It is critical to secure a cooperative response system among the departments and agencies in governments for effective disaster response. However, the disaster response system in Korea is departmentalized by disaster types and relevant organizations, and thus needs to be renovated as a function-based response system. We argue that the disaster response activity plan should be the best alternative for securing the cooperative system as it defines the roles and responsibilities for all related organizations and agencies.
This plan is expected to facilitate and promote the capability and capacity for cooperative disaster response and recommended as a policy alternative for function-based cooperative disaster response system, based on a comparative analysis of disaster response systems between Korea and the US.
This study aims to explore the characteristics of large-scale disaster accidents using a historical approach, by assessing the main features of natural disasters in Korea by a heuristic method. We searched 360 large-scale disaster accidents in Korea occurred from 1945 to 2015 including 158 maritime accidents and 98 land transportation accidents. The results provide several important implications as follows. Firstly, most of accidents before 1960s were caused mainly by the lack of experience and management skills. Secondly, large-scale disasters increased dramatically along with economic growth and urbanization during the period from 1961 to 1980. Thirdly, it is notable that land transportation accidents decreased, while aircraft accidents increased during the period 1981 to 2000. Fourthly, the frequency of domestic large-scale disasters has been decreasing since 2000, whereas that of overseas large-scale disasters has been increasing.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the educational needs on health examination for nurse. A mixed method was applied, including three focus group interviews which were conducted in order to understand nurse's experience of health examination. The survey data were collected from 84 nurses working in six public health centers located in B City and analyzed with SPSS 22.0. Educational needs on health screening as perceived by nurse were classified into 5 categories such as understand of health screening, diagnosis of disease in adults, medical test and pathological physiology, screening result and nursing intervention, and radioactive imaging test and safety. Educational needs for nurse were scored high (3.35±.44), with the highest score on understanding of radiology followed by understanding of medical screening test. The findings of this study provide a useful basis as to which areas of education would assist nurses with counselling on health examination in nursing care settings.
This study analyzes the field of low intensity conflict from a different angle. Its primary goal was to examine how the gaps between the degrees of preparation of a military force towards low intensity conflict and high intensity conflict could be filled. However, the data sources for this study were scarce and new critical questions which have been neglected in the literature has risen: why does this type of war become so common in recent years, and why did the armed forces rarely win? This study leads to the conclusion that low intensity conflict has been perceived as inferior compared to high intensity conflicts, which is the main reason why regular military forces repeatedly find themselves unprepared for this type of conflicts.
This study examines how to derive an optimal slit aperture of flat-board debris-flow breaker (hereafter FDB), which is a new method for reducing damages by debris flows in residential piedmont areas. The results show that FDB divided momentarily debris flows into water and bed-materials, thereby inducing storage of the (especially with large grain-sized) materials and causing potentially huge damages. In addition, with increasing slit aperture, the amount of large grain-sized materials increased under the lower surface of FDB, which reflects inversely that, under the consideration that FDB requires obligatorily dredging works, FDB with the slit aperture equal to mean grain-size of bed-materials is effective for capturing debris flows. However, on the upper surface of FDB with the optimum slit aperture, its considerable amount was dropped out to both sides of FDB. This finding indicates that a pile of the materials formed on the upper surface of FDB changed flow direction of the materials arriving at the heels of the pile.
Gangwon Province in Korea is relatively vulnerable to landslides and debris flows since it is mountainous and has a climatic condition under which summer monsoon and localized heavy rain occur frequently. Scale generation of flash floods and debris flow become greater in the case of cumulative rainfall, causing a greater scale of damage. As it is critical to identify a threshold of rainfall amount triggering flash food, debris flows and landslide, this study develops a flash flood-triggering rainfall curve and a debris flow-triggering rainfall curve. Debris flows and landslides caused by rainfall were estimated as rainfall intensity, both effective average rainfall and accumulated rainfall, depending on the effective time. In order to estimate the amount of flash flood-triggering rainfall, we estimated peak discharge, overtopping discharge, and threshold runoff. As a result, by making a linkage between the flash flood-triggering rainfall and the debris flow-triggering rainfall, we presented the two rainfall regression curves, FADG (Flash flood and Debris flow Guidance) curves for flash flood and debris flow, as a tool to monitor triggering rainfall.
