The internet becomes a main mechanism to produce social discourse on specific conflict issues. Such online discourse usually influences the policy direction offline, which applies to the issues of nuclear power energy. However, there are very few empirical studies of online opposition behavior on these issue. This study aims to analyze the determinants of online opposition behavior toward nuclear power energy, focusing on the moderating role of policy efficacy. The analysis shows that perceived risk, negative feeling and knowledge in psychometric paradigm, source credibility in communication factors influence opposition behavior on the internet. Although policy efficacy did not have the direct impact on opposition behavior, it moderated the relationships between knowledge, source credibility, negative feeling and opposition behavior. The findings imply that the government should pay attention to the public’s policy efficacy.
The purpose of this study is to derive policy implications and recommendations for long-term recovery plan (LTRP) based on the analysis of the planning system, contents, and characteristics of the disaster recovery plan in Japan and US. While experiencing several large-scale disasters, these two countries have perceived LTRP as essential. They amended the legal systems and management guidelines for building up their LTRPs incorporating regional long-term comprehensive plans, which could facilitate sustainable regional development. Their LTRPs are characterized as holistic, comprehensive, and action-oriented. In addition, they required pre-disaster recovery implementation for the post-disaster long-term recovery plan, which enabled their recovery process immediate and efficient. The policy implications for natural disaster recovery plan in Korea from these two countries are summarized as follows: (1) expanding the concept of recovery and the scope of recovery plan, (2) making a comprehensive and action-oriented LTRP reflecting various other sectors, and (3) ensuring sustainability through pre-disaster planning.
This study examined the clinical characteristics and causes of death among bicycle injury patients who visited an emergency room. From August 2006 to December 2013, we collected data on the injured patients including age, sex, AIS, ISS, death rate, and so on. Among 1.023 patients treated in an emergency room during the period, 341 (33.3%) were hospitalized, 47(4.6%) received an emergency surgery, and 23 (2.2%) died. It is also found that only 7.1% of those patients wore helmet. Most of the patients had injuries on limbs, pelvis, and head and neck, and the death rate among patients with head and neck injuries appeared to be high. The findings of this study highlight a need of a better understanding on the severity of bicycle injuries and suggest active promotion of wearing protecting equipment along with policy establishment. The findings of this study highlight a need of a better understanding on the severity of bicycle injuries and suggest active promotion of wearing protecting equipment along with policy establishment and required.
This study attempts to apply actor-network theory (ANT) to the policy on particulate matter implemented by the Korean government for the past 10 years in order to make some implications. As for the empirical analysis, the policies were classified by the four sources of particulate matter: stationary source, mobile source, energy production source and overseas pollution source. The result of this study shows that all actors except a diesel particulate filter trap (DPF) have denied an alliance with the Ministry of Environment and thus their networks have been partially disconnected. Interestingly, a black box has been developed between actors within active networks, obstructing its recovery and extension. The findings of this research support that the black box should be disjointed and the obligatory passage point needs to be readjusted to prevent the policy failure.
This study aims to analyze buildings survived from Hurricane Sandy in 2012 and suggest design strategies in the era of climate change. The definition of climate change and its correlation with expanded water causing disaster have been reviewed and the necessity of paradigm shift in the architectural design has been discussed. The findings from the case study are as follows: (1) the strategies of relocating the building from the ground and critical elements to the upper part of the building are necessary, (2) the elements used in the infrastructure can be adopted into the building design to reinforce vulnerable areas, and (3) the role of the landscape in efficiently storing and absorbing flooded water can replace the role of infrastructure and reduce its burden. In conclusion, the trend of complex and hybrid design process where the roles and boundaries of buildings, landscapes and infrastructures are overlapped and integrated suggests an alternative building design in preparation for natural disasters in the climate change era.
Police officers in South Korea have been working for a long time in bad conditions negatively affecting their health and wellbeing status, such as stress, post- traumatic stress, and depression. Management and investment on safety, health, and welfare of police officers are one of the most critical actions for the police agency to solve these problems. Previous studies showed that the Korea’s police welfare system has been limited and failed to reflect various needs of police officers. Fortunately, the Framework Act on Health, Safety and Welfare of Police Officers was passed in February of 2012 and enacted in August of the same year. This act requires the chief of the National Police Agency to develop an implementation plan every 5 years. Consequently, the First Basic Plan (2014-2018) was established to promote health, safety and welfare of police officers. In conclusion, this study provides several suggestions for a better police welfare system in South Korea.
