This study reveals several essential factors to be improved for an effective management of disaster prevention information in order to reduce natural disasters. First, the content factors include reinforcement, construction and synchronization. Second, the process factors include application of technology in analyzing disaster-prone areas and estimating disaster impacts (in the prevention stage), application of disaster warning and alert technology using various ICTs (in the preparation stage), and application of the ICT for collecting and sharing disaster site information in order to boost the situation assessment (in the response stage). Finally, the situation factors include improvement of laws and systems related to disaster prevention information, definition of the scope of disaster prevention tasks, and establishment of the integration and evaluation functions.
The Sampoong department store collapse, Daegue subway fire disaster, and the Sewol ferry disaster showed the dark side of society in Korea because responsibility in the bureaucracy is not merely the matter of an individual bureaucrat. This paper performs a comparative analysis among the Sampoong department store collapse, Daegu subway fire disaster, and the Sewol ferry disaster from the perspective of the government’s accountability and responses to disasters. For all three catastrophic events, we found that the government and the public institutions of Korea must take legal liabilities and the entire process of disaster responses, including prevention/mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery, was inadequately performed mostly due to lack of government accountability and professionalism.
This study addresses an outstanding topic of “big data based smart disaster management” from the perspective of big data technology. It aims to integrate big data and disaster management to set a realistic direction for the predictive governance system for disaster management, along with exploring its possibility. The main objective of this research is to suggest technological and strategic conditions and other policy considerations which would be needed for embodying the big data based disaster prediction system. Using the cases of the U.N. Global Pulse and HunchWorks projects, a conceptual analysis was conducted on the ways of integrating big data, predictive analysis, and all the steps of disaster management, following the evolution process of big data analysis techniques.
This study analyzes specialized education programs on disaster safety at the National Human Resources Development Institute to understand how those programs have been executed to reinforce civil servants’ disaster management competency after the national disaster management system reform. This study found that the Ministry of Public Safety and Security was aware of the need of reinforcing civil servants’ disaster management competency but several problems were found on the education and training programs such as limited legal system, lack of professional curriculum and time for education, and inadequate design of the programs. Therefore, in order to increase the disaster management capacity of public officials, it is critical to improve education and training programs through enhancing the expertise of educational institutions including contents and specifying the legal and institutional grounds for the programs.
This study compares the current response system to food terrorism in South Korea with the United States in order to find implications for establishing a quick response system addressing food risk incidents in South Korea. There is no anti-terrorism act covering food terrorism or mention about food terrorism in the national guidelines for anti-terrorist actions in South Korea. The main and the related agencies in South Korea has failed to be flexible in their roles in response to food terrorism which has a strong nature of complex disaster and can cause even larger damages through the expansion of secondary damage. Therefore, South Korea is required to reform the unified crisis response system within the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety in order to make a proactive response to every type of food-related incident.
This paper aims to examine how to maintain stable water quality of raw water in response to urgent circumstances of high contamination level by applying inter-blending to the treatment process of surface water contamination due to heavy precipitation or typhoons during the summer. The turbidity category of 150-200 NTU and more than 300 NTU were adjusted to high-turbidity concentration through cray suspension spiking, thereby stabilizing surface water quality. There was no significant effect on the improvement of process efficiency for the average category, turbidity of 10-29% depending on the blending ratio and TOC of 10-17% of processing efficiency for the category of 150-200 NTU, and turbidity of 11-20% and TOC 8-30% processing efficiency for the category of more than 300 NTU. The experiment confirmed that inter-blending could stabilize water quality and minimize the overload effect during the process in case of high level of turbidity occurs.
Hydraulic structures such as dams or levees are facilities that store or discharge water for agricultural use and protect the lives, properties and agricultural lands of people in downstream city during flood and drought conditions. Although it is critical to evaluate maximum daily rainfall data over time for hydrological design, the limited evaluation of the rainfall data has caused repeated flood damage in Korea. In this study, a series of annual maximum daily precipitation were computed on the five selected rainfall stations where reliable long-term rainfall data were available. Then, the L-moment method was used to compute the values of the parameters in the probability distribution which was selected based on the 3-parameter probability distributions. The stochastic rainfall data were then estimated for each frequency and tested by reliability analyses with predetermined probability distribution.
