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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2016, Vol.12, No.5

  • 1.

    Local Governments’ Disaster Management Assessment Indicators and Quality of Life - Focused on the 2015 Disaster Management Indicators -

    CHOI, SANG-OK | 이정호 | 2016, 12(5) | pp.1~12 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The disaster management assessment indicator system plays a critical role in increasing efficiency of disaster management. The main goal of this study is to look at the weaknesses of disaster management indicators that local governments in South Korea have been utilizing and propose the adoption of “Quality of Life” as an additional indicator item to improve the disaster management indicator system in Korea. To accomplish this goal, we carefully assessed the contents of the UN ISDR’s disaster management indicators and discussed which of their indicators would be proper to measure the “Quality of Life”.
  • 2.

    A Study on Efficient Operation of the Disaster Management Organization of Regional Local Governments in Korea - Analyzing the Organizational Structure of Disaster Management -

    Kwon Seol A | Ryu Sang Il | 김지은 and 1other persons | 2016, 12(5) | pp.13~24 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Local governments in Korea bear the primary responsibility for disaster response. This study aims to explore an efficient way to operate disaster management organizations of Korea’s regional local governments. The findings are as follows. First, the unification of operating system should be needed by securing a regional-level integrated disaster control tower. Second, any confusion between a permanent organization and an emergency organization should be prevented. Third, institutional egoism related to disaster management should be overcome. More efforts should be made to construct a comprehensive cooperative network to incorporate region-specific characteristics and contents, collect all disaster-related information within each administrative area, establish a realistic plan through an analysis of appropriate conditions and prospects, and prepare the foundation to reinforce disaster management capability.
  • 3.

    A Strategy to Countermeasure Foreigner Crime for Establishing the Social Safety Net - Focusing on the Gyeongbuk⋅Gumi Area -

    조민상 | 2016, 12(5) | pp.25~37 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to examine the trend of crime committed by foreigners in Gyeongbuk · Gumi area, along with the change in its control. The official data provided by the Statistical Office and the National Police Agency were analyzed to assess the situation of foreigner crime in order to suggest its countermeasures. The newspapers in the major regional media were used to analyze the articles on foreigner crime in the area, focusing on how the criminal cases were handled during the specific period. This analysis confirmed the problems that the police in the area lacks capacity to control a growing number of foreigner crimes which have also become much more brutal. The policy suggestions are as follows. First, there is a need of deploying a group of personnel solely committed to handle foreigner crime, considering the substantial foreigner population in the area. Second, it is necessary to build a community-based safety network. Third, the communities with a large cluster of foreigners need to be managed in consideration of their unique characteristics. Fourth, an exclusive channel for foreigners should be established in each community.
  • 4.

    Implementing the National Psychological Support System through Case Analysis of Disaster Victims

    황지웅 | 안상진 | 변성준 | 2016, 12(5) | pp.39~49 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Increased frequency of natural and social disasters requires rebuilding of the current national disaster recovery system in Korea since there are considerable adverse effects on the victims who are directly or indirectly experienced with disasters. However, physical and financial supports for victims without psychological support could not prevent the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may occur after the disaster. This study focuses on the cases of psychological supports for natural and social disasters in Japan and the United States to provide a potential direction for the national system of psychological support in Korea. In addition, it examines the operating practices of psychological support institutions in each country, which provides the implications for priority-setting in enhancing the psychological support system in Korea.
  • 5.

    A Complementary Study on the Educational System for Fire Safety Managers - Focusing on Applicability of the Unlearning Theory -

    Seog Hyun, Cho | 2016, 12(5) | pp.51~65 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This paper aims to explore the feasibility of unlearning theory as a complementary way to diagnose the current status of the educational system for fire safety managers in Korea. Unlearning theory was applied to the education system of fire safety education administrators, which revealed active inertia of the theory of unlearning, abandonment of old knowledge and selective perception. The application of these factors to the fire safety system administrator training suggested the followings; requiring reasonable qualifications for seniors such as restructuring, training, operating and testing of the main operations, improving the curriculum emphasizing practical courses, and administering post-training tests.
  • 6.

