This study reviewed the research trend of crisis management policy, focusing on the literature published in Crisisonomy during the last 10 years. We analyzed 212 articles on crisis management published in this journal from 2005 to 2015, which is expected to provide a direct insight into up-to-date research focus and method and directions for the future research trends. The results are as follows. First, the proportion of articles addressing policy orientation, particularly policy diagnosis and suggestions, has increased overtime. Second, in terms of research methodology, the number of articles employing statistical analysis or case studies has increased. The results provided a few research suggestions for Crisisonomy researchers such as establishing the groundbreaking theory for crisis management and policy, utilizing the study results in actual policy evaluation, and analyzing quantitative data for a case study.
The study is designed to elaborate the effectiveness of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in regard to its financial benefits and risk management. BIM has been widely analyzed by the previous literature, but its specific effectiveness has not been assessed and its utilization for risk management is at its infancy. Therefore, this study identifies barriers in conducting the BIM studies and articulates possible outcomes of the actual BIM-based construction project. Overall about 20 domestic and international projects are assessed and about 50 literature is reviewed to detail the benefits and risks of using BIM in real projects. It is found that BIM brings benefits in communication, time-saving and return-on-investments. In addition, some cases have reported that BIM creates positive aspects for risk management against human accidents and natural disasters in construction sites.
This study looking at the results are as follows. First, Looking at the Impact Factor of China’s financial industry, 2007 was a water production and supply manufacturing is 1.170069, electricity production and supply manufacturing is 1.115053, communications equipment, computers and other electronic equipment manufacturing industry is 1.080031, that distributed from 1.080031 to 1.170069. A general increase in the change in the width of the impact factor compared to 2007. Second Looking at the sensitive Factor of China’s financial industry, 2007 was the financial industry is 1.957427, rental service industry is 1.359269, paper and printing supplies manufacturers munbang is 1.261815, that distributed from 1.261815 to 1.957427. Whereas in 2012, it can be seen that the overall sensitivity factor also increases the width change compared to 2007.
It is most critical to secure organic linkage and cooperation among disaster-related organizations for successful disaster management. However, cooperative disaster management has been limited in Korea because different organizations take roles and responsibilities for different types of disasters according to the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety. Standardized disaster response procedures are key success factors to build and operate the integrated disaster management system. For this reason this study suggests a standardized on-scene disaster response systems the policy alternative, by analyzing and comparing the major disaster on-scene response systems(Central & Local governments, Fire fighters, Coast guard, and Army etc) in Korea with the Incident Command System (ICS) in United States. In addition, it suggests the core functions of on-scene disaster management system in Korea.
The aim of this study is to suggest methodologies of location detection and information provision for buried victims in the collapsed area. Since the collapse accidents in urban areas can occur in diverse disaster environments such as earthquake, terrors and fire, it is essential to identify the location of buried victims for rapid and safe rescue. For this purpose, this study presented the following methodologies: First, we developed a wireless communication module that can acquire location information by using WiFi in smartphones possessed by a majority of urban residents in Korea and then built an operation program that can implement a detection system for buried victims. Second, the location information of buried victims was visualized on the two-dimensional map and tested for verification on fields. Based on the suggested methodologies, if a packaged equipment is developed along with the algorithm, it is expected that these technologies will be helpful in rescuing buried victims rapidly.
In these studies, we analyzed moisture contents variation in wood stick made from Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis for estimating moisture contents in forest fire surface fuel. For these studies, sample sticks were made by species (Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis), length (30cm and 50cm) and diameter (1cm, 1.5cm and 2cm). These sample sticks were installed on wildland around forest and moisture content in sample sticks was measured 5,724 times in spring (from March to May). The responsiveness for moisture contents variation in sample sticks was highest in Pinus densiflora (1cm of diameter and 50cm of length), followed by Pinus densiflora (1cm of diameter and 30cm of length), Pinus densiflora (1.5cm of diameter and 50cm of length), Pinus densiflora (2cm of diameter and 50cm of length), Pinus densiflora (1.5cm of diameter and 30cm of length) and Pinus densiflora (2cm of diameter and 30cm of length).
