance was found on the association between awareness on disaster and preparedness on disaster. However, awareness of seriousness of disaster was positively correlated with the degree of preparedness on disaster (r=.10, p=.036). We argue from this study that the disaster nursing educational curriculum would help improve the awareness and preparedness of disaster among nursing students and disaster education should begin as early as in the undergraduate level for better linkage to the actual clinical practices.
Korea is an rapidly aging society with high elderly suicide rates. This study tests the hypotheses that the areas with higher levels of social capital and social support have lower suicide rates among elderly population. Although the overall suicide rates in Korea are relatively high among the OECD countries, the elderly suicide rates vary widely by regions. Similarly, the level of social capital provided by local government varies throughout Korea. Using the data from 229 regions in Korea, the Ordinary Least Squares regression was employed to estimate the effects of social capital on regional elderly suicide rates, while controlling for other variables. The results partially support for the direct effects of social capital and social support on elderly suicide rates, showing that the regions exhibiting high level of social support or social capital tend to be lower in elderly suicide rates. These findings highlight the sociocultural contexts of regional-specific circumstances in Korea.
A growing concern on social problems associated with depression of low-income elderly people who live alone has intensified the need of research and social interventions. This study aims to examine the moderating effect of social support on the relationship between loneliness and depression of low-income elderly people live alone. A total of 300 low-income elderly people who live alone completed the questionnaire including scales of loneliness, depression and social support and SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis. The results showed that loneliness and social support were significantly associated with the depression of low-income elderly people who live alone. The moderating effect of social support was found to be significant on the relationship between loneliness and depression of low-income elderly people who live alone. Based on the results, several practical suggestions to decrease loneliness and to increase social support were recommended.
The study aims to predict the determinants affecting cardiac arrest recognition through decision tree analysis on language expressions used by laypersons observing a cardiac arrest patient. The survey period was March 1, 2013 through March 31, 2014. The breathing expression was found as a common factor affecting cardiac arrest recognition among the survey participants. They showed low recognition levels of cardiac arrest with unconsciousness and convulsion or abnormal breathing, while they showed the highest recognition on cardiac arrest with unconsciousness and apnea. They used expressions like: 'is breathing’, ‘normal breathing’, ‘seizure’ for the cardiac arrest situations with abnormal breathing and convulsion. Thus, in order to enhance cardiac arrest recognition before patients are taken to the hospital, audiovisual training and education programs should be provided to patients with a risk of cardiac arrest.
The purpose of this study was to obtain the basic data needed to develop a better management system addressing client violence in social welfare facilities. During the 45-month period since 2011, 47% of respondents have experienced some forms of violence by clients, including 26.9% with emotional violence, 12.4% with high levels of physical violence and 3% with fatal physical violence. However, approximately 60-70% of the violences were reported to the agency and only 50-60% of them were adequately treated by the agency. Although it is found that a range of managerial means were used to manage client violence, unmanaged client violence were still prevalent in the social work workplace. These findings support recommendations for reducing prevalence of client violence and improving the client violence reporting system in social work settings.
This study utilizes METT + TC analysis framework to evaluate the success of the South Korean army’s Peacekeeping Operations (PKO). Most of the existing studies have focused on qualitative performance assessment of the PKO activities, but this study analyzes why and how the outcomes of the South Korean army’s PKO have been achieved during the past 20 years. The study describes the theoretical rationale behind the application of METT+TC analysis framework and develops multiple evaluation indicators by synthesizing and analyzing the success factors derived from the previous studies. This analytical tool can be applied to not only intermediate evaluation of the current PKO activities but also preparation of the future PKO activities. The study findings provide useful resources for policy evaluation as an effective preparation on the future PKO activities as well as the current ongoing PKO activities if used by the Ministry of Defense and Joint Chief of Staff in South Korea.
This study analyzes multi-dimensional determinants for health inequality, which is defined as difference between individuals in health. Unlike the existing model on health inequality, a highly integrative model was developed including more variables and factors. We divided health status into physical status and physical function, which were classified into the four sub-categories and eight variables. The independent variables for the model include structural factor, psychological factor, behavioral factor, and relational factor. The results show that age, income, education, stress and happiness are critical factors for health. It is found that structural factor influences all aspects of health status whereas psychological factor has a significant impact only on emotional aspect of health.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents and quality of online news articles on preventive food for MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) reported on the online news portal website. The news articles containing relevant information reported between May 20 and July 1, 2015 were retrieved from NAVER, the most popular online news portal website. Of a total of 469 news articles retrieved, only 65 met the inclusion criteria. The DISCERN tool was used to evaluate the quality of the information and quantitative data analyses were performed. 47.7% of them were determined as a reliable source of the information, while approximately 40% were just for advertising. Overall, the quality of the information was far from satisfactory. and the contents and quality of the information were found to vary significantly. The education programs emphasizing scientific soundness, accuracy and reliability of the health-related information would be needed to provide for those seeking and reporting the health information.