In this study, the G-R magnitude-frequency relation was derived using the data of 1,278 earthquakes measured by the Korean Meteorological Agency for 38 years from August 30, 1978 till September 12, 2016 when the Kyongju earthquake of magnitude 5.8 took place. The G-R relation of Log10(ΣN per Year) = 3.45 – 0.82 M (R2 = 0.98) was obtained from a linear regression fitting the earthquake data and then used to calculate the magnitudes of earthquakes for given recurrence intervals. Using this equation, earthquake magnitudes were evaluated for various recurrence intervals and compared with those for the recurrence intervals currently in use. In addition, a sensitivity analysis was performed to examine the effects of future strong shocks on the G-R relation. As the magnitude of earthquake increased, the constants a and b of the G-R relation showed a decreasing tendency along with an increasing variance of the relation.
This study analyzed the disaster awareness and disaster attitude of social service organization employees to find out the implications for setting up the future disaster safety management system for social service organizations in Korea. The data were collected between November 22 and December 22, 2016 from the employees of social service organizations located in Busan. The descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation and regression analysis were conducted using the SPSS 22.0 program. It is found that disaster attitude is statistically significantly associated with age, years of working in the social welfare field and the frequency of external training participation. The regression analysis revealed that disaster attitude was positively influenced by disaster awareness but negatively influenced by the frequency of external training participation.
Both the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011 and the nuclear power plant corruption case in Korea in 2012 generated the distrust toward the existing energy system, and such distrust further influenced the choice structure on other energy sources. This study aims to analyze whether or not the trust crisis in Korea caused by those two recent events had an impact on the perceived risk about nuclear power energy and other energy choices. We use the choice between fossil energy and renewable energy as a dependent variable and the change in trust after the Fukushima accident and the nuclear corruption scandal as an independent variable. The analysis shows that the Fukushima nuclear accident influenced the choice over the two energy sources, even after controlling the perceived risk toward nuclear power energy. However, it is found that the corruption scandal did not have a direct impact on their energy choice.
This paper aims to identify determinants of satisfaction on onboard training program by students in a maritime university, which could lead to improve maritime safety. Mokpo Maritime University has carried out onboard training using two training ships for 6 months. We set three hypotheses and verified them using the literature review, a questionnaire-based survey with cadets of Mokpo Maritime University for onboard training, and the expert interviews. The questionnaire was designed with 27 questions categorized into the five determinants including administration of onboard training, contents of onboard training, instructor for onboard training, facility for onboard training, and education effect of onboard training. The statistical analysis of the data revealed the relationship between the determinants of cadet’s educational satisfaction and career awareness such as job recruiting by shipping companies after graduation.
This study examines the impact of consumer trust and knowledge on consumer attitude, anxiety and function, depending on the source of information on risks from chemical household products. The results of the analyses are as follows. First, among the media delivering the risk information on chemical household products, consumer’ trust level was found the highest in expert groups, followed by internet cafe/blogs, presses/broadcasts and government agencies. Second, according to the path coefficients and the regression coefficients between independent and dependent variables of the consumer trust-anxiety-competency model for each of the information sources, only press/broadcast was found to have a significant impact on consumer anxiety among the four sources of risk information on chemical household products. It suggests that there is a need to reduce consumer anxiety and to strengthen consumer competency.
This study analyzes the relative importance among the determinants of efficient operation in disaster management department in local government in order to identify which determinants need improvements. It is found that scholarly communities in disaster management emphasize that the lack of connectivity among the disaster- related laws should be overcome and that role classification between central and local governments should be clarified. On the other hand, practitioners in the field of disaster management perceive that center government should expand budgetary support in disaster management and that local government leaders should enlarge their interests in disaster management and budget. Despite great similarities in important determinants between academic scholars and practitioners, it is worthwhile noting that academic scholars regarded legal and institutional factors most important while practitioners found budgetary factors most important.
Disaster is a large-scale event which collapses and damages the functions and organizations of a society and victims have high difficulty to be recovered without external support. This study emphasizes various activities for recovery from damage to improve the level of preparedness to face more frequently-occurring and large-scale disasters. Given that the current target of disaster recovery centers on physical damage, this study suggests a need of continuous support on psychological treatment to victims. The review of multiple cases and literatures suggests that, in order to provide continuous psychological treatment, it is important to train and develop experts and to collaborate with related organizations. This study recommends several ways to improve psychological treatment support in Korea. Among others, the Korean Ministry of Public Safety and Security should train expert and play a role as a control tower to support activities and collaborate with the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare and other local governments for more efficient support.