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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2016, Vol.12, No.1

  • 1.

    Problem and Improvement Plan of Maritime Disaster Response

    yung-hyun yu | 2016, 12(1) | pp.1~15 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Since the Sewol ferry accident revealed the limitations of the national disaster management system in Korea, the government newly established the Ministry of Public Safety and Security in order to re-organize and re-establish the system. This study aims to more deeply analyze the causes of maritime disasters using the case of Sewol ferry, which helps prevent occurrence of future coastal accident and seek a response plan. The problems in maritime disaster management include relaxed regulation, poor ship inspection, lack of education and training, inadequate search and rescue activities, and ineffective private and public resource mobilization system. Several improvement plans were suggested, such as strengthening education and training, establishing private and public cooperation system, and enhancing rescue capability.
  • 2.

    An Introductory Study on a Disaster Management System Using Big Data - With Focus on the Comparison of the United States, Britain, and South Korea -

    LEE DONG KYU | 2016, 12(1) | pp.17~32 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Various attempts have been made to discover the synergistic effect of the combination of big data and disaster management in advanced countries in these fields. This study classified the cases of applying big data technology to disaster management which were described in the domestic research reports and publications, in order to provide the implications for constructing a disaster management system using big data. An investigation of the literature on disaster management system using big data showed that, for the operation of a “situation room” using big data, the legal and institutional improvements should be made on the organization laws which regulate the authorities of the new additional unit in relation to the existing administrative organizations.
  • 3.

    Safety Regulation of Passenger Ships and Principal-agent Problems - Focusing on Roles of the Designated Safety Managers -

    권태형 | 2016, 12(1) | pp.33~45 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Moral hazard of designated safety managers is considered as one of the key reasons for the Sewol Ferry Disaster in 2014. This study examined the underlying mechanism of the moral hazard problems among designated safety managers by applying the principal-agent theory. The moral hazard problem occur when there are the information asymmetry and conflicting interests between principal and agent. This study evaluated these issues by using a simple theoretical model and by examining various cases from media reports, and found that both types of principal-agent problems were widespread among designated safety managers. Based on the findings, this study suggested policy alternatives to resolve information asymmetry problems and conflicting interest problems regarding safety regulations of ferries.
  • 4.

    The Effects of Motivation on Fire Officers’ Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction - Focusing on the Perception of Fire Officers in the Busan Area -

    JuHo Lee | Ryu Sang Il | 2016, 12(1) | pp.47~55 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of motivation on organizational commitment and job satisfaction among fire officers in Busan, Korea. Motivation was found to have a significantly high positive effect on their organizational commitment, which was also found to have a significantly positive effect on their job satisfaction. Fire officers are typically under restrictions in adopting new methods for solving their tasks using their personal creativity. In addition, motivating fire officers is more difficult than general administrative officers because promotion is determined in a strict hierarchical order in the fire-fighting organizations. Thus, the change in the work environment and reasonable compensation for their performance should play important roles in enhancing their organizational commitment and job satisfaction in the fire-fighting organizations with a relatively stiff organizational structure.
  • 5.

    The Characteristics of the Occupant Injuries Related - to - Low Deformation Extent and the Preventive Stretagies throughout the Analysis of Severe Occupant - Injuries - Korean In - Depth Accident Study Database - Based -

    CHOI IL KUG | Choi, Han Joo | KANG HYUN LEE and 2other persons | 2016, 12(1) | pp.57~67 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Occupant injuries related to the low deformation extent of car accidents were not regarded as severely injured patients in trauma care. Although the deformation extent (Zone 1) is not meaningful according to the CDC’s guidelines for Field Triage of Injured Patients, many severe occupant injuries including motor vehicle deaths actually occurred related to low deformation extent. We analyzed the characteristics and injury severity of patients with low deformation extent (Zone 1 and Zone 2) based on the Korean In-Depth Accident Study Database. Rollover crashes, frontal crashes and left side-impact crashes were related to the mortality of the occupant injuries with low deformation extent. It is obvious that wearing seatbelts and deploying airbags can protect the occupants, particularly drivers. Prevention strategies should include the reinforcement of a law which requires installation and use of safety devices such as airbags.
  • 6.