    Analyzing the Relationship between Health Damage Caused by Heat Wave and Socioeconomic Factors

    김태호 | Jong In Baek | Ban, Yong-un | 2016, 12(5) | pp.67~78 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    In response to climate change adaptation, this study analyzes the relationship between health damage caused by heat wave and socioeconomic factors based on a multiple regression analysis. In order to determine whether socioeconomic factors operate differently depending on the population size, 164 local governments in Korea were classified into 83 cities and 81 counties for analysis. The results of analysis showed that the number of health center workers, the number of social welfare facilities, the rate of basic livelihood security recipients, Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP), fiscal self-reliance ratio, and the area of urban parks were significantly associated with health damage caused by heat wave. However, the relationship was found to be significant only in cities, not in counties.
  • 7.

    Drought and Water Deficit Analysis in Imjin River Basin: Focusing on Influence of Hwanggang Dam in North Korea

    Jang Suk-hwan | Jae-Kyoung Lee | OHJIHWAN and 1other persons | 2016, 12(5) | pp.79~95 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Agricultural water deficit and the effect of tide level occurred during 2014-2015 due to decrease in rainfall and runoff in downstream of Imjin River basin, including northern Gyeonggi-do. This paper analyzed the causes of the water deficit in Imjin River basin and proposed possible solutions. A trend analysis of precipitation and runoff revealed that runoff in the Imjin River has been decreased due to operation of dams in North Korea and the decrease in runoff from 2014 to 2015 was due largely to a reduction in precipitation. While there was no water deficit prior to the operation of the dams (an average low-flow of 46.84 ㎥/s), the average low-flow dropped to 27.99 ㎥/s after the dam operation which is less than water demand (29.88 ㎥/s). Based on the findings of the analyses, this paper proposed an alternative to meet the water demand by using Gunnam Dam and Hantangang Dam in the Imjin River basin during the dry season.
  • 8.

    An Analysis of Mediation Communication for Public Conflict - Focusing on the Siting Conflict of Buk-Ansan Sub-Station -

    Hyoungjoon Jeon | 2016, 12(5) | pp.97~117 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study examines a successful mediation case of the Buk-Ansan sub-station siting conflict in Korea. An analytic framework of three steps was used including: understanding mediation, assessing the situation, and reaching agreement. In the step of understanding mediation, the mediators gained agreement from both parties in three ways: verbal agreement of the representatives from both parties, consensus-gaining process of the residents, and written agreement from both parties. In the step of assessing the situation, the mediators verified the main causes of the conflict and enhanced mutual understanding of the issues. In the step of reaching agreement, the mediators found that the objective evaluation of alternatives was important and the task force conducted a joint fact-finding process. This study argues that this case could reach a win-win resolution particularly due to neutrality of mediators and weak BATNAs of the parties.
  • 9.

    Improvement on the Risk of Spill from a Storage Tank of Nitric Acid

    신창현 | Park, Jai-hak | 2016, 12(5) | pp.119~132 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    According to the data on chemical accidents for the last three years, chemical accidents involving nitric acid have been continuously increasing in Korea. The proper management to minimize the damage of the accidents is necessary because of a strong toxicity of nitric acid. The previous research suggested the distance of 1.5 m between a dike and a storage tank to reduce the end point of ERPG-2 assuming the maximum spill from a storage tank of nitric acid estimated by the KORA program. However, the distance of 1.5 m was determined merely by focusing on retaining the whole nitric acid spilled from the tank without considering additional safety factors, and needs to be reduced considering that the spilled nitric acid could drain quickly into a waste water treatment plant right after being detected. The findings of this study suggest that the reduced distance of 0.5 m could reduce the end point of ERPG-2 and thus need to be adopted as a standard of dike installation.
  • 10.