In this study, we investigated sanatoriums, pensions, recreation forests, buddhist temples and others mainly located in forest in order to analyze the present conditions on forest fire suppression resources. By investigating 69 facilities in the study area, we found that a facility administrator and resident persons would need to be appointed as a fire administrator to effectively respond to forest fires. It is found that buddhist temples are located the most distant from a public office, with the average distance of approximately 10 km (the access time was 18.6 minutes), and thus should be provided with more access routes and spaces for more prompt responses to the forest fire risk. We also found that the forest fire safety education has been rarely conducted in pensions. This findings of this study recommend that an extinguishing system and equipment should be further expanded and the forest fire response manual should be provided in all facilities.
This study aims to investigate the effects of employers’ attitude toward persons with disabilities regarding their satisfaction with employment and to verify the mediating effect of organizational commitment and the moderating effect of education and training support. The mixed method was applied to this study, including a quantitative analysis of the data from the Survey on the Employment of the Disabled (2014) on 4,337 businesses that employed the disabled and a qualitative analysis based on the in-depth interviews of 14 people such as business owners, managers, and disabled workers. The data were analyzed by a multiple regression and the Colaizzi's research method. The quantitative analyses found that employer’s attitude had a significant effect on their satisfaction with employment (β=.186, p<.001) and education and training supports had a direct effect on employer's satisfaction with employment (β=.112, p<.001). The qualitative analysis reveals that the employers’ positive perception toward persons with disabilities was critical to facilitate educational training environment.
This study attempts to evaluate fire organizations in Jeollanam-do as a disaster management organization in order to revitalize them. The findings are as follows. First, integrating work to reduce duplication and wastes is required regarding their operation, personal management, and budget controls. Second, the field-based disaster safety prevention system should be established by setting up disaster safety management plan, preparing for suitable manual, and then providing safety facilities and equipment. Third, information sharing for disaster preparedness should be made smoothly, along with collaboration between departments and public-private cooperative system. Fourth, it is essential that cultivating speciality of disaster management personnel should follow the processes of recognizing distinct characteristics of disaster management tasks, setting up suitable training system, allocating the right person to the right place, and giving awards to excellent officers.
Recently, a water supply and demand analysis based on floods and abnormal droughts situation due to climate change and global warming has been regarded as the most important method to predict capacity of future water supply. In this study, K-WEAP (Korea Water Evaluation And Planing System) model was used for water balance analysis in administrative districts in Geumho river basin. The results showed that, in case of domestic and industrial water, no water deficiency was expected even during the maximum dry-season. However, for agricultural water, the scenario-based estimation anticipated water deficiency at Pohang city, during the year 2016 (548,000㎥), 2020 (547,000㎥) and 2025 (497,000㎥). These results can be used as a reference to set a new standard on future establishment of water resource plans.
The 2011 Wenzhou bulletin train collision was a deadly high-speed railway accident which shocked China and the world, but different government authorities declared different reasons. This paper introduces value theory into the emergency and disaster management field to assess why government organizations explain the reasons of disaster reason differently. Among the eight core values in public administration, economy, efficiency, effectiveness, and leadership are classified into hard values, whereas accountability, transparency, ethics, and professionalism are classified into soft values. This study found that a value focus may change in different disaster management stages. It is argued that the hard value oriented disaster management model should make China faster to response disasters, while the soft value oriented disaster management model should make China safer and lead to good governance.
The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of CISD by conducting a survey of 30 firefighters participated in a course of “CISD leader” at Busan Fire Academy. The results showed that the score of stress response decreased from .68 to .44 after the CISD session, and the change was statistically significant (t=2.14, p<.05). The score of PTSD decreased from .52 to .42, which was not statistically significant (t=.85, p>.05). Our results support the previous literature that the CISD is not effective for improvement on PTSD.
Although CISD is one of the useful crisis intervention programs, a more thoughtful process should be implemented based on empirical studies when it is employed.