This research aims to develop a prehospital triage system which can be easily adopted on fields by 119 emergency medical technicians reflecting the status of patients, based on KTAS (Korean Triage and Acuity Scale). Among the components of a prehospital triage system found in the literature, the final set of the components has been selected through the verification of contents validity by a group of 10 experts (5 at hospital stage and 5 at prehospital stage) for each of the classification steps produced by a three experts group. The results found that the hospital-stage experts have different views from the prehospital-stage experts and S-CVI/AVs for the tool are 0.789 for adults and 0.83 for pediatrics. It has been also checked whether or not 8 of 27 items for adults and 4 of 20 items for pediatrics have been modified. This research contributes to develop the very first prehospital triage system in line with KTAS, which can be easily adopted and utilized by emergency medical technicians in Korea.
Because of very mountainous topography features in Korea, cutting slope tends to be generated during the construction of road, railroad and the building structure. A natural slope is usually on the top of cutting slope created during construction. As for evaluating the stability of cutting slope, the effect of a natural slope on slope stability has not yet much been studied. This study thus is intended to review the safety of natural slope on cutting slope that may vary depending on slope and analysis scope and then seeks the way of incorporating it into stability analysis. A stability analysis was conducted on a simple model assumption while adjusting the slope and analysis scope in a bid to evaluate the effect of natural slope pattern on slope stability. Consequently, a certain part of natural slope should be included to adequately estimate the safety level of cutting slope. This study suggests that at least 12m should be included for sandy soil slope in the scope of stability analysis, while 18m for cohesive soil slope.
This exploratory study aims to provide an understanding of the compensation litigation process with the case of Hebei Spirit Oil Spill. By reviewing daily newspaper articles issued between December 7, 2007 to June 20, 2016, this study has drawn two categories of factors that would be useful to develop a plausible explanation of the relationships between litigation and corrosive community. The first category was the contingent factor, including the size of the available compensation fund, supplementary compensation mechanisms, excessive expectation on external information, safety of compensation environment, and trust. The other was the factors intrinsic to the litigation process, including evidence collection burden, claims criteria, understanding of litigation, and satisfaction with the court decision. Implications of these findings were discussed.
The “public safety practice competence” can be defined as knowledge, skills, and abilities necessary for the public to cope with various accidents. In order for the central and municipal governments to establish the fundamental plan for public safety education, it is necessary to diagnose the current level of competence in public safety practice. The purpose of this study is to present the concept of public safety practice competence and develop a tool for measuring it. It presents the method focusing on the case of falls in the field of life safety by establishing a framework to investigate the competence levels in children, adolescents and adults. The survey was found to be reliable with a Cronbach‘s alpha coefficient of 0.725 or higher. The factor analysis showed that the factors measuring knowledge and skill were well organized but the ability factor is insufficient and needs redevelopment. The results of the survey on falls indicated that the youth and public officials would need safety education.
In Korea, Natural Hazards Management Act and Comprehensive City Plans fail to consider the danger from future natural hazards and social characteristics in the community, which makes it difficult to establish actual and sustainable mitigation policies. This study aims to classify vulnerable communities according to the types of natural hazards (rainfall, wind, snow and storm) considering both climate change and social characteristics. The results show that vulnerable communities against the past natural hazards are different from those against the future hazards which are expected to create an impact on more communities. In addition, many vulnerable communities have characteristics of high social vulnerability and low social capacity. Thus, local governments would need to develop various policies tailored to social characteristics in the community in response to future natural hazards.
Can the Ministry of Public Safety and Security in Korea propose and operate a “serious game” as post-disaster psychotherapy for disaster victims? Thanks to the industrial revolution, the green revolution, and the information revolution, humankind has enjoyed massive physical structures and residences and been connected via Internet, and now cannot imagine living without them. When the domain in which human, physical, and invisible elements are interwoven is exposed to a shock, the damage becomes much more serious compared to the case in which such connections are weak or non-existent. The Ministry of Public Safety and Security in Korea proclaimed that it should assume a central role in proposing and operating “serious game” for enhancing preparedness against natural disasters and treating disaster victims. The researchers reviewed the preceding studies focused on the disaster resilience and serious games in Korea and other countries.