The purpose of this study is to determine imminent tasks to consider the effective management of the private security guard company and to explore its practical strategic direction. We found that the major tasks requiring improvement are; preparation of an effective system regarding demand and supply of excellent professional manpower, improvement of the welfare system for professional manpower, and improvement of the training curriculum for professional manpower. Strategic directions for the effective management of the private security guard company include, organizing a pool of talented professionals through a linkage with the specialized educational institution, development of the new contents for security services, and improvement of the curriculum highlighting practical trainings.
This research aims to build fundamental foundation of an assessment and conditional survey on the impact/vulnerability by climate change in the agricultural sector. It derived and prioritized 19 detailed tasks concerning the five legal entrusted businesses stipulated in Paragraph 1, Article 5 of the Agricultural and Fishery Farming and Fishing Village Food Industry Fundamental Law. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, abnormal weather and climate change investigation was found to be regarded as a top priority among the main tasks (0.275). Second, the analysis of the complex weighted values combining the main tasks with the detailed tasks showed that the establishment of the promotion organization investigating climate change impact and vulnerability was given the highest priority (0.178). Lastly, a relatively high priority was given to the assessment of the change in agricultural produce productivity affected due to weather (0.092).
Cosmetic surgery services have been used as a means of pursuing profit in Korea where appearance matters so much. The cosmetic surgery market in Korea is booming remarkably, accounting for 20% of the world's market share, but cosmetic surgery accidents have been frequently occurring recently. Although the accidents could cause serious side effects, physical disability or impaired health, and even death, public health authorities in Korea fail to manage or oversee cosmetic medical institutions systematically and lack understanding of the actual situations of the accidents. Since one of the government's responsibilities is to protect the fundamental rights of citizens, the efforts to protect the safety rights of cosmetic surgery consumers or patients should not be left within the private sector. Based on the analysis of the seriousness of cosmetic surgery accidents, this study suggested a systematic improvement plan to protect the safety rights of cosmetic surgery patients.
The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing willingness to perform bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among elementary, middle and high school students. The data were collected from 5,619 students in a city in Korea and analyzed by a hierarchical multiple logistic regression model. About 57.0% of the students reported that they had an intention to perform CPR on a stranger. Gender, school type, experience in observing automated external defibrillator (AED), awareness of the Good-Samaritan law, experience in bystander CPR, positive attitude toward bystander CPR and self-efficacy were found to be significant factors of willingness to perform bystander CPR among the students. Training programs designed to enhance positive attitude and self-efficacy of learners would strengthen willingness to perform bystander CPR among students.
This study aims to analyze the characteristics of surface fuel load and estimate potential crown fire transition hazards in Pinus densiflora and Pinus koraiensis stands. Surface fuels were collected from 144 samples in Pinus densiflora stands and 53 samples in Pinus koraiensis stands. A forest fire spread equation presented in foreign countries was applied to analyze the potential crown fire transition hazard in Korea. The results of the data analysis showed that the shrub fuel layer and herb fuel layer of the load in Pinus densiflora stand was less than those in Pinus koraiensis stand due to allelopathy. It is also found that dead leaves and snags fuel was higher in Pinus densiflora stand than Pinus koraiensis stand, which indicates that Pinus koraiensis stand has relatively less risk of crown fire hazard than Pinus densiflora stand.
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify symptom cluster in pancreatic cancer patients and to determine correlation between them. A convenience sample of 217 patients recruited from the four hospitals in Korea were surveyed by the NCCN-FACT FHSL-18 and the FACT-H questionnaires. Factor analysis confirmed four symptom clusters which were named as follows: pain-fatigue cluster (Factor 1), pancreas dysfunction related cluster (Factor 2), sleep disturbance-weight loss-deterioration in QOL satisfaction cluster (Factor 3), and gastrointestinal-disable activity cluster (Factor 4). The inter-correlations among these four symptom clusters were high (r=.4-.81, p<.001). The results supported that pancreatic cancer patients were experiencing four symptom clusters which were interrelated to each other.
Like many other governmental public policies, nuclear power policies often aim to change the attitudes of people on nuclear power's acceptability. However, very few empirical studies have demonstrated how policy instruments change people’s attitudes. Our study addresses this topic using five conditional stimuli questions. The results of the data analysis show that the degree of attitude change varies by the types of conditional stimuli. In particular, the stimuli stressing trust and safety regulation were found to be more effective in attitude change. As for independent variables influencing attitude change, there are variations in both degree of impact and statistical significance. Among others, the existing attitude and stigma take a critical role in changing attitudes, and the previous attitude prior to receiving stimuli has an important influence in determining ‘agree or disagree’ and ‘reactance, response or neutrality’.
An ex-ante analysis could help in identifying areas which are vulnerable to forest fires and need be intensively managed to reduce damage caused by forest fires. In this study, the forest fire vulnerability indicators selected based on the literature and feasibility consideration were used to create a map of forest fire vulnerability. Selected indicators include population density, building density, locations of cultural properties and infrastructure, locations of facilities for serving people vulnerable to disasters, national and public parks, and forest reserve. Distance to coniferous forests was also taken into account in the mapping process. The resulting map is expected to be helpful in prioritizing areas for preventative projects and suppression activities as it can be used to identify the areas of high risk of forest fire damage in advance.