This study aims to examine crisis stages and news reporting characteristics in the disaster coverage in the case of the Sewol Ferry sinking. As the title of a news article has substantial influence on whether an article is chosen for reading and how it is read, the titles of news articles were used to select the articles regarding the Sewol Ferry sinking reported for the first four months since the incident occurred. The titles were classified by attribute agenda and keywords were sorted using the Macro program. The data were analyzed using network analysis and content analysis. The results of network analysis indicate that keywords change in accordance with crisis stages and vary among newspaper publishing companies. The results of content analysis show that attribute agendas change depending on the crisis stage. As the crisis gets severer, the characteristics of the newspaper companies become clearer.
This study aims to compare the causes and the responding processes of the Seohae Ferry (1993) and the Sewol Ferry (2014) sinking disasters in order to suggest directions for innovating crisis management systems in Korea. The concept of a core system is introduced for this aim, which is a network hub for guiding and coordinating systems to a certain direction with consistency. The core system is composed of value, institution, leadership, devotion, and expertise. Since this concept has been overlooked in the discussions on the improvement of crisis management systems, this study discusses its functions and roles.
Based on the analysis of the problems in the operation of crisis management systems for the Seohae Ferry and Sewol Ferry accidents, the establishment of a core system is suggested as a measure of reforming the national crisis management systems in Korea.
This study aims to explore the perception on the institutional and operational issues pertaining to fire-fighting performance, using the responses from fire-fighting officers and fire safety managers. The research findings suggest implications for improving institutional environments in fire safety management. First, it is necessary to have nationally qualified technicians as fire safety managers who can be exclusively responsible for tasks in fire safety management in a way to enhance safety management. Second, practical and systematic education programs need to be developed targeting fire safety managers so that the fire safety management system can be established. Third, it is necessary to have full-time fire safety managers at the sites. Fourth, programs enabling trainees to gain skills and field experiences should be developed and operated.
This study aims to provide implications on natural disaster management through exploratory spatial data analysis(ESDA) on the damage of natural disasters occurred in local governments. A total of 226 basic local governments from 2006 to 2014 was set as subjects of analyses. The authors analyzed spatial distribution and hot spot on the six parameters: heavy snow, heavy rain, strong wide, wind waves, typhoons and the total damage. We found hot spots in Gangwon-do for total damage and heavy rain. Hot spots of heavy snow were found in the coastal areas of Gangwon-do, Gyeongsang-do, Jeolla-do and Chungcheong-do.
Gyeongsang-do, Jeolla-do and Chungcheong-do were found to have hot spots for typhoons, strong wind and wind waves. The results indicate that different spatial patterns occur depending on types of natural disaster. It can be asserted that basic local governments must prepare themselves according to the corresponding type of natural disaster.
This study presents the area exposed to the risk of earthquakes on KTX routes by examining the magnitude of earthquakes based on spatial statistics analysis. In order to find the clustering pattern, various functions were used such as G, F, K function. As a results, a specific clustering pattern for earthquakes in Korea emerged. As we find that an area in Gyeongbu line of KTX between Ulsan and Busan (52km) is exposed to high risks of earthquakes, improvement of the safety of railroad facilities is required. On the other hand, our research findings indicate that Honam line is exposed to relatively low risks. These results could be informative to determining high-priority areas for structural reinforcement of the facilities to prevent earthquake- related railroad accidents, thus suggesting a need for further analysis on the entire railroad and transportation network.
The rapid social change due to the advancement of technology is responsible for increasing the level of stress on people and triggering depression and suicide. This paper examined the current mental health status of one community in Korea, aiming to provide the basic data for an evidence-based scientific policy.
The average degree of depression of the subjects was 10.95 and the depression prevalence rate was 8.4%.
Out of the 89 people with depression, 84.3% did not receive any treatments. 27 people (3.9% of the total subjects) had suicidal thoughts over the past year, out of which 3 actually attempted suicide. 88.4% of the subjects experienced daily stress, and its biggest factor was financial difficulty. The level of daily stress appeared higher in younger age groups. Based on the findings, it is advised to develop and enforce mental health policies appropriate to various demographic groups.
The military is a country’s largest crisis control organization. Although the military has developed by investment of much time, efforts, and capital, and it is needless to say that the crisis control and safety management must be flawless during a crisis as well the time of peace in the military. There have been many events and accidents since the establishment of the reserve army, but a recent accident has a great implication in the current situation. In this study, for the purpose of protecting general reserve army members participating in the training, the conventional training program implemented in some of the army camps was reviewed, and methods of overcoming the limitations of the conventional training program were investigated. With the question whether the current shooting training method is effective in an actual combat situation in a national crisis, a safe shooting training system was proposed in order to provide various programs promoting army reserve trainees participation and implementing voluntary participation type army reserve training.