    An Correlation Analysis of Risk Factors for Mountainous Disaster Using a Probability-Based Method

    Oh ChaeYeon | Jun Kye Won | 2016, 12(5) | pp.133~141 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A scientific analysis of landslide risk areas along with the collection and analysis of a variety of spatial information would be critical for minimizing damage in the event of mountainous disasters such as landslide and debris flow. We used GIS to construct a spatial information database integrating the data required for a comprehensive analysis of landslide risk areas including geography, hydrology, pedology, and forestry. We also carried out a case study of the selected areas at Inje, Gangwon province which suffered from serious landslides due to flash floods by Typhoon Ewiniar in 2006. We overlaid the site monitoring data with airborne images using the weight values (W+ and W-) which were calculated for each element by the GIS-based Weight of Evidence(WOE) model. We then analyzed the spatial data which were significantly correlated with the landslide occurrence and predicted the mountainous areas with elevated risks of landslide which are vulnerable to disasters.
  • 11.

    An Analysis of Risk Communication - A Case Study of MERS - CoV in Korea -

    Hyoungjoon Jeon | 2016, 12(5) | pp.143~155 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study examines the risk communication of the MERS-CoV outbreak in Korea in 2015. The government officials and medical experts were interviewed to investigate the problems and their insights on the case. Two theoretical approaches were adopted to interpret their communication messages, attitudes and behaviors, such as the deficit model and the contextual model. The interviewees revealed that the government sticked to its policy of eliminating the possibility of false positive errors in the beginning of the outbreak, which can be explained by the deficit model. The government initially misperceived that disclosing names of the hospitals where MERS-CoV patients stayed and went through was unnecessary and thus made a delayed decision of uncovering the names due to their slow decision making process dominated by political consideration. Despite the uprising needs of risk communication during the outbreak, the governmental responses to them was not effective. The interviewees suggested that the government should organize a risk communication team on a permanent basis in the future.
  • 12.

    A Strategy of Preventing Local Labor Turnover among Female Youth in Jeonnam Province

    Moon Seung Tae | Park Jung Min | 김행희 | 2016, 12(5) | pp.157~174 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study aims to seek ways to prevent the turnover of highly-educated young women from Jeonnam area in order to foster them in the region as a ‘human-ware’. The demand survey data were collected from 3,000 female students of 7 universities in the region, asking their employment recognition, desire to leave the region for job and preferred job conditions. The results suggest as follows. First, there is a need of research on prospective jobs in foreign countries. Second, it is necessary to explore specialized job types discovering niche among female-dominated professions. Third, traditional female-friendly job fields should be further segmented in various forms. Fourth, the regional society should build an official information center to support university students, graduates and job seekers. Fifth, colleges and universities ought to plan tailored strategies including overseas internship programs and specialized job information center. Lastly, human networks and social capital of female experts need to be constructed in the region.
  • 13.

    Analyzing the Factors to Affect the Merchants’ Satisfaction Level Regarding Built Environments of the Pedestrian Street - Focused on the Seong an - Ro in Cheongju City -

    Ban, Yong-un | Jong In Baek | Yim, KwangHyun and 2other persons | 2016, 12(5) | pp.175~189 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to analyze the factors that affect the merchants’satisfaction level regarding built environments of the pedestrian street in the commercial business district (CBD) of Cheongju City. To reach the objective, this study employed questionnaire survey method, and statistical analysis method. The questionnaires were composed of 27 questions (9 for safety, 10 for convenience, 6 for the functionality of the street, 1 for general satisfaction level), and distributed to the merchants working on the pedestrian street (Seongan-Ro). This study has found the following results through multiple regression analysis. 1) Merchants showed their satisfaction level in the order of safety, street functionality, and convenience, but the levels of all categories were low. 2) Among three categories, street functionality was the most important factor that affected the merchants’ satisfaction level. Especially, the things to see, play, and buy were statistically significant to determine the satisfaction level of merchants' in Seongan-Ro.