The purposes of risk communication are to provide accurate information and to relieve psychological anxiety among the public. This study aims to examine how well the Korean media functioned as a principal agent of risk communication, focusing on word choice in reporting recent infectious diseases such as Zika virus, Haemaphysalis longicornis, and multi-drug resistant organisms. A corpus linguistic analysis was conducted based on the interviews with the Ministry of Health and Welfare correspondents. It is found that negative terms were often used on the headlines in a provocative manner rather than on the main body of the article. The words used in the report were also found to be fairly provocative, although the infectious disease reporting guidelines from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention urged the press to refrain from using such words. The interview pointed out that the competition among the press was a major barrier hindering good risk communication.
After the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011, public attention on nuclear energy has increased and various rumors have circulated on the internet. Information from rumors increased people’s fear, which forced them to resist nuclear power energy development. Thus, people tended to oppose additional construction of nuclear power plants in local areas, and doubt about the governmental policy of nuclear power energy. It is so critical to suppress intense rumors for effective implementation of nuclear policies. This study explored the determinants for trust in rumors about nuclear power energy. Positive determinants include perceived risk, stigma, conformity, information usefulness, Identity, anonymity, social capital, and trust in sources, while negative determinants include perceived benefit and trust in government. Our paper gives the empirical evidence for factors to induce the trust in the rumors.
This study analyzed how the relationship between residents and policy participants affects the assesment of local government. Especially, it examined how the relationship affects local government’s policy evaluation with focusing on residents’ perception of policy cases in Goyang City. For this purpose, the empirical analyses through questionnaire and interview survey were conducted. To clarify the purpose of this study, three hypotheses were analyzed. The first hypothesis is that the assessment of local government’s policy will differ according to the relationship between residents and policy participants. The second hypothesis is that there will be difference in assessments of mayor of local government according to their preferred political party. The third hypothesis is that the resident’s assessment of mayor of local government will affect their assessment of local government’s policy. The result of this study shows that the relationship affects the assessment of local government’s policy. It is also found that the residents were analyzed to positively assess the mayor who belong to the political party they preferred. Finally, this study shows that the resident’s assessment of mayor influences the assessment of local government’s policy.
This study presents the necessity of introducing unlearning theory to the study of public-private cooperation system of disaster management by showing their similarities and differences in terms of perspective, position, focus, and critical idea. The study subjects were selected by reviewing the structural aspects of public-private partnership system, human management, and problems of learning. The main theoretical viewpoints of public- private partnership system for disaster management focus on uniform conformity to formal procedures and rules, while unlearning theory is based on active inertia of tacit knowledge deeply inside. This study focuses on the failure of public-private partnership system due to the loss of credibility of the organization. It suggests that the knowledge and thought system of unlearning theory, which used to be neglected in public-private partnership system, is rather fundamental and in-depth and could supplement the existing theory. In conclusion, the problem consciousness or tacit approach of unlearning theory can be enhanced or modified for being adopted on public private cooperation system of disaster management.
This study explores variables that moderate and mediate the effect of narrative reports on stigmatization using the case of the 2015 MERS incident in Korea. The main findings are as follows. First, cultural bias moderated the effect of narrative messages on stigmatization. For those who received narrative messages, the higher the egalitarian tendency, the lower the stigmatization. Second, the analyses showed that message responses such as transportation and identification mediated the relationship between narrative reporting and stigmatization. Third, the mediated moderation effect was confirmed such that identification as a message response mediated the interaction effect of narrative reporting and egalitarianism on stigmatization. Fourth, the analyses demonstrated that the higher the egalitarian tendency of a group, the higher the mediating effect of identification and the lower the stigmatization. Finally, the bridging cognitive social capital, which means a general trust with other people, had a negative effect on stigmatization.
