This study has an aim of analyzing Social Welfare Facility Safety Management Manuals published by the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare in Korea using a semantic network analysis in order to identify the attributes of and relationships among keywords in SOP (Standard Operating Procedure) manuals. Firstly, natural disasters and fire had highest centrality in the manuals. Secondly, the main performers described in the manual were found to be fire station, clients and workers of the welfare facilities. Thirdly, regarding their ascribed duties, prevention and preparedness were at the center of the whole network, which means that the manual focuses on preventing remedies. Overall, the manual is believed to take into consideration the traits of clients and be written from their perspectives. A few discussions are presented based on these findings.
This study investigates how the self-esteem of wage workers with disability affects quality of life, focusing on the mediating effects of subjective health status and disability discrimination experience. The subjects of the analysis were 1,002 disabled wage workers in Korea from the 7th Disabled Employment Panel Data. The hierarchical linear regression model and Sobel test revealed that the self-esteem of wage workers with disability directly influenced on quality of life. In addition, the subjective health status of wage workers with disability positively and partially mediated the relationships between self-esteem and quality of life, while the disability discrimination experience of wage workers with disability negatively and partially mediated the relationships. Based on these results, this study makes suggestions for improving health-related status and reducing discrimination experience for the disabled.
This study aims to describe the relationships among risk-factors, self-efficacy and career maturity of adolescents. The data were collected from 196 middle and high school students in T city of Gangwon-do and analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. The results of the study are as follows. The highest risk-factors turn out to be male (P<.01), the second grade in middle school (p<.001), and the lowest academic achievement (p<.001). The risk factors of adolescents showed a negative correlation with self-efficacy and career maturity. Factors influencing career maturity and self-efficacy were family, school, and community factors. The findings suggest the necessity of developing counseling and education programs that can facilitate school adaptation when adolescents face a crisis situation.
This study aimed to map out the Korean literature related to posttraumatic growth (PTG). A scoping review was conducted following five stages: (a) identifying the research question, (b) identifying relevant studies, (c) selecting the studies, (d) charting the data, and (e) collating, summarizing, and reporting the results. A total of eighty peer-reviewed articles related to PTG were analyzed. The studies about PTG have been conducted in the fields of psychology, counseling, social welfare, and nursing with various populations and research designs. The main variables affecting PTG were identified as rumination, social support, coping, resilience, while the major outcome variables were quality of life and depression. Future research should be dedicated to expanding a scoping review on more research related to caring people with posttrauma symptoms.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of geographical distance, involvement, emotion to earthquake on risk perception among Korean people, Total of 309. For the purpose of this study, Risk perception levels were compared between participants in Seoul and Gyeongju for geographical distance, between high and low involvement groups, and between high and low emotion groups. The results revealed that participants in Gyeongju showed a higher risk perception than those in Seoul. Also, those with high involvement in and high emotion to earthquake had a higher risk perception than those with low involvement and low emotion, respectively. Lastly, involvement in and emotion to earthquake exerted interaction effects on risk perception, highlighting that both high involvement and high emotion had a joint effect on risk perception.
This study explores the factors affecting the consumption of Japanese foods in Korea after the Fukushima nuclear accident. We first classified the determinants into distal and proximal factors, and then investigated the effect of each of them on acceptance (attitude and purchase intention) of Japanese food in Korea. Proximal including perceived risk, positive image, and perceived quality of food. Distal factors are mostly nuclear-related variables including trust in official actors, positive image of nuclear power plants, perceived benefit and risk about nuclear power, and the quantity of information on Fukushima accidents. According to the data analysis, the distal variables except the quantity of information had little influence on the acceptance of Japanese food while the proximal factors influenced attitude and purchase intention. These results show that Japanese food factors have a greater impact on acceptance of Japanese food than nuclear-related factors and perceived risk is more important than food quality or image factors relate directly to Japanese food.
Disaster and crisis responses must be approached at the organizational level, not at the individual level, and thus promoting team effectiveness is critical in disaster management. The Team Assessment and Diagnostic Instrument (TADI) measures team characteristics associated with team effectiveness such as information sharing and effective communication. The purpose of this study was to validate the Korean version of TADI for a sample of disaster response teams and develop a brief form. Factor analysis revealed a single factor for the 42-item TADI which had good reliability and validity. A brief version of TADI, which was developed based on the results of the factor analysis, consisted of only 10 items but its reliability and validity were as comparable as the full version. The findings of the study indicated that both the full and brief versions of the Team Assessment and Diagnostic Instrument (TADI) are valid and reliable instruments for disaster response team assessment in Korea.
The Radiological Emergency Act in Korea has been revised since the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, but the controversy over the radiological emergency plan has not been resolved. Moreover, as the number of disaster vulnerable people increases, nuclear disaster preparedness becomes even more difficult. The objective of this paper is to examine the controversial issues of the radiological emergency plan and to suggest the direction for improving the protection of disaster vulnerable people. The main issues of the radiological emergency plan were found to include inconsistency in the scope of radiological emergency planning zones, lack of cooperation system, shortage of personnel and budget for radiological emergency plan, controversy on the effectiveness of resident evacuation planning, and lack of education and drill for the disaster response. The current plan needs to be improved in terms of evacuation scenario, education and drill, and preparation for shelter and relief items, considering the differentiated needs of disaster vulnerable people.
The purpose of this research is to understand risk perception and awareness of countermeasures for chemical accidents along with the needs of the citizens in Ulsan metropolitan city, home of the biggest petrochemical complex in Republic of Korea. It is found that the residents near chemical factories have anxiety on the accidents but have little experience in being educated or advertised on them, which results in the lack of information on the chemicals handled in the factories near them. According to the correlation analysis, the anxiety on accident occurrence was shown to have a statistically significant correlation with the possibility of accident occurrence and the seriousness of damages from accidents. Thus the results from this study will be provided as an evidence for the development of policies and programs for chemical safety on communication and cooperation with the citizens, and it is recommended to strive for coming up with a comprehensive safety management methods with private and public cooperations.
Heavy snowfall is the second-ranked natural disaster after the typhoon and flood disasters in South Korea, but its frequency and severity vary by regions. Heavy snowfall disasters tend to follow a Poisson distribution due to their discrete occurrence, and thus the distribution has been widely used in the literature for estimating a probability of disaster or accident. The objective of this research is to compute probabilities of heavy snowfall disasters in 252 Si-Gun-Gu’s (primary jurisdictions) by five levels using the Poisson distribution model and to draw maps of the heavy snowfall probabilities. This research identifies eighty-four heavy snowfall disaster cases in South Korea during the period of 1979-2014 based on the annual natural disaster yearbooks and the KMA’s daily new snowfall data. The results from this research could be used to guide regionally-specific policies for disaster mitigation and response.
Heavy snowfall is the second most critical natural disaster in South Korea after typhoon and flood disaster in terms of frequency and damage size. The size of disaster caused by heavy snowfall becomes larger due to global warming and climate instability. There is substantial regional variation on snowfall and the size of the damage. In this study, eighty-four snowfall disasters in South Korea were classified into five scenarios by regional pattern based on the association analysis. The representative snowfall disaster was then identified for each of the five scenarios, and the association between the representative snowfall disaster and other disasters within the scenario was measured. The results from this study can be used as basic information for developing policies for effective preparedness of snow removal resources and snow removal support systems.