    Effects of Publics’ Technology Risk Characteristics and Trust on Risk Perception, Risk Acceptability - Focused on Nano Technology -

    wonje kim | SONG, HAE RYONG | Chanwon Kim | 2016, 12(1) | pp.69~81 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine how the trust of public toward risk management groups affects their risk perception and acceptability based on nanotechnology risk characteristics. The results were as follows. First, nanotechnology risk characteristics were identified as dread risk and unknown risk, and the level of unknown risk had a negative influence on trust toward risk management groups (governments and scientists). The level of dread risk on nanotechnology risk influenced risk perception positively, while the level of unknown risk on nanotechnology risk negatively affected risk acceptability. Second, the public trust toward risk management group positively influenced risk acceptability, although it did not have a significant influence on risk perception. Third, no significant association was found between risk perception and risk acceptability on nanotechnology.
  • 7.

    Improvement in the Risk Reduction of Dikes of Storage Tanks Handling Hazardous Chemicals

    신창현 | Park, Jai-hak | 2016, 12(1) | pp.83~93 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    The recent inspection results have revealed that a great number of dikes in domestic industries did not function well as they were installed under the Toxic Chemicals Act prior to 2015. However, the Chemicals Controls Act of 2015 has significantly enhanced the standards of dikes for efficient prevention of chemical accidents. The act specifies the details on dikes including the volume, thickness and bottom materials, and can be used as safety management instructions at the workplace. However, the standards focus only on detaining spilled chemicals, and are thus limited when applied to volatile chemicals with high vapor pressure. This study proposed the revised standards of dikes to minimize the endpoint of volatile chemical accidents, considering the surface area of spilled chemicals. Maintaining the distance between the sides of storage tank and the dike within 1.5 m was found to be the most effective for preventing chemical accidents and reducing damage.
  • 8.

    Impulsivity and Self-efficacy according to Nicotine Dependency in Middle-school Male Smokers

    Yeon-Hee Choi | Mi Young Woo | 2016, 12(1) | pp.95~104 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to examine impulsivity and self-efficacy according to Nicotine dependency among middle-school male smokers and to identify their relationships, which can provide the basic data to design an effective smoking cessation program. The self-report questionnaires were completed by 207 male middle-school smokers. It is found that impulsivity and self-efficacy vary significantly by the level of nicotine dependence (F=6.81, p=.001, F=50.90, p<.001). The results indicate that a higher dependence to nicotine is associated with a higher impulsivity but a lower self-efficacy. This finding suggests that a smoking cessation program should be developed as an intervention to reduce adolescent’s impulsivity and to promote self-efficacy.
  • 9.

    Meta-analytic Review on the Mental Health among the North Korean Refugees in South Korea(Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder)

    Kim Hyun-Ah | 2016, 12(1) | pp.105~124 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study performed a meta analysis on 26 studies (N=3,400) published from 2001 to 2015 concerning north Korean refugees in South Korea who have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. This study examined the statistical significance and effect size of the coefficient for 8 variables (sex, age, sample size, anxiety, acculturation stress, social support, self-esteem, intervention program) which were found to be significantly associated with depression and PTSD. There were no significant differences in these effect sizes by sex, while the effect size was higher among the studies with a larger female sample (more than 200 refugees) than those with a smaller male sample (less than 200 refugees). The largest effect size was found for acculturation stress (=.235), followed by anxiety (=.104), social support (=-.091), and self-esteem (=-.076). The average effect size of the intervention program was insignificant (=.031, 95%, CI:-.120-.078).
  • 10.