This study was conducted to verify how the attachment behavior of parents affect the ability coping with stress and control over suicidal impulse among the college students majoring in health. The multiple regression model was developed for the impact of the parents’ attachment activities on the students’ stress coping skills (R² = .096, F = 5.283, p <.001), indicating a statistically significant association. The impact of parental attachment behavior on suicidal impulse control was also found statistically significant from the regression model (R² = .097, F = 4.79, p <.01). The results of this analysis highlight that attachment behavior of parents can influence the stress coping ability and suicidal thought control of their children, and thus the strategy to improve parental attachment behaviors could contribute to enhancing the stress coping skills and suppressing the suicidal impulse of their children.
This paper examines possible causal relationships of high school dropouts in the lights of 5 major categories: school, educational program, teachers and staff, students, parents and their families. Since the number of high school dropouts – a count variable – is a dependent variable in our model, the Poisson regression model with three-year panel data from 2011 to 2013 is used. Empirical findings are as follows; (1) high school dropouts are more likely to be from small or middle cities than big cities while a school’s size is positively associated with the number of dropouts, (2) after-school programs help students stay in school, (3) incentive for teachers seems to be working positively, (4) academic performance of each student is one of the main determinants for dropping out, and (5) family’s financial stability also plays a significant role in reducing dropouts.
In the 1970s, numerous countries faced financial crisis resulting from overspending their budget and worsening terms of trade which led to economic slumps. To solve these kinds of economic and financial problems, numerous OECD member countries have attempted to reform the public sector since 1980s. This study analyzed several important factors of the fiscal management system affecting the implementation of the accrual government accounting system. Compared to other countries where accrual basis accounting and budgeting system was adopted, Korea still demonstrates vulnerable aspects to some extent. This research suggests: systematic government accounting education for public servants; preparation of consolidated financial statement; adoption of accrual basis budgeting system; link between accrual basis accounting and budgeting systems, and government financial management systems.
This study is intended to obtain the data for determining the risk priority by using criticality, analysis of failure mode effects, and the like regarding the risk involving component parts of photovoltaic power system with capacity of 20kw or below. According to the results of criticality analysis, a total of 4 failure modes are reported such as fails to transfer of an inverter (521), shorted (541) filter (C), shorted (551) communication, and function failure (552). Based on criticality, component parts having a high risk priority are related to communication. In the case of photovoltaic power system, as all of its devices are connected to communication, it is found that failures are caused by the failure of multiple connectors attached to communication. This data can be utilized as baseline data for the maintenance of photovoltaic power system.
We develop a natural disaster risk index (NDRI) for evaluating risks of natural disasters based on the analysis of quantitative data provided by public institutions. NDRI is measured by 32 sub-indexes representing 4 assessment areas: disaster risk, geographical vulnerability, social vulnerability, and response/recovery capability. Using the database, 225 primary local governments are evaluated for NDRI for the years 2001-2014.
For verification of the effectiveness of the proposed model, we compare and analyze NDRI evaluation results, regional safety grades from Ministry of Public Safety and Security, and actual amounts of damages from the previous natural disasters. The NDRI evaluation results show a significant association with the regional safety grades as well as the actual amounts of damages. NDRI is a tool to evaluate risks of natural disasters objectively with less resources and time.
The number of chemical accidents involving nitric acid continues has increased for the last three years.
As nitric acid is strongly toxic, an appropriate dike surrounding a storage tank must be installed to prevent the release of toxic chemicals. In installing a dike, it is important to consider the capacity of a storage tank and minimize the surface area within a dike. By using Off-site Risk Assessment modeling program (KORA), this study conducted an evaluation of EPRG-2 dispersion distance from dikes that are installed in compliance with the Dangerous Substance Control Act and the Chemicals Control Act. The results indicate that the requirement of maintaining a distance of 1.5 m or more between a dike and a tank is effective in reducing the possible affected areas. Also, it is proposed to establish uniform standards for dike facilities through collaboration among the governmental ministries.
Despite a number of hydrological studies on floods, the studies on droughts have been relatively inactive.
In 2015, droughts caused by water outage in Korea increased public attention to drought management across the country. In this study, the amount of rainfall is estimated based on duration and frequency of each probability distribution, applying the L-moments method to the long-term hydrologic data from Cheongju-Musim river catchment in Korea. The five probability distributions (Generalized Extreme Value (GEV), Generalized Pareto, Kappa, Pearson Type 3, and Wakeby) are used to obtain the ranges of frequency-based probabilistic estimates of low rainfall. This study could reduce the prediction errors for drought frequency using the suggested ranges of probabilistic estimates of low rainfall. It will be used as basic data for hydrological management at Cheongju-Musim river Catchment, Korea.