This study was conducted in order to examine how a hierarchical and normative organizational culture influences the organizational competency of fire fighting organizations in the Busan area. According to the results of analyses on the factors of hierarchical and normative organizational culture in fire fighting organizations, emphasis on goal achievement process, department decentralization, flexible control, and normative dominant/ subordinate relationship had a significant positive effect on organizational competency. In addition, task-oriented culture turned out to be most important to be promoted for higher organizational competency, followed by relationship-oriented culture and specialty-oriented culture. However, authority-oriented culture was found to impair organizational competency and therefore to be avoided in the future.
This study examines the consumer’s anxiety and competency on risks from chemical household products.
The survey was carried out by Macromill Embrain from October 4th to 8th over, 2013. The results of data analyses are as follows. First, there is a significant gap, both in the past and at present, between subjective and objective knowledge on chemical household products among consumers. Second, 40.8% of the respondents answered that chemical household products were “not safe”. Third, the most frequent responses regarding attitude toward the hazardous property of chemical household products were “I feel dread” and “It is unknown”. Fourth, a majority of respondents regarded the consumer’s function in handling chemical household products as positive.
On the basis of survey data on 2091 randomly selected in Seoul at 2013, multiple regression analysis was adopted and found several important results. First, people who voted for candidate Moon Jae-In are more likely to show negative perceptions in trust for police, satisfaction for police response, police crime fight effectiveness than people who voted for candidate Park Keun-Hye at 18th President election. Second, this study also found that ideological tendency also have effect on various public perception toward police. people who have progressive or moderate ideology are more likely to show negative perception toward police than people who have conservative ideology in trust for police, satisfaction for police response, police crime fight effectiveness. These results suggest that police organization must maintain neutrality from political power to get citizen’s help and fight for crime effectively.
This study reviews equality, equity and fairness of regulatory policy for the gambling industry in Korea and then provides guideline for a joint development plan. The legitimate gambling companies in Korea have been in a strong competition to take a large portion of the total revenue allocated by the NGCC while the illegal market is beyond control. Toto and Lottery has been dramatically expanding due to the NGCC’s regulatory policies whereas horse racing has been stagnant. It would be fair that all sectors in the gambling industry should be regulated equally in accordance with the equality provisions of the Constitution. It is argued that more efforts should be made to bring the illegal market into the light rather than to compete for a “zero-sum” game within the legitimate industry. It is critical for the gambling industry in Korea to expand the legal market by directing demand away from illegal operators, “enemies of the public”.
This study analyzed the adult section of the 2015 survey data on food consumption patterns collected by the Korea Rural Economic Institute (n=5,121). The major findings are as follows: First, although there was an average level of knowledge on food label overall in the sample, it is found that the group with a higher willingness to pay were more likely to use label information than the group with a lower willingness to pay.
Secondly, trust in label information was found to be the most important factor for affecting consumers’ use of label information and willingness to pay. Finally, the level of satisfaction on food policies was negatively associated with their actions to check labels and willingness to pay, which indicates that those who are happy with the government’s food-related policies tend to make no extra efforts for their food purchase decision such as checking label and paying for additional charge.
The Official Development Assistance (ODA) has expanded gradually in Korea since it joined the OECD DAC in 2010. The ODA projects related to weather and climate issues have been designed and managed with special attention as they require a multidisciplinary approach including natural science, engineering and social science. This study aims to review the current projects by various domestic and international ODA organizations, along with the international financial institutions such as World Bank and Asian Development Bank. Based on the review, this study provides a systematic design to plan and manage the ODA activities related to weather and climate, following the post-2015 agenda. Considering the demand in developing countries, a solid control tower along with cascading strategic components is suggested to efficiently run the ODA system. Finally, we propose to establish an effective governance system which can provide better results to accomplish the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The aim of this study is to assess the local child care centers in Daejeon in terms of how they serve children with disabilities to cope with crisis in developmental stage. The results are as follows: First, 47 children at 33 centers were diagnosed with disabilities in the Daejeon area and the most frequent type of disability among them was intellectual disability, while 140 children at 67 centers were classified as borderline disability and a majority of them had learning disorder. Second, most of the local child care centers were not equipped with necessary facilities to serve children with disabilities. Third, most staff in local child care centers felt that they would need more professional knowledge on disability and learning about emotional response to children with disability. Finally, staff at local child care center were willing to accept children with disabilities despite physical hardship and personnel constraints.