    Online Media and Crisis of Ideological Conflict

    Chang Woo-Young | 2016, 12(1) | pp.125~138 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This article examines the causes and characteristics of the ideological conflicts on the online space in Korea and discusses its findings. Specifically, it explores the origins and characteristics of online ideological conflicts in Korea, and then discusses the characteristics of the major cases and their implications for the Korean society. Examples of analysis include critical agenda such as candlelight demonstrations for anti-US beef imports, online community titled “Ilbe” and the 18th presidential election in Korea. These issues were actively discussed around the online space, which reflect and reveal ideological conflicts prevalent throughout the online society in Korea. Based on the findings, this article suggests the future directions for regulation policy based on the philosophy of online media regulation.
  • 11.

    A Preliminary Study on the Safety of Buildings with Vulnerability to Disasters - Focusing on the Legislative Tasks between Korea and the U.S.A. -

    LEE DONG KYU | 2016, 12(1) | pp.139~156 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The safety management of a building is performed respectively for each of its component with a particular function such as electricity, fire fighting, elevators, city gas, boilers, and so on. However, there is a need of controlling the safety of the building as a whole. The construction laws in Korea and the United States basically deal with the durability of the building and possible risks of fire, in relation to the safety of the building. Unlike the risk assessment system integrating various types of disasters and accidents in the US, the safety inspection system in Korea focus mostly on the maintenance and management of the building itself to ensure durability and abrasion resistance of its components separately. This study highlights a need of an integrative risk assessment for the building safety in Korea, learned from the US system.
  • 12.

    Menopausal Women’s Parents with Dementia Caring Experience

    Kim Eun Ha | 2016, 12(1) | pp.157~174 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to understand the experiences of menopausal women while they are caring parents with dementia. Ten menopausal women who have experiences in caring for parents with dementia were selected by means of a purposive sampling, and Giorgi’s phenomenological method was used for data analysis. Six components were identified: (1) “parents did behalf of family vacancies”, (2) “parents were diagnosed with dementia without compensation for aging”, (3) “I am too old to afford to care parents with dementia”, (4) “parents felt isolated living away from family”, (5) “I did not want to pass down my caring responsibility for demented parents to my children”, and (6) “I planned my life which should be different from my parents”. The essential structure of caring experience for parents with dementia among menopausal women was found to be “finding oneself in the vortex of grief and loss.” In conclusion, mental care should be provided to women who are taking care of parents with dementia.
  • 13.

    The Impact of Health Promotion Program on Quality of Life to Overcome Elderly and Middle - aged Woman’s Crisis - Examination of the Jeungpyeong - gun Health Promotion Program -

    Cho, Mi-Jeong | Lee, Min-kyu | 2016, 12(1) | pp.175~184 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to examine how integrated health promotion programs at public health centers affected the quality of life of elderly and middle-aged women in Jeungpyeong-gun in Korea. Unlike the existing studies, this study classified the operational aspects of health promotion programs into the four factors (facility, administration/operation, manpower and program), and analyzed how each of these factors influenced the outcomes of health promotion programs. In addition, this study explored the effects of health promotion programs on the quality of life and compared them between the public and private institutions. The eventual goal of this study was to provide the basic information which would be needed for the theoretical and practical development of health promotion programs in rural areas.
  • 14.

    Determinants Analysis of Fire Risk in Korea - Focused on the Risk Assessment -

    Bae, Chon-jik | 2016, 12(1) | pp.185~193 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Forty-six percents of fires in Korea during 2011 were due to carelessness. A little more attention could reduce property damage and protect loss of human lives. The multiple regression analysis shows that more fires occurred among the construction companies (p<0.1) while fewer fires were observed among the business companies (p<0.05) and in urbanized areas (p<0.05). The regions which are more vulnerable to fire were occupied with many construction companies and the more urbanized regions with many business companies were found safer in terms of fire hazard. This finding indicates that more urbanized regions and business companies tend to have larger fire protecting capacities including sufficient fire-fighting equipments. On the other hand, construction companies may contain facilities and equipments which are vulnerable to fire. Further efforts should be given to improve fire protecting capacities and reduce vulnerabilities of fire.