This study analyzed CSC(Chemical Safety Clearing-house) which is the statistical system of domestic chemical accidents, operated by National Institute of Chemical Safety. Among the total of 370 chemical accidents between January 2013 to August 2016, 13 cases occurred during loading or unloading operations of hazardous chemical vehicles. The Chemicals Control Act stipulated a standard on the safety facilities such as trenches to prevent the spilled chemical from spreading to the outside. However, the lack of details on trenches such as capacity and installation made the standard ineffective, which requires some improvements of the standard in precisely defining how to handle facilities. This study aims to present the optimization criteria used for installing trenches in loading and unloading places for the transport vehicles of hazardous chemicals and thus to contribute to minimize risk from chemical accidents in Korea.
This study analyzed ambulance crashes in depth using two cases of ambulance crashes among accidents based on the KIDAS (Korean In-Depth Accident Study) database in order to suggest safety regulations for operating emergency vehicles. For each case, the vehicle damage patterns coded by CDC were analyzed along with the on-scene photos and the severity of each patient’s injury was evaluated by a trauma score. One case was the private ambulance crashed to the guard rail on a slippery expressway in a rainy day of July 2014, causing one death, one serious injury, and one slight injury among three occupants. Another case was the public ambulance crash which fell over on the right side due to signal violation in October 2014, causing only slight injuries among four occupants. By assessing the problems about ambulance operation in Korea through the analysis of ambulance crashes based on the KIDAS database and comparing with the previous studies, this study suggests a plan for improvement.
The objectives of this study were to evaluate effects of the flat-board debris-flow breaker (FDB) equipped with side screen and to derive an optimal slit aperture of the side screen for maximizing its positive effects. The results showed that only a few small-sized materials were passed through side screen, causing storage at both sides of FDB. Instead, a massive amount of large-sized materials was trapped on the upper surface of FDB regulated by side screen, and this coarse layer was filled with fine sediment. This fining may not arrow passage of even fine materials from upper to lower surface of FDB. Meanwhile, concerning the damage reduction by debris flows, there was no functional difference between the mean and maximum grain-size slit apertures. However, because a larger slit aperture of the screens has an advantage in reducing construction costs, the slit aperture of FDB should be matched to the maximum grain size of bed materials.
In this paper, we explored the determinants of fear of crime by focusing on interaction between individuals and social environments surrounding them. Based on the ecological systems theory, this study found some interesting results as follows. It suggests that general fear of crime should be distinguished from specific fear of crime in both microsystem and mezzosystem. More specifically, the factors affecting general fear are not consistent with the ones affecting the specific fear, regardless of the fact that both fears are affected by individuals’ perception of crime trends in macrosystem. For example, indirect experience of crime affects specific fear of crime while it does not affect general fear of crime. Moreover, we found that informal control does affect general fear of crime but social bonding does not, while social bonding affects specific fear of crime but informal control does not.
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among interpersonal relationships, self-acceptance and acceptance-of-others in nursing students. Data were collected through a self-reported questionnaire from April 1st to June 10th, 2016. The study participants were 211 nursing students who were selected using a convenience sampling method. Significant predictors from a multiple regression model included self-acceptance (β=.382, p<.001), acceptance of others (β=.161, p<.001), age (β=-.181, p=.019), gender (β=.149, p=.014), and the number of team-building courses (β=.252, p<.001), which accounted for 32% of interpersonal relationships. Considering the finding that self-acceptance and acceptance-of-others affect interpersonal relationships among nursing students, the programs to improve self-acceptance and acceptance-of-others as well as exposure to team building training should be designed in order to increase interpersonal relationship skills of nursing students in Korea.
Although there was a decline in the reported cases of tuberculosis (TB) since 2011, Korea still has the largest prevalence among OECD countries. In 2015, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) provided guidance on TB room and TB control indicators. However, there has been no evaluation of compliance to the basic management principles of TB rooms. For national TB control, the central government should identify and evaluate the actual condition of TB rooms. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether or not the principles of TB rooms are well maintained in public health centers nationwide in Korea. In addition, based on the results of the survey, we provided a list of evaluation indicators for TB rooms. It is expected that this study could contribute to improvement of TB control in Korea, which builds the fundamental basis for